2021.07.19 國際新聞導讀-美國總統即將在白宮會見約旦國王'伊拉克總統與以色列總理、以色列允許猶太教徒上聖殿山之舉引發與穆斯林國家之間的爭議、美國恢復支援UNRWA扶助570萬巴勒斯坦難民

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2021.07.19 國際新聞導讀-美國總統即將在白宮會見約旦國王'伊拉克總統與以色列總理、以色列允許猶太教徒上聖殿山之舉引發與穆斯林國家之間的爭議、美國恢復支援UNRWA扶助570萬巴勒斯坦難民

拜登和阿卜杜拉國王的第一次會面有何期待?

喬拜登總統和阿卜杜拉國王周一的會晤是與中東領導人一系列會晤中的第一次。

OMRI NAHMIAS

2021 年 7 月 18 日 22:45

2018 年 4 月 26 日,美國士兵站在約旦國旗旁邊,參加在約旦安曼東部阿茲拉克的一個約旦軍事基地舉行的“渴望獅子”演習

(照片來源:穆罕默德·哈梅德/路透社)

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美國和平研究所以色列-巴勒斯坦衝突項目主任露西·庫爾策-埃倫博根說,喬·拜登總統和阿卜杜拉國王有著長達數十年的密切關係,在拜登擔任參議院和副總統期間,他們多年來一直保持著密切的關係。

“但除此之外,在約旦面臨一些強大的國內和地區挑戰之際,阿卜杜拉國王和拜登政府都希望鞏固王國的穩定。成為首批受邀訪問拜登白宮的領導人之一的意義在於表明政府的長期盟友很重要。這本身對鞏固國王的國內和地區地位以及加強重要的雙邊關係大有幫助。”

週一的會議是在一系列與中東領導人會晤的第一位。伊拉克總理穆斯塔法·卡迪米將於 7 月 26 日在白宮會見拜登,總理納夫塔利·貝內特預計將在今年夏天晚些時候。

“雖然拜登政府仍然專注於不讓中東消耗他的外交政策議程,但這些即將到來的訪問可能突顯出一種認識,即維護和追求符合美國利益的地區穩定——並避免需要不斷滅火——傾向於關鍵關係對防火傳統閃點大有幫助,”Kurtzer-Ellenbogen 說。

“大力推動以巴衝突談判桌是不可能的,甚至各方和像約旦這樣的主要利益相關者的利益都不太可能,”她繼續說道。“然而,美國和約旦似乎確實有一個觀點,即重新將兩國解決方案作為衝突的政治視野是國家安全利益。除此之外,阿卜杜拉國王無疑會考慮到重新闡明他希望美國採取或推動的那個公式之外的步驟,以解決衝突驅動因素,特別是在耶路撒冷周圍。在第一次會議上可以涵蓋多少內容尚不清楚,但這個問題肯定會在兩位領導人的議程上佔據顯著位置。”

“以色列的新領導層似乎也為加強約旦-以色列雙邊關係打開了一些空間,兩國最近簽署了水和貿易協定,”庫爾策-埃倫博根指出。“拜登政府已經讚揚了這些交易,無疑將鼓勵這兩個美國主要地區盟友之間進一步開展互利合作。”

她接著說,“白宮會議本身的機會和前景對實現阿卜杜拉國王此行的一個關鍵目標大有幫助:這是一個明確的信號,表明傳統上牢固的美約旦關係已經站穩腳跟,美國政府將哈希姆王國視為尋求中東穩定的關鍵盟友。

What to expect from Biden and King Abdullah's first meeting?

The meeting on Monday between President Joe Biden and King Abdullah is the first in a series of meetings with Middle East leaders.

By OMRI NAHMIAS

JULY 18, 2021 22:45

US soldiers stand next to Jordanian flags as they take part in Exercise Eager Lion at one of the Jordanian military bases in Azraq, east of Amman, Jordan, April 26, 2018

(photo credit: MUHAMMAD HAMED/REUTERS)

President Joe Biden and King Abdullah enjoy a decades-long close relationship, nurtured over many years while Biden was both in the Senate and vice president, says Lucy Kurtzer-Ellenbogen, director of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict program at the US Institute of Peace.

“But beyond that, both King Abdullah and the Biden administration have a mutual interest in shoring up the kingdom’s stability at a time when Jordan faces some strong domestic and regional challenges. The significance of being one of the first leaders to be invited to Biden’s White House is to signal that the administration’s long-standing allies matter. This in and of itself can go a long way to buttressing the king’s domestic and regional position, and strengthening a key bilateral relationship.”

The meeting on Monday is the first in a series of meetings with Middle East leaders. Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi will meet Biden at the White House on July 26, and Prime Minister Naftali Bennett is expected later this summer.

“While the Biden administration remains focused on not having the Middle East consume his foreign policy agenda, these upcoming visits may highlight a recognition that to preserve and pursue the regional stability that is in the US interest – and avoid the need for constant firefighting – tending key relationships can go a long way toward fireproofing traditional flash points,” says Kurtzer-Ellenbogen.

“A robust push to the negotiation table on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is not likely in the cards, or even an interest of the parties and key stakeholders like Jordan,” she continued. “However, the US and Jordan do seem to share a view that re-centering the two-state solution as the political horizon for the conflict is a national security interest. Beyond that, King Abdullah will undoubtedly have in mind steps beyond the re-articulation of that formula that he would like the US to take or push for, to address conflict drivers, particularly around Jerusalem. How much ground can be covered in this first meeting is unclear, but certainly the issue will figure prominently on the two leaders’ agenda.”

“New leadership in Israel seems to have also opened some space for strengthening bilateral Jordanian-Israeli ties after years of strain, with recently concluded water and trade agreements between the two countries,” Kurtzer-Ellenbogen noted. “The Biden administration has already praised these deals and will no doubt encourage further mutually beneficial cooperation between these two key US regional allies.”

