2021.09.21 國際新聞導讀-美國將開放國際旅客重新入境但美國將要求入境旅客先打好疫苗,黎巴嫩米卡蒂政府通過信任投票但挑戰還是很多、默克藥廠發明的新冠口服藥將像感冒藥一樣治療好COVID19,預估疫情將受到抑制人類生活將恢復正常。

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2021.09.21 國際新聞導讀-美國將開放國際旅客重新入境但美國將要求入境旅客先打好疫苗,黎巴嫩米卡蒂政府通過信任投票但挑戰還是很多、默克藥廠發明的新冠口服藥將像感冒藥一樣治療好COVID19,預估疫情將受到抑制人類生活將恢復正常。

美國將重新向國際旅客開放,但有疫苗接種的要求

美國的限制最初是由時任總統唐納德特朗普於 2020 年 1 月對來自中國的旅客實施的,然後在接下來的幾個月中擴展到其他國家。

通過路透

2021 年 9 月 20 日 19:46

白宮週一表示,美國將重新向來自中國、印度、英國和許多其他歐洲國家的航空旅客開放,這些旅客於 11 月初接種了 COVID-19 疫苗,取消了早期開始的與大流行相關的嚴格旅行限制去年。

白宮冠狀病毒應對協調員傑夫·齊恩茨 (Jeff Zients) 表示,白宮計劃允許來自自 2020 年初以來被禁止進入美國的國家/地區的非美國公民旅行者進入,因為它正在適應新的要求。

美國的限制最初是由時任總統唐納德特朗普於 2020 年 1 月對來自中國的旅客實施的,然後在接下來的幾個月中擴展到其他國家,但沒有任何關於如何以及何時解除的明確指標。

US will re-open to international travelers with vaccine requirements

The US restrictions were first imposed on travelers from China in January 2020 by then-President Donald Trump and then extended to other countries in the following months.

By REUTERS

SEPTEMBER 20, 2021 19:46

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The United States will re-open to air passengers from China, India, Britain, and many other European countries who have received COVID-19 vaccines in early November, the White House said Monday, rolling back tough pandemic-related travel restrictions that started early last year.

The White House plans to allow non-US citizen travelers from countries who have been barred from the United States since early 2020 as it moves to the new requirements, White House coronavirus response coordinator Jeff Zients said.

The US restrictions were first imposed on travelers from China in January 2020 by then-President Donald Trump and then extended to other countries in the following months, without any clear metrics for how and when to lift them.

President Joe Biden in April of this year added new travel restrictions on India, barring most non-US citizens from entering the United States. Biden also reversed plans by Trump in January to lift restrictions on European countries.

The United States currently bars most non-US citizens who within the last 14 days have been in Britain, the 26 Schengen countries in Europe without border controls, Ireland, China, India, South Africa, Iran, and Brazil.

US President Joe Biden signs the American Rescue Plan, a package of economic relief measures to respond to the impact of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, inside the Oval Office at the White House in Washington, US, March 11, 2021. (credit: REUTERS/TOM BRENNER)

There will be some exceptions to the vaccine policy, officials said, including for children not yet eligible to be vaccinated. The new rules do not yet apply to travelers crossing land borders with Mexico and Canada.

Airlines have heavily lobbied the White House for months to lift the restrictions but were unsuccessful at having them lifted in time for the summer travel season. The White House said in July it had concerns about the highly infectious coronavirus Delta variant and a rising number of US COVID-19 cases.

The seven-day average of reported US COVID-19 cases has more than doubled since then.

