2021.09.11 國際新聞導讀-俄羅斯與白俄羅斯達成能源經濟國防合作協議、塔利班說女人應在家生育與教小孩就好、美國以色列伊朗很可能因為伊朗核武發展爆發衝突或戰爭、黎巴嫩重建不要以色列

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2021.09.11 國際新聞導讀-俄羅斯與白俄羅斯達成能源經濟國防合作協議、塔利班說女人應在家生育與教小孩就好、美國以色列伊朗很可能因為伊朗核武發展爆發衝突或戰爭、黎巴嫩重建不要以色列

俄羅斯和白俄羅斯更加團結! 在克里姆林宮, 弗拉基米爾·普京和亞歷山大·盧卡申科宣佈已經達成協議, 創造一個共同的經濟和防禦空間, 白俄羅斯天然氣價格保持在同一水平, 儘管由於短視, 歐洲價格已經多次上漲. 歐洲委員會的政策. 這是國家居民等了多年的融合新階段. 蘇聯垮台後, 我們國家人民越來越明白, 千年共存的人工分裂是毀滅性的, 沒有給我們帶來前景. 我們一起很堅強, 在歷史上不止一次向世界證明瞭這一點.

2021/9/10最新情形︰

· 大約100名包括美國人在內的乘客,今天飛離阿富汗首都喀布爾機場,隨後抵達卡達首都杜哈。這是美國為首的撤離行動結束以來,第一架載送外國人離開阿富汗的班機。有數名消息人士曾說,機上人數多達200人。白宮國家安全會議發言人霍恩(Emily Horne)稱塔利班配合放行此包機為「正向的第一步」,白宮國家安全會議(NSC)表示之後這類撤離行動將繼續進行。

· 面對外界質疑阿富汗臨時政府陣容沒有女性成員,塔利班組織一名發言人在接受當地電視台訪問時回應,女性的本份就是生育,不是參與政治。

· 金磚五國(BRICS)昨日召開高峰會議,會中採納「新德里宣言」,對於阿富汗可能成為恐怖主義溫床感到擔憂,強調應加強反恐合作,避免這樣的場景發生。

以色列研究人員在小鼠研究後表示,氧氣療法可能會減緩阿爾茨海默氏症

在氧氣室停留後,斑塊從小鼠的大腦中脫落,科學家們表示這可能“顯著減緩阿爾茨海默氏症的進展和嚴重程度”;但其他人持懷疑態度

通過內森杰斐 今天,晚上 8:59

一名男子正在接受高壓氧治療,而護士正在檢查他的面罩。(Drazen Zigic 通過 iStock by Getty Images)

以色列科學家在周四發表的同行評審研究中聲稱,在一項使用氧療的動物試驗中,大腦上斑塊的形成是阿爾茨海默氏症的一個特徵,這一現像已被減緩。

特拉維夫大學的研究人員花了數年時間探索在加壓或高壓艙中進行治療的所謂抗衰老潛力,有時會呼吸純氧。

在他們的最新研究中,他們得出結論,該療法可以增強人腦的功能,並在動物身上顯示可以對抗與阿爾茨海默氏症相關的腦斑塊的積聚。

“我認為這不能‘治愈’人類的阿爾茨海默氏症,但它可能能夠顯著減緩其進展和嚴重程度,”發表在《衰老》雜誌上的研究的主要作者 Uri Ashery 教授說告訴以色列時報. “需要進一步研究,但人們可能會在短短幾年內開始從中受益。”

特拉維夫大學倡導高壓療法來對抗衰老相關的衰退,這引起了專家們的不同反應。Deborah Toiber 博士是內蓋夫本古里安大學的阿爾茨海默病學者,沒有參與這項新研究,她告訴以色列時報,她認為任何似乎可以對抗認知能力下降的療法都是“有趣且有前途的”。

但是,雖然她所在領域的一些人認為減少大腦斑塊是對抗阿爾茨海默氏症的關鍵,但她持懷疑態度。

“我認為斑塊是[研究的]死胡同,”她說,暗示雖然它們是阿爾茨海默氏症的一個特徵,但沒有足夠的證據表明消除或減少它們會顯著預防或降低阿爾茨海默氏症的發作的嚴重程度。

使用 Shai Efrati 抗衰老方案的高壓艙。(提供:Sagol 高壓醫學中心)

Ashery 和他的團隊使用了一種氧療方案,他們在過去的研究中稱讚該方案可以改善人類的“大腦生物學”,並改變人類血細胞,從而“逆轉”衰老。

在涉及 15 只模擬阿爾茨海默氏症引起的退化的轉基因小鼠的動物試驗中,研究人員報告說,該療法可以預防大腦中形成澱粉樣蛋白斑塊,並去除一些現有的澱粉樣蛋白斑塊沉積物。許多醫學專家認為澱粉樣蛋白是一種非可溶性蛋白質,與嚴重的退行性疾病(如阿爾茨海默氏症)有關。

“我們有一組沒有接受氧療的類似小鼠,它們長出了更多的澱粉樣斑塊,”特拉維夫大學 Sagol 神經科學學院的 Ashery 說。“在接受治療的人中,只有三分之一的新斑塊出現,而現有的大斑塊的大小平均減少到原來的一半。”

神經元上的澱粉樣斑塊:受阿爾茨海默病影響的大腦。(通過 iStock 由 Getty Images 提供的 selvanegra)

阿爾茨海默氏症患者大腦的血流量減少,但研究人員報告說,小鼠大腦的血流量有所改善。

Ashery 的團隊還監測了 6 名出現認知能力下降跡象的 60 歲以上的人。

這部分研究在 Rishon Lezion 附近的 Shamir 醫療中心的非營利性 Sagol 高壓醫學和研究中心進行,該中心為以色列以外的企業提供氧氣協議。它正在佛羅里達州一個退休村的 Aviv 診所出售,該診所提供它作為衰老的答案。

研究小組報告說,經過 90 天的 60 次氧療後,流向大腦的血流量平均提高了 20%,記憶測試結果平均提高了 16.5%。

Ashery 承認人類樣本量很小,但表示這可能反映了氧氣療法的好處,正如在老鼠身上觀察到的那樣,對人類起作用。“需要更多的研究,但如果這可以幫助那些在阿爾茨海默氏症發作之前或期間失去認知能力的人,可能會帶來巨大的好處。”

Oxygen therapy may slow Alzheimer’s, say Israeli researchers after mice study

Plaque fell away from brains of mice after oxygen chamber stints, and scientists say it may ‘significantly slow progression and severity’ of Alzheimer’s; but others are skeptical

By NATHAN JEFFAY 9 September 2021, 8:59 pm

A man receiving hyperbaric oxygen therapy while nurse is checking his mask. (Drazen Zigic via iStock by Getty Images)

Build-up of plaque on the brain, a characteristic of Alzheimer’s, has been slowed in an animal trial using oxygen therapy, Israeli scientists claimed in peer-reviewed research published on Thursday.

Tel Aviv University researchers have spent years exploring the purported anti-aging potential of therapy in a pressurized — or hyperbaric — chamber, breathing pure oxygen for some of the time.

In their latest study, they concluded that the therapy boosts the functioning of the human brain, and was shown in animals to fight the build-up of brain plaque that is associated with Alzheimer’s.

“I don’t think this can ‘cure’ Alzheimer’s in humans, but it may be able to significantly slow its progression and severity,” Prof. Uri Ashery, lead author of the research published in the journal Aging, told The Times of Israel. “Further studies are needed, but people could possibly start benefiting from this in just a few years.”

Tel Aviv University’s championing of hyperbaric therapy to fight aging-related decline attracted mixed reactions among experts. Dr. Deborah Toiber, an Alzheimer’s scholar from Ben Gurion University of the Negev, who was not involved in the new study, told The Times of Israel that she considers any therapy that appears to counter cognitive decline as “interesting and promising.”

But while some in her field believe that reducing plaque on the brain is key to countering Alzheimer’s, she is skeptical.

“I think plaques are a dead end [for research],” she said, suggesting that while they are a characteristic of Alzheimer’s, there is inadequate evidence that eliminating or reducing them will significantly prevent or decrease the severity of the onset of Alzheimer’s.

A hyperbaric chamber using Shai Efrati’s anti-aging protocol. (Courtesy: Sagol Center for Hyperbaric Medicine)

Ashery and his team used an oxygen therapy protocol which they have lauded in past studies for improving “the biology of the brain” in humans, and making changes in human blood cells that “reverse” aging.

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In the animal trial, which involved 15 genetically-modified mice that mimicked degeneration caused by Alzheimer’s, researchers reported that the therapy led to the prevention of amyloid plaques forming on the brain and the removal of some existing amyloid plaque deposits. Amyloids, non-soluble proteins, are believed by many medical professionals to be connected with severe degenerative conditions such as Alzheimer’s.