She went on to say that “the opportunity and optics of the White House meeting in itself goes a long way to achieving a key goal of King Abdullah on this trip: a clear signal that the traditionally strong US-Jordan relationship is on solid ground and the US administration considers the Hashemite Kingdom a key ally in pursuit of Middle East stability.”

阿卜杜拉前往美國,貝內特在聖殿山維護猶太人的權利

這次會議是在約旦向以色列正式投訴允許猶太人登上聖殿山之後的第二天舉行的。

作者:拉哈夫·哈爾科夫哈立德·阿布·托米

2021 年 7 月 18 日 22:43

約旦國王阿布杜拉二世五月在安曼的一次會議上聆聽。

(照片來源:ALEX BRANDON/POOL VIA REUTERS)

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約旦國王阿卜杜拉定於週一會見美國總統喬拜登,就在他的政府抱怨以色列允許猶太人登上聖殿山以及穆斯林與以色列警察在聖地發生輕微沖突的第二天。

此次會晤將是拜登首次與阿拉伯領導人會面,白宮上週表示,此次會晤“將突出美國與約旦之間持久的戰略夥伴關係,約旦是美國的重要安全夥伴和盟友。” 白宮還強調了“約旦在促進該地區和平與穩定方面的領導作用”。

會議召開前一天,約旦向以色列發出正式投訴,要求允許猶太人登上聖殿山,阿卜杜拉的哈希姆家族是聖殿山的監護人。

約旦的投訴是在本月與以色列和解之後提出的,包括阿卜杜拉國王與總理納夫塔利·貝內特,以及外交部長亞伊爾·拉皮德與約旦外長艾曼·薩法迪的會晤。以色列同意向約旦出售兩倍於兩國之間和平條約規定的水量,並允許安曼增加對巴勒斯坦權力機構的出口。

週日,貝內特確認了猶太人和穆斯林在聖殿山上的崇拜自由,命令警察繼續允許猶太人登上位於 Tisha Be'Av 的猶太教最神聖的地方,即使穆斯林在聖地與警察發生衝突。

聖殿山是猶太教最神聖的地方,兩座聖殿都建在這裡,阿克薩清真寺現在也坐落於此。Tisha Be'Av 是星期天的猶太齋戒日,標誌著公元前 586 年和公元 70 年寺廟被毀的周年紀念日。

貝內特“指示允許猶太人有組織和安全地登上山,同時保持現場秩序,”總理辦公室說。

一大早,警察進入聖殿山,沒有進入阿克薩清真寺,清除了暴徒,阻止他們投擲石塊。紅新月會報導說,一些巴勒斯坦人在與警察的衝突中受傷。據該組織稱,大多數傷者是在現場接受治療的。

在允許的時間內,將近 1,700 名猶太人訪問了聖殿山,在猶太人訪問期間沒有發生任何事件,一直持續到週日下午。貝內特感謝警方負責任地處理此事並保護猶太人的信仰自由。

總理還強調,“穆斯林也將在聖殿山上享有完全的禮拜自由,他們將在本周紀念阿拉法節和宰牲節。”

在參觀 Tisha Be'Av 聖殿山的猶太人中有反叛者 Yamina MK Amichai Chikli,她唱了以色列國歌 Hatikvah。另一位 Yamina MK,Yom Tov Kalfon 也參觀了聖地。

社交媒體上流傳的圖片顯示,一小群以色列猶太人在該地點祈禱,這違反了約旦伊斯蘭信託基金會(Wakf)制定的規則,通常由以色列警方執行。

據約旦通訊社佩特拉報導,約旦發出了一封正式信函,抗議以色列在聖殿山上的“違規行為”,包括“極端主義定居者在以色列警察保護下襲擊聖地”。

巴勒斯坦和其他阿拉伯媒體的報導經常將任何訪問聖殿山的猶太人描述為定居者,並將他們的行為描述為“風暴”,即使在標記人們有序行走的視頻時也是如此。

約旦外交部發言人戴法拉赫·法耶茲說:“以色列對清真寺的行動遭到拒絕和譴責,違反了歷史和法律現狀、國際法以及以色列作為東耶路撒冷佔領國的義務。”

法耶茲說,整個聖殿山大院“是一個純粹為穆斯林做禮拜的地方。”

約旦在 1948 年至 1967 年期間佔領了耶路撒冷的一半,不允許猶太人進入其舊城在任何聖地祈禱,包括西牆和聖殿山。

伊斯蘭主義 Ra'am(阿拉伯聯合名單)黨說:“穆斯林對阿克薩清真寺擁有專屬權利,其他人沒有任何權利。”

Ra'am 在周日的一份聲明中警告信徒們,“大量定居者從早上開始就襲擊並侵犯神聖的阿克薩清真寺”。

“這可能引發暴力事件,並以可能導致毀滅性宗教戰爭的方式點燃耶路撒冷和整個地區的局勢,尤其是當官員和 MK 被允許襲擊阿克薩、舉行祈禱、舉行宗教儀式和該黨表示,閱讀國歌 Hatikva。

巴勒斯坦民族權力機構主席馬哈茂德·阿巴斯的宗教事務顧問馬哈茂德·哈巴什指責以色列在時間和空間上在穆斯林和猶太信徒之間劃分聖地。

“這些嘗試不會成功,”哈巴什說。“我們的人民不會接受任何改變聖地歷史地位的企圖。佔領國對任何被佔領的耶路撒冷和受祝福的阿克薩清真寺沒有任何宗教、歷史或法律權利。”

哈巴什說,他們決心保衛阿克薩清真寺大院,並補充說:“巴勒斯坦在耶路撒冷和阿克薩的聯繫將繼續併升級,因為我們正在行使我們的合法權利來保護我們的土地和聖地並保衛我們自己。”

