DA III.7 431a8-17 Perception of the pleasant

1:35
 
分享
 

已归档的系列专辑 ("不活跃的收取点" status)

When? This feed was archived on December 02, 2022 07:35 (2M ago). Last successful fetch was on September 16, 2022 00:55 (5M ago)

Why? 不活跃的收取点 status. 我们的伺服器已尝试了一段时间,但仍然无法截取有效的播客收取点

What now? You might be able to find a more up-to-date version using the search function. This series will no longer be checked for updates. If you believe this to be in error, please check if the publisher's feed link below is valid and contact support to request the feed be restored or if you have any other concerns about this.

Manage episode 341313706 series 3395514
由Player FM以及我们的用户群所搜索的Winkey — 版权由出版商所拥有,而不是Player FM,音频直接从出版商的伺服器串流. 点击订阅按钮以查看Player FM更新,或粘贴收取点链接到其他播客应用程序里。

Perceiving, then, is like bare announcing and understanding [cf. Charles, saying alone or thinking], but when [the perceived object] is pleasant (ἡδύ) or painful, [the soul/the perceptual soul], as it were affirming or denying, pursues or avoids. In fact, to feel pleasant (τὸ ἥδεσθαι) or pain [cf. Charles, to be pleasurably and painfully affected] is to be active with regard to the perceptual mean in relation to what is good, or bad, as such. Both aversion and desire as active are the same, and the desiring part and the aversive part are not distinct either from one another or from the perceptual one, although the being for them is distinct. To the understanding soul, however, appearances are like perceptions. And when it affirms or denies good or bad, it avoids or pursues. That is why the soul never undersands without appearance. (DA III.7 431a8-17. cf. Met. Θ.10 1051b24-25; NE VI.2 1139a21-22. for the perceptual mean, see DA II.11 424a1-9; 423b27, 424a28)

τὸ μὲν οὖν αἰσθάνεσθαι ὅμοιον τῷ φάναι μόνον καὶ νοεῖν· ὅταν δὲ ἡδὺ ἢ λυπηρόν, οἷον καταφᾶσα ἢ ἀποφᾶσα διώκει ἢ φεύγει· καὶ ἔστι τὸ ἥδεσθαι καὶ λυπεῖσθαι τὸ ἐνεργεῖν τῇ αἰσθητικῇ μεσότητι πρὸς τὸ ἀγαθὸν ἢ κακόν, ᾗ τοιαῦτα. καὶ ἡ φυγὴ δὲ καὶ ἡ ὄρεξις ταὐτό, ἡ κατ᾽ ἐνέργειαν, καὶ οὐχ ἕτερον τὸ ὀρεκτικὸν καὶ τὸ φευκτικόν, οὔτ᾽ ἀλλήλων οὔτε τοῦ αἰσθητικοῦ· ἀλλὰ τὸ εἶναι ἄλλο. τῇ δὲ διανοητικῇ ψυχῇ τὰ φαντάσματα οἷον αἰσθήματα ὑπάρχει. ὅταν δὲ ἀγαθὸν ἢ κακὸν φήσῃ ἢ ἀποφήσῃ, φεύγει ἢ διώκει. διὸ οὐδέποτε νοεῖ ἄνευ φαντάσματος ἡ ψυχή.

24集单集