黎巴嫩政府因議會停電而贏得信任投票

黎巴嫩正在與現代最嚴重的蕭條之一作鬥爭,燃料短缺日益嚴重。

通過路透

2021 年 9 月 20 日 22:13

2021 年 7 月 26 日,領先的商人納吉布·米卡蒂 (Najib Mikati) 在黎巴嫩巴卜達的總統府做手勢。

(照片來源:穆罕默德·阿扎基爾/路透社)

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黎巴嫩新政府週一贏得了一項旨在補救毀滅性經濟危機的政策計劃的信任投票,儘管議會會議因電力短缺而被推遲。

納吉布·米卡蒂總理的政府制定的計劃承諾恢復與國際貨幣基金組織的談判,並啟動捐助者希望看到的改革,然後才能釋放急需的外國援助。

當會議最終開始時,議會議長納比赫貝里敦促米卡蒂因為停電而保持簡短髮言,這是全國能源危機的一部分,由於硬通貨儲備耗盡,導致正常生活陷入癱瘓。

繼續觀看以色列的非洲尋求庇護者陷入困境廣告後

“從貝魯特苦難的中心……我們的內閣誕生於在這絕望的黑暗中點燃一支蠟燭,”米卡蒂在宣讀節目時說。

什葉派阿邁勒運動的負責人貝里告訴遜尼派穆斯林總理說:“讓我們不要打擾你,把它全部讀出來,因為電力問題,讓我們節省時間。”

儘管如此,會議持續了七個多小時。

本週,在貝魯特議會附近的抗議活動中,示威者與安全部隊發生衝突,此時黎巴嫩正值該市爆炸發生一周年之際,示威者進行掩護。(信用:穆罕默德·阿扎基爾/路透社)

黎巴嫩深陷蕭條,燃料短缺導致國家發電幾乎沒有幾個小時,人們在很大程度上依賴私營發電機。

內閣以 85 票超過 15 票的多數贏得了投票。

這些不用信用的信用卡可能讓你驚艷信用卡信用卡 | 贊助 搜索廣告

被推薦

億萬富翁大亨米卡蒂(Mikati)面臨著通往穩固經濟基礎的艱難道路。

“我們將從國際貨幣基金組織開始,這不是一個選擇,而是我們必須經歷的事情,”他在投票前的一次演講中說。

為了釋放援助並扭轉經濟,他的政府必須在眾多先驅未能實施政治上困難的改革(包括解決腐敗和浪費的措施)的情況下取得成功。

雖然有些人懷疑 Mikati 能否取得很大成就,因為定於明年春天舉行議會選舉,隨後政府更迭,但其他人認為危機的嚴重性可能會導致一些改革。

經過一年的內閣席位政治衝突,使危機惡化,米卡蒂政府終於達成協議。

其政策計劃草案表示,將更新和製定前任政府制定的金融復甦計劃,其中規定金融體系存在約 900 億美元的缺口——這一數字得到了國際貨幣基金組織的認可。

該計劃被黎巴嫩的政治精英和銀行系統否決,幫助終止了去年的 IMF 談判。

黎巴嫩的金融體系在 2019 年底瓦解。根本原因是數十年來國家揮霍無度的支出以及不可持續的融資方式。

傳統上向黎巴嫩提供資金的海灣富裕國家多年來一直不願出手救援,對伊朗支持的什葉派真主黨的影響感到震驚。

米卡蒂已承諾將黎巴嫩帶回阿拉伯國家,但他面臨著微妙的平衡,真主黨上周成功引進了第一批伊朗燃料油,以緩解電力短缺。

週五,其政府包括真主黨支持的部長的米卡蒂表示,伊朗燃料違反了他的國家主權。

Lebanon government wins confidence vote as parliament hit by power cut

Lebanon is battling one of the deepest depressions of modern times, with worsening fuel shortages.

By REUTERS

SEPTEMBER 20, 2021 22:13

Leading businessman Najib Mikati gestures at the presidential palace in Baabda, Lebanon July 26, 2021.

(photo credit: MOHAMED AZAKIR/REUTERS)

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Lebanon's new government won a vote of confidence on Monday for a policy program that aims to remedy a devastating economic crisis, despite the parliamentary session being delayed when the lights went off due to power shortages.

The program drawn up by Prime Minister Najib Mikati's government promises to revive talks with the International Monetary Fund and initiate reforms that donors want to see before they will unlock badly needed foreign assistance.

When the session finally began, Parliament Speaker Nabih Berri urged Mikati to keep his remarks short because of the power cuts, part of a nation-wide energy crisis which has crippled normal life as hard currency reserves have run out.