“We had a control group of similar mice that did not receive the oxygen therapy, and they grew many more amyloid plaques,” said Ashery, who is based at Tel Aviv University’s Sagol School of Neuroscience. “Among those who received the therapy, only a third of the number of new plaques appeared, and existing large plaques reduced their size, on average, to a half of what they were.”

Amyloid plaques on neurons: a brain affected by Alzheimer’s disease. (selvanegra via iStock by Getty Images)

Blood flow to the brain decreases with Alzheimer’s, but the researchers reported improved blood flow to the mice brains.

Ashery’s team also monitored six people over the age of 60, who have experienced signs of cognitive decline.

This part of the research took place at the non-profit Sagol Center for Hyperbaric Medicine and Research at the Shamir Medical Center, near Rishon Lezion, which offers its oxygen protocol to businesses outside Israel. It is being sold at the Aviv Clinic at a retirement village in Florida, which offers it as an answer to aging.

The research team reported that after 60 sessions of oxygen therapy over 90 days, blood flow to the brain was improved by an average of 20 percent, and results in memory tests were improved on average by 16.5%.

Ashery acknowledged that the human sample size was small, but said that it may reflect the benefits of the oxygen therapy, as observed in mice, working on humans. “More research is needed, but there could be tremendous benefits if this can help people who lose cognitive abilities, either before or during the onset of Alzheimer’s.”

布林肯警告美國“越來越接近”放棄伊朗核協議

國務卿表示,很快,伊朗重新遵守 JCPOA 可能不會“重現原協議所取得的好處”

機構TOI 工作人員提供2021 年 9 月 8 日,晚上 8:02

美國國務卿安東尼·布林肯於 2021 年 9 月 8 日在德國拉姆施泰因空軍基地舉行的新聞發布會上 (Olivier DOULIERY / POOL / AFP)

美國國務卿安東尼·布林肯週三警告說,在聯合國原子能監督機構發表嚴厲的報告後,伊朗重返核協議的時間已經不多了。

布林肯在德國對記者說:“我不打算確定日期,但我們離嚴格恢復遵守 JCPOA 不會重現該協議所帶來的好處的地步越來越近了。”按其首字母縮略詞處理。

國際原子能機構週二發布了一份措辭強硬的報告,稱在德黑蘭暫停了聯合國機構對其核活動的一些檢查後,伊朗的監測任務“受到嚴重破壞”。監管機構表示,伊朗近幾個月還大幅增加了高濃縮鈾的產量。

德國外交部長海科·馬斯 (Heiko Maas) 還表示,德黑蘭提出的旨在恢復陷入僵局的協議的談判不太可能在兩到三個月內恢復的建議“太長了”。

這位德國部長表示,他已致電德黑蘭的新同行,讓他“更快地回到談判桌前”。

儘管如此,馬斯表示,柏林仍希望伊朗新政府繼續支持迄今已進行的談判取得的成果。

2021 年 9 月 8 日,美國國務卿安東尼·布林肯(左)和德國外交部長海科·馬斯在德國西南部拉姆施泰因空軍基地會晤開始時摘下口罩(Olivier DOULIERY / POOL / AFP)

極端保守派易卜拉欣·賴西於 8 月初成為伊朗總統,接替溫和派哈桑·魯哈尼(Hassan Rouhani),後者是 2015 年協議伊朗方面的主要設計師。

2015 年的協議讓伊朗放鬆西方和聯合國的製裁,以換取對其由聯合國監督的核計劃的嚴格控制。

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為了報復特朗普三年前退出並隨後實施大幅制裁,伊朗實際上放棄了其在該協議下的大部分承諾。

但特朗普的繼任總統喬拜登希望讓華盛頓重新加入協議。

伊朗新總統易卜拉欣·賴西周三表示,在聯合國原子能監督機構批評伊朗缺乏合作的第二天,他的國家對其核活動是“透明的”。

根據伊朗總統聲明,賴西通過電話告訴歐洲理事會主席查爾斯米歇爾,“伊朗伊斯蘭共和國與國際原子能機構的認真合作清楚地表明了伊朗願意對其核活動保持透明。”

2021 年 8 月 21 日,伊朗總統易卜拉欣·賴西在議會發表講話,為他在首都德黑蘭舉行的內閣選舉辯護。(ATTA KENARE / 法新社)

“當然,如果 IAEA 採取非建設性方法,期待伊朗做出建設性回應是不合理的,”Raisi 補充道。

“更重要的是,非建設性的行動當然會擾亂談判進程。”

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國際原子能機構週二表示,由於德黑蘭自 2 月以來暫停了一些檢查,其對伊朗核設施的監測“嚴重受損”。

據國際原子能機構報導,德黑蘭自 5 月以來已將60% 濃縮鈾的庫存增加了四倍,這公然違反了 2015 年與世界大國達成的旨在遏制其核計劃的協議。

這家總部位於維也納的機構警告成員,它對正確評估伊朗活動的信心——它所謂的“知識的連續性”——隨著時間的推移而下降,這種情況將持續下去,“除非伊朗立即糾正這種情況”。

以色列一再警告伊朗正在尋求核武器。前總理本雅明·內塔尼亞胡公開反對 2015 年的協議,稱該協議將為伊朗核武庫鋪平道路,並公開敦促拜登重新加入該協議。

上個月在白宮會見拜登時,現任總理納夫塔利·貝內特警告稱,伊斯蘭激進政權獲得核武器是“噩夢”,拜登公開誓言美國“永遠”不會允許伊朗獲得核武器。

以色列軍方負責人阿維夫·科哈維在周一發表的一次採訪中,以色列已經“大大加快”了針對伊朗核計劃的行動準備。

Blinken warns US ‘getting closer’ to giving up on Iran nuclear deal

Soon, says secretary of state, a return by Iran to compliance with the JCPOA may not ‘reproduce the benefits’ that the original agreement achieved

By AGENCIES and TOI STAFF8 September 2021, 8:02 pm

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken at a press conference at Ramstein Air Base in Germany on September 8, 2021 (Olivier DOULIERY / POOL / AFP)

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken warned Wednesday that time was running out for Iran to return to a nuclear deal after a scathing report by the UN atomic watchdog.

“I’m not going to put a date on it but we are getting closer to the point at which a strict return to compliance with the JCPOA does not reproduce the benefits that that agreement achieved,” Blinken told reporters in Germany, referring to the deal by its acronym.

The IAEA released a strongly-worded report Tuesday saying monitoring tasks in Iran have been “seriously undermined” after Tehran suspended some of the UN agency’s inspections of its nuclear activities. The watchdog said Iran has also dramatically increased its production of highly enriched uranium in recent months.

Germany’s Foreign Minister Heiko Maas also said Tehran’s suggestion that talks aimed at reviving the stalled deal were unlikely to resume for two to three months was “far too long.”

The German minister said he had telephoned his new counterpart in Tehran to get him to “return more swiftly to the negotiating table.”

Nevertheless, Maas said Berlin still expects the new Iranian government to continue to support results from negotiations that had taken place so far.

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken (L) and German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas remove their face masks at the start of a meeting at Ramstein Air Base in south-western Germany on September 8, 2021 (Olivier DOULIERY / POOL / AFP)

Ultraconservative Ebrahim Raisi became Iran’s president in early August, taking over from moderate Hassan Rouhani, the principal architect on the Iranian side of the 2015 agreement.

The 2015 deal offered Iran an easing of Western and UN sanctions in return for tight controls on its nuclear program, monitored by the UN.

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In retaliation for Trump’s withdrawal three years ago and his subsequent imposition of swingeing sanctions, Iran in effect abandoned most of its commitments under the deal.

But Trump’s successor President Joe Biden wants to bring Washington back into the agreement.

Iran’s new President Ebrahim Raisi said Wednesday that his country was “transparent” about its nuclear activities, a day after the UN atomic watchdog criticized it for lack of cooperation.

“The Islamic Republic of Iran’s serious cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency is a clear example of Iran’s will to be transparent about its nuclear activities,” Raisi told European Council chief Charles Michel by phone, according to an Iranian presidency statement.

Iran’s President Ebrahim Raisi speaks before parliament to defend his cabinet selection in the capital Tehran on August 21, 2021. (ATTA KENARE / AFP)

“Of course, if the IAEA has a non-constructive approach, it’s unreasonable to expect a constructive response from Iran,” Raisi added.

“What’s more, non-constructive actions of course upset the negotiation process.”

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On Tuesday the IAEA said its monitoring at Iranian nuclear sites had been “seriously undermined” by Tehran’s suspension of some inspections since February.

