外交官的國際新聞導覽及中東中亞的歷史故事 Diplomat's daily news review and history research on Middle East and Central Asia
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2021 年 9 月 9 日，外交部長 Yair Lapid（左）與俄羅斯外長 Sergey Lavrov 在莫斯科向媒體發表評論。（Shlomi Amsalem/GPO）
自 2015 年以來，俄羅斯一直在敘利亞發動軍事行動，幫助阿薩德政府在一場毀滅性的內戰後重新控制該國大部分地區。莫斯科還幫助敘利亞的軍事武器庫現代化並培訓其人員。
示例：來自 IAF 的第二個 F-35 中隊“南方之獅”的戰鬥機飛過以色列南部。（以色列國防軍）
Russia said asking Israel to push US on holding trilateral Syria talks
Development follows recent reports of tensions in the Israel-Russia relationship over policies toward engagement in war-torn country
By TOI STAFFToday, 10:01 am
Foreign Minister Yair Lapid (left) makes comments to the press alongside his Russian counterpart, Sergey Lavrov, in Moscow, on September 9, 2021. (Shlomi Amsalem/GPO)
Russia has asked Israel to push the United States to agree to hold trilateral talks on the ongoing conflict in Syria, the Walla news site reported last week.
According to the report, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov raised the topic during a meeting earlier this month in Moscow with his Israeli counterpart Yair Lapid.
The report follows recent reports of tensions in the Israel-Russia relationship over policies toward Syria.
Israel’s freedom of action in Syria was seriously curtailed after Russia provided advanced S-300 air defense batteries to Syrian President Bashar Assad’s forces following a 2018 incident in which the Syrian army, aiming at Israeli jets, knocked a Russian plane out of the sky instead, killing all 15 people on board.
Israel has carried out hundreds of airstrikes inside Syria in the course of the country’s civil war, targeting what it says are suspected arms shipments believed to be bound for Lebanon’s Iran-backed Hezbollah terror group, which is fighting alongside Syrian government forces. Israel rarely acknowledges or discusses such operations.
Russia has waged a military campaign in Syria since 2015, helping Assad’s government reclaim control over most of the country after a devastating civil war. Moscow also has helped modernize Syria’s military arsenals and train its personnel.
Illustrative: Fighter jets from the IAF’s second F-35 squadron, the Lions of the South, fly over southern Israel. (Israel Defense Forces)
After the two met in Moscow earlier this month, Lavrov said that he and Lapid had discussed the situation in Syria.
In response to a question from a reporter about Israeli airstrikes in Syria, Lavrov said that Russia opposes Syria “becoming an arena of confrontations with third parties. This is why we don’t want the Syrian territory to be used against Israel or against any other party,” he added, noting ongoing coordination between Jerusalem and Moscow on activity in the area.
Prime Minister Naftali Bennett is expected to visit Moscow in the coming weeks to meet for the first time with Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Bennett left Israel on Saturday evening to fly to New York where he is set to address the United Nations General Assembly on Monday.
說明：據報導，2020 年 7 月 14 日，在叛軍控制的伊德利卜省西北部的敘利亞城鎮阿里哈附近的戰略 M4 高速公路上，一個火球從爆炸現場爆發。（穆罕默德·阿爾-里法伊/法新社）
黎巴嫩貝魯特——一名反對派戰爭監察員和親政府媒體稱，週日，戰機在敘利亞北部襲擊了土耳其支持的反對派武裝分子，造成約 20 人死亡和受傷。