"From the heart of the suffering of Beirut … our cabinet was born to light a candle in this hopeless darkness," Mikati said, as he read out the program.

"Let's not bother you and read it all out, let's save time because of the electricity issue," Berri, head of the Shi'ite Amal movement, told the Sunni Muslim prime minister.

Nevertheless, the session lasted for more than seven hours.

DEMONSTRATORS TAKE cover this week during clashes with security forces during a protest near Beiruts’s parliament, as Lebanon marks the one-year anniversary of the explosion in the city. (credit: MOHAMED AZAKIR/REUTERS)

Lebanon is stuck in a deep depression, with fuel shortages leading to few if any hours of state-generated power and leaving people largely dependent on privately-run generators.

The cabinet won the vote with a majority of 85 over 15.

Mikati, a billionaire tycoon, faces a tricky path to solid economic ground.

"We will start with the IMF this is not a choice it is something we have to go through," he said in a speech, before votes were taken.

To unlock aid and turn around the economy, his government must succeed where numerous forerunners have failed in delivering politically difficult reforms, including measures to address corruption and waste.

While some doubt whether Mikati can achieve much, with parliamentary elections scheduled for next Spring to be followed by a change of government, others think the gravity of the crisis may lead to some reforms.

Mikati's government was finally agreed after a year of political conflict over cabinet seats that worsened the crisis.

Its draft policy program said it would renew and develop a financial recovery plan drawn up by the previous government, which set out a shortfall in the financial system of some $90 billion - a figure endorsed by the IMF.

The plan was shot down by Lebanon's political elite and the banking system, helping to kill off IMF talks last year.

Lebanon's financial system unraveled in late 2019. The root cause was decades of profligate state spending and the unsustainable way in which it was financed.

Wealthy Gulf states, which had traditionally channeled funds into Lebanon, have been reluctant to come to its rescue for years, alarmed by the influence of Iran-backed Shi'ite group Hezbollah.

Mikati has pledged to bring Lebanon back into the Arab fold but he faces a delicate balancing act, with Hezbollah last week successfully bringing in a first shipment of Iranian fuel oil to alleviate the power shortages.

On Friday, Mikati, whose government includes Hezbollah-backed ministers, said the Iranian fuel was a breach of his country's sovereignty.

第三艘向黎巴嫩運送燃料的伊朗油輪正在進行中-報告

這個與伊朗結盟的組織表示,這些貨物應該可以緩解黎巴嫩嚴重的能源危機。

通過路透社,耶路撒冷郵報STAFF

2021 年 9 月 20 日 12:57

2006 年 5 月 27 日,一艘油輪在位於伊朗德黑蘭以南 1,400 公里(870 英里)的波斯灣的阿薩盧耶海港裝載天然氣。

(照片來源:MORTEZA NIKOUBAZI/路透社)

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TankerTrackers.com 週日在推特上報導,第三艘油輪已從伊朗啟航,載有伊朗燃料,用於在黎巴嫩配送。

黎巴嫩總理納吉布·米卡蒂週五表示,真主黨運動進口的伊朗燃料構成對黎巴嫩主權侵犯

這個與伊朗結盟的組織表示,這些貨物應該可以緩解黎巴嫩嚴重的能源危機。

第一艘油輪將燃料運往敘利亞,並於週四從那裡用油罐車運往黎巴嫩。

敘利亞和伊朗都受到美國製裁。

“黎巴嫩和以色列之間在任何領土上都沒有爭議,那麼為什麼伊朗要資助真主黨呢?” (圖:真主黨旗幟)(圖片來源:REUTERS/KHALID AL MOUSILY)

8 月,真主黨宣布要求伊朗向正在經歷現代歷史上最嚴重經濟危機的黎巴嫩輸送燃料。

真主黨領導人賽義德·哈桑·納斯魯拉表示,如果由於擔心美國製裁以色列的罷工而沒有公司願意這樣做,他願意幫助在黎巴嫩海岸進行石油鑽探。

在真主黨決定將這艘船停靠在那里而不是黎巴嫩之後,第一批運往黎巴嫩的伊朗石油於 9 月 14 日抵達敘利亞的巴尼亞斯港

當地媒體此前報導稱,真主黨將向醫院和其他重要公共機構分發燃料,其餘的將出售給私營部門。

Tzvi Joffre 和 Seth J. Frantzman 為本報告做出了貢獻。

Third Iranian tanker carrying fuel to Lebanon underway - report

The Iran-aligned group says the shipments should ease a crippling energy crisis in Lebanon.

