MA 701a7-15 The conclusion of a practical syllogism is action

1:24
 
分享
 

Fetch error

Hmmm there seems to be a problem fetching this series right now. Last successful fetch was on September 16, 2022 00:55 (3M ago)

What now? This series will be checked again in the next day. If you believe it should be working, please verify the publisher's feed link below is valid and includes actual episode links. You can contact support to request the feed be immediately fetched.

Manage episode 341313716 series 3395514
由Player FM以及我们的用户群所搜索的Winkey — 版权由出版商所拥有,而不是Player FM,音频直接从出版商的伺服器串流. 点击订阅按钮以查看Player FM更新,或粘贴收取点链接到其他播客应用程序里。

In the De Motu Animalium Aristotle seems to argue that the conclusion of a practical syllogism is an action, which has raised puzzles for commentators who have tried to explain how conclusion as a proposition can be an action, something involved with changing of the external world. Here is a passage that shows conclusion is an action. The English translation of the passage is mine.

Πῶς δὲ νοῶν ὁτὲ μὲν πράττει ὁτὲ δὲ οὐ πράττει, καὶ κινεῖται ὁτὲ δ᾽ οὐ κινεῖται; ἔοικε δὲ παραπλησίως συμβαίνειν καὶ περὶ τῶν ἀκινήτων διανοουμένοις καὶ συλλογιζομένοις. ἀλλὰ ἐκεῖ μὲν θεώρημα τὸ τέλος (ὅταν γὰρ τὰς δύο προτάσεις νοήσῃ, τὸ συμπέρασμα ἐνόησεν καὶ συνέθηκεν), ἐν ταῦθα δὲ ἐκ τῶν δύο προτάσεων τὸ συμπέρασμα γίνεται πρᾶξις, οἷον ὅταν νοήσῃ ὅτι παντὶ βαδιστέον ἀνθρώπῳ, αὐτὸς δὲ ἄνθρωπος, βαδίζει εὐθέως, ἄν δ᾽ ὅτι οὐθενὶ βαδιστέον νῦν ἀνθρώπῳ, αὐτὸς δὲ ἄνθρωπος, εὐθὺς ἠρεμεῖ·

Then how is it that when one is thinking sometimes one acts and sometimes one doesn’t, and sometimes one is moved and sometimes one isn’t? But it seems likely that something similar happes too in the case of those who are thinking discursively and reasoning about things that are unmovable. But there the end is theorem (since whenever one is thinking about the two propositions, one thinks and concludes the conclusion), and in these the conclusion from the two propositions becomes the action, as for example, whenever one thinks that every man should walk, and he is a man, immediately he walks, whereas if one thinks that no one should walk now, and he is a man, immdiately he rests.

24集单集