美國的獨立戰爭也有花木蘭?!沙場上的紅玫瑰—Deborah Sampson | 神奇樹屋Magic Tree House #22:Revolutionary War on Wednesday 遇見華盛頓

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這一集是美國獨立戰爭系列的第二集,在這集我們要分享在戰爭中的傳奇故事,與獨立戰爭前後,世界帶給美國的影響,以及美國如何影響今後的世界⋯

因為大英帝國的不合理殖民政策,引發美國想脫離英國統治,而展開了長達八年的美國獨立戰爭,但這場戰爭中,民軍不但士氣低靡、資金也不足,可以說是困難重重⋯ 不過回到獨立戰爭的戰場上,竟然也有美國版的花木蘭故事,但別於電影《花木蘭》的代父從軍,Deborah Samspon是為了擺脫奴工的宿命,為自己縫製一套軍服,偽裝成男性,開啟她傳奇的軍旅生涯,而是什麼原因,讓”他”的身分被揭發了呢?最後,長達八年的美國獨立戰爭,又為今天的美國帶來了什麼呢?

本集李老師與Sophie的Q&A:

  • Sophie, let’s have a more detailed discussion about this Magic Tree House book. Sure.
  • Which special writing do Jack and Annie need to find during this adventure? They need to find something to send.
  • What’s the weather like when they get to colonial America? It’s snowy and very cold.
  • What was the United States made up of over 200 years ago? It was made up of thirteen colonies.
  • Which country ruled the colonies then? They were ruled by Britain.
  • Which war did American patriots fight for from 1775 to 1782? They fought for independence from Britain.
  • Why did the patriots call the British soldiers redcoats? Because British soldiers wore red uniforms.
  • Why does the captain that Jack and Annie meet ask them to help him deliver a letter? Because he’s also from Frog Creek, Pennsylvania, just like Jack and Annie, so he wants them to help him deliver a letter to his children
  • What important historical event happened on Wednesday, December 25, 1776? About 2400 American patriots crossed the Delaware River in Pennsylvania led by George Washington to ambush the British soldiers.
  • Did the American patriots succeed? Yes, they completely caught the Hessians, German soldiers hired by the British to fight off guard. It was a great victory for the patriots.
  • Whose words did George Washington use to encourage his soldiers? Words of Thomas Paine. The harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph. What we obtain too cheap, we esteem too lightly.
  • Can you tell us who Thomas Paine is? He was a writer during the colonial period. He inspired the patriots by writing a popular pamphlet called Common Sense. He encouraged the colonists to break away from Britain.

本集生字:

  • fragmented time n. 瑣碎的時間
  • misconception n. 誤解
  • stand in solidarity 團結一心
  • The Continental Army n. 殖民軍隊(民兵)
  • morale n. 士氣
  • fund n. 資金
  • French Revolution n. 法國大革命
  • slaves n. 奴隸們
  • deserted a. 被拋棄的
  • abandon a. 被拋棄的
  • villain n. 壞人
  • side with v. 靠攏
  • brutally adv. 殘忍地
  • slaughter v. 屠殺
  • be burnt down 被燒毀
  • participate in 參與
  • sew v. 縫製
  • bullet n. 子彈
  • raise money 募款
  • to dissuade as 偽裝成⋯
  • siblings n. 兄弟姐妹
  • indentured servitude 契約奴工
  • sign a contract 簽合約
  • make up somebody’s mind 下定決心
  • confined v. 被限制
  • stitch v. 縫製
  • wound n. 傷口
  • procedure n. 手術
  • alcohol n. 酒精
  • anesthesia n. 酒精
  • discharge n. 退伍
  • gender n. 性別
  • file a petition 提交請願書
  • speaking tour n. 巡迴演講
  • congress n. 國會
  • epitaph n. 墓誌銘
  • ward n. 受保護的人 / 病房
  • Declaration of Independence 獨立宣言
  • separation n. 分離
  • pursue v. 追求
  • destiny n. 命運
  • biographer n. 傳記作者

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