Traditions of Harvard commencements 哈佛大学毕业典礼的传统

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What was originally called Harvard College held its first Commencement in September 1642, when nine degrees were conferred. Today some 1700 undergraduate degrees, and 5000 advanced degrees from the university's various graduate and professional schools, are conferred each Commencement Day.



最初的哈佛学院在1642年9月举行了第一次毕业典礼,颁发了9个学位证书。如今,每逢毕业典礼日,哈佛大学的各个研究生院和职业院校都会颁发出大约1700个本科学位和5000个高阶学位(硕士和博士学位)。




Each degree candidate attends three ceremonies: the Morning Exercises, at which degrees are conferred verbally en masse; a smaller midday ceremony during which actual diplomas are given in hand; and in the afternoon the annual meeting of the Harvard Alumni Association's, at which Harvard's President and the day's featured speaker deliver their addresses. The ceremonies shifted from late summer to late June in the nineteenth century, and are now held at the end of May.


在毕业典礼日,每个毕业生都会参加三个仪式:在早晨的毕业礼上,口头上宣布给毕业生们集体授予学位;在正午小一点的典礼上,会将实际的文凭证书发给大家;在下午的哈佛大学校友会年会上,哈佛大学校长和当天的特邀发言人会发表演讲。在19世纪时,毕业典礼从夏末提前到了六月底,而现如今,毕业典礼在五月底举行。




In the celebration, the bells will fill Harvard Square and the surrounding area with music. At the conclusion of Commencement Exercises, the Memorial Church tower will ring its deep-toned bell, for years the only bell to acknowledge the festival rites of Commencement, meanwhile a number of neighboring churches and institutions ring their bells too.



在庆典上,钟声会响彻哈佛广场和周围地区。在毕业典礼的最后,纪念教堂钟楼上低沉的钟声会敲响,多年来,这都是唯一象征着毕业典礼仪式的钟声,同时周围许多教堂和机构也会敲响他们的钟声。




As the oldest university in Massachusetts, Harvard has seen countless students pass through its halls. In addition to the myriad political giants, there are many entrepreneurs, movie stars and more among those with a Harvard degree.�


作为马萨诸塞州最古老的大学,哈佛大学见证了无数学生从这里毕业。除了众多的政治巨人之外,还有许多企业家和电影明星等都是哈佛的毕业生。



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