他呼籲國際社會和聯合國安理會對以色列“對耶路撒冷城犯下的戰爭罪行,特別是對阿克薩清真寺的持續侵略”實施制裁。

哈巴什警告說,以色列“日常違規”的後果可能會引發一場宗教戰爭。

巴勒斯坦權力機構總理穆罕默德·施泰耶還指責定居者“襲擊”阿克薩,並表示這是對聖地現狀的嚴重違反和挑釁。

極右翼 Otzma Yehudit MK Itamar Ben-Gvir 的妻子 Ayala Ben-Gvir 與其他數百名猶太人一起前往聖殿山祈禱,她說:“不僅要坐下來哭泣,而且要出現並繼續前進,這很重要。聖殿山。”

“我們沒有流亡;我們必須考慮如何改進並採取行動,以實現主權和猶太人對這個聖地的訪問,”她說。“誰控制了聖殿山,誰就控制了整個以色列土地,這就是我們將如何努力控制這個神聖而重要的地方。”

耶路撒冷郵報工作人員和路透社為本報告做出了貢獻。

Abdullah heads to US as Bennett upholds Jewish rights on Temple Mount

The meeting comes a day after Jordan sent an official complaint to Israel for allowing Jews onto the Temple Mount.

By LAHAV HARKOV, KHALED ABU TOAMEH

JULY 18, 2021 22:43

JORDAN’S KING ABDULLAH II listens during a meeting in Amman in May.

(photo credit: ALEX BRANDON/POOL VIA REUTERS)

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King Abdullah of Jordan was set to meet with US President Joe Biden on Monday, the day after his government complained about Israel allowing Jews onto the Temple Mount and minor clashes between Muslims and Israeli police at the holy site.

The meeting would be Biden’s first with an Arab leader, which the White House said last week “will highlight the enduring and strategic partnership between the United States and Jordan, a key security partner and ally of the United States.” The White House also emphasized “Jordan’s leadership role in promoting peace and stability in the region.”

The meeting comes a day after Jordan sent an official complaint to Israel for allowing Jews onto the Temple Mount, of which Abdullah’s Hashemite family is the custodian.

Jordan’s complaint comes on the heels of a rapprochement with Israel this month, including meetings between King Abdullah and Prime Minister Naftali Bennett, and between Foreign Minister Yair Lapid and his Jordanian counterpart Ayman Safadi. Israel agreed to sell Jordan double the amount of water stipulated in the peace treaty between the countries and to allow Amman to increase its exports to the Palestinian Authority.

On Sunday, Bennett affirmed Jewish and Muslim freedom of worship on the Temple Mount, ordering the police to continue allowing Jews to ascend Judaism’s holiest site on Tisha Be’Av even as Muslims clashed with police at the holy site.

The Temple Mount is Judaism’s holiest site, where the two Holy Temples were erected, and where al-Aqsa Mosque currently stands. Tisha Be’Av, the Jewish fast day observed on Sunday, marks the anniversary of the temples’ destruction in 586 BCE and 70 CE.

Bennett “instructed to allow organized and safe ascendance of Jews to the Mount, while keeping order at the site,” the Prime Minister’s Office said.

Early in the morning, police entered the Temple Mount, without entering al-Aqsa Mosque, and cleared out rioters, stopping them from throwing rocks. The Red Crescent reported that a number of Palestinians were injured in clashes with police. The majority of the injuries were treated on-site, according to the organization.

Nearly 1,700 Jews visited the Temple Mount during the permitted hours, and no incidents were reported during the Jewish visits, which lasted until Sunday afternoon. Bennett thanked the police for handling the matter responsibly and protecting Jews’ freedom of worship.

The prime minister also emphasized that “full freedom of worship on the Temple Mount will be maintained for Muslims, as well, who are marking the Day of Arafa and Eid al-Adha this week.”

Among the Jews visiting the Temple Mount on Tisha Be’Av was rebel Yamina MK Amichai Chikli, who sang Hatikvah, the Israeli national anthem. Another Yamina MK, Yom Tov Kalfon, visited the holy site as well.

Images circulating on social media showed a small group of Israeli Jews praying at the site, which is against the rules set by the Jordanian Islamic Trust, known as the Wakf, and generally enforced by Israeli police.

Jordan sent an official letter of protest against Israeli “violations” on the Temple Mount, including “storming of the holy compound by extremist settlers under Israeli police protection,” Jordanian news agency Petra reported.

Palestinian and other Arab media reports often characterize any Jews visiting the Temple Mount as settlers, and their actions as “storming,” even when labeling videos of people walking in an orderly fashion.

Jordanian Foreign Ministry spokesman Daifallah al-Fayez said: “The Israeli actions against the mosque are rejected and condemned, and represent a violation of the historical and legal status quo, international law, and Israel’s obligations as an occupying power in East Jerusalem.”

Fayez said the entire Temple Mount compound “is a place of worship purely for Muslims.”

Jordan occupied half of Jerusalem in 1948-1967 and did not allow Jews into its Old City to pray at any holy sites, including the Western Wall and Temple Mount.

The Islamist Ra’am (United Arab List) Party said: “Muslims have an exclusive right to al-Aqsa Mosque and no one else has any right over it.”

Ra’am warned worshippers in a statement on Sunday against a “large number of settlers who have been storming and violating the sanctity of the blessed Aqsa Mosque since the morning hours.”

“This could cause violent events and ignite the situation in Jerusalem and the entire region in [a] way that could lead to a devastating religious war, especially when officials and MKs are allowed to storm al-Aqsa, hold prayers, hold religious ceremonies and read the national anthem Hatikva, the party stated.

Mahmoud al-Habash, religious affairs adviser to Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas, who also serves as the Supreme Sharia judge in the PA, accused Israel of working to divide the holy site in time and space between Muslim and Jewish worshipers.

“These attempts will not succeed,” Habash said. “Our people will not accept any attempt to change the historical status of the holy site. The occupation state has no religious, historical or legal right to any inch of occupied Jerusalem and blessed al-Aqsa Mosque.”

