2021.09.10 國際新聞導讀-塔利班組成看守政府都是塔利班男,恐難獲世界認同承認,伊朗支持真主黨燃油計畫、伊朗支持童婚、以色列追捕6名巴勒斯坦逃獄囚犯、蘇育平專欄寫阿富汗女性曾將有過的美好開放時光

21:31
 
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2021.09.10 國際新聞導讀-塔利班組成看守政府都是塔利班男,恐難獲世界認同承認,伊朗支持真主黨燃油計畫、伊朗支持童婚、以色列追捕6名巴勒斯坦逃獄囚犯、蘇育平專欄寫阿富汗女性曾將有過的美好開放時光

2021/9/9最新情形︰

· 美國有線電視新聞網(CNN)報導,在塔利班(Taliban)宣布成立全是男性的強硬看守政府後,一群阿富汗女性今天在喀布爾示威,遭到塔利班戰士以鞭子及棍棒攻擊。

· 塔利班昨天宣布成立的強硬路線看守內閣陣容未包含女性或非塔利班成員,被控涉及恐怖主義而受聯合國制裁或遭美國通緝的關鍵人物則在政府成員名單中。

· 塔利班昨天下令實際上禁止境內任何示威活動,違者「將面臨嚴厲法律行動」。一些抗議行動的主辦方因此紛紛取消今天在阿富汗首都喀布爾的集會。本週稍早阿富汗境內多處出現有數百人聚集的示威,包括在喀布爾(Kabul)、東北部城市費薩巴(Faizabad)及西部城市赫拉特(Herat),但全都遭到武裝戰士驅離,其中在赫拉特有2人遭槍擊身亡。

· 卡達消息人士表示約200名非阿富汗公民預料將從阿富汗首都喀布爾搭機離境,前往卡達首都杜哈,當中包括美國公民。這將是塔利班接掌阿富汗及美國撤軍以來的最大規模撤離行動。卡達官員也表示,美軍撤離後就一直關閉的喀布爾機場,已9成準備好恢復營運,打算逐步重新啟用。

2021/9/8

· 阿富汗武裝組織塔利班今天宣布成立新政府,將由艾昆德(Mullah Mohammad Hasan Akhund)擔任新政府的領導人,塔利班共同創始人巴拉達(Abdul Ghani Baradar)將擔任副領導人。不過,白宮仍不急於承認塔利班為阿富汗官方政府,發言人莎琪(Jen Paski)表示,「不急於承認,這將取決於塔利班採取的步驟」,包括是否讓阿富汗人自由離開。

· 阿富汗武裝組織塔利班(Taliban)今天宣布成立新政府,塔利班最高領袖艾昆薩達(Hibatullah Akhundzada)要求新政府維護伊斯蘭教法。艾昆薩達從未公開露面,這是他在塔利班重新掌權後首度發布訓示。艾昆薩達在以英文發表的聲明中說:「我向所有國人保證,這些人會致力維護伊斯蘭教規和伊斯蘭教法。」他告訴阿富汗人,新領導階層會確保「持久和平、繁榮與發展」,「人民不應離開這個國家」。「這個伊斯蘭酋長國對任何人都沒有芥蒂…大家都將參與強化體制和阿富汗,我們將以此方式重建遭戰火蹂躪的國家。」艾昆薩達表示,塔利班會致力信守和伊斯蘭教法不牴觸的國際法、條約和承諾。

· 阿富汗塔利班(Taliban)新政權公布臨時政府要職名單,塔利班與暴力派系「哈卡尼網絡」(Haqqani network)的主要領袖全部都加官進爵,閣員一個女性都沒有。歐盟發言人指出,對塔利班公布的臨時政府成員進行初步分析後,歐盟認為「就我們希望看到的阿富汗豐富種族和多元宗教,以及塔利班過去幾週的許諾而言,新政府並沒有兼容並蓄和代表性」。

· 阿富汗境內最後一個反抗勢力今天譴責武裝組織塔利班籌組的新政府「不合法」,以及注定「遭唾棄」。民族抵抗陣線發言人納札里(Ali Maisam Nazary)表示:「現代塔利班的宣傳已經結束…塔利班不支持包容性政府,這將成為被唾棄的政府,不合法政府…只需瞧瞧多少恐怖分子入閣,而我們還期待他們將會改革嗎?」

伊朗燃料、黎巴嫩真主黨的“救星”和伊朗對中國投資的目標

伊朗辯稱,它正在向黎巴嫩真主黨輸送燃料,這樣做將迫使美國放鬆對敘利亞的製裁,並使中國能夠在貝魯特進行投資。

作者:SETH J. FRANZMAN

2021 年 9 月 7 日 12:31

2020 年 9 月 10 日,伊朗船隻 Khark 出現在伊朗的一個未公開地點。

(圖片來源:伊朗軍隊/WANA(西亞新聞社)通過路透社)

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伊朗正試圖將自己定位為黎巴嫩的燃料供應商,以增強其黎巴嫩代理人的權力。目標是迫使黎巴嫩依賴伊朗,然後所有運往黎巴嫩的天然氣和燃料都將通過真主黨,因此真主黨可以將其提供給盟友和朋友。總的來說,伊朗的目標是讓黎巴嫩陷入貧困,摧毀其中上層階級,鼓勵遜尼派和基督教社區移民,以便真主黨掌權,剩下的只是一個被掏空的黎巴嫩國家,它是一個省內的一個省。一個比黎巴嫩更強大的更大的真主黨。