Tehran has quadrupled its stockpile of 60 percent-enriched uranium since May, in open contravention of the 2015 accord with world powers that was meant to contain its nuclear program, the IAEA reported.

The Vienna-based agency warned members that its confidence in properly assessing Iran’s activities — what it called the “continuity of knowledge” — was declining over time and that would continue “unless the situation is immediately rectified by Iran.”

Israel has repeatedly warned that Iran is seeking nuclear weapons. Former prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu openly opposed the 2015 deal, which it said would pave the way to an Iranian nuclear arsenal, and publicly urged Biden to reenter the deal.

Meeting with Biden at the White House last month, current Prime Minister Naftali Bennett warned of the “nightmare” of a radical Islamic regime attaining nuclear weapons, and Biden publicly vowed that the US would “never” allow Iran to attain the bomb.

Israel has “greatly accelerated” preparations for action against Iran’s nuclear program, military chief Aviv Kohavi said in an interview published Monday.

Lapid在莫斯科:如果世界不阻止伊朗核武,以色列將採取行動

外交部長告訴俄羅斯外長,雖然以色列承認莫斯科在敘利亞的利益,但“我們將保持自衛的能力”;拉夫羅夫即將訪問以色列

艾米斯皮羅 今天下午 4:34更新於下午 4:51

2021 年 9 月 9 日,外交部長亞伊爾·拉皮德(左)與俄羅斯外長謝爾蓋·拉夫羅夫在莫斯科向媒體發表評論。(Shlomi Amsalem/GPO)

在周四訪問莫斯科期間,外交部長亞伊爾·拉皮德告訴俄羅斯外長謝爾蓋·拉夫羅夫,必須阻止伊朗獲得核武器。

“伊朗向核武器進軍不僅是以色列的問題,也是整個世界的問題,”拉皮德在與拉夫羅夫坐下來會面後的新聞發布會上說。“擁有核伊朗將導致中東的核軍備競賽。”

拉皮德宣稱:“無論付出什麼代價,世界都需要阻止伊朗獲得核能力,”並補充說,“如果世界不這樣做,以色列保留採取行動的權利。”

在為期一天的訪問莫斯科的以色列外交部長說,“如果有伊朗的存在,敘利亞或整個中東地區就不會穩定。” 他稱德黑蘭為“世界第一恐怖輸出國”。

他補充說,以色列“不會在伊朗在我們的北部邊境建立恐怖基地或伊朗向恐怖組織提供先進武器時袖手旁觀。” 拉皮德說,雖然耶路撒冷承認莫斯科“在該地區的主要利益”,但以色列將“在面對來自敘利亞和其他地方的威脅時保持我們自衛的能力”。

拉皮德還注意到國際原子能機構關於伊朗核計劃的報告,指出“嚴重違規、欺詐、欺騙和徹頭徹尾的謊言”。

“情況很清楚,也很令人擔憂,”他說。

2021 年 9 月 9 日星期四,俄羅斯外交部長謝爾蓋·拉夫羅夫(左)在俄羅斯莫斯科舉行會談之前歡迎外交部長亞伊爾·拉皮德。(Alexander Nemenov/Pool Photo via AP)

在他自己的公開評論中,拉夫羅夫沒有提到伊朗,但他指出,他和拉皮德討論了敘利亞的局勢。

“俄羅斯相信……[相信]敘利亞的領土完整,”拉夫羅夫說,並補充說,“敘利亞有權決定其國家的未來。” 他強調了人道主義援助對敘利亞人的重要性,並指責西方制裁阻止了部分援助。

在回答記者關於以色列在敘利亞空襲的問題時,拉夫羅夫表示,俄羅斯反對敘利亞“成為與第三方對抗的場所。這就是為什麼我們不希望敘利亞領土被用來對付以色列或任何其他一方,”他補充說,並指出耶路撒冷和莫斯科之間正在就該地區的活動進行協調。

拉夫羅夫還表示,拉皮德很快就邀請他訪問以色列,“我很樂意接受他的提議。”

在拉皮德和拉夫羅夫在莫斯科會晤的同時,俄羅斯副外長謝爾蓋里亞布科夫正在會見美國伊朗問題特使羅布馬利,討論“恢復全面實施聯合全面行動計劃的前景, ” 據俄羅斯外交部稱,2015 年伊朗核協議。

今年早些時候在維也納舉行的數月談判旨在讓伊朗重新遵守 2015 年的協議——美國前總統唐納德特朗普於 2018 年退出該協議——在強硬派易卜拉欣·賴西當選伊朗新總統後於 6 月陷入僵局。

文件:伊朗位於伊朗納坦茲的核濃縮設施(美聯社照片/Hasan Sarbakhshian)

雖然拉皮德在他的公開講話中沒有提到以色列和巴勒斯坦人之間的潛在會談,但拉夫羅夫利用他的評論敦促重新開始討論。

拉夫羅夫說:“我們歡迎以色列與該地區各國關係正常化,我們相信這些努力將推動全面和平進程。” “俄羅斯將繼續支持組織以色列人和巴勒斯坦人之間的直接和平對話,包括通過四方”——聯合國、歐盟、美國和俄羅斯旨在促進中東和平的超國家機構。

在回答記者的提問時,拉皮德表示,以色列並不反對即將召開的四方會議,“但目前談判桌上沒有這種情況。”

兩位外長還承認即將到來的以色列和俄羅斯建交30週年紀念日。

拉夫羅夫說:“[拉皮德]的訪問即將迎來一個重要的日子,即俄羅斯和以色列重建外交關係 30 週年,這是非常具有像徵意義的。” “這幾十年證明,為了以色列和俄羅斯的利益,關係已經變得先進和發展。”

拉夫羅夫表示,他預計“今天將朝著發展這些關係邁出又一步,並討論地區和國際形勢以及雙邊關係。”

拉皮德說,過去 30 年來,俄羅斯已成為“以色列最重要和最重要的合作夥伴之一”。他指出,他與拉夫羅夫的會面並不僅僅關注“威脅和衝突”。

“以色列和俄羅斯在經濟、文化、旅遊、能源和科學方面有著牢固而深厚的聯繫,”他指出。“如果沒有俄羅斯,世界上的文化和以色列的文化將大不相同。”

拉皮德由俄羅斯土生土長的旅遊部長約爾·拉茲沃佐夫 (Yoel Razvozov) 陪同前往莫斯科,他是 Yesh Atid 的成員,外交部長指出,他是“居住在以色列的超過 100 萬講俄語的人”之一。

週四早些時候,拉皮德在莫斯科的無名烈士墓敬獻了花圈,並向在二戰中陣亡的紅軍戰士致敬。

外交部長亞伊爾·拉皮德於 2021 年 9 月 9 日在莫斯科舉行的儀式上向無名烈士墓敬獻花圈。(Shlomi Amsalem/GPO)

與拉夫羅夫一起講話時,拉皮德指出,他的父親在大屠殺期間被囚禁在布達佩斯隔都,在戰爭結束時被俄羅斯軍隊解放。

“紅軍從暴政和種族主義中拯救了世界。他們還在貧民窟救了一個 13 歲的男孩,”拉皮德說。“三年後,俄羅斯人民支持建立以色列國。我們虧欠你。我們是一個記憶力很強的民族。”

Lapid in Moscow: If the world doesn’t stop a nuclear Iran, Israel will act

Foreign minister tells Russian counterpart that while Israel recognizes Moscow’s interests in Syria, ‘we’ll maintain our ability to defend ourselves’; Lavrov to visit Israel soon

By AMY SPIRO 9 September 2021, 4:34 pmUpdated at 4:51 pm

Foreign Minister Yair Lapid (left) makes comments to the press alongside his Russian counterpart, Sergey Lavrov, in Moscow on September 9, 2021. (Shlomi Amsalem/GPO)

During a visit to Moscow on Thursday, Foreign Minister Yair Lapid told his Russian counterpart, Sergey Lavrov, that Iran must be stopped from obtaining nuclear weapons.

“Iran’s march towards a nuclear weapon is not only an Israeli problem, it’s a problem for the entire world,” Lapid said during a press conference following a sit-down meeting with Lavrov. “A nuclear Iran will lead to a nuclear arms race in the Middle East.”

Lapid declared: “The world needs to stop Iran from getting a nuclear capability, no matter the price,” adding, “If the world doesn’t do it, Israel reserves the right to act.”

The Israeli foreign minister, visiting Moscow on a one-day trip, said, “There won’t be stability in Syria, or in the wider Middle East, while there is an Iranian presence.” He called Tehran “the world’s number one exporter of terror.”

He added that Israel “will not sit quietly by while Iran builds terror bases on our northern border or while Iran supplies advanced weapons to terror organizations.” Lapid said while Jerusalem recognizes Moscow’s “key interests in the region,” Israel will “maintain our ability to defend ourselves in the face of threats from Syria and elsewhere.”