Habash said that they are determined to defend the Aqsa Mosque compound, adding: “The Palestinian bond in Jerusalem and al-Aqsa will continue and escalate because we are exercising our legitimate right to protect our land and our holy sites and to defend ourselves.”

He called on the international community and the UN Security Council to impose sanctions on Israel for its “war crimes against the city of Jerusalem, in particular the ongoing aggression against al-Aqsa Mosque.”

Habash warned of the consequences of Israel’s “daily violations,” which he said could ignite a religious war.

PA Prime Minister Mohammad Shtayyeh also accused settlers of “storming” al-Aqsa and said that this is a serious violation of the holy site status quo and a provocation.

Ayala Ben-Gvir, wife of far-right Otzma Yehudit MK Itamar Ben-Gvir, went to pray at the Temple Mount with hundreds of other Jews, saying that “it is important not only to sit and cry but to show up and go on the Temple Mount.”

“We are not in exile; we must think how to improve and act for sovereignty and Jewish visits to this holy place,” she said. “Whoever controls the Temple Mount controls the Land of Israel in its entirety, and this is how we will work toward control of this holy and important site.”

Jerusalem Post Staff and Reuters contributed to this report.

Ra'am:阿克薩清真寺“完全是穆斯林的財產”

伊斯蘭黨是聯盟的一部分,譴責猶太“定居者”在 Tisha B'Av 齋戒期間前往耶路撒冷聖地,警告這可能導致“災難性的宗教戰爭”

亞倫BOXERMAN今天,下午 6:31

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2021 年 7 月 18 日,在 Tisha B'Av 齋戒期間,一群猶太人進入耶路撒冷舊城的聖殿山,以色列安全部隊站崗,為聖殿被毀而哀悼。 (Ahmad Gharabli/法新社)

伊斯蘭主義的 Ra'am 黨譴責了數百名所謂的猶太“定居者”於週日早上在遵守 Tisha B'Av 齋戒期間登上聖殿山的行為。

“阿克薩清真寺佔地 144 德南,完全是穆斯林的財產,其他任何人都無權擁有它,”伊斯蘭黨在與其母組織伊斯蘭運動的聯合聲明中說。

阿克薩清真寺是伊斯蘭教第三聖地。但聖殿山也是猶太教最神聖的地方,因為據說兩座聖經聖殿都建在山頂上。聖所普遍存在脆弱的現狀,正式禁止猶太人祈禱。

週日清晨,以色列警察在山上與巴勒斯坦禮拜者發生衝突。據巴勒斯坦報導,以色列警方發射催淚瓦斯和眩暈手榴彈,而警方稱一些巴勒斯坦人投擲石塊。

沒有關於衝突後重傷的報告,據說有幾名巴勒斯坦人被拘留。警方沒有回應置評請求。

幾個小時後,超過 1,600 名猶太以色列人登上山頂,按照每年的傳統慶祝節日。朝聖者 - 包括 Yamina MK Amichai Chikli - 唱以色列國歌 Hatikva,同時站在標誌性的圓頂清真寺清真寺前。

2021 年 7 月 18 日,在 Tisha B'Av 期間,一群虔誠的猶太人在參觀耶路撒冷老城的聖殿山時,以色列安全部隊守衛。 (Jamal Awad/Flash90)

在社交媒體上的視頻中,可以看到警察試圖將巴勒斯坦人趕出該地區,可能是為了讓他們遠離以色列遊客。在一段視頻中,警察拖著一名戴著黑色面紗的婦女與他們戰鬥。

由總理納夫塔利·貝內特 (Naftali Bennett) 領導的政府支持突襲和隨後的朝聖。貝內特感謝警方“以負責任和周到的方式管理聖殿山上的事件,同時維護山上猶太人的崇拜自由”——這一聲明引發了關於政府是否正在尋求改變現場政策的問題。

由曼蘇爾·阿巴斯 (Mansour Abbas) 領導的 Ra'am 是以色列目前執政的聯合政府的一部分。但對於他們保守的宗教基礎而言,阿克薩清真寺是一個珍貴而受人尊敬的象徵。

該黨表示,當局“允許官員和議會成員襲擊阿克薩,進行祈禱,進行宗教儀式,並在神聖的阿克薩清真寺的庭院中唱以色列國歌 Hatikva”,列出了其成員考慮的一些行動成為挑釁。

拉姆說,此類行為可能導致以色列人和巴勒斯坦人之間的局勢再次升級。這一事件也發生在一個特別敏感的時刻,穆斯林巴勒斯坦人將於週​​二慶祝宰牲節——伊斯蘭曆法中最神聖的日子之一。

“由此引發的事件可能會加劇耶路撒冷和整個地區的局勢,導致一場災難性的宗教戰爭,”拉姆說。

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2021 年 7 月 6 日在耶路撒冷以色列議會的 Ra'am 首席曼蘇爾·阿巴斯。 (Yonatan Sindel/Flash90)

週日的事件引發了哈馬斯和巴勒斯坦權力機構的抗議。以色列的幾個鄰國也發表了譴責,包括埃及、土耳其和約旦,這些國家的伊斯蘭宗教組織管理該網站。

根據 1994 年的和平條約,以色列承認約旦是聖殿山和舊城其他穆斯林聖地的監護人,舊城是以色列軍隊在 1967 年六日戰爭中佔領的約旦吞併地區之一。

根據約旦外交部的說法,安曼在事件發生後向以色列發出了一封正式的抗議信,聲稱對該地點的控制權。

“以色列針對清真寺的行動是不可接受和應受譴責的。它們違反了歷史和法律現狀、國際法以及以色列作為東耶路撒冷佔領國的義務,”約旦外交部發言人戴富拉·法耶茲在一份聲明中說。

Ra’am: Al-Aqsa Mosque ‘is solely the property of Muslims’

Islamist party, which is part of coalition, condemns ascent of Jewish ‘settlers’ to Jerusalem holy site during Tisha B’Av fast, warns it could lead to ‘catastrophic religious war’

By AARON BOXERMANToday, 6:31 pm

Israeli security forces stand guard as a group of Jews enter the Temple Mount in Jerusalem's Old City, during the Tisha B'Av fast mourning the destruction of the temples, on July 18, 2021. (Ahmad Gharabli/AFP)

The Islamist Ra’am party condemned the ascent of hundreds of what it called Jewish “settlers” to the Temple Mount on Sunday morning, during the observance of the Tisha B’Av fast.