By REUTERS, JERUSALEM POST STAFF

SEPTEMBER 20, 2021 12:57

r US sanctions.

‘THERE IS no dispute between Lebanon and Israel over any territory, so why is Iran funding Hezbollah?’ (Pictured: Hezbollah flag) (credit: REUTERS/KHALID AL MOUSILY)

In August, Hezbollah announced it asked Iran to send fuel to Lebanon, which is experiencing its worst economic crisis in modern history.

Hezbollah leader Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah offered to help drill for oil on Lebanon's coast if no company was willing to do so due to fears of US sanctions of Israeli strikes.

The first shipment of Iranian oil intended for Lebanon arrived at the Baniyas Port in Syria on September 14, after Hezbollah decided to dock the ship there instead of Lebanon.

Local media previously reported that Hezbollah will distribute fuel to hospitals and other essential public institutions, and sell the rest to the private sector.

Tzvi Joffre and Seth J. Frantzman contributed to this report.

輝瑞表示 COVID 疫苗適用於 5-11 歲的兒童,將尋求緊急治療

公司宣布將在月底前提交 FDA 批准的注射劑;兒童接種劑量遠低於成人免疫接種

作者:勞倫·內爾加德今天下午 2:10

2021 年 9 月 9 日,以色列人在耶路撒冷的 Clalit 醫療保健機構接受了 COVID-19 疫苗。(奧利維爾·菲圖西/Flash90)

美聯社 — 輝瑞公司週一表示,其 COVID-19 疫苗適用於 5 至 11 歲的兒童,並將很快為這個年齡段的兒童尋求美國的授權——這是開始為年輕人接種疫苗的關鍵一步。

輝瑞及其德國合作夥伴 BioNTech 生產的疫苗已經可供 12 歲及以上的任何人使用。但是,隨著孩子們現在重返學校,並且傳染性超強的 Delta 變種導致兒科感染大幅增加,許多父母焦急地等待著為年幼的孩子接種疫苗。

對於小學年齡的孩子,輝瑞測試的劑量要低得多——現在每次注射劑量的三分之一。然而,輝瑞高級副總裁比爾格魯伯博士告訴美聯社,在第二次注射後,5 至 11 歲的兒童產生了與青少年和年輕人一樣強的抗冠狀病毒抗體水平。

他說,兒童劑量也被證明是安全的,具有與青少年相似或更少的暫時性副作用,例如手臂酸痛、發燒或疼痛。

“我認為我們真的達到了最佳狀態,”同時也是一名兒科醫生的格魯伯說。

Gruber 表示,兩家公司的目標是在本月底之前向美國食品和藥物管理局申請在該年齡段緊急使用,隨後不久向歐洲和英國監管機構提出申請。

2021 年 9 月 14 日,在賓夕法尼亞州雷丁市雷丁區社區學院的一家診所,用輝瑞 COVID-19 疫苗製備了注射器。(美聯社照片/馬特·洛克,文件)

本月早些時候,FDA 負責人 Peter Marks 博士告訴美聯社,一旦輝瑞交出其研究結果,他的機構將“希望在幾週內”評估數據,以確定這些注射對年幼的孩子是否足夠安全和有效。

迄今為止,許多西方國家的疫苗接種年齡不低於 12 歲,正在等待證明正確劑量的證據以及它在較小的嬰兒中安全地起作用的證據。但上週,古巴開始使用本國生產的疫苗為 2 歲的兒童接種疫苗,中國監管機構已批准其兩個品牌的疫苗接種年齡低至 3 歲。

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根據美國兒科學會的數據,雖然兒童患重病或死亡的風險低於老年人,但自大流行開始以來,美國有超過 500 萬兒童的 COVID-19 檢測呈陽性,至少有 460 人死亡。隨著 Delta 變種席捲全國,兒童病例急劇增加。