Lapid also noted reports from the International Atomic Energy Agency about Iran’s nuclear program, noting “serious violations, fraud, deception and outright lies.”

“The picture is clear and very worrying,” he said.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, left, welcomes Foreign Minister Yair Lapid, prior to their talks in Moscow, Russia, Thursday, Sept. 9, 2021. (Alexander Nemenov/Pool Photo via AP)

In his own public comments, Lavrov did not mention Iran, but he noted that he and Lapid had discussed the situation in Syria.

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“Russia believes… [in] the territorial integrity of Syria,” said Lavrov, adding that “Syria has the right to define the future of its nation.” He stressed the importance of humanitarian aid to Syrians, and blamed Western sanctions for blocking some of that assistance.

In response to a question from a reporter about Israeli airstrikes in Syria, Lavrov said Russia opposes Syria “becoming an arena of confrontations with third parties. This is why we don’t want the Syrian territory to be used against Israel or against any other party,” he added, noting ongoing coordination between Jerusalem and Moscow on activity in the area.

Lavrov also said that Lapid had invited him to visit Israel soon, “and I gladly accept his offer.”

At the same time that Lapid and Lavrov were meeting in Moscow, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov was meeting with Rob Malley, the US envoy on Iran, to discuss “the prospects of restoring full-fledged implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action,” the 2015 Iran nuclear deal, according to the Russian Foreign Ministry.

Months of negotiations in Vienna earlier this year aimed at bringing Iran back into compliance with the 2015 deal — which former US president Donald Trump withdrew from in 2018 — stalled in June after hardliner Ebrahim Raisi was elected the new president of Iran.

File: Iran’s nuclear enrichment facility in Natanz, Iran (AP Photo/Hasan Sarbakhshian)

While Lapid did not mention potential talks between Israel and the Palestinians in his public remarks, Lavrov used his comments to urge restarting discussions.

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“We welcome the normalization of relations of Israel with various nations of the region, and we believe that the comprehensive peace process will be boosted by these efforts,” said Lavrov. “Russia will continue to support organizing direct peaceful dialogue between the Israelis and the Palestinians including through the Quartet” — the supranational body of the UN, EU, US and Russia aimed at fostering Middle East peace.

In response to a question by a reporter, Lapid said Israel was not opposed to an upcoming meeting of the Quartet, “but right now there is nothing of the sort on the table.”

Both foreign ministers also acknowledged the upcoming anniversary marking 30 years of diplomatic relations between Israel and Russia.

“It’s very symbolic that [Lapid’s] visit is coming close to an important date, 30 years since the renewal of diplomatic ties between Russia and Israel,” said Lavrov. “These decades have proved that relations have become advanced and developed for the good of both Israel and Russia.”

Lavrov said he expected to “take another step today toward developing these relations, and to discuss the regional and international situation as well as bilateral ties.”

Lapid said over the past 30 years Russia has become “one of Israel’s most significant and important partners.” And he noted that his meeting with Lavrov did not focus solely on “threats and conflicts.”

“Israel and Russia have strong and deep ties in economics, culture, tourism, energy and science,” he noted. “Without Russia, culture in the world, and in Israel, wouldn’t be the same.”

Lapid was accompanied to Moscow by Tourism Minister Yoel Razvozov, a native of Russia and a fellow member of Yesh Atid, who the foreign minister noted is one of “over a million Russian speakers living in Israel.”

Earlier Thursday, Lapid laid a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Moscow, and paid tribute to the Red Army soldiers who fell in World War II.

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Foreign Minister Yair Lapid at a ceremony in Moscow on September 9, 2021, laying a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. (Shlomi Amsalem/GPO)

Speaking alongside Lavrov, Lapid noted that his father, who was imprisoned in the Budapest Ghetto during the Holocaust, was liberated by Russian forces at the end of the war.

“The Red Army saved the world from tyranny and racism. They also saved a 13-year-old boy in the ghetto,” said Lapid. “Three years later, the people of Russia supported the creation of the State of Israel. We owe you. And we are a people with a long memory.”

貝內特呼籲對伊朗的濃縮激增採取“迅速的國際行動”

總理似乎在貶低美國重振核協議的努力,稱“認為伊朗將通過談判改變道路的幼稚預期已被證明是毫無根據的”

TOI 工作人員機構提供今天,晚上 8:37

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納夫塔利·貝內特總理於 2021 年 9 月 5 日在耶路撒冷總理辦公室主持內閣會議。 (Yonatan Sindel/Flash90)

在聯合國核監督機構報告稱伊朗近幾個月大幅增加了高濃縮鈾的產量後,總理納夫塔利·貝內特 (Naftali Bennett) 週五呼籲國際社會立即對伊朗採取行動。.

貝內特說:“以色列極其嚴肅地看待[國際原子能機構]報告中反映的情況,這證明伊朗繼續向世界撒謊並推進發展核武器的計劃,同時否認其國際承諾。”在一份聲明中。

“我呼籲國際社會對伊朗的嚴厲行動做出適當和迅速的反應。國際原子能機構的報告警告說,現在是採取行動的時候了,”他繼續說道。

總理隨後似乎推翻了伊朗核協議支持者提出的一個關鍵論點,該協議提供德黑蘭制裁救濟以換取對其核計劃的限制。

貝內特說:“認為伊朗將準備通過談判改變其道路的幼稚預期已被證明是毫無根據的。” “只有國際社會採取強有力的立場,並以決定和行動為後盾,才能導致德黑蘭政權發生變化,該政權已經失去了一切克制。

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“以色列將盡一切努力阻止伊朗獲得核武器,”他補充說。

伊朗總統哈桑·魯哈尼(右二)於 2021 年 4 月 10 日在伊朗德黑蘭參觀伊朗核新成就展覽時聽取伊朗原子能組織負責人阿里·阿克巴爾·薩利希(Ali Akbar Salehi)的講話。(伊朗總統辦公室,美聯社)

國際原子能機構週二發布的報告顯示,德黑蘭自 5 月以來已將其 60% 濃縮鈾的庫存增加了四倍,公然違反了 2015 年與世界大國達成的旨在遏制其核計劃的協議。

該監管機構還在其機密季度報告中告訴成員國,自 2 月以來,由於伊朗拒絕讓檢查人員接觸 IAEA 的監測設備,其核查和監測活動“受到嚴重破壞”。

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該機構表示,它估計伊朗的裂變純度高達 60% 的濃縮鈾庫存為 10 公斤,自 5 月以來增加了 7.6 公斤。該國裂變純度高達 20% 的鈾庫存現在估計為 84.3 公斤,高於三個月前的 62.8 公斤。

該機構表示,截至 8 月 30 日,伊朗的鈾總庫存估計為 2441.3 公斤,低於 5 月 22 日的 3241 公斤。

根據被稱為聯合綜合行動計劃或 JCPOA 的核協議,德黑蘭僅被允許儲存 202.8 公斤鈾,該計劃承諾伊朗經濟激勵以換取對其核計劃的限制,旨在防止德黑蘭發展核計劃。炸彈。

這家總部位於維也納的機構警告成員,它對正確評估伊朗活動的信心——它所謂的“知識的連續性”——隨著時間的推移而下降,這種情況將持續下去,“除非伊朗立即糾正這種情況”。

美國總統喬拜登於 2021 年 8 月 27 日在華盛頓特區白宮橢圓形辦公室會見以色列總理納夫塔利貝內特。 (Nicholas Kamm/AFP)

國際原子能機構表示,某些監測和監視設備不能在不維修的情況下放置超過三個月。該機構表示,本月它可以使用安裝在一個地點的四台監控攝像頭,但其中一台攝像機已被摧毀,另一台已嚴重損壞。

國際原子能機構總幹事拉斐爾·馬里亞諾·格羅西斯表示,他願意前往伊朗會見最近當選的政府進行會談。

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2018 年,美國在時任美國總統唐納德特朗普的領導下單方面退出了核協議,但英國、法國、德國、中國和俄羅斯一直試圖維護該協議。

德黑蘭蓄意違反該協議的策略被視為試圖施加壓力,特別是向歐洲施加壓力,為其提供激勵措施,以抵消美國退出該協議後重新實施的嚴厲制裁。

美國總統喬拜登表示,他對重新加入該協議持開放態度。上一輪在維也納舉行的會談於 6 月結束,但沒有明確結果。

以色列一再警告伊朗正在尋求核武器。前總理本雅明·內塔尼亞胡公開反對 2015 年的協議,稱該協議將為伊朗核武庫鋪平道路,並公開敦促拜登重新加入該協議。

上個月在白宮與拜登會面時,貝內特警告激進伊斯蘭政權獲得核武器的“噩夢”,拜登公開誓言美國“永遠”不會允許伊朗獲得核武器。

以色列軍方負責人阿維夫·科哈維在周一發表的一次採訪中,以色列已經“大大加快”了針對伊朗核計劃的行動準備。

Bennett calls for ‘rapid international action’ against Iran’s enrichment surge

Appearing to disparage US effort to revive nuclear deal, PM says ‘naive expectation that Iran will change path via negotiations has been proven to be baseless’

By TOI STAFF and AGENCIESToday, 8:37 pm

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Prime Minister Naftali Bennett leads a cabinet meeting at the Prime Minister's Office in Jerusalem on September 5, 2021. (Yonatan Sindel/Flash90)

Prime Minister Naftali Bennett on Friday called on the international community to act immediately against Iran after the United Nations nuclear watchdog reported that the Islamic Republic has dramatically increased its production of highly enriched uranium in recent months. .