“The Al-Aqsa Mosque, in its 144 dunams, is solely the property of Muslims, and no one else has any right to it,” the Islamist party said, in a joint statement with its parent organization, the Islamic Movement.

The Al-Aqsa Mosque is the third-holiest site in Islam. But the Temple Mount is also Judaism’s holiest site, as the two biblical Temples were said to be built on the hilltop. A fragile status quo prevails at the sanctuary, with Jewish prayer officially forbidden.

Early on Sunday morning, Israeli police clashed with Palestinian worshipers on the Mount. According to Palestinian reports, Israeli police fired tear gas and stun grenades, while police said some Palestinians threw stones.

There were no reports of serious injuries following the clashes, and a few Palestinians were said to have been detained. Police did not respond to a request for comment.

A few hours later, over 1,600 Jewish Israelis ascended the hilltop to observe the holiday as per annual tradition. The pilgrims — including Yamina MK Amichai Chikli — sang Israel’s national anthem, Hatikva, while standing in front of the iconic Dome of the Rock mosque.

Israeli security forces guard as a group of religious Jews visit the Temple Mount, in Jerusalem’s Old City, during Tisha B’Av, on July 18, 2021. (Jamal Awad/Flash90)

In videos on social media, police could be seen seeking to clear out Palestinians from the area, possibly in an attempt to keep them away from the Israeli visitors. In one video, officers dragged a woman in a black veil as she fought against them.

The government, led by Prime Minister Naftali Bennett, backed the raid and the subsequent pilgrimage. Bennett thanked the police for “managing the events on the Temple Mount with responsibility and consideration, while maintaining freedom of worship for Jews on the Mount” — a statement that raised questions as to whether the government was seeking a change in policy at the site.

Ra’am, led by Mansour Abbas, is a part of Israel’s current ruling coalition government. But for their conservative religious base, the Al-Aqsa Mosque is a treasured and revered symbol.

The party said authorities “allowed officials and Knesset members to storm Al-Aqsa, perform prayers, perform religious rituals, and declaimed the Israeli national anthem Hatikva in the courtyards of the blessed Al-Aqsa Mosque,” listing a number of actions its members consider to be provocations.

Ra’am said such acts could lead to renewed escalation between Israelis and Palestinians. The incident also comes at a particularly sensitive time, with Muslim Palestinians set to observe Eid al-Adha — one of the holiest days in the Islamic calendar — on Tuesday.

“The events that may result from it could inflame the situation in Jerusalem and the entire region, leading to a catastrophic religious war,” Ra’am said.

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Ra’am chief Mansour Abbas at the Knesset in Jerusalem on July 6, 2021. (Yonatan Sindel/Flash90)

Sunday’s incident sparked protests by Hamas and the Palestinian Authority. Several of Israel’s neighbors also issued condemnations, including Egypt, Turkey, and Jordan, whose Islamic Waqf administers the site.

Under the 1994 peace treaty, Israel recognized Jordan as the custodian of the Temple Mount and other Muslim holy sites in the Old City, which was among the Jordanian-annexed areas that Israeli forces captured in the 1967 Six Day War.

According to the Jordanian Foreign Ministry, Amman sent Israel a formal letter of protest following the incident, asserting its control over the site.

“The Israeli actions against the mosque are unacceptable and condemnable. They represent a violation of the historical and legal status quo, international law, and Israel’s obligations as an occupying power in East Jerusalem,” Jordanian foreign ministry spokesperson Daifullah Fayez said in a statement.

約旦、埃及、土耳其都譴責猶太人訪問 Tisha B'Av 的聖殿山

約 1,600 名猶太人在齋戒期間前往耶路撒冷舊城的聖地;早些時候,以色列警察和巴勒斯坦人之間爆發了衝突

作者:AARON BOXERMANEMANUEL FABIANTOI 員工今天,下午 6:21

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2021 年 7 月 18 日,在 Tisha B'Av 期間,一群虔誠的猶太人在參觀耶路撒冷老城的聖殿山時,以色列安全部隊守衛。 (Jamal Awad/Flash90)

約旦、埃及和土耳其周日譴責以色列,此前約有 1,600 名猶太人在巴勒斯坦人和警察在聖地發生過夜衝突後,前往耶路撒冷舊城的聖殿山慶祝 Tisha B'Av 的齋戒。

“以色列針對清真寺的行動是不可接受和應受譴責的。它們違反了歷史和法律現狀、國際法以及以色列作為東耶路撒冷佔領國的義務,”約旦外交部發言人戴富拉·法耶茲在一份聲明中說。

發言人說,已就此事向以色列發出抗議信。

下一個

停留

週日清晨,以色列警察在聖殿山與巴勒斯坦禮拜者發生衝突。據巴勒斯坦報導,以色列警方發射催淚瓦斯和眩暈手榴彈,而警方稱一些巴勒斯坦人投擲石塊。

衝突發生在 1,600 多名猶太人前往聖殿山朝聖之前的幾個小時,以紀念 Tisha B'Av 齋戒日,該日哀悼曾經矗立在那裡的兩座猶太聖殿被毀。

根據 1994 年與約旦的和平條約,以色列承認安曼是聖殿山和舊城其他穆斯林聖地的監護人。1967 年六日戰爭期間,以色列從約旦手中奪取了這些地點。

2021 年 7 月 18 日,在 Tisha B'Av 期間,一群猶太人進入耶路撒冷老城的聖殿山時,以色列安全部隊站崗。(Ahmad Gharabli/法新社)