格魯伯說,讓 12 歲以下兒童獲得疫苗“我感到非常緊迫”。“對父母能夠讓他們的孩子恢復正常生活的需求被壓抑了。”

在新澤西州,10 歲的 Maya Huber 問她為什麼不能像她的父母和兩個十幾歲的兄弟那樣接種疫苗。她的母親 Nisha Gandhi 博士是恩格爾伍德醫院的一名重症監護醫師,她讓瑪雅參加了羅格斯大學的輝瑞研究。但是,在得知 Maya 是接種了真正的疫苗還是注射了假疫苗之前,這家人並沒有放鬆他們的掩蔽和其他病毒預防措施。

在這張 2021 年 4 月 26 日的檔案照片中,一名護理學生在拉斯維加斯 UNLV 的疫苗接種中心接種 Moderna COVID-19 疫苗(美聯社照片/John Locher,檔案)

一旦她知道自己受到保護,瑪雅的第一個目標就是“和我所有的朋友一起過夜”。

瑪雅說,參與這項研究很令人興奮,儘管她“非常害怕”被刺傷。但是“在你得到它之後,至少你感到很高興,因為你做了它,並因為它沒有受到傷害而鬆了一口氣,”她告訴美聯社。

輝瑞表示,它研究了 2,268 名幼兒園和小學適齡兒童的較低劑量。FDA 要求進行一項所謂的免疫“橋接”研究:證據表明,年幼的兒童產生的抗體水平已被證明對青少年和成人具有保護作用。

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這就是輝瑞公司週一在新聞稿中所報導的,而不是在科學出版物中報導的。這項研究仍在進行中,還沒有足夠的 COVID-19 病例來比較接種疫苗和服用安慰劑的患者之間的比率——這可能會提供額外的證據。

該研究不足以檢測任何極其罕見的副作用,例如有時在第二次給藥後發生的心臟炎症,主要發生在年輕男性身上。

FDA 的 Marks 表示,兒科研究應該足夠大,以排除對幼兒的任何更高風險。輝瑞的 Gruber 表示,一旦疫苗被批准用於年幼的兒童,他們將像其他人一樣受到仔細監測,以防出現罕見的風險。

美國第二家疫苗製造商 Moderna 也在研究其在小學生中的注射。輝瑞和 Moderna 也在研究更年輕的孩子,直到 6 個月大。預計今年晚些時候會有結果。

Pfizer says COVID vaccine works in kids 5-11, will seek emergency OK

Company announces it will submit shot for FDA approval by the end of the month; dose for children is far lower than for adult immunization

By LAUREN NEERGARDToday, 2:10 pm

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Israelis receive their dose of the COVID-19 vaccine at a Clalit health care maintenance organization, on September 09, 2021, in Jerusalem. (Olivier Fitoussi/Flash90)

AP — Pfizer said on Monday that its COVID-19 vaccine works for children ages 5 to 11 and that it will seek United States authorization for this age group soon — a key step toward beginning vaccinations for youngsters.

The vaccine made by Pfizer and its German partner BioNTech already is available for anyone 12 and older. But with kids now back in school and the extra-contagious Delta variant causing a huge jump in pediatric infections, many parents are anxiously awaiting vaccinations for their younger children.

For elementary school-aged kids, Pfizer tested a much lower dose — a third of the amount that’s in each shot given now. Yet after their second dose, children ages 5 to 11 developed coronavirus-fighting antibody levels just as strong as teenagers and young adults, Dr. Bill Gruber, a Pfizer senior vice president, told The Associated Press.

The kid dosage also proved safe, with similar or fewer temporary side effects — such as sore arms, fever or achiness — that teens experience, he said.

“I think we really hit the sweet spot,” said Gruber, who’s also a pediatrician.

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Gruber said that the companies aim to apply to the US Food and Drug Administration by the end of the month for emergency use in this age group, followed shortly afterward with applications to European and British regulators.