“Israel views with utmost gravity the picture of the situation reflected in the [International Atomic Energy Agency] report, which proves that Iran is continuing to lie to the world and advance a program to develop nuclear weapons while denying its international commitments,” Bennett said in a statement.

“I call for an appropriate and rapid international reaction to the severe actions of Iran. The IAEA report warns that the time to act is now,” he continued.

The premier then appeared to knock a key argument made by proponents of the Iran nuclear deal, which offered Tehran sanctions relief in exchange for curbs on its nuclear program.

“The naive expectation that Iran will be prepared to change its path via negotiations has been proven to be baseless,” Bennett said. “Only a vigorous stand by the international community, backed up by decisions and actions, will be able to lead to a change by the regime in Tehran, which has lost all restraint.

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“Israel will do everything to prevent Iran from attaining nuclear weapons,” he added.

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, second right, listens to the head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran Ali Akbar Salehi while visiting an exhibition of Iran’s new nuclear achievements in Tehran, Iran, April 10, 2021. (Iranian Presidency Office via AP)

The IAEA report published Tuesday revealed that Tehran has quadrupled its stockpile of 60 percent-enriched uranium since May, in open contravention of the 2015 accord with world powers that was meant to contain its nuclear program.

The watchdog also told member states in its confidential quarterly report that its verification and monitoring activities have been “seriously undermined” since February by Iran’s refusal to let inspectors access IAEA monitoring equipment.

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The agency said that it estimates Iran’s stock of uranium enriched to up to 60% fissile purity at 10 kilograms, an increase of 7.6 kilograms since May. The country’s stockpile of uranium enriched to up to 20% fissile purity is now estimated at 84.3 kilograms, up from 62.8 kilograms three months earlier.

Iran’s total stock of uranium is estimated at 2441.3 kilograms as of August 30, down from 3241 kilograms on May 22, the agency said.

Tehran is only permitted to stockpile 202.8 kilograms of uranium under the nuclear deal known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, or JCPOA, which promises Iran economic incentives in exchange for limits on its nuclear program, and is meant to prevent Tehran from developing a nuclear bomb.

The Vienna-based agency warned members that its confidence in properly assessing Iran’s activities — what it called the “continuity of knowledge” — was declining over time and that would continue “unless the situation is immediately rectified by Iran.”

US President Joe Biden meets with Israeli Prime Minister Naftali Bennett in the Oval Office of the White House in Washington, DC, on August 27, 2021. (Nicholas Kamm/AFP)

The IAEA said that certain monitoring and surveillance equipment cannot be left for more than three months without being serviced. It was provided with access this month to four surveillance cameras installed at one site, but one of the cameras had been destroyed and a second had been severely damaged, the agency said.

IAEA director-general, Rafael Mariano Grossis, said that he was willing to travel to Iran to meet the recently elected government for talks.

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The United States unilaterally pulled out of the nuclear deal in 2018 under then-US president Donald Trump, but Britain, France, Germany, China and Russia have tried to preserve the accord.

Tehran’s strategy of deliberately violating the deal is seen as an attempt to put pressure, particularly on Europe, to provide it with incentives to offset crippling American sanctions re-imposed after the US pullout from the deal.

US President Joe Biden has said that he is open to rejoining the pact. The last round of talks in Vienna ended in June without a clear result.

Israel has repeatedly warned that Iran is seeking nuclear weapons. Former prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu openly opposed the 2015 deal, which it said would pave the way to an Iranian nuclear arsenal, and publicly urged Biden to reenter the deal.

Meeting with Biden at the White House last month, Bennett warned of the “nightmare” of a radical Islamic regime attaining nuclear weapons, and Biden publicly vowed that the US would “never” allow Iran to attain the bomb.

Israel has “greatly accelerated” preparations for action against Iran’s nuclear program, military chief Aviv Kohavi said in an interview published Monday.

黎巴嫩新總理:我們將與任何國家合作,“當然,以色列除外”

納吉布·米卡蒂表示,除了猶太國家,該國願意與任何人合作應對崩潰;新政府稱將獲得美國和伊朗的綠燈

TOI 工作人員美聯社提供今天,晚上 7:02

在黎巴嫩政府發布的這張照片中,黎巴嫩總理納吉布·米卡特 (Najib Mikat) 於 2021 年 9 月 10 日在黎巴嫩貝魯特市中心的一座清真寺參加週五祈禱時祈禱。 (Dalati Nohra/黎巴嫩官方政府通過美聯社)

黎巴嫩新總理納吉布·米卡蒂週五承諾控制世界上最嚴重的經濟崩潰之一,並表示他願意與除以色列以外的任何國家合作。

作為該國最富有的人之一,米卡蒂忍住眼淚說,他認識到無法養活孩子或無法找到阿司匹林來緩解疾病的黎巴嫩母親的痛苦,以及父母再也負擔不起送孩子的學生的痛苦去學校。

米卡蒂在宣布新政府陣容的總統府對記者說:“如果我們合作,情況會很困難,但並非不可能處理。”

儘管如此,他們的痛苦顯然還不足以接受以色列的援助。

在新聞發布會上被問及是否願意與敘利亞合作解決經濟危機時,米卡蒂回答說,政府“為了黎巴嫩的利益,將與任何人打交道,當然,以色列除外。”

國防部長本尼·甘茨說,以色列已於7 月正式向黎巴嫩提供人道主義援助

在這張 2020 年 7 月 17 日的檔案照片中,一名婦女看著一名睡在黎巴嫩貝魯特哈姆拉街地上的無家可歸的黎巴嫩男子。(美聯社照片/ Hassan Ammar,文件)

甘茨辦公室的一份聲明援引其所說的真主黨恐怖組織將伊朗資金帶到黎巴嫩的努力,稱以色列國防軍的聯絡部隊通過聯合國駐黎巴嫩南部的維和部隊聯黎部隊傳達了這一提議。

以色列和黎巴嫩沒有外交關係。以色列軍方和伊朗支持的真主黨在 2006 年打了一場毀滅性的戰爭,真主黨控制著黎巴嫩的國家決策並否認以色列的生存權。

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從 1982 年到 200 年,以色列佔領了黎巴嫩南部的一片地帶——約佔黎巴嫩領土的 10%——以保護以色列北部免受恐怖襲擊。

去年,在貝魯特港口發生大規模爆炸導致 200 多人死亡後,以色列也提供了人道主義援助,但遭到拒絕。

米卡提的言論反映那些塔利班發言人Suhail沙欣的誰告訴俄羅斯新聞人造衛星本週早些時候,該接管阿富汗激進的伊斯蘭團體願意向被有意與任何國家的關係鍛造,包括美國。

“是的,當然,如果美國想與我們建立關係,這將是一個新的篇章,這可能符合兩國和兩國人民的利益,如果他們想參與阿富汗的重建,他們是受歡迎的,”沙欣說。

然而,沒有機會與以色列建立聯繫。

在政府發布的這張照片中,黎巴嫩總統米歇爾·奧恩(左)於 2021 年 9 月 10 日星期五在黎巴嫩貝魯特以東的巴卜達總統府會見了總理納吉布·米卡特。(Dalati Nohra/黎巴嫩官方政府)通過 AP)

“當然,我們不會與以色列有任何關係。我們希望與其他國家建立關係,以色列不在這些國家之列,”沙欣說。

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新政府面臨著一項艱鉅的任務,很少有人認為可以克服,包括進行急需的改革。其首要任務之一將是管理因預計本月底取消燃料補貼而引起的公眾憤怒和緊張局勢。