土耳其外交部的一份聲明說: “以色列安全部隊允許種族主義猶太團體襲擊阿克薩清真寺,襲擊在該地區祈禱的巴勒斯坦平民並拘留巴勒斯坦平民,再次侵犯了聖地的神聖性,包括兒童和婦女,導致出現冒犯人類尊嚴的圖像。”

“在我們對以色列在齋月襲擊阿克薩清真寺所造成的緊張、升級和衝突氣氛的記憶仍然記憶猶新之際,繼續這種挑釁是極其危險的,”聲明補充說。

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5 月齋月期間現場發生的衝突,以及一些巴勒斯坦家庭即將被驅逐出 Sheikh Jarrah 街區,導致哈馬斯恐怖組織向以色列發射火箭,引發以色列和加沙地帶之間長達 11 天的衝突.

埃及外交部發言人說,開羅還譴責“以色列極端分子在以色列軍隊的保護下再次侵犯神聖的阿克薩清真寺”。

聖殿山是猶太教中最神聖的地方,是聖經中兩座聖殿的所在地。它也是伊斯蘭教第三聖地阿克薩清真寺的所在地,長期以來一直是以色列人和巴勒斯坦人之間的衝突點。

在拉馬拉,巴勒斯坦權力機構主席馬哈茂德·阿巴斯譴責了他認為“危險且持續的以色列升級”。

阿巴斯的辦公室在一份聲明中說:“巴勒斯坦總統府……認為這是對安全與穩定的嚴重威脅,是對巴勒斯坦人感情的挑釁,並認為以色列政府應對這種升級負責。”

歐盟駐巴勒斯坦代表團表示,它“對持續的緊張局勢感到擔憂”。

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該代表團在一條推文中說:“以色列當局、各方宗教和社區領袖應緊急採取行動,平息這一爆炸性局勢。”

2018 年 6 月 18 日,一群極端正統派的猶太人在聖殿山的圓頂清真寺附近祈禱。 正式禁止猶太人在山頂上祈禱。(Amanda Borschel-Dan/以色列時報)

統治加沙的巴勒斯坦恐怖組織哈馬斯嘲笑登上聖殿山的“流浪者群”。

哈馬斯發言人穆罕默德·哈馬達在一份聲明中說:“佔領使這些流浪的定居者放任自流,這並不反映控製或主權,而是試圖掩蓋無能和不足。”

巴勒斯坦伊斯蘭聖戰恐怖組織稱這些衝突是“影響世界上所有穆斯林的恐怖主義和侵略”。

急於減少與穆斯林世界的摩擦,考慮到東正教聖人通常建議不要登上聖殿山,因為害怕踏上聖殿至聖所所在的 聖地 ,以色列自 1967 年以來允許約旦宗教信仰機構在其頂峰維持宗教權威山。

猶太人在許多限制下被允許訪問,但不能祈禱。

但周六的一份報告稱,以色列最近幾個月悄悄開始允許猶太人在山上祈禱,總理納夫塔利·貝內特週日斷言,猶太人和穆斯林在該地點都有“禮拜自由”,這可能暗示政策會發生變化。

Jordan, Egypt, Turkey all condemn Jewish visits to Temple Mount on Tisha B’Av

Some 1,600 Jews go to holy site in Jerusalem’s Old City during fast; earlier, clashes erupted between Israeli police and Palestinians

By AARON BOXERMAN, EMANUEL FABIAN and TOI STAFFToday, 6:21 pm

Israeli security forces guard as a group of religious Jews visit the Temple Mount, in Jerusalem's Old City, during Tisha B'Av, on July 18, 2021. (Jamal Awad/Flash90)

Jordan, Egypt, and Turkey denounced Israel on Sunday after some 1,600 Jews visited the Temple Mount in Jerusalem’s Old City to mark the fast of Tisha B’Av, following overnight clashes at the holy site between Palestinians and police.

“The Israeli actions against the mosque are unacceptable and condemnable. They represent a violation of the historical and legal status quo, international law, and Israel’s obligations as an occupying power in East Jerusalem,” Jordanian foreign Ministry spokesperson Daifullah Fayez said in a statement.

The spokesman said a letter of protest on the matter was sent to Israel.

Early on Sunday morning, Israeli police clashed with Palestinian worshippers on the Temple Mount. According to Palestinian reports, Israeli police fired tear gas and stun grenades, while police said some Palestinians threw stones.

The clashes came just a few hours ahead of the pilgrimage of over 1,600 Jews to the Temple Mount to mark the fast day of Tisha B’Av, which mourns the destruction of the two Jewish Temples that once stood there.

Under the 1994 peace treaty with Jordan, Israel recognized Amman as the custodian of the Temple Mount and other Muslim holy sites in the Old City. Israel captured those sites from Jordan during the 1967 Six Day War.

Israeli security forces stand guard as a group of Jews enter the Temple Mount in Jerusalem’s Old City, during the Tisha B’Av, on July 18, 2021. (Ahmad Gharabli/AFP)

A statement from the Turkish Foreign Ministry said: “Israeli security forces have once again violated the sanctity of al-Haram al-Sharif by allowing racist Jewish groups to raid Al-Aqsa Mosque, attacking Palestinian civilians praying in the area and detaining Palestinian civilians, including children and women, leading to images that offended human dignity.”

“The continuation of such provocations, at a time when the memories of the atmosphere of tension, escalation, and conflict caused by Israel’s attacks on Al-Aqsa Mosque in the holy month of Ramadan are still fresh in our minds, is extremely dangerous,” the statement added.