幾十年來,伊朗一直在這樣做,慢慢地幫助真主黨吞併黎巴嫩並建立一個平行的國家和經濟體。真主黨擁有自己的法外武裝部隊,這是一支擁有 150,000 枚導彈的大規模非法武裝民兵。真主黨向敘利亞派遣戰士並執行黎巴嫩的外交政策。真主黨擁有自己的電信網絡。它能夠控制對總統和總理職位的投票。它還擁有平行的建築、銀行、甚至超市網絡。伊朗說,現在它將成為燃料供應商。

伊朗塔斯尼姆媒體的一篇題為“伊朗船隻,粉碎美國霸權的抵抗三角”的報告闡述了伊朗政權的做法。伊朗的媒體與政府有聯繫,它模仿政府的議程。“伊朗向黎巴嫩出口燃料以解決該國的危機目前成為中東和西方媒體的頭條新聞,”報告稱。它指出,通過蘇伊士運河前往黎巴嫩的船隻是“該國的希望點”。納斯魯拉說,伊朗船隻將很快抵達。

“黎巴嫩人民,無論教派或組成部分,都對這一決定表示歡迎,而在以沙特阿拉伯為首的阿拉伯海灣國家儘管支持黎巴嫩,卻沒有採取任何措施幫助黎巴嫩人民的時候,伊朗成為了黎巴嫩人。救恩卡,”報告說。伊朗說,除了通過概述的機制向黎巴嫩輸送伊朗燃料的長期後果外,這種影響還可以從美國人和西方人的狂熱立場中看出。美國試圖鼓勵黎巴嫩通過敘利亞從埃及和約旦進口替代燃料和電力,這可能會增強敘利亞政權的權力,也可以幫助伊朗。

黎巴嫩真主黨領導人賽義德·哈桑·納斯魯拉的支持者於 2021 年 5 月 25 日在黎巴嫩南部靠近以色列邊境的 Kfar Kila 村聚集在一個摩托車車隊中,紀念抵抗和解放日(圖片來源:REUTERS/AZIZ TAHER)

“重要的一點是,從埃及到黎巴嫩的天然氣進口必須通過敘利亞境內進行,這在沒有敘利亞政府同意的情況下是不可能的,而且美國必須獲得大馬士革的同意,這要求減少對敘利亞的製裁,或者是全面廢除凱撒法,”塔斯尼姆說。從本質上講,伊朗現在知道燃料武器可以用來迫使黎巴嫩依賴伊朗及其盟友真主黨和敘利亞。無論是通過將“拯救”船隻帶到黎巴嫩,還是讓美國援助敘利亞政權,伊朗都會獲勝。

伊朗懷疑美國想阻止伊朗的石油和天然氣運輸。“美國人處於一種矛盾的境地——一方面,他們打算阻止伊朗燃料進口到黎巴嫩,另一方面,對敘利亞的製裁將繼續,”報告稱。

“另一方面,猶太復國主義政權與美國一起被認為是伊朗向黎巴嫩進口燃料的最大受害者之一,它寧願暫時保持沉默,甚至沒有對伊朗船隻發出通常的威脅。 ,但猶太復國主義者擔心在媒體報導和政權專家的評論中可以清楚地看到這一行動。”

這意味著伊朗正在密切關注以色列的反應。報告指出“以色列對伊朗燃料船抵達貝魯特保持沉默”,並稱燃料的到來“將增加真主黨在黎巴嫩的知名度,擴大伊朗在黎巴嫩的國家影響力。” 這意味著華盛頓和特拉維夫[耶路撒冷]對抗黎巴嫩抵抗的所有項目都失敗了。”

這意味著燃料武器現在是伊朗的主要優先事項。目標是建立真主黨。“賽義德·哈桑·納斯魯拉成功將黎巴嫩人民從燃料危機中解救出來,再次使他成為所有黎巴嫩人的救世主和努力解決國家危機的領導人,而不是一些黎巴嫩政客的真面目每個人都清楚,他們參與了調整西方和美國在圍困黎巴嫩以及在國內製造危機和煽動的立場,”塔斯尼姆報導。關鍵是真主黨被視為“拯救”黎巴嫩,而西方則被視為在傷害黎巴嫩。與此同時,黎巴嫩境內對真主黨的反對減弱。

這種對真主黨的正面使用,真主黨對黎巴嫩的經濟崩潰負責,並通過讓黎巴嫩依賴伊朗而從中受益,這與卡塔爾在阿富汗與塔利班使用的模式相同。它授權塔利班接管阿富汗,並因“幫助”阿富汗人逃離而獲得西方的讚譽。

伊朗聲稱黎巴嫩的企業集團包括囤積商品並由美國控制的公司。因此,伊朗將自己定位為在該地區的經濟上與美國交戰。伊朗與中國達成了一項新協議,這可能是它現在將經濟視為前線的部分原因。真主黨“創造了一個新的等式,根據該等式,黎巴嫩人可以轉向東方以解決由伊朗伊斯蘭共和國和黎巴嫩領導的經濟危機。它可以在商業和經濟領域自由運作,並逐漸脫離美國的控制,”報告稱。

伊朗辯稱,其在黎巴嫩的敵人包括黎巴嫩前總理薩阿德·哈里里和黎巴嫩軍隊領導人薩米爾·吉亞。真主黨刺殺了哈里裡的父親,他也是總理。伊朗指責沙特阿拉伯和海灣國家“圍困”黎巴嫩。

伊朗對黎巴嫩代表團前往敘利亞感到高興,並聲稱這一“前所未有的舉動表明美國人在不知不覺中被迫減少對大馬士革和貝魯特的壓力。在會議期間,敘利亞總統巴沙爾·阿薩德強調,他準備向黎巴嫩兄弟提供任何支持。” 無論哪種方式,伊朗獲勝都是敘事。

