甘地番外篇最後一講: 你猜人稱聖雄的甘地是位什麼樣的丈夫和父親呢?!

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Manage episode 289708389 series 2780350
由Player FM以及我们的用户群所搜索的李老師與小助手Aaron — 版权由出版商所拥有,而不是Player FM,音频直接从出版商的伺服器串流. 点击订阅按钮以查看Player FM更新,或粘贴收取点链接到其他播客应用程序里。
重點單字
announce: 宣佈
miss out on: 錯過
crucial years: 關鍵時間
lay foundation for: 為某事打下基礎
discovery: 發現
radium: 鐳
radiation therapy: 放射治療
envision: 想像
be made up of: 用某事做成
village republic: 村莊共和國
self-sufficient: 自足的
province: 省份
backward: 落後的
benefit: 使受益
inequality: 不平等
due to: 因為
prevalent: 常見的
economic: 經濟上的
stimulus package: 刺激方案
overly-romanticize: 過度理想化
oppressive structure: 受壓迫的結構
continuously: 持續不斷的
marginalize: 邊緣化
the Dalits: 印度受壓迫的族群
utopia: 烏托邦
vehemently: 強烈地
be against: 反對
industrialization: 工業化
lead to: 導致
greed: 貪心
violence: 暴力
mass production: 大量生產
racial: 種族的
tension: 緊張
get rid of: 擺脫
have no choice but to do: 沒有選擇只能
demand: 要求
bankrupt: 破產的
burden: 負擔
be divided into: 被分成
separate: 分開的
nation: 國家
refugee: 難民
border: 邊界
religious conflicts: 宗教衝突
persecution: 迫害
persecute: 動詞~迫害
fast: 禁食,絕食
boycott: 抵制
assassinate: 暗殺
extremist: 極端分子
traitor: 叛徒
take a celibacy vow: 發了禁慾的誓言
cult leader: 邪教領導
comply: 服從
illiterate: 不識字的
mistreat: 虐待
pneumonia: 肺炎
penicillin: 盤尼西林
malaria: 瘧疾
quinine: 奎寧
hypocritical: 偽善的
convert to: 改變宗教
alcoholic: 酗酒者
threaten: 威脅
disown: 斷絕關係
flesh and blood: 血肉之軀
embrace: 接受
legacy: 遺產

甘地就種姓制度所說的話

I believe that if Hindu Society has been able to stand, it is because it is founded on the caste system . . . To destroy the caste system and adopt the Western European social system means that Hindus must give up the principle of hereditary occupation which is the soul of the caste system. Hereditary principle is an eternal principle.
Ambedkar 對印度教裡的種姓制度的看法

Religions that teach us that what we experience and endure in this life is the product of our actions in a previous birth can create docility, a passive endurance, in the hope of better fortune in the next birth. Such beliefs perpetuate the status quo and are to the advantage of the ruling classes.

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