Clashes at the site during the month of Ramadan in May, alongside the pending eviction of a number of Palestinian families from the Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood, led the Hamas terror group to fire rockets toward Israel, sparking 11 days of conflict between Israel and the Gaza Strip.

Cairo also condemned “the renewed violations of the blessed Al-Aqsa Mosque by Israeli extremists under the protection of the Israeli forces,” a spokesperson for the Egyptian Foreign Ministry said.

The Temple Mount is the holiest place in Judaism, as the site of the two biblical Temples. It is also the site of the third-holiest shrine in Islam, the Al-Aqsa Mosque, and has long been a flashpoint between Israelis and Palestinians.

In Ramallah, Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas condemned what he deemed “the dangerous and ongoing Israeli escalation.”

“The Palestinian Presidency… considers this a grave threat to security and stability, and a provocation to the feelings of Palestinians, and holds the Israeli government responsible for this escalation,” Abbas’s office said in a statement.

The European Union’s mission to the Palestinians said it was “concerned over ongoing tensions.”

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“Israeli authorities, religious, and community leaders from all sides should act urgently to calm down this explosive situation,” the mission said in a tweet.

A group of ultra-Orthodox Jews pray near the Dome of the Rock on the Temple Mount, on June 18, 2018. Officially, Jewish prayer atop the mount is forbidden. (Amanda Borschel-Dan/Times of Israel)

Hamas, the Palestinian terror group that rules Gaza, mocked the “straying herds of settlers” ascending the Temple Mount.

“That the occupation is giving free rein to these straying herds of settlers does not reflect control or sovereignty, but rather is an attempt to cover up for impotence and deficiency,” Mohammad Hamadah, a Hamas spokesperson, said in a statement.

The Palestinian Islamic Jihad terror group called the clashes “terrorism and aggression that affects all Muslims in the world.”

Anxious to reduce friction with the Muslim world, and given that Orthodox sages generally counsel against ascending the Temple Mount for fear of treading on the sacred ground where the Temple’s Holy of Holies stood, Israel since 1967 has allowed the Jordanian Waqf to maintain religious authority atop the mount.

Jews have been allowed to visit under numerous restrictions, but not to pray.

But a report on Saturday said Israel has quietly started allowing Jewish prayers on the Mount in recent months, and Prime Minister Naftali Bennett asserted Sunday that both Jews and Muslims have “freedom of worship” at the site, potentially hinting at a change in policy.

拜登向近東救濟工程處提供了 1.35 億美元。在機構譴責反以色列仇恨之後

近東救濟工程處承諾確保拜登政府的 1.35 億美元捐款不會轉移給從事恐怖活動的個人,也不會用於支持恐怖活動。

作者:托瓦·拉扎羅夫

2021 年 7 月 18 日 18:30

2021 年 6 月 2 日,近東救濟工程處主任專員菲利普·拉扎里尼 (Philippe Lazzarini) 在訪問謝赫賈拉 (Sheikh Jarrah) 的東耶路撒冷社區期間觀看。

(照片來源:AMMAR AWAD / 路透社)

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在上週簽署框架協議後,拜登政府於週六向近東救濟工程處提供了 1.35 億美元,這是首次譴責反以色列的仇恨。

近東救濟工程處總專員菲利普·拉扎里尼 (Philippe Lazzarini) 表示:“美國-近東救濟工程處框架的簽署和額外支持表明,我們再次在美國擁有一個持續合作夥伴,該合作夥伴了解向該地區一些最脆弱的難民提供關鍵援助的必要性。”週六。

在美國負責以色列和巴勒斯坦事務的副助理國務卿哈迪·阿姆爾結束對以色列和巴勒斯坦領土的訪問後的第二天,聯合國巴勒斯坦難民救濟和工程處發布了有關美國捐贈和框架協議的消息。 11.

美國對該機構的財政援助傳統上伴隨著合作協議框架,最新版本於 7 月 14 日簽署。

2018-2019 年框架首次譴責反猶太主義,指出:“美國和近東救濟工程處毫無保留地譴責對基於種族血統或宗教信仰的個人或社區的一切宗教不容忍、煽動、騷擾或暴力行為,包括反猶太主義。 ”

2021-2022 年版本將這句話改為(斜體字補充),“美國和近東救濟工程處毫無保留地譴責一切宗教或種族不容忍、煽動暴力、騷擾或暴力侵害基於族裔或宗教信仰的個人或社區的行為。信仰,包括反猶太主義,”增加了一條額外的線,將譴責擴大到包括一系列廣泛的問題,例如對巴勒斯坦人和以色列人的歧視。

現在的譴責包括“基於種族起源或宗教信仰對巴勒斯坦人、以色列人或其他個人或社區的反猶太主義、仇視伊斯蘭教、反天主教、反阿拉伯主義或其他形式的歧視或種族主義。”

近東救濟工程處還承諾確保其資金不會轉移給從事恐怖活動或用於 支持恐怖活動的個人。

1.35 億美元。捐贈使美國對該機構的捐款總額達到 3.138 億美元。今年,接近每年 3.6 億美元。它是在特朗普政府削減美國資金之前收到的。

在此之前,美國一直是該組織最大的單一國家捐助者,該組織聲稱該組織為敘利亞、黎巴嫩、約旦、加沙、約旦河西岸和東耶路撒冷的 570 萬難民提供服務。它今年的捐款佔近東救濟工程處尋求籌集以滿足其年度需求​​的 15 億美元的 20% 以上。

特朗普政府反對近東救濟工程處,聲稱它支持永久的巴勒斯坦難民階級,還將這一稱號授予在 1948 年以色列獨立戰爭期間逃離家園的人的後代。

近東救濟工程處教師在課堂上使用的教科書中不斷發現反猶太主義和煽動反對以色列的言論也令委員會感到不安 。

近東救濟工程處表示,它為 700 所學校的 50 萬兒童提供教育,並經營著 140 家初級保健診所。它還提供食品、緊急現金援助和緊急健康、心理健康和社會心理支持,以及緊急情況教育、保護、水和衛生以及 COVID-19 響應。

Biden gives UNRWA $135m. after agency condemns anti-Israel hatred

UNRWA pledged to ensure that the $135 million donation from the Biden administration would not be transferred to individuals engaged in terror, nor would it be used to support terror.

