Bonus: 烽火連天挫咧等—撤退比出征還上手的華盛頓 | 神奇樹屋Magic Tree House #22:Revolutionary War on Wednesday 遇見華盛頓

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Manage episode 274708470 series 2780350
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這集是美國獨立戰爭系列的第五集,這集我們要聊聊華盛頓的戰場表現。
被任命為總司令的華盛頓,即將帶領一群士氣低靡的民兵面對資源充足且實力堅強的英國軍隊,而且這個戰爭一打就是八年!在八年的戰爭歲月裡,華盛頓到底憑藉著什麼,帶領殖民地脫離英國走向獨立呢?

本集提到名人:
  • Alexander the Great 亞歷山大
  • Julius Caesar 凱撒大帝
  • Genghis Ghan 成吉思汗
  • Benjamin Franklin
  • John Laurens
  • General Rochambeau
  • Commander Cornwallis

本集生字:
  • Appoint someone to a job v. 任命,例:The president has appointed a Wallstreet banker as the Secretary of State.
  • formally adv. 正式地
  • banker n. 銀行家
  • give birth to something or someone 生出、誕生
  • Continental Army
  • Commander in Chief
  • pride n. 榮耀
  • anxiety n. 焦慮
  • anxious a. 緊張的
  • be chosen to head v. 被選上負責 例:John was chosen to head the marketing department (行銷部門)
  • in charge of v. 負責 照料
  • technically adv. 嚴格說起來
  • non existent a. 不存在的
  • entity n. 實體
  • militia n. 民兵
  • treasury n. 財政部
  • Continental Congress 臨時國會
  • carry v. 肩負起
  • burden n. 負擔
  • to shoulder v. 一肩扛起
  • centralized government n. 中央政府
  • to win the support of someone 贏得某人的支持
  • governor n. 州長
  • discipline v. 訓導
  • expire v. 到期 例:My credit card will expire this December
  • obligate a. 有義務的
  • turnover rate n. 離職率 例:the bakery has high turnover because it doesn’t pay workers enough money.
  • froze to death 凍死
  • gunpowder n. 火藥
  • musket n. 步槍
  • ammunition n. 彈藥
  • short of something 短缺某物 例:John is short of money this month because he just purchased a new car!
  • Not only… but also 不只…還…
  • food shortage n. 食物短缺
  • hay n. 甘草
  • transport v. 運送
  • transportation n. 交通工具
  • conundrum n. 難題 例:Finding affordable housing in big cities is a conundrum for many people.
  • the light at the end of the tunnel 隧道盡頭的光芒 例:So all these conundrums really made Washington think that he would never see the light at the end of the tunnel. The light at the end of the tunnel.
  • plunder v. 搶劫
  • defeat v. 打倒
  • liberty n. 自由
  • allegiance n. 忠誠
  • population n. 人民
  • waver v. 舉旗不定
  • hoarding 囤積
  • price manipulation 操縱價格
  • currency n. 幣值
  • depreciate v. 貶值
  • extravagant a. 浪費的
  • decadent a. 墮落的
  • lifestyle n. 生活風格
  • shocked a. 震驚的
  • furious a. 震怒的
  • guilty a. 有罪惡感的
  • poverty life 貧窮生活
  • mutiny n. 叛亂
  • insufficient a. 不足的
  • outstanding a. 出色的
  • military strategist n. 軍事家
  • equivalent a. 等同的
  • corner someone v. 包圍某人
  • to avenge v. 復仇
  • to portrait someone as 把誰…描素成 例:Washington wanted to portray him himself as the visionary (有遠見的)military strategist of the Yorktown victory.
  • allies n. 同盟者
  • mastermind v. 策劃
  • irreplaceable a. 無可取代
  • refuse to quit 拒絕放棄
  • refuse to surrender 拒絕投降
  • armada n. 艦隊
  • makeshift a. 臨時的、湊合的
  • compose v. 組成
  • barefoot n. 光腳
  • Soldiers were composed of ever age, even of children, of white and black, covered with rags and barefoot, and rather poorly fed, but they can march and fight so well!
  • marveled v. 驚奇
  • endurance n. 耐力
  • determination n. 決心
  • fortitude n. 剛毅
  • exceptional a. 異常的
  • selfish a. 自私的
  • bureaucratic a. 官僚的
  • incompetent a. 不適任的
  • celebrity n. 名人
  • logistical a. 流通的
  • supplies n. 供應品
  • mercenary n. 傭兵
  • Hessians n.
  • eradicate v. 拔根
  • widespread a. 廣泛的
  • rebellion n. 反抗
  • wear out v. 消耗
  • exhaust v. 消耗
  • retreating n. 撤退
  • capture v. 逮捕
  • to be idolized 當偶像崇拜
  • to be worshipped 被崇拜
  • relinquish v. 讓渡
  • Emperor n. 帝王
  • baffled a. 困惑的
  • unprecedented a. 從未發生的

本集資源參考作家與教授名單:
  • Joanne Freeman
  • Ron Chernow

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