黎巴嫩的外匯儲備一直處於危險的低位,這個依賴進口的國家的中央銀行表示,它不再能夠支持該國 60 億美元的補貼計劃。

預計政府還將監督中央銀行的財務審計,並恢復與國際貨幣基金組織就救助方案進行談判。

該協議打破了過去一年該國陷入金融混亂和貧困的長達 13 個月的僵局。

議會召開會議批准政府及其計劃的日期尚未公佈。

在連接首都貝魯特和黎巴嫩南部的主要高速公路上的一個加油站的全景圖,一個男人拿著一加侖的燃料,對,而汽車從各個方向趕來試圖給他們的油箱加滿汽油,在沿海城鎮Jiyeh,黎巴嫩貝魯特以南,2021 年 9 月 3 日,星期五。(美聯社照片/ Hassan Ammar)

由億萬富翁商人米卡蒂 (Mikati) 領導的 24 位部長組成的新內閣由總統辦公室宣布,隨後由部長會議秘書長馬哈茂德·馬基 (Mahmoud Makkieh) 宣布。部長是由過去幾十年統治該國的政客精心挑選的,許多人將腐敗和管理不善歸咎於導致該國目前的危機。

新內閣的許多成員都是各自領域的專家,包括領導抗擊冠狀病毒的公立醫院拉菲克哈里里大學醫院的主任菲拉斯·阿比亞德 (Firas Abiad)。阿比亞德因其在處理大流行病方面的透明度而贏得讚譽,他被任命為衛生部長。中央銀行高級官員 Youssef Khalil 被任命為財政部長,法官 Bassam Mawlawi 是新的內政部長。

預計新內閣還將監督定於明年舉行的大選。

米卡蒂來自貧困的北部城市的黎波里,他的任務是在 7 月組建新政府。他曾兩度擔任總理——分別在 2005 年和 2011 年至 2013 年——並且被廣泛認為是導致該國破產的同一政治階層的一員。

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2021 年 8 月 12 日,2020 年貝魯特港爆炸事件的抗議者和家人聚集在黎巴嫩首都聯合國教科文組織宮殿附近進行示威,一名婦女舉著標牌,上面顯示一名男子在 2020 年貝魯特港爆炸現場做出反應的照片,在關於爆炸調查的議會會議之前。(安瓦爾阿姆羅/法新社)

“我希望我們能夠實現人們的願望,至少阻止崩潰,”他週五說。他說,政府將為該國啟動一項救援計劃。

目前還不清楚是什麼突然的妥協導致了周五的突破。新政府的宣布是在美國和法國再次施壓要求組建內閣之後宣布的,因為黎巴嫩的經濟瓦解已達到一個可能引發社會爆炸的臨界點。燃料和藥品的嚴重短缺威脅到醫院、麵包店和該國的互聯網關閉,並造成摩擦,有時甚至是暴力,排長隊來加油。

自 2019 年 10 月以來,該貨幣兌美元貶值 90%,導致惡性通貨膨脹並使一半以上的人口陷入貧困。

2020 年 8 月 5 日,黎巴嫩貝魯特海港發生爆炸後的第二天。(Bilal Hussein/AP)

黎巴嫩記者兼政治分析家塞勒姆·扎赫蘭 (Salem Zahran) 表示,新政府為生活因危機而改變的黎巴嫩人提供了“一劑氧氣”。

“發生了積極的衝擊,但我們必須看看政府將如何運作,以及他們將如何與國際貨幣基金組織談判,”扎赫蘭說。

自政府成立以來的幾個小時內,本國貨幣在黑市上走強,從 19,000 兌美元升至 15,000。

今年早些時候,米卡蒂獲得了黎巴嫩大多數政黨的支持,包括真主黨和由議長納比貝里領導的另一個主要什葉派政黨阿邁勒,成為該職位的熱門人選。米卡蒂也得到了包括前總理薩阿德哈里裡在內的前遜尼派總理的支持,他在超過八個月未能就內閣組成問題與米歇爾奧恩總統達成一致後,於今年早些時候放棄了組建政府的努力。

在實施廣泛的改革以打擊普遍存在的腐敗和管理不善之前,國際社會拒絕在財政上幫助黎巴嫩。

代表黎巴嫩總統附近最大基督教團體的議員阿蘭·奧恩 (Alain Aoun) 表示,來自美國和伊朗的國際壓力和“信號”表明,他們對政府的形式沒有任何條件或保留,這加速了內部政府之間達成的協議。敵對的政黨。

“美國的信息確實推動了政府的組建,”他說,而伊朗總統在與法國總統埃馬紐埃爾·馬克龍的電話中也傳達了同樣的信息。

New Lebanese PM: We’ll work with any country, ‘except Israel, of course’

Najib Mikati says country willing to cooperate with anyone to tackle meltdown, apart from Jewish state; new government said to get green light from US and Iran

By TOI STAFF and APToday, 7:02 pm

In this photo released by Lebanese government, Lebanese Prime Minister Najib Mikat, prays as he attends Friday prayers, at a mosque in downtown Beirut, Lebanon Sept 10, 2021. (Dalati Nohra/Lebanese Official Government via AP)

Lebanon’s new Prime Minister Najib Mikati pledged Friday to gain control of one of the world’s worst economic meltdowns, saying he was willing to cooperate with any country except for Israel.

Holding back tears, Mikati, one of the richest men in the country, said he recognized the pain of Lebanese mothers who cannot feed their children or find aspirin to ease their ailments, as well as to students whose parents can no longer afford to send them to school.

“The situation is difficult but not impossible to deal with if we cooperate,” Mikati told reporters at the presidential palace, where the new government line-up was announced.

Still, their pain was apparently not enough to accept aid from Israel.

Asked during a press conference if he would be willing to cooperate with Syria to address the economic crisis, Mikati responded that the government “will deal with anyone for the sake of Lebanon’s interest, with the exception of Israel, of course.”

Israel had formally offered humanitarian aid to Lebanon in July, Defense Minister Benny Gantz said.

In this July 17, 2020 file photo, a woman looks at a homeless Lebanese man sleeping on the ground in Hamra Street, in Beirut, Lebanon. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar, File)

Citing what it said were efforts by the Hezbollah terror group to bring Iranian funds to Lebanon, a statement from Gantz’s office said the Israel Defense Forces’ Liaison Unit relayed the offer through UNIFIL, the UN peacekeeping force in southern Lebanon.

Israel and Lebanon do not have diplomatic relations. The Israeli military and Iran-backed Hezbollah, which holds sway over state decision-making in Lebanon and denies Israel’s right to exist, fought a devastating war in 2006.

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From 1982 to 200, Israel occupied a strip of southern Lebanon — totaling about 10 percent of Lebanese territory — in order to defend northern Israel from terrorist attacks.

Last year, Israel also offered humanitarian assistance after a massive blast at Beirut’s port killed over 200 people, but was rebuffed.

Mikati’s remarks mirrored those of Taliban spokesman Suhail Shaheen who told Russia’s Sputnik news earlier this week that the radical Islamist group that took over Afghanistan is willing to forge relations with any country that’s interested, including the US.

“Yes, of course, in a new chapter if America wants to have a relation with us, which could be in the interest of both countries and both peoples, and if they want to participate in the reconstruction of Afghanistan, they are welcome,” Shaheen said.

However, there was no chance for ties with Israel.

In this photo released by the government, Lebanese President Michel Aoun, left, meets with Prime Minister Najib Mikat, at the presidential palace, in Baabda, east of Beirut, Lebanon, Friday, Sept 10, 2021. (Dalati Nohra/Lebanese Official Government via AP)

“Of course, we won’t have any relation with Israel. We want to have relations with other countries, Israel is not among these countries,” Shaheen said.

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The new government faces a mammoth task that few believe can be surmounted, including undertaking critically needed reforms. Among its first tasks will be managing public anger and tensions resulting from the lifting of fuel subsidies expected by the end of the month.

Lebanon’s foreign reserves have been running dangerously low, and the central bank in the import-dependent country said it is no longer able to support the country’s $6 billion subsidy program.

The government is also expected to oversee a financial audit of the Central Bank, and resume negotiations with the International Monetary Fund for a rescue package.

The agreement breaks a 13-month deadlock that saw the country slide deeper into financial chaos and poverty over the past year.

A date for parliament to convene to approve the government and its plan has not yet been announced.

A general view of a petrol station on the main highway that links the capital Beirut to South Lebanon as a man holds a gallon of fuel, right, while cars come from every direction to try and fill their tanks with gasoline, in the coastal town of Jiyeh, south of Beirut, Lebanon, Friday, Sept. 3, 2021. (AP Photo/ Hassan Ammar)

The new cabinet of 24 ministers headed by Mikati, a billionaire businessman, was announced by the president’s office and later by the Secretary-General of the Council of Ministers, Mahmoud Makkieh. Ministers were handpicked by the same politicians who have ruled the country for the past decades, blamed by many for the corruption and mismanagement that led to the country’s current crisis.