By TOVAH LAZAROFF

JULY 18, 2021 18:30

Philippe Lazzarini, the Commissioner-General of the UNRWA, looks on during his visit to the East Jerusalem neighbourhood of Sheikh Jarrah June 2, 2021.

(photo credit: AMMAR AWAD / REUTERS)

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The Biden administration gave $135 million to UNRWA on Saturday after a framework agreement was signed between them last week, which for the first time condemned anti-Israel hatred.

“The signing of the US-UNRWA Framework and additional support demonstrates we once again have an ongoing partner in the United States that understands the need to provide critical assistance to some of the region’s most vulnerable refugees,” UNRWA Commissioner-General Philippe Lazzarini said on Saturday.

The UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian Refugees released news of the US donation and the framework agreement the day after US Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Israel and Palestinian Affairs Hady Amr finished his visit to Israel and the Palestinian territories, which had begun on July 11.

US financial aid to the agency has traditionally been accompanied by a framework for cooperation agreement, the latest version of which was signed on July 14.

The 2018-2019 framework condemned antisemitism for the first time, stating that: “The United States and UNRWA condemn without reserve all manifestations of religious intolerance, incitement, harassment or violence against persons or communities based on ethnic origin or religious belief, including antisemitism.”

The 2021-2022 version adapted that sentence to read (additions in italics), “The United States and UNRWA condemn without reserve all manifestations of religious or racial intolerance, incitement to violence, harassment or violence against persons or communities based on ethnic origin or religious belief, including antisemitism,” adding an additional line that expands the condemnation to include a wide list of issues such as discrimination against Palestinians and Israelis.

The condemnation now includes “antisemitism, Islamophobia, anti-Catholicism, anti-Arabism, or other forms of discrimination or racism against Palestinians, Israelis or others individuals or communities based on ethnic origins or religious beliefs.”

UNRWA also pledged to ensure that its funds would not be transferred to individuals engaged in terror or used to support terror.

The $135m. donation brings the total US contribution to the agency to $313.8m. for this year, which is close to the annual $360m. it had received before the Trump administration cut American funding.

Until then, the US had been the largest single country donor to the organization, which services 5.7 million people it claims are refugees in Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Gaza, the West Bank and east Jerusalem. Its contribution this year makes up more than 20% of the $1.5 billion UNRWA seeks to raise to meet its annual needs.

The Trump administration opposed UNRWA, claiming it supports a perpetual class of Palestinian refugees by also awarding that designation to the descendants of those who fled their homes during Israel’s 1948 War of Independence.

It was also upset by the continual finding of antisemitism and incitement against Israel within textbooks used by UNRWA teachers in their classrooms.

UNRWA said it educates half a million children in 700 schools and runs 140 primary health clinics. It also supplies food, emergency cash assistance and emergency health, mental health and psychosocial support, as well as education in emergencies, protection, water and sanitation and COVID-19 response.

土耳其抨擊歐盟禁止戴頭巾是“侵犯宗教自由”

總部位於盧森堡的歐盟法院 (CJEU) 週四裁定,歐盟內的公司可以在某些條件下禁止員工戴頭巾。

通過路透

2021 年 7 月 18 日 12:31

戴頭巾的女孩,說明

(圖片來源:PXFUEL)

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土耳其周日猛烈抨擊歐盟最高法院的一項裁決,該裁決允許在某些條件下禁止戴頭巾,稱其“明顯違反了宗教自由”,並補充說此舉將加劇歐洲對穆斯林婦女的偏見。

總部位於盧森堡的歐盟法院 (CJEU) 週四裁定,歐盟公司可以在某些情況下禁止員工戴頭巾,如果他們需要這樣做以向客戶展示中立形象。

土耳其外交部在一份聲明中表示,該裁決是伊斯蘭恐懼症上升的一個跡象,當時它說歐洲的穆斯林婦女因其宗教信仰而受到越來越多的歧視。

“歐洲法院的決定,在伊斯蘭恐懼症、種族主義和仇恨將歐洲劫持為人質之際,無視宗教自由,並為歧視創造了基礎和法律掩護,”該部表示。

週六,土耳其總統府通訊主任法赫雷丁·阿爾通譴責了這一舉動,稱“這個錯誤的決定是企圖賦予種族主義合法性。”

多年來,頭巾問題,即戴在頭和肩上的傳統頭巾,在整個歐洲一直存在分歧,突顯了在穆斯林融合問題上的巨大分歧。

土耳其總統塔伊普·埃爾多安(Tayyip Erdogan) 的 AK 黨於 2002 年上台,融合了親西方的民主市場方法,該黨伊斯蘭主義為根基,近年來因日益增加的威權主義和宗教不容忍受到西方盟友的批評。美國、希臘、俄羅斯和教會領袖去年對他的政府去年將伊斯坦布爾的聖索菲亞大教堂改建為清真寺的舉動表示擔憂。

安卡拉一再指責歐洲國家在防止對穆斯林的歧視方面做得不夠,並表示將開始發布一份關於它所謂的世界各地仇視伊斯蘭的例子的年度報告。

針對在工作中禁止戴頭巾是否代表對宗教自由的侵犯,歐洲法院表示,如果雇主需要展示中立形像是合理的,則此類禁令是可能的。

安卡拉與歐盟之間的關係因一系列問題而緊張,即歐盟成員國希臘和土耳其之間在地中海東部的海洋管轄權和能源權利方面的爭端。

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