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每日英語跟讀 Ep.K438: About Florida - Hotter summers mean Florida’s turtles are mostly born female
Florida’s sea turtles are grappling with a gender imbalance made worse by climate change.
Recent heat waves have caused the sand on some beaches to get so hot that nearly every turtle born was female.
"The frightening thing is the last four summers in Florida have been the hottest summers on record," said Bette Zirkelbach, manager of the Turtle Hospital.
"Scientists that are studying sea turtle hatchlings and eggs have found no boy sea turtles, so only female sea turtles for the past four years," Zirkelbach said,.
Instead of determining sex during fertilization, the sex of sea turtles and alligators depends on the temperature of developing eggs.
When a female turtle digs a nest on a beach, the temperature of the sand determines the gender of the hatchlings.
If a turtle’s eggs incubate below 27.7 Celsius, the turtle hatchlings will be male, whereas if they incubate above 31C, they will be female.
A Florida man paid off the past dues for 114 families at risk of having their utilities shut off 佛州男子為有斷水斷電斷瓦斯之虞的114個家庭繳逾期帳單
A Florida business owner who was once down on his luck is giving back by covering the utility bills of 114 families who were facing disconnection.
Michael Esmond’s generosity started in 2019 when he paid the utility bills of 36 households in his community of Gulf Breeze. Last year, with both Hurricane Sally and Covid-induced economic turmoil hitting the city, he thought he needed to up the ante.
Esmond donated $7,615.40 to pay for the past-due bills of 114 households, according to Joanne Oliver, the city’s utility billing supervisor.
While Esmond’s donation increased from the $4,600 he paid in 2019, he says he was able to help about three times as many households.
艾斯蒙德的捐款額高於2019年時的4600美元，他說，他能幫助到的家戶數量是（是2019年時）的3倍。Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1539454 ; https://news.ltn.com.tw/news/world/paper/1459618
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