據總部位於英國的敘利亞人權觀察組織（一個資金不確定的親敘利亞反對派組織）稱，空襲襲擊了土耳其支持的一個名為哈姆扎師的組織的中心，炸死 7 名戰士，炸傷 13 人。
俄羅斯於 2015 年 9 月加入戰爭，幫助敘利亞總統巴沙爾·阿薩德 (Bashar Assad) 的軍隊打破權力平衡，而土耳其一直是反對派的主要支持者。
敘利亞衝突於 2011 年 3 月爆發，已造成數十萬人死亡，該國戰前 2300 萬人口中有一半流離失所，其中包括超過 500 萬在飽受戰爭蹂躪的國家之外的難民。
週五，聯合國人權事務負責人米歇爾·巴切萊特 (Michelle Bachelet) 表示，她的辦公室記錄了 350,209 人在敘利亞內戰中的死亡——平民和戰鬥人員。她說，實際數字幾乎可以肯定要高得多。
當被問及購買更多 S-400 系統時，土耳其總統埃爾多安表示，安卡拉將做出自己的防禦選擇
土耳其總統雷傑普·塔伊普·埃爾多安於 2021 年 9 月 21 日在聯合國總部出席聯合國大會第 76 屆會議。（Eduardo Munoz/Pool Photo via AP）
土耳其總統雷傑普·塔伊普·埃爾多安在接受美國廣播公司 CBS 新聞採訪時表示，土耳其將不得不自行決定其防禦系統。
埃爾多安上週在紐約對記者瑪格麗特·布倫南 (Margaret Brennan) 說，土耳其沒有選擇購買美國製造的愛國者導彈，而且美國沒有交付 F-35 隱形噴氣式飛機的訂單，儘管支付 14 億美元。
北約成員國土耳其在購買了俄羅斯製造的 S-400 導彈防禦系統後，被踢出了 F-35 計劃，國防官員也受到了製裁。
美國強烈反對在北約內使用俄羅斯系統，並表示這對 F-35 構成威脅。土耳其認為 S-400 可以獨立使用而無需集成到北約系統中，因此不會構成風險。
美國還在 2020 年批准土耳其購買，這是根據 2017 年旨在抵制俄羅斯影響力的法律。此舉是該法第一次被稱為 CAATSA，用於懲罰美國的盟友。
但埃爾多安仍然頑固。“當然，當然，是的，”埃爾多安在回答布倫南關於土耳其是否會購買更多 S-400 的問題時表示，土耳其將做出自己的防禦選擇。
2019 年 7 月 12 日，在土耳其安卡拉 Murted 軍用機場，作為 S-400 防空系統一部分的軍用車輛和設備從俄羅斯運輸機上卸下。 （土耳其國防部通過 AP，Pool）
在離開紐約之前，埃爾多安告訴記者，儘管他稱他在土耳其掌舵的 19 年期間與美國前任領導人合作良好，但與美國總統喬拜登的關係開始並不順利。
兩位領導人沒有在聯合國大會間隙舉行雙邊會談。自拜登在美國總統大選中獲勝以來，他們僅在 6 月的北約峰會上會面，討論了土耳其保護和運營喀布爾哈米德卡爾扎伊國際機場的可能性。但自從塔利班控制阿富汗以來，這個想法就被擱置了。
2021 年 6 月 14 日，在布魯塞爾舉行的北約峰會全體會議上，美國總統喬·拜登（右）與土耳其總統雷傑普·塔伊普·埃爾多安交談。（美聯社照片/奧利維爾·馬蒂斯，游泳池）
Turkey could buy more Russian missiles, in defiance of US warnings
Asked about buying more S-400 systems, Turkish President Erdogan says Ankara will make its own defense choices
By APToday, 4:55 pm
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan addresses the 76th Session of the United Nations General Assembly, on September 21, 2021, at the UN headquarters. (Eduardo Munoz/Pool Photo via AP)
ISTANBUL — Turkey’s president has said that he would consider buying a second Russian missile system in defiance of strong objections by the United States.
In an interview with American broadcaster CBS News, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that Turkey would have to decide its defense systems on its own.
Speaking to correspondent Margaret Brennan in New York this past week, Erdogan explained that Turkey wasn’t given the option to buy American-made Patriot missiles, and that the US hadn’t delivered on an order of F-35 stealth jets, despite a payment of $1.4 billion.
Erdogan’s comments came in excerpts released in advance of the full interview being broadcast on Sunday.
NATO member Turkey was kicked out of the F-35 program and defense officials were sanctioned, after it bought the Russian-made S-400 missile defense system.
The US strongly objects to the use of Russian systems within NATO and says that it poses a threat to the F-35s. Turkey maintains the S-400s could be used independently without being integrated into NATO systems and therefore pose no risk.
The US also sanctioned Turkey in 2020 for its purchase, under a 2017 law aimed at pushing back Russian influence. The move was the first time that the law, known as CAATSA, was used to penalize a US ally.
But Erdogan has remained defiant. “Of course, of course, yes,” Erdogan said, after stating Turkey would make its own defense choices, in response to Brennan’s question on whether Turkey would buy more S-400s.