伊朗聲稱美國決定讓黎巴嫩通過敘利亞將天然氣從埃及運往黎巴嫩。“這為真主黨加倍努力打破美國對黎巴嫩的野蠻圍困鋪平了道路,這甚至可能影響黎巴嫩與被佔領巴勒斯坦之間的邊界劃分談判,甚至可能利用伊朗公司開採黎巴嫩的天然氣和石油。” 邊界問題可能與劃定沿海水域邊界有關。“此舉還可能為俄羅斯、伊朗和中國等國家在黎巴嫩投資鋪平道路,並使黎巴嫩經濟脫離西方的控制。” 這是真正的目標。

最後,伊朗辯稱,美國的這種“失敗”與美國在阿富汗的失敗有關,後者“粉碎了美國的霸權,並可能促使該地區其他國家放棄華盛頓的控制”。這意味著伊朗看到了該地區的構造轉變。這對以色列來說是個大新聞,因為如果伊朗成功策劃了一場經濟戰爭,真主黨和敘利亞政權由此獲得權力,那麼伊朗很可能會利用這種影響力進一步鞏固自己在敘利亞和黎巴嫩的地位,以威脅以色列。伊朗已經顯示出它的長期經濟目標,從中國經阿富汗到伊朗,再經伊拉克到黎巴嫩。這是目前正在進行的燃料戰爭的更廣泛影響。

Iranian fuel, Hezbollah ‘savior’ of Lebanon and Iran’s goal for Chinese investment

Iran argues that it is sending fuel to Hezbollah in Lebanon and in doing so will force the US to relax sanctions on Syria and enable Chinese investment in Beirut.

By SETH J. FRANTZMAN

SEPTEMBER 7, 2021 12:31

The Iranian ship Khark is seen at an undisclosed location in Iran, September 10,2020.

(photo credit: IRANIAN ARMY/WANA (WEST ASIA NEWS AGENCY) VIA REUTERS)

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Iran is trying to position itself as a fuel supplier to Lebanon to empower its Lebanese proxy. The goal is to force Lebanon to become dependent on Iran and then all the gas and fuel going to Lebanon will come through Hezbollah, so Hezbollah can provide it to allies and friends. Overall, Iran’s goal is to impoverish Lebanon, destroy its middle and upper class, encourage its Sunni and Christian community to emigrate, so that Hezbollah will grow in power and that all that will remain is a hollowed-out Lebanese state that is a province within a larger Hezbollahstan that is more powerful than Lebanon.

Iran has been doing this for decades, slowly helping Hezbollah swallow Lebanon and create a parallel state and economy. Hezbollah has its own extra-judicial armed forces, a massive illegal armed militia with 150,000 missiles. Hezbollah sends fighters to Syria and conducts Lebanon’s foreign policy. Hezbollah has its own telecommunications network. It is able to control voting for the presidency and prime ministership. It also has a parallel construction, banking, and even supermarket network. Now it will be the supplier of fuel, Iran says.

A report by Iran’s Tasnim media, titled "The Iranian ships, the triangle of resistance that shattered the American hegemony," lays out the Iranian regime's approach. Iran’s media is linked to the government and it parrots the government’s agenda. “Iran's fuel exports to Lebanon to resolve the country's crisis are currently making headlines in the Middle East and Western media,” the report says. It notes that the ships, making their way via the Suez canal to Lebanon, are a “point of hope for the country.” Nasrallah said the Iranian ships would arrive soon.

“The Lebanese people, regardless of sect or component, welcomed the decision, and at a time when the Arab Gulf states, led by Saudi Arabia, have not taken any steps to help the Lebanese people despite their support for Lebanon, Iran became the Lebanese salvation card,” the report says. Aside from the long-term consequences of sending Iranian fuel to Lebanon through the mechanism outlined, the effect can be seen in the rabid stance of the Americans and Westerners, Iran says. The US has tried to encourage Lebanon to bring in alternative fuel and electricity from Egypt and Jordan, via Syria, which potentially empowers the Syrian regime and can also help Iran.

Supporters of Lebanon's Hezbollah leader Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah gather in a convoy of motorbikes marking Resistance and Liberation Day, in Kfar Kila village, near the border with Israel, southern Lebanon, May 25, 2021 (credit: REUTERS/AZIZ TAHER)

“The important point is that the import of gas from Egypt to Lebanon must be done through the territory of Syria, which is not possible without the consent of the Syrian government, and the United States must obtain the consent of Damascus, which requires the reduction of sanctions against Syria or it is the general abolition of Caesar Law,” says Tasnim. In essence, Iran now knows that the fuel weapon can be used to force Lebanon to be dependent on Iran and its allies Hezbollah and Syria. Iran wins either way, either through bringing ships of “salvation” to Lebanon or by getting the US to aid the Syrian regime.

Iran suspects that the US wants to prevent the Iranian oil and gas shipments. “The Americans are in a paradoxical situation - on the one hand, they intend to prevent the import of Iranian fuel to Lebanon, and on the other hand, sanctions against Syria will continue,” the report says.

"On the other hand, the Zionist regime, which along with the United States is considered one of the biggest victims of Iran's fuel imports to Lebanon, has preferred to remain silent for the time being and has not even uttered its usual threats against Iranian ships, but the Zionists fear this action can be clearly seen in the media reports and comments of the regime's experts.”

This means Iran is monitoring Israel’s reaction closely. The report notes “Israel's silence on the arrival of Iranian fuel ships in Beirut,” and also says the arrival of fuel “will increase Hezbollah's popularity in Lebanon and expand Iran's national influence in Lebanon. And that means the failure of all the projects of Washington and Tel Aviv [Jerusalem] against the Lebanese resistance.”