Many members of the new cabinet are experts in their fields, including Firas Abiad, director-general of the Rafik Hariri University Hospital, the public hospital leading the coronavirus fight. Abiad, who has won praise for his transparency in handling the pandemic, was named health minister. A top Central Bank official, Youssef Khalil, was appointed as finance minister, and Bassam Mawlawi, a judge, is the new interior minister.

The new cabinet is also expected to oversee general elections scheduled for next year.

Mikati, who hails from the impoverished northern city of Tripoli, was tasked with forming a new government in July. He was twice prime minister — in 2005 and again from 2011 to 2013 — and is widely considered to be part of the same political class that brought the country to bankruptcy.

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A woman holds a sign showing a photo of a man reacting at the scene of the 2020 Beirut port blast, as protesters and family members of the 2020 Beirut port blast gather for a demonstration near the UNESCO palace in the Lebanese capital on August 12, 2021, ahead of a parliamentary meeting on the blast investigation. (ANWAR AMRO / AFP)

“I hope we can fulfill people’s aspirations and at least stop the collapse,” he said Friday. He said the government will launch a rescue plan for the country.

It was not immediately clear what sudden compromise resulted in the breakthrough Friday. The announcement of a new government comes after renewed US and French pressure to form a Cabinet as Lebanon’s economic unraveling reached a critical point that risked a social explosion. Crippling shortages in fuel and medicine threatened to shut down hospitals, bakeries and the country’s internet and caused friction, sometimes violence, in long queues to fill up vehicles.

The currency has lost 90 percent of its value to the dollar since October 2019, driving hyperinflation and plunging more than half the population in poverty.

The scene the day after an explosion hit the seaport of Beirut, Lebanon, August 5, 2020. (Bilal Hussein/AP)

Salem Zahran, a Lebanese journalist and political analyst, said a new government provides a “dose of oxygen” for Lebanese whose lives have been upended by the crisis.

“A positive shock has happened, but we have to see how the government will work, and how they will negotiate with the IMF,” Zahran said.

In the hours since the government formation, the national currency gained strength in the black market, rising to 15,000 to the dollar down from 19,000.

Mikati became a favorite for the post earlier this year after he was endorsed by most of Lebanon’s political parties, including Hezbollah and the other major Shiite party, Amal, led by Parliament Speaker Nabih Berri. Mikati was also endorsed by former Sunni prime ministers including former prime minister Saad Hariri, who abandoned efforts to form a government earlier this year after failing for over eight months to agree with President Michel Aoun on the cabinet’s makeup.

The international community has refused to help Lebanon financially before wide reforms are implemented to fight widespread corruption and mismanagement.

Alain Aoun, a member of parliament representing the largest Christian block close to the Lebanese president, said international pressure and “signals” from the Americans and the Iranians that they have no conditions or reservations over the shape of the government accelerated an agreement between the internal rival parties.

“The American message was really pushing forward for the government to be formed,” he said, while the same message came from Iran’s president in a phone call with French President Emmanuel Macron.

自2020年港口爆炸以來,黎巴嫩首次打破新政府僵局

由億萬富翁商人納吉布·米卡蒂 (Najib Mikati) 領導的內閣將面臨通過重大改革以使國家擺脫經濟混亂和確保救助計劃的艱鉅工作

AP今天下午 3:25

2021 年 8 月 31 日,星期二,摩托車司機在黎巴嫩貝魯特的一個加油站等待加油。(美聯社 / Hassan Ammar)

黎巴嫩貝魯特——週五,黎巴嫩各派組成了一個新政府,打破了長達 13 個月的僵局,使該國陷入更深的金融混亂和貧困之中。

自 2020 年 8 月 4 日貝魯特港口發生災難性爆炸事件以來,黎巴嫩一直沒有一個完全授權的政府,這迫使當時的總理哈桑·迪亞布政府辭職。

自那以後,政治對立團體在新政府的組成問題上一直存在分歧,加速了該國的經濟崩潰。

由億萬富翁商人納吉布·米卡蒂 (Najib Mikati) 領導的由 24 位部長組成的新內閣由總統辦公室宣布,隨後由部長會議秘書長馬哈茂德·馬基 (Mahmoud Makkieh) 宣布。

部長們是由過去幾十年統治該國的政客精心挑選的,他們的腐敗和管理不善在許多人看來是該國當前危機的罪魁禍首。

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黎巴嫩候任總理納吉布·米卡蒂於 2021 年 7 月 26 日在黎巴嫩貝魯特以東的巴卜達總統府與黎巴嫩總統米歇爾·奧恩會面後向記者發表講話。 (美聯社照片 / Bilal Hussein)

週五宣布的新政府面臨著一項艱鉅的任務,很少有人認為可以克服,包括進行急需的改革。它的首要工作包括監督中央銀行的財務審計,並恢復與國際貨幣基金組織的談判,以尋求救助計劃以阻止該國崩潰。預計新內閣還將監督定於明年舉行的大選。

來自北部城市的黎波里的商人大亨、黎巴嫩最富有的人之一米卡蒂 (Mikati) 的任務是在 7 月組建新政府。他被廣泛認為是導致該國破產的同一政治階層的一員。他曾於 2005 年和 2011 年至 2013 年擔任總理。

目前尚不清楚是什麼最後一刻的妥協導致了周五的突破。新政府的宣布是在最近美國和法國施壓組建內閣之後宣布的,此前黎巴嫩的經濟崩潰達到了臨界點,燃料和藥品嚴重短缺,醫院、麵包店和該國的互聯網可能會關閉。

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自 2019 年 10 月以來,該貨幣兌美元貶值 90%,導致惡性通貨膨脹並使一半以上的人口陷入貧困。

2021 年 8 月 12 日,2020 年貝魯特港爆炸事件的抗議者和家人聚集在黎巴嫩首都聯合國教科文組織宮殿附近進行示威,一名婦女舉著標牌,上面顯示一名男子在 2020 年貝魯特港爆炸現場做出反應的照片,在關於爆炸調查的議會會議之前。(安瓦爾阿姆羅/法新社)

米卡蒂在得到黎巴嫩大多數政黨的支持後成為該職位的熱門人選,包括強大的伊朗支持的真主黨組織和由議長納比貝里領導的另一個主要什葉派政黨阿邁勒。

米卡蒂也得到了包括前總理薩阿德·哈里裡在內的前遜尼派總理的支持,他在今年早些時候未能就內閣組成問題與米歇爾·奧恩總統達成一致後,放棄了組建政府的努力。

國際上要求黎巴嫩領導人組建新政府的呼聲越來越高,但在黎巴嫩實施廣泛的改革以打擊普遍存在的腐敗和管理不善之前,國際社會拒絕在財政上提供幫助。

Lebanon breaks deadlock for new government, first since 2020 port blast

Cabinet headed by billionaire businessman Najib Mikati will face massive job of passing major reforms to pull country out of economic tailspin and secure rescue package

By APToday, 3:25 pm

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Motorcycle drivers wait to get fuel at a gas station in Beirut, Lebanon, Tuesday, Aug. 31, 2021. (AP/ Hassan Ammar)

BEIRUT, Lebanon — Lebanese factions formed a new government on Friday, breaking a 13-month deadlock that saw the country slide deeper into financial chaos and poverty.

Lebanon has been without a fully empowered government since the catastrophic August 4, 2020 explosion at Beirut port, which forced the resignation of then prime minister Hassan Diab’s government.

Rival political groups had been locked in disagreement over the make-up of a new government since then, hastening the country’s economic meltdown.

The new cabinet of 24 ministers headed by billionaire businessman Najib Mikati was announced by the president’s office, and later by the Secretary-General of the Council of Ministers, Mahmoud Makkieh.

Ministers were handpicked by the same politicians who have ruled the country for the past decades and whose corruption and mismanagement many blame for the country’s current crisis.

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Lebanese prime minister-designate Najib Mikati speaks to journalists after his meeting with Lebanese President Michel Aoun, at the Presidential Palace in Baabda, east of Beirut, Lebanon, on July 26, 2021. (AP Photo/Bilal Hussein)

The new government announced Friday faces a mammoth task that few believe can be surmounted, including undertaking critically needed reforms. Among its first jobs will be overseeing a financial audit of the Central Bank, and resuming negotiations with the International Monetary Fund for a rescue package to stem the country’s collapse. The new cabinet is also expected to oversee general elections scheduled for next year.

Mikati, a businessman tycoon from the northern city of Tripoli and one of the richest men in Lebanon, was tasked with forming a new government in July. He is widely considered to be part of the same political class that brought the country to bankruptcy. He served as prime minister in 2005 and from 2011 to 2013.