Military vehicles and equipment, part of the S-400 air defense system, are unloaded from a Russian transport aircraft, at Murted military airport in Ankara, Turkey, on July 12, 2019. (Turkish Defence Ministry via AP, Pool)
Before departing New York, Erdogan told journalists that relations with US President Joe Biden hadn’t started well, despite what he called his good work with previous US leaders during his 19-years at Turkey’s helm.
“I cannot honestly say that there is a healthy process in Turkish-American relations,” state-run Anadolu news agency quoted Erdogan as saying on Thursday.
The two leaders didn’t meet for bilateral talks on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly. Since Biden’s victory in the US presidential election, they have met only in June at a NATO summit, where they discussed the possibility of Turkey securing and operating the Hamid Karzai International Airport in Kabul. But that notion has been shelved since the Taliban took control of Afghanistan.
Erdogan also told Turkish media that Turkey would buy new missile defense systems if needed and that it was already developing its own.
US President Joe Biden (right) speaks with Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan during a plenary session at a NATO summit in Brussels, on June 14, 2021. (AP Photo/ Olivier Matthys, Pool)
The issue is one of several sticking points in Turkish-American relations, which also include Turkey’s human rights record, US support for Syrian Kurdish fighters who Turkey considers terrorists, and the continued US residency of a Muslim cleric accused of plotting a failed coup attempt against Erdogan’s government in 2016.
Erdogan is scheduled to meet Russian President Vladimir Putin on September 29 in Sochi, Russia.
2021 年 9 月 26 日 18:44
上週，希伯倫的法塔赫高級官員 Emad Khurwat 指責巴勒斯坦權力機構“密謀”反對該市。他還威脅要阻止巴勒斯坦官員進入希伯倫，並表示法塔赫槍手已準備好取代巴勒斯坦權力機構安全部隊來執行法律和秩序。
2021 年 5 月 25 日，巴勒斯坦總統馬哈茂德·阿巴斯在約旦河西岸城市拉馬拉與美國國務卿安東尼·布林肯（未圖示）舉行的聯合新聞發布會上一邊聽一邊調整眼鏡。（圖片來源：ALEX BRANDON/POOL VIA REUTERS）
據巴勒斯坦權力機構官方通訊社瓦法報導，Shtayyeh 還聽取了關於“鑑於定居點擴張、土地掠奪、定居者襲擊和入侵易卜拉希米清真寺 [牧首之墓] 的高速發展，以色列的侵權行為”。
2014 年 1 月 2 日，在約旦河西岸城市希伯倫，巴勒斯坦法塔赫支持者在慶祝法塔赫運動 49 週年的集會上舉著旗幟。（圖片來源：REUTERS/MUSSA QAWASMA）
“Shtayyeh 確認了馬哈茂德·阿巴斯總統的指示，以滿足 [希伯倫] 省的要求，其中最重要的是加強公民的堅定性，為他們及其財產提供安全保障，並維護國內和平，”瓦法報導。
PA orders crackdown on criminals, illegal weapons in Hebron
On Saturday, PA Prime Minister Mohammad Shtayyeh visited Hebron, where he chaired an emergency meeting to discuss the deterioration of the security situation in the city.
SEPTEMBER 26, 2021 18:44
PALESTINIANS IN HEBRON demonstrate in support of the six escaped Palestinian prisoners, on Wednesday.
(photo credit: WISAM HASHLAMOUN/FLASH90)
The Palestinian Authority has instructed its security forces to take all measures to halt increased lawlessness and anarchy in Hebron and its surroundings, a senior PA official said on Sunday.
“The instructions from the Palestinian leadership are clear and firm,” the official told The Jerusalem Post. “There will be zero tolerance for anyone who breaks the law and intimidates the residents.”
The instructions came in response to accusations by many residents, including senior Fatah officials and heads of local clans, that the PA was not doing anything to stop the recent wave of violent crime in the Hebron area.
Last week, Emad Khurwat, a senior Fatah official in Hebron, accused the PA of “conspiring” against the city. He also threatened to prevent Palestinian officials from entering Hebron and said that Fatah gunmen were ready to replace the PA security forces in enforcing law and order.
Khurwat and other residents claimed that the city was now controlled by large clans that have dozens of gunmen who often intimidate and extort residents.
Khurwat’s unprecedented and public threat is seen by local residents as a direct challenge to the PA leadership. It also reflects increased tensions between local Fatah activists and the leadership of the faction, which is headed by PA President Mahmoud Abbas.
