NE X.4 1174b14-23 Pleasure is what completes the activity


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I read this passage as a passage in which Aristotle gives us a Normative view of what pleasure is. According to him, pleasure is what completes the activity that is good. And the pleasantest is the thing that completes the best activity.

Αἰσθήσεως δὲ πάσης πρός τὸ αἰσθητὸν ἐνεργούσης, τελείως δὲ τῆς εὖ διακειμένης πρὸς τὸ κάλλιστον τῶν ὑπὸ τὴν αἴσθησιν (τοιοῦτον γὰρ μάλιστ᾽ εἶναι δοκεῖ ἡ τελεία ἐνέργεια· αὐτὴν δὲ λέγειν ἐνεργεῖν, ἢ ἐν ᾧ ἐστί, μηθὲν διαφερέτω), καθ᾽ἑκάστην δὴ βελτίστον ἐστιν ἡ ἐνέργεια τοῦ ἄριστα διακειμένου πρὸς τὸ κράτιστον τῶν ὑπ᾽ αὐτήν. αὕτη δ᾽ ἂν τελειοτάτη εἴη καὶ ἡδίστη. κατὰ πᾶσαν γὰρ αἴσθησίν ἐστιν ἡδονή, ὁμοίως δὲ καὶ διάνοιαν καὶ θεωρίαν, ἡδίστη δ᾽ ἡ τελειοτάτη, τελειοτάτη δ᾽ἡ τοῦ εὖ ἔχοντος πρὸς τὸ σπουδαιότατον τῶν ὑπ᾽ αὐτήν· τελειοῖ δὲ τὴν ἐνεργειαν ἡ ἡδονή.