This means the fuel weapon is now Iran’s main priority. The goal is to build up Hezbollah. “The success of Seyyed Hassan Nasrallah in rescuing the Lebanese people from the fuel crisis once again introduced him as a savior for all Lebanese and a leader who is working hard to resolve the country's crises, as opposed to the real face of some Lebanese politicians who it became clear to everyone that they were involved in aligning the positions of the West and the United States in the siege of Lebanon and in creating crisis and sedition inside the country,” Tasnim reported. The point is that Hezbollah is perceived as “saving” Lebanon while the West is seen as harming Lebanon. Meanwhile, the opposition to Hezbollah in Lebanon is weakened.

This Janus-face use of Hezbollah, where Hezbollah is responsible for Lebanon’s economic collapse and benefits from it by making Lebanon dependent on Iran, is the same model Qatar used with the Taliban in Afghanistan. It empowered the Taliban to take over Afghanistan and also gained credit from the West for “helping” Afghans flee.

Iran alleges that conglomerates in Lebanon include companies that hoard goods and which are controlled by the US. Iran is thus positioning itself as warring with the US economically in the region. Iran has a new deal with China that may be part of the reason it now sees the economy as a frontline. Hezbollah has “created a new equation according to which Lebanese could turn to the East to resolve their economic crisis, led by the Islamic Republic of Iran and then Lebanon. It can operate freely in the commercial and economic spheres and gradually get out of American control,” the report says.

Iran argues that its enemies in Lebanon include Former Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri and Lebanese Forces head Samir Geagea. Hezbollah assassinated Hariri’s father, who was also prime minister. Iran accuses Saudi Arabia and the Gulf states of laying “siege” to Lebanon.

Iran is pleased that a Lebanese delegation went to Syria and asserts that this “unprecedented move shows that the Americans were unwittingly forced to reduce pressure on Damascus and Beirut. During the meeting, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad stressed that he was ready to provide any support to the Lebanese brothers.” Iran wins either way is the narrative.

Iran claims the US made a decision to get Lebanon to bring gas from Egypt to Lebanon through Syria. “This paves the way for Hezbollah to redouble its efforts to break the US brutal siege of Lebanon, and this could even affect the border demarcation talks between Lebanon and occupied Palestine, and perhaps even use Iranian companies to extract Lebanese gas and oil.” The border issue likely relates to demarcating water borders off the coast. “The move could also pave the way for countries such as Russia, Iran, and China to invest in Lebanon and take the Lebanese economy out of Western control.” This is the real goal.

Lastly, Iran argues that this “defeat” of the US is linked to the defeat of the US in Afghanistan which “shattered American hegemony and could be an incentive for other nations in the region to relinquish control by Washington.” What that means is that Iran sees a tectonic shift in the region. This is big news for Israel because if Iran has successfully engineered an economic war by which Hezbollah and the Syrian regime are empowered, then Iran will likely use this leverage to further entrench itself in Syria and Lebanon in order to threaten Israel. Iran has shown its cards that it has a long-term economic goal stretching from China via Afghanistan to Iran and then through Iraq to Lebanon. This is the wider impact of the fuel war currently being waged.

伊朗政權婦女事務副總統支持童婚

“Khazali 應該找到結束伊朗虐待兒童的解決方案,而不是促進童婚。”

通過BENJAMIN WEINTHAL

2021 年 9 月 9 日 22:12

2002 年 2 月 27 日,在德黑蘭的 Azadi 體育中心,一對剛結婚的伊朗夫婦走過參加集體婚禮慶典的其他夫婦,那里約有 900 人喜結連理。

(圖片來源:REUTERS/Nikoubazl CJF/GB)

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伊朗伊斯蘭共和國新任命的負責婦女和家庭事務的副總統提倡童婚,無視人權批評者,他們認為這種做法是對年輕女孩的性剝削和性虐待。

伊朗政權總統易卜拉欣·賴西於 9 月初指定 Ansieh Khazali 為婦女事務的新官員。截至週四,她在 9 月 2 日的推文中向她的 589 名粉絲證實了這一消息。據新聞網站IranWire報導,她在推特上發布了一段古蘭經中的阿拉伯語詩句。她的推文來自古蘭經的一段,其中摩西向上帝懇求:“主啊!為我張開我的胸/……解開我舌頭上的結,/[使]他們能聽懂我的話。”

Khazal 的 Twitter 帳戶鏈接到伊斯蘭共和國的婦女和家庭網站。

Roghayeh Rezaei 在為 IranWire 撰稿時指出,“Khazali 16 歲時結婚。她也在女兒很小的時候就娶了她們。她曾表示支持童婚,指責不想要孩子的女性“尋求安慰”,並稱離婚時有權獲得巨額嫁妝的女性是“討價還價者”。

因鎮壓而逃離伊朗伊斯蘭共和國的伊朗持不同政見者謝娜·沃朱迪 (Sheina Vojoudi) 週四告訴《耶路撒冷郵報》,“像 Khazali 這樣的女性危害整個社會。大多數早婚迫使未成年女孩嫁給中年男人。Ansieh Khazali 支持童婚正在導致大規模虐待兒童,這將對伊朗造成災難性後果,可以從不同方面來看待,尤其是在伊朗嚴峻的經濟環境下。”

2021 年 3 月 1 日,在奧地利維也納爆發冠狀病毒病 (COVID-19) 期間,在理事會會議開始之前,伊朗國旗在國際原子能機構 (IAEA) 總部前飄揚。(來源:路透社/LISI NIESNER/文件照片)