It was not immediately clear what last-minute compromise resulted in the breakthrough Friday. The announcement of a new government comes after recent US and French pressure to form a cabinet, after Lebanon’s economic unraveling reached a critical point with crippling shortages in fuel and medicine threatening to shut down hospitals, bakeries and the country’s internet.

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The currency has lost 90 percent of its value to the dollar since October 2019, driving hyperinflation and plunging more than half the population in poverty.

A woman holds a sign showing a photo of a man reacting at the scene of the 2020 Beirut port blast, as protesters and family members of the 2020 Beirut port blast gather for a demonstration near the UNESCO palace in the Lebanese capital on August 12, 2021, ahead of a parliamentary meeting on the blast investigation. (ANWAR AMRO / AFP)

Mikati became a favorite for the post after he was endorsed by most of Lebanon’s political parties, including the powerful Iran-backed militant Hezbollah group and the other major Shiite party, Amal, led by Parliament Speaker Nabih Berri.

Mikati was also endorsed by former Sunni prime ministers including former prime minister Saad Hariri, who abandoned efforts to form a government earlier this year after failing to agree with President Michel Aoun on the cabinet’s makeup.

International calls have mounted for Lebanese leaders to form a new government, but the international community has refused to help Lebanon financially before wide reforms are implemented to fight widespread corruption and mismanagement.

火箭從加沙向以色列發射,被鐵穹攔截

居民報告聽到爆炸聲;沒有受傷或損壞的報告;事件發生在卡塔爾特使表示同意向貧困的沿海飛地發送現金之後

通過TOI人員今天,晚上 11:04

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說明:火箭於 2021 年 5 月 18 日從巴勒斯坦哈馬斯恐怖組織控制的加沙城向以色列發射。(照片來自 MAHMUD HAMS / AFP)

軍方表示,加沙地帶的巴勒斯坦恐怖分子星期五晚些時候向以色列發射了一枚火箭,但被鐵穹系統攔截。

火箭在 Eshkol 地區觸發了警報,當地居民報告說聽到了幾次爆炸聲。

沒有立即報告受傷或損壞。

幾小時前,卡塔爾駐加沙特使表示,在巴勒斯坦權力機構退出協議後,從他的國家向加沙地帶提供援助,包括向哈馬斯政府的僱員提供援助的努力已經停止。

在 5 月 10 日至 21 日發生衝突後,卡塔爾承諾為加沙提供 5 億美元,該衝突在加沙地帶遭到猛烈轟炸,並向以色列發射了猛烈的火箭彈。

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預計該交易的破裂將進一步加劇以色列和哈馬斯之間的緊張局勢,哈馬斯經常加強挑釁,以迫使以色列允許資金流入。

然而,這枚火箭也有可能是巴勒斯坦伊斯蘭聖戰組織發射的,就在以色列宣布抓獲兩名周一逃離吉爾博亞監獄的伊斯蘭聖戰組織逃犯以及其他四名囚犯之後不久。

2021 年 9 月 10 日在北部城鎮拿撒勒被抓穫後,從吉爾博亞監獄逃脫的六名囚犯中的兩人 Yaquob Qadiri(左)和 Mahmoud al-Arida(警方)

以色列認為哈馬斯應對加沙地帶發生的所有暴力行為負責。

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哈馬斯還對兩名囚犯的越獄企圖表示歡迎,稱逮捕他們不會“違背他們的意願”。

“他們通過成功的逃脫行動獲得了榮譽,侮辱了佔領國並破壞了它的威望。逮捕他們不能洗去佔領的恥辱,也不能破壞[兩個囚犯的]意志。他們總有一天會在獄卒外面自由,”哈馬斯發言人 Abd al-Latif al-Qanou 說。

卡塔爾特使 Mohammed al-Emadi 表示,這筆交易已經取消,因為本週早些時候達成的一項機制,即巴勒斯坦權力機構銀行將資金轉移給哈馬斯員工的機制不再是一種選擇。

他說,銀行拒絕參與,擔心他們可能會因為向恐怖組織轉移資金而受到製裁。

公務員的問題一直是建立資金轉移機制的癥結所在。週一 al-Emadi 表示,該問題已“根據各方達成協議”得到解決。

該報導發布之際,第 12 頻道新聞援引接近總理納夫塔利·貝內特 (Naftali Bennett) 的消息人士的話說,以色列認為與哈馬斯的新一輪暴力已成定局——可能在幾週內——並且正在完成製定軍事計劃。

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該報告稱,以色列希望按照自己的條件和選擇的時間與哈馬斯打交道,而不是捲入適合該恐怖組織的衝突。

然而,該頻道的軍事分析員對這份報告輕描淡寫,稱以色列仍在探索緩和緊張局勢的選擇。

卡塔爾的支持被認為是生活在加沙的貧困巴勒斯坦人的重要生命線,自 2007 年哈馬斯恐怖組織掌權以來,加沙一直處於以色列的封鎖之下。

以色列仍然允許許多貨物進入加沙地帶,認為封鎖是防止恐怖組織重新武裝的必要措施。

在 5 月以色列與哈馬斯領導的戰士之間最近的加沙沖突之前,來自卡塔爾的資金流動被認為對於保持猶太國家與伊斯蘭主義者之間的相對平靜至關重要。

但以色列表示,它反對根據 5 月敵對行動之前存在的條款恢復資助,聲稱資金被武裝團體使用,而不是嚴格用於人道主義需求。

Rocket fired at Israel from Gaza, intercepted by Iron Dome

Residents report hearing explosions; no injuries or damage reported; incident comes after Qatari envoy says deal off to send cash to impoverished coastal enclave

By TOI STAFFToday, 11:04 pm

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Illustrative: Rockets are launched towards Israel from Gaza City, controlled by the Palestinian Hamas terror group, on May 18, 2021. (Photo by MAHMUD HAMS / AFP)

Palestinian terrorists in the Gaza Strip fired a single rocket towards Israel late Friday that was intercepted by the Iron Dome system, the army said.

The rocket triggered warning sirens in the Eshkol region and local residents reported hearing several explosions.

There were no immediate reports of injuries or damage.

The sirens came hours after Qatar’s envoy to Gaza said that efforts to send aid from his country to the Gaza Strip, including to employees of the Hamas government, were off after the Palestinian Authority backed out of the deal.

Qatar pledged $500 million for Gaza following the May 10-21 conflict that saw heavy bombardments in the Strip and intense rocket fire into Israel.

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The collapse of the deal was expected to further inflame tensions between Israel and Hamas, which has frequently stepped up provocations in a bid to pressure Israel to allow in money.

However, it was also possible that the rocket was fired by the Palestinian Islamic Jihad, coming just after Israel announced it had caught two Islamic Jihad fugitives who had escaped the Gilboa prison on Monday, along with four other inmates.

Two of the six inmates who escaped Gilboa prison, Yaquob Qadiri (L) and Mahmoud al-Arida, seen after being recaptured in the northern town of Nazareth on September 10, 2021 (Police)

Israel holds Hamas responsible for all violence emanating from the Strip.

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Hamas also hailed the two prisoners’ escape attempt, saying that arresting them would not “break their will.”

“They achieved honor by their successful escape operation, humiliating the occupying power and shattering its prestige. Arresting them will not wash away the shame of occupation, nor will it break [the two prisoners’] will. They will one day be free outside the jailer’s bars,” said Hamas spokesperson Abd al-Latif al-Qanou.

Qatari envoy Mohammed al-Emadi said the deal was off because a mechanism agreed earlier in the week where Palestinian Authority banks would transfer the money to Hamas employees was no longer an option.

He said the banks had refused to take part fearing they could be targeted by sanctions for transferring money to a terror group.

The issue of the civil servants had been a sticking point in setting up a mechanism to transfer the money. On Monday al-Emadi said the issue had been resolved “following an agreement by the different parties.”

The report came as Channel 12 news quotes sources close to Prime Minister Naftali Bennett as saying that Israel sees a new round of violence with Hamas as a foregone conclusion — possibly within weeks — and was completing drawing up military plans.

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The report said Israel wanted to deal with Hamas on its own terms and at a time of its choosing, and not be drawn into a conflict that would suit the terror group.

However, the channel’s military analyst downplayed the report, saying Israel was still exploring options to reduce tensions.

Qatari support is considered a crucial lifeline for impoverished Palestinians living in Gaza, which has been under Israeli blockade since 2007, the year the Hamas terror group took power.

Israel, which still allows many goods into the Strip, views the blockade as a necessary measure to keep terror groups from being able to rearm.

Before the latest Gaza conflict between Israel and Hamas-led fighters in May, the flow of funds from Qatar was considered vital to maintaining relative calm between the Jewish state and the Islamists.

But Israel has said that it was opposed to a resumption of the funding under the terms that existed before May’s hostilities, claiming that money was being used by armed groups rather than strictly for humanitarian needs.

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