A syringe is prepared with the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine at a clinic at the Reading Area Community College in Reading, Pennsylvania, on September 14, 2021. (AP Photo/Matt Rourke, File)

Earlier this month, FDA chief Dr. Peter Marks told the AP that once Pfizer turns over its study results, his agency would evaluate the data “hopefully in a matter of weeks” to decide if the shots are safe and effective enough for younger kids.

Many Western countries so far have vaccinated no younger than age 12, awaiting evidence of what’s the right dose and that it works safely in smaller tots. But last week, Cuba began immunizing children as young as 2 with its homegrown vaccines and Chinese regulators have cleared two of its brands down to age 3.

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While kids are at lower risk of severe illness or death than older people, more than 5 million children in the US have tested positive for COVID-19 since the pandemic began and at least 460 have died, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics. Cases in children have risen dramatically as the Delta variant swept through the country.

“I feel a great sense of urgency” in making the vaccine available to children under 12, Gruber said. “There’s pent-up demand for parents to be able to have their children returned to a normal life.”

In New Jersey, 10-year-old Maya Huber asked why she couldn’t get vaccinated like her parents and both teen brothers have. Her mother, Dr. Nisha Gandhi, a critical care physician at Englewood Hospital, enrolled Maya in the Pfizer study at Rutgers University. But the family hasn’t eased up on their masking and other virus precautions until they learn if Maya received the real vaccine or a dummy shot.

In this April 26, 2021 file photo, a nursing student administers the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine at a vaccination center at UNLV, in Las Vegas (AP Photo/John Locher, File)

Once she knows she’s protected, Maya’s first goal is “a huge sleepover with all my friends.”

Maya said that it was exciting to be part of the study, even though she was “super scared” about getting jabbed. But “after you get it, at least you feel like happy that you did it and relieved that it didn’t hurt,” she told the AP.

Pfizer said that it studied the lower dose in 2,268 kindergartners and elementary school-aged kids. The FDA required what is called an immune “bridging” study: evidence that the younger children developed antibody levels already proven to be protective in teens and adults.

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That’s what Pfizer reported on Monday in a press release, not in a scientific publication. The study still is ongoing, and there haven’t yet been enough COVID-19 cases to compare rates between the vaccinated and those given a placebo — something that might offer additional evidence.

The study isn’t large enough to detect any extremely rare side effects, such as the heart inflammation that sometimes occurs after the second dose, mostly in young men.

The FDA’s Marks said that the pediatric studies should be large enough to rule out any higher risk to young children. Pfizer’s Gruber said that once the vaccine is authorized for younger children, they’ll be carefully monitored for rare risks just like everyone else.

A second US vaccine maker, Moderna, also is studying its shots in elementary school-aged children. Pfizer and Moderna are studying even younger tots as well, down to 6-month-olds. Results are expected later in the year.

黎巴嫩新總理誓言收回被以色列佔領的土地

納吉布·米卡蒂(Najib Mikati)說,“黎巴嫩公民有權反對以色列的佔領,並對其襲擊作出反應”;他還要求聯黎部隊結束以色列的“入侵”

TOI 工作人員美聯社提供今天下午 4:22

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2021 年 9 月 20 日,黎巴嫩總理納吉布·米卡蒂 (Najib Mikati) 在議會會議期間發表講話,以確認黎巴嫩在貝魯特一座名為聯合國教科文組織宮殿的劇院的新政府,以便議會成員能夠遵守針對冠狀病毒大流行實施的社會疏遠措施。 (AP/Bilal侯賽因)

黎巴嫩新總理納吉布·米卡蒂週一發誓要收回它認為被以色列佔領的領土,同時警告說,該國有權對任何侵略作出反應。

黎巴嫩立法者周一召開會議確認該國的新政府,此前停電和發電機損壞導致議會會議開始時間短暫推遲。

據以色列Kan公共廣播公司報導,在會議期間,米卡蒂說,“黎巴嫩公民有權反對以色列的佔領,並對其襲擊作出反應”。

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據報導,米卡蒂承諾,他的政府將繼續努力解放它認為被以色列佔領的領土。