研究伊朗兒童剝削問題的沃胡迪補充說:“在我看來,這不會影響社會的受過教育的階層,因為他們不會遵循伊斯蘭共和國的原始規則,而是生活在以下社會的大部分人貧困線(估計超過 60%)將受到影響。在伊朗,我們有大量的街頭兒童。這些孩子每天都面臨性虐待。Khazali 應該找到解決伊朗兒童虐待的方法,而不是促進童婚。”

美國政府媒體 Radio Farda 在 8 月報導稱,伊朗官員宣布與 2019 年相比,童婚數量有所增加。

根據伊斯蘭共和國統計中心的數據,“2020 年所有註冊婚姻中約有 5% 涉及 15 歲以下的兒童,”法爾達電台寫道。

聯合國伊朗人權問題特別報告員賈瓦德·拉赫曼 (Javaid Rehman) 敦促對這個高度專制的伊斯蘭共和國的婦女和女童進行“立即改革”,強調童婚的做法,以及對婦女和女童的其他嚴重虐待和剝削形式。

拉赫曼說,伊朗“婦女和女孩仍被視為二等公民”。伊朗政權允許女孩 13 歲結婚,男孩 15 歲結婚。兒童結婚年齡更小

如果父親發出許可。

法爾達電台報導,“伊朗統計中心表示,去年 10-14 歲女孩的結婚率比 2019 年增加了 10.5%。”

Rezaei 寫道:“她對婦女權利的傾向只有兩次被記錄在案。他們都很有說服力,但並沒有激發進步人士或婦女權利活動家的信心。”

據伊朗電報報導,“Khazali 是少數可以被描述為伊朗權力高層的女性之一。就像其他以某種方式能夠爬上那個階梯的人一樣,她與該政權的現任和前任高級人物有著密切的家庭關係。”

58 歲的 Khazali 是原教旨主義神職人員 Ayatollah Abolghasem Khazali Boroujerdi 的女兒。

她反對教科文組織 2030 年可持續發展議程,該議程旨在“消除教育中的性別差距,確保平等獲得各級教育和職業培訓”。

哈扎利在 2018 年告訴伊朗學生記者協會,2030 年議程導致德黑蘭一所男子高中的校長性騷擾,因為該計劃能夠“消除禁忌”,“此類事件是不可避免的”。

Iranian regime women's affairs vice president supports child marriage

"Khazali should have found a solution to end child abuse in Iran instead of promoting child marriage."

By BENJAMIN WEINTHAL

SEPTEMBER 9, 2021 22:12

A just-married Iranian couple walks past other couples attending a mass wedding celebration at Azadi Sport Centre in Tehran February 27, 2002 where about 900 people tied the knot.

(photo credit: REUTERS/Nikoubazl CJF/GB)

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The newly appointed vice president for women and family affairs in the Islamic Republic of Iran advocates the marriage of children in defiance of human rights critics who see the practice as sexual exploitation and abuse of young girls.

The Iranian regime’s President Ebrahim Raisi designated Ansieh Khazali in early September as the new official for women’s affairs. She confirmed the announcement in a September 2 tweet to her 589 followers as of Thursday. She tweeted an Arabic verse from the Koran, according to the news website IranWire. Her tweet derives from a section of the Koran in which Moses pleads with God: “O Lord! Expand my breast for me/… And loose the knot from my tongue,/ [That] they may understand my word.”

Khazal’s Twitter account is linked to the women and family website for the Islamic Republic.

Writing for IranWire, Roghayeh Rezaei noted in lengthy analysis that “Khazali married when she was 16. She also married off her daughters when they were very young. She has said she supports child marriage, accused women who do not want children of ‘seeking comfort,’ and called women who are entitled to sizeable dowries in the event of a divorce ‘hagglers.”’

Sheina Vojoudi, an Iranian dissident who fled the Islamic Republic of Iran due to repression, told The Jerusalem Post on Thursday that "Women like Khazali endanger the whole society. Most of the early marriages force underage girls into marrying the middle-aged men. Ansieh Khazali by supporting child marriage is enabling a vast child abuse and it will have disastrous consequences in Iran and can be viewed from different aspects, especially under Iran's dire economic circumstances."

The Iranian flag waves in front of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) headquarters, before the beginning of a board of governors meeting, amid the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak in Vienna, Austria, March 1, 2021. (credit: REUTERS/LISI NIESNER/FILE PHOTO)

Vohoudi, who has researched the exploitation of children in Iran, added that "In my opinion, It can't affect the educated class of the society because they wouldn't go after Islamic Republic's primitive rules, but large parts of society which live below the poverty line (estimated more than 60%) will be affected. In Iran, we have a huge number of street children. These children are facing sexual abuse every day. Khazali should have found a solution to end child abuse in Iran instead of promoting child marriage."

The US government media outlet Radio Farda reported in August Iranian officials announced a rise in the number of child marriages when compared to 2019.

According to the Statistics Center of the Islamic Republic, roughly "5% of all the registered marriages in 2020 involved children under the age of 15," wrote Radio Farda.

Javaid Rehman, the UN special rapporteur on human rights in Iran, has urged "immediate reforms" for women and girls in the highly repressive Islamic Republic, highlighting the practice of child marriage, among other forms of severe mistreatment and exploitation of women and girls.

Rahman said Iranian " women and girls are still treated as second-class citizens." Iran's regime permits girls to marry at 13 and boys at the age of 15. Children have been married at a younger age

if the father issues permission.

Radio Farda reported that "The Statistics Center of Iran said the marriage rate of girls aged 10-14 last year increased by 10.5% compared to 2019."

Rezaei wrote “On just two occasions have her inclinations with regard to women’s rights gone on record. They were both telling, and did not inspire confidence for progressives or women’s rights activists.”

According to IranWire, “Khazali is among the handful of women who could be described as being in the upper echelons of power in Iran. Like others who have somehow been able to climb that ladder, she has close family ties to current and former senior figures in the regime.”

