每日英語跟讀 Ep.K337: 使用密碼管理器好處多

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每日英語跟讀 Ep.K337: Not using a password manager? Here’s why you should be…

In a competitive field, passwords are one of the worst things about the Internet. Long and complex passwords are more secure but difficult to remember, leaving many people using weak and easy-to-guess credentials. One study by the UK’s National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) revealed how millions are using their pet’s name, football team names, “password” and “123456” to access online services.

在競爭激烈的領域,密碼是網際網路最麻煩的事情之一。長而複雜的密碼更安全,但難以記住,使許多人使用弱且易於猜測的憑據。英國國家網路安全中心(NCSC)的一項研究揭示了數百萬人如何使用寵物的名字,足球隊名稱,"密碼"和"123456"來訪問在線服務。

But this leaves you wide open to attack: cybercriminals can crack weak passwords in seconds using automated tools. “A hacker needs roughly two seconds to crack an 11-character password made up of numbers,” says Alex Balan, director of security research at security company Bitdefender. If the password is more complex, containing numbers, symbols and uppercase and lowercase letters, the time needed to break it jumps to 400 years.

但是,這讓您容易受到攻擊:網路犯罪分子可以使用自動化工具在幾秒鐘內破解弱密碼。"駭客大約需要兩秒鐘才能破解由數字組成的11個字符的密碼,"安全公司Bitdefender的安全研究主管Alex Balan說。如果密碼更複雜,包含數位,符號以及大寫和小寫字母,則破解密碼所需的時間將跳到400年。

Experts say a good password should be unique and contain a combination of letters, numbers and special characters. The key to a strong one is length, says independent security researcher Sean Wright. “While password complexity does help, the length matters far more.” Experts recommend a minimum of 11 characters, more if possible.

專家說,一個好的密碼應該是唯一的,並包含字母,數位和特殊字元的組合。強密碼的關鍵是長度,獨立安全研究員肖恩·賴特(Sean Wright)說。"雖然密碼複雜性確實有説明,但長度更重要。專家建議至少使用 11 個字元,如果可能的話,可以多加個字元。

The typical internet user has about 100 sets of login details — memorizing this number of complex passwords is well beyond most people’s powers of recall.

典型的網際網路用戶有大約100組登錄詳細資訊 - 記住這麼多複雜的密碼遠遠超出了大多數人的回憶能力。

Password manager apps can resolve this problem by creating long and complex credentials for you, and remembering them the next time you log in. Yet only about one in five people in the UK use one, according to recent estimates.

密碼管理員應用程式可以通過為你建立冗長而複雜的密碼,並在下次登錄時記住它們來解決此問題。然而,根據最近的估計,英國只有大約五分之一的人使用一種。

Many people are put off by the hassle, while others are suspicious about allowing one company to store all of their passwords. How do you know which one is trustworthy, and what if the company is hacked?

許多人被麻煩勸退了,而另一些人則對允許一家公司存儲所有密碼持懷疑態度。你如何知道哪一個是值得信賴的,如果公司被駭客入侵怎麼辦?

It might seem daunting at first, but a password manager, such as 1Password, LastPass, Bitwarden or Dashlane, will make your life a lot easier.

乍一看似乎令人畏懼,但是密碼管理器(例如1Password,LastPass,Bitwarden或Dashlane)將使你的生活更加輕鬆。

If this all seems too technical, or you are managing passwords for an elderly parent or grandparent, there is another option. While they’re sometimes mocked, physical password books aren’t a bad idea, as long as you follow the guidelines in creating strong, unique logins, and the book is kept somewhere secure and doesn’t leave the house.

如果這一切看起來都太技術性,或者您正在管理年邁的父母或祖父母的密碼,那麼還有另一種選擇。雖然它們有時會被嘲笑,但實體密碼簿並不是一個壞主意,只要你遵循建立強大,獨特的登錄的準則,並且該書保存在安全的地方並且不會離開家。Source article: https://www.taipeitimes.com/News/lang/archives/2022/03/22/2003775199


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