Shebaa 農場——在希伯來語中稱為多夫山——是以色列於 1967 年從敘利亞奪取的一小塊土地。黎巴嫩堅持認為這片土地是黎巴嫩的一部分,儘管它從 1950 年代起一直處於敘利亞控制之下,直到它1981 年被以色列佔領,後來作為戈蘭高地的一部分被吞併。

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以色列、敘利亞或聯合國都不承認多夫山為黎巴嫩領土。

與此同時,米卡蒂表示,他的新政府支持聯合國在黎巴嫩南部的維和部隊聯黎部隊。但他補充說,他將要求“結束以色列對黎巴嫩主權——陸地、海洋和空中的入侵”。

2020 年 10 月 14 日,聯合國維和部隊在黎巴嫩南部邊境城鎮納古拉的一個基地。(美聯社/比拉爾侯賽因)

米卡蒂還表示,他計劃恢復與以色列就海上爭端進行的間接談判,美國正在調解這些爭端。

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會談於 10 月開始,但幾週後停止,並於今年 5 月最後一次恢復。在此期間,黎巴嫩提出了更具侵略性的海洋主張。

這個地中海小國急於解決與以色列的邊界爭端,為潛在的有利可圖的石油和天然氣交易鋪平道路,因為它面臨著重大的金融危機。

上週,米卡蒂承諾控制世界上最嚴重的經濟崩潰之一,並表示他願意與除以色列以外的任何國家合作。

在新聞發布會上被問及是否願意與敘利亞合作解決經濟危機時,米卡蒂回答說,政府“為了黎巴嫩的利益,將與任何人打交道,當然,以色列除外。”

以色列和黎巴嫩沒有外交關係。以色列軍方和伊朗支持的真主黨在 2006 年打了一場毀滅性的戰爭,真主黨控制著黎巴嫩的國家決策並否認以色列的生存權。

從 1982 年到 2000 年,以色列佔領了黎巴嫩南部的一片地帶——約佔黎巴嫩領土的 10%——以保護以色列北部免受恐怖襲擊。

廣告

議會於 2021 年 9 月 20 日在貝魯特一座被稱為聯合國教科文組織宮殿的劇院舉行會議以確認黎巴嫩的新政府,以便議會成員能夠遵守針對冠狀病毒大流行實施的社會疏遠措施。(美聯社/比拉爾侯賽因)

由億萬富翁商人米卡蒂 (Mikati) 領導的新政府在推遲 13 個月後終於在本月早些時候成立,因為在該國陷入更深的金融混亂和貧困之際,政客們就政府投資組合爭吵不休。

立法者將在周一晚上舉行信任投票之前對新政府的政策聲明進行辯論——米卡蒂提議的內閣預計將在多數立法者的支持下贏得投票。

米卡蒂來自貧困的北部城市的黎波里,他的任務是在 7 月組建新政府。他曾兩度擔任總理——2005 年和 2011 年至 2013 年——並被廣泛認為是導致該國破產的同一政治階層的一員。

這個擁有 600 萬人口的國家正在經歷有史以來最嚴重的金融危機,貨幣貶值了約 90%,人們的儲蓄被困在銀行,合格的勞動力成群結隊地移民。

2021 年 8 月 31 日,摩托車司機在黎巴嫩貝魯特的一個加油站等待加油。(Hassan Ammar/AP)

根據監測網站lirarate.org的數據,自周五宣布新內閣以來,黎巴嫩鎊在黑市上的價值從約18,000美元升至14,000美元,但仍遠低於其官方匯率1,500。

今年早些時候,米卡蒂獲得了黎巴嫩大多數政黨的支持,包括真主黨和由議長納比貝里領導的另一個主要什葉派政黨阿邁勒,成為該職位的熱門人選。

米卡蒂也得到了包括前總理薩阿德哈里裡在內的前遜尼派總理的支持,他在超過八個月未能就內閣組成問題與米歇爾奧恩總統達成一致後,於今年早些時候放棄了組建政府的努力。

在實施廣泛的改革以打擊普遍存在的腐敗和管理不善之前,國際社會拒絕在財政上幫助黎巴嫩。

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