The 58-year-old Khazali is the daughter of the fundamentalist cleric, Ayatollah Abolghasem Khazali Boroujerdi.

She opposes the UNESCO’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development that seeks to “eliminate gender disparities in education and ensure equal access to all levels of education and vocational training.”

Khazali told the Iran Student Correspondents Association in 2018 that the 2030 Agenda caused sexual harassment by a schoolmaster of a boys’ high school in Tehran because the plan enables “removing inhibitions” and “Such incidents are inevitable.”

緊張局勢“準備爆發”:巴勒斯坦越獄引發對升級的擔憂

法塔赫官員警告說,全面暴力還很遙遠,但敏感的囚犯問題可能會擾亂動蕩的局勢;預計週五會有更多示威活動

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2021 年 9 月 8 日,巴勒斯坦人在加沙地帶南部的汗尤尼斯參加了一場聲援集會,以支持六名巴勒斯坦囚犯從以色列吉爾博亞監獄越獄。(Abed Rahim Khatib/Flash90)

六名巴勒斯坦安全囚犯的逃跑激起了整個西岸和加沙地區的巴勒斯坦人的情緒。局勢尚未失控,但仍清楚地提醒人們,囚犯問題對巴勒斯坦人的意義重大。

週三晚上,數百名為聲援巴勒斯坦囚犯而示威的巴勒斯坦人在約旦河西岸的“摩擦點”與以色列士兵發生衝突。據軍方稱,在拉馬拉,以色列士兵遭到砲擊,但無人受傷。

據巴勒斯坦紅新月會稱,大約 9 名巴勒斯坦人被以色列橡皮頭子彈打傷,1 人被實彈擊傷。

“我們仍處於初始階段。但情況有可能發展——如果以色列找到逃犯並消滅他們,或者如果它開始對巴勒斯坦權力機構地區進行大規模襲擊,那可能會導致激烈的衝突和加沙的相應反應,”Ashraf al-Ajrami 說。 ,巴勒斯坦權力機構前囚犯事務部長。

哈馬斯和伊斯蘭聖戰恐怖組織週五呼籲進一步發生衝突,以聲援六名逃犯以及以色列監獄中的其他巴勒斯坦人。

週一早上,六名囚犯在電影般的越獄中逃離,這是一項複雜的行動,顯然以色列的幾項關鍵安全程序也未能阻止他們。五名是伊斯蘭聖戰組織的成員,而一名扎卡里亞·祖貝迪是法塔赫武裝部隊的前高級指揮官。

為了防止模仿者的爆發,以色列當局已將數百名伊斯蘭聖戰囚犯轉移到全國各地的不同監獄。作為回應,巴勒斯坦囚犯發生騷亂,焚燒牢房並扔椅子。據紅十字會稱,週四,以色列取消了預期的家人探訪。

在西岸和加沙慶祝逃亡者的逃離。對許多巴勒斯坦人來說,僅僅看到他們對被鄙視的以色列安全系統造成打擊就足以讓他們感到高興。

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它還引發了一波輿論浪潮,加沙的巴勒斯坦武裝恐怖組織尋求提高他們的形象,這已經成熟了。哈馬斯和伊斯蘭聖戰組織都威脅說,如果逃犯受到傷害,以色列將進行報復。

5 月,哈馬斯利用耶路撒冷不斷升級的緊張局勢點燃與以色列的公開敵對行動,開始了 11 天的戰鬥。在衝突結束時,哈馬斯在國際輿論法庭上看到了以色列日益受到打擊的人氣飆升。

前以色列安全官員擔心,像耶路撒冷一樣,囚犯問題足以導致另一場此類衝突。

伊斯蘭聖戰組織週二還表示:“對囚犯的每一次報復行為都會在任何地方為以色列打開地獄之門。”

說明:2019 年 9 月 8 日,伊斯蘭聖戰組織的成員參加了 42 歲的巴勒斯坦人 Mu'in al-Attar 的葬禮,他於 2019 年 9 月 8 日在加沙的伊斯蘭聖戰組織場所的內部爆炸中喪生。(Hassan Jedi/Flash90 )

“如果在逃犯和以色列之間發生某種武裝衝突,並且其中一個或多個死亡,那麼可能會有火箭,以色列和伊斯蘭聖戰組織之間的衝突。或者,也許是更大的恐懼:西岸可能會被點燃,”加沙愛資哈爾大學政治學教授穆海馬爾·阿布·薩達 (Mukhaimar Abu Saada) 說。

加沙的恐怖主義統治者哈馬斯週四警告說,他們願意“為保護我們英勇的囚犯而做出任何犧牲”。

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對於巴勒斯坦人來說,因安全罪被以色列拘留的人的命運是公眾強烈關注的。也有人深切地感受到:許多巴勒斯坦人的家人和朋友都曾通過以色列的軍事法庭系統,罪名從投擲石塊到煽動再到參與武裝恐怖。

“如果不是你,那就是你的鄰居。如果你兒子現在不在監獄裡,那他可能在兩年前。沒有一個巴勒斯坦家庭沒有見過其成員通過以色列監獄,”領導巴勒斯坦囚犯俱樂部的法塔赫官員卡杜拉·法雷斯 (Qaddura Fares) 說。

以色列軍隊還定期進入約旦河西岸的巴勒斯坦城鎮進行逮捕。以色列士兵的搜查隊深夜敲門,導致一名家庭成員被拘留、審訊和釋放,這對許多巴勒斯坦人來說是一種熟悉的經歷。

週一黎明前逃跑的 6 名逃犯中,至少有 5 人被判犯有高級別的恐怖罪行。一些人公開承認對他們的指控是真實的,例如 Eham Kamamji,他於 2006 年在約旦河西岸的 Itamar 定居點謀殺了 18 歲的以色列人 Elisha Asheri。

其中之一,Zakaria Zubeidi,在第二次起義期間因策劃襲擊以色列士兵和平民而臭名昭著,其中包括據稱在特拉維夫市中心發生的自殺式爆炸。他於 2019 年再次被以色列當局逮捕,後者指控他重返恐怖活動。

2004 年 12 月 30 日,在約旦河西岸傑寧鎮,時任阿克薩烈士旅領導人的紮卡里亞·祖貝迪 (Zakaria Zubeidi) 在總統選舉競選集會上被支持者抬著,以支持馬哈茂德·阿巴斯 (Mahmoud Abbas)。 (Nasser Nasser/美聯社)

但許多巴勒斯坦人並沒有被這樣的犯罪記錄所困擾,因為他們認為暴力是抵抗以色列的合法手段。資深民意測驗專家 Khalil Shikaki 進行的調查經常發現,大部分巴勒斯坦公眾——最近大約有 39%——支持武裝鬥爭是結束以色列軍事統治的最有效方式。

“我們不像你那樣看待他們——作為恐怖分子、兇手或殺手。我們只是不那樣看。我們看到他們像戴高樂,當他與納粹作戰時,或與法國帝國主義作鬥爭的越南人,”法雷斯說,指的是兩起反叛分子與外國統治作鬥爭的案例。

'準備爆炸'

在西岸——正如周三晚上爆發的零星衝突所證明的那樣——囚犯問題可以讓人們走上街頭。2017 年,數万人走上街頭,聲援以色列監獄中絕食的巴勒斯坦人。

巴勒斯坦權力機構的人物為支持這次逃跑而慶祝,其官方媒體也參與了對這次行動的普遍熱情。

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“尋求自由是囚犯的權利,就像我們人民的權利一樣。我們必須盡一切努力釋放囚犯。我向他們致敬,並希望這些監獄有朝一日消失,永遠不再回來,”巴勒斯坦權力機構總理穆罕默德·施泰耶週二表示。

但巴勒斯坦權力機構必須謹慎行事,因為如果西岸安全局勢惡化,拉馬拉將付出高昂的代價,al-Ajrami 說。

“在支持人們普遍逃離,並希望避免失去對局勢的控制和衝突爆發之間,巴勒斯坦權力機構被夾在兩種截然相反的利益之間。這並不容易,”al-Ajrami 說。

2018 年 4 月 17 日,巴勒斯坦人在加沙城參加支持被關押在以色列監獄中的巴勒斯坦囚犯的示威活動。 (Mahmud Hams/AFP)

拉馬拉已經受到日益嚴重的合法性危機的困擾。巴勒斯坦人越來越認為約旦河西岸的領導層腐敗、無效且越來越專制。在著名社交媒體活動家尼扎爾·巴納特 (Nizar Banat)去世後,6 月下旬爆發了零星的抗議活動,後者在拉馬拉安全部隊的拘留期間經常嚴厲批評巴勒斯坦權力機構。

一名前以色列安全官員補充說,如果拉馬拉的安全部隊對逃犯本人下手,拉馬拉的情況可能會變得更加困難。面對壓倒性的公眾反對,將他們交給以色列是不可想像的,而將他們拒之於以色列幾乎是不可能的。

Fares 說,自 5 月升級以來,以色列和巴勒斯坦人之間的緊張局勢可能有所緩和,但他們仍然在表面上沸騰,等待另一個機會爆發。

“事情已經準備好爆炸了。所有的爆炸材料都存在。當然,問題是火花何時會到來。而那個——我們還不能說,”Fares 說。

Tensions ‘ready to explode’: Palestinian jailbreak sparks fears of escalation

Full-scale violence is still far off, but the sensitive prisoner issue could upset volatile situation, warns Fatah official; further demonstrations expected on Friday

By AARON BOXERMANToday, 9:36 pm

Palestinians attends a rally in solidarity to the escape of the six Palestinian prisoners from the Israeli prison of Gilboa on September 8, 2021, in Khan Yunis in the southern Gaza Strip. (Abed Rahim Khatib/Flash90)

The escape of six Palestinian security prisoners has stirred Palestinian sentiment across the West Bank and Gaza. The situation is not yet spinning out of control, but still serves as a sharp reminder of the powerful meaning the prisoner issue has for Palestinians.

On Wednesday night, several hundred Palestinians demonstrating in solidarity with Palestinian prisoners clashed with Israeli soldiers at “friction points” across the West Bank. In Ramallah, Israeli soldiers came under fire, although none were injured, according to the military.

Around nine Palestinians were injured by Israeli rubber-tipped bullets and one by live fire, according to the Palestinian Red Crescent.

“We’re still in the initial stages. But there’s potential for the situation to develop — if Israel finds the fugitives and eliminates them, or if it embarks on a big raid in Palestinian Authority areas, that could lead to intense clashes and a corresponding response from Gaza,” said Ashraf al-Ajrami, a former Prisoners’ Affairs minister in the PA.

The Hamas and Islamic Jihad terror groups have called for further clashes on Friday in solidarity with the six fugitives, as well as other Palestinians in Israeli jail.

The six prisoners fled early on Monday morning in a cinematic escape, a complex operation that apparently also saw several key Israeli security procedures fail to stop them. Five were members of Islamic Jihad, while one, Zakaria Zubeidi, was a former senior commander in Fatah’s armed wing.

In an attempt to prevent copycat breakouts, Israeli authorities have transferred hundreds of Islamic Jihad prisoners to different prisons across the country. In response, Palestinian prisoners rioted, burning cells and hurling chairs. On Thursday, Israel cancelled expected family visits, according to the Red Cross.

The flight of the fugitives was received with celebrations in the West Bank and Gaza. For many Palestinians, simply seeing them deal a blow to the despised Israeli security system was enough reason to rejoice.

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It also created a wave of public opinion ripe for exploitation by armed Palestinian terror groups in Gaza seeking to raise their profile. Hamas and Islamic Jihad have both threatened Israel retaliation if the escaped prisoners are harmed.

In May, Hamas took advantage of spiraling tensions in Jerusalem to ignite open hostilities with Israel, beginning 11 days of fighting. At the end of the conflict, Hamas saw soaring popularity with Israel increasingly battered in the international court of public opinion.

Former Israel security officials fear that, like Jerusalem, the prisoner issue is potent enough to lead to another such conflict.

“Every act of revenge on prisoners will bring the opening of the gates of hell against Israel in every place,” Islamic Jihad additionally said on Tuesday.

Illustrative: Members of the Islamic Jihad attend the funeral of 42-year-old Palestinian Mu’in al-Attar, who was killed in an internal explosion at an Islamic Jihad site, in Gaza on September 8, 2019. (Hassan Jedi/Flash90)

“If there’s some kind of armed clash between the escaped prisoners and Israel, and one or more of them dies, there could be rockets, a clash between Israel and Islamic Jihad. Or, perhaps the greater fear: the West Bank could ignite,” said Mukhaimar Abu Saada, a professor of political science at Al-Azhar University in Gaza.

Hamas, Gaza’s terrorist rulers, warned on Thursday that they were willing to “make any sacrifice to defend our heroic prisoners.”

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For Palestinians, the fates of those detained by Israel for security offenses is of intense public concern. It is also intimately felt: many Palestinians have family and friends who have passed through Israel’s military court system, for offenses ranging from stone-throwing to incitement to involvement in armed terror.

“If not you, then your neighbor. If your son isn’t in prison now, then maybe he was two years ago. There’s no Palestinian family which has not seen its members pass through Israeli jails,” said Qaddura Fares, a Fatah official who directs the Palestinian Prisoners’ Club.

The Israeli military also regularly enters Palestinian cities and towns in the West Bank to conduct arrests. The late-night knock on the door by a search party of Israeli soldiers, leading to a family member’s detention, interrogation and release, is a familiar experience for many Palestinians.

At least five of the six fugitives who escaped before dawn on Monday were convicted of high-level terror offenses. Some had publicly acknowledged the truth of the accusations against them, such as Eham Kamamji, who murdered 18-year-old Israeli Elisha Asheri, from the West Bank settlement of Itamar in 2006.

One of them, Zakaria Zubeidi, was notorious during the Second Intifada for masterminding attacks on Israeli soldiers and civilians, including an alleged suicide bombing in the heart of Tel Aviv. He was arrested again in 2019 by Israel authorities, who charged he had returned to terror.

Zakaria Zubeidi, then leader in the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigade in the West Bank, is carried by supporters during a presidential elections campaign rally in support of Mahmoud Abbas, in the West Bank town of Jenin, on December 30, 2004. (Nasser Nasser/AP)

But many Palestinians are not bothered by such a rap sheet, as they see violence as a legitimate means of resisting Israel. Surveys conducted by veteran pollster Khalil Shikaki regularly find large chunks of the Palestinian public — most recently around 39 percent — support armed struggle as the most effective way to end Israeli military rule.

“We don’t look at them the way you do — as terrorists, or murderers, or killers. We just don’t see them that way. We see them like Charles De Gaulle, when he fought the Nazis, or the Vietnamese who fought French imperialism,” said Fares, referring to two cases of insurgents fighting foreign domination.

‘Ready to explode’

In the West Bank — as evidenced by the scattered clashes that erupted on Wednesday night — the prisoner issue can bring people out into the streets. In 2017, tens of thousands took to the streets in solidarity with hunger-striking Palestinians in Israeli jails.

Palestinian Authority figures have celebrated in support of the escape, and its official media has taken part in the general enthusiasm for the operation.

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“It is the right of prisoners to search for freedom, just as it is our people’s right. We must make every effort to release the prisoners. I salute them, and hope these prisons one day vanish, never to return,” PA premier Mohammad Shtayyeh said on Tuesday.

But the PA must walk a fine line, as Ramallah will pay a high price should the West Bank security situation deteriorate, al-Ajrami said.

“Between supporting that people escape in general, and wanting to avoid losing control of the situation and seeing clashes erupt, the PA is stuck between two diametrically opposed interests. It’s not in an easy situation,” al-Ajrami said.

Palestinians take part in a demonstration in support of Palestinian prisoners held in Israeli jails, in Gaza City, on April 17, 2018. (Mahmud Hams/AFP)

Ramallah is already beset by a growing crisis of legitimacy. Palestinians increasingly see the West Bank leadership as corrupt, ineffectual and increasingly authoritarian. Scattered protests erupted in late June following the death of prominent social media activist Nizar Banat, who often harshly criticized the PA, while in the custody of Ramallah’s security forces.

A former Israeli security official added that the situation could become even more difficult for Ramallah should its security forces alight upon the fugitives themselves. To turn them in to Israel would be unthinkable in the face of overwhelming public opposition, to withhold them from Israel would be nearly impossible.

Tensions between Israel and the Palestinians may have diminished since the May escalation, but they still seethe close to the surface, waiting for another opportunity to burst forth, said Fares.

“Things are ready to explode. All the explosive material is present. The question, of course, is when the spark will come. And that — we can’t yet say,” Fares said.

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