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas adjusts his glasses as he listens during a joint press conference with US Secretary of State Antony Blinken (not pictured), in the West Bank city of Ramallah, May 25, 2021. (credit: ALEX BRANDON/POOL VIA REUTERS)
Over the past few weeks, some of the clans deployed scores of gunmen in various parts of Hebron as part of family feuds, during which a number of people were killed and several businesses set on fire.
Hebron has long been famous for its tribal justice system, whereby rival clans and individuals solve their disputes, including murder cases, away from the PA’s official judiciary system.
On Saturday, PA Prime Minister Mohammad Shtayyeh visited Hebron, where he chaired an emergency meeting of the commanders of the various branches of the Palestinian security forces to discuss the deterioration of the security situation in the city and its surrounding villages and towns.
The meeting was attended by PA Governor of Hebron Jibrin al-Bakri.
During the meeting, which was held at the headquarters of the Hebron Governorate, Shtayyeh was briefed on the security situation.
According to the PA’s official news agency Wafa, Shtayyeh was also briefed on “Israeli violations in light of the high pace of settlement expansion, land seizure, settler attacks, and incursions into the Ibrahimi Mosque [Tomb of the Patriarchs].”
The Palestinians regularly describe visits by Jews to the Tomb of the Patriarchs in Hebron and al-Aqsa Mosque compound on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem as “incursions.”
Palestinian Fatah supporters hold flags during a rally marking the 49th anniversary of the Fatah movement, in the West Bank city of Hebron January 2, 2014. (credit: REUTERS/MUSSA QAWASMA)
“Shtayyeh affirmed the directives of President Mahmoud Abbas to meet the demands of the [Hebron] governorate, foremost of which is strengthening the steadfastness of the citizens, providing security and safety for them and their properties, and maintaining civil peace,” Wafa reported.
After the meeting, a PA official in Hebron said that orders have been issued to the Palestinian security forces to arrest residents involved in violent crime and to collect illegal weapons.
The official claimed that one of the main obstacles facing law-enforcement agencies was the fact that many of the suspected criminals have found shelter in the Israeli-controlled part of Hebron.
2021 年 9 月 26 日 22:28
2021 年 9 月 19 日，以色列總理納夫塔利·貝內特 (Naftali Bennett) 出席在耶路撒冷赫茨爾山國家紀念堂舉行的 1973 年贖罪日戰爭中陣亡以色列士兵的紀念儀式。
紐約——總理納夫塔利·貝內特 (Naftali Bennett) 計劃在周一首次在聯合國大會上發表講話，告訴全世界，現在是對伊朗核計劃採取行動的時候了。
Bennett 也在考慮使用 Hillel the Elder 的話，“如果我不為自己，誰會為我？” 在這種情況下，以反映以色列不能依靠其他人來保護自己。
總理帶頭撰寫了演講稿，儘管他與他的工作人員一起撰寫並聽取了其他人的建議，例如作家和哲學家米卡·古德曼 (Micah Goodman)。
談到巴勒斯坦人，貝內特“試圖將他的真實感受作為政策表現出來，即 73 年來，以色列在世界上的地位完全與衝突有關，這是不健康的，”消息人士說。“讓我們與巴勒斯坦人成為連體雙胞胎是錯誤且無益的。他們不會成為[演講的]主要部分。與其他國家的關係不會由他們來定義。”
Bennett 還將討論以色列針對 COVID-19 大流行的行動，包括其在提供冠狀病毒疫苗加強注射方面的領導地位。
Bennett to tell UN: Enough talk on Iran, time to act
“Making us siamese twins with the Palestinians is wrong and unhelpful. They will not be a major part [of the speech]. Relations with other countries will not be defined by them.”
By LAHAV HARKOV
SEPTEMBER 26, 2021 22:28
Israeli Prime Minister Naftali Bennett attends a memorial ceremony for the fallen Israeli soldiers of the 1973 Yom Kippur war, at the National Hall of Remembrance, Mount Herzl, Jerusalem, September 19, 2021.
(photo credit: OHAD ZWIGENBERG)
NEW YORK – Prime Minister Naftali Bennett plans to tell the world that the time has come to act against Iran’s nuclear program, in his first-ever address to the United Nations General Assembly on Monday.
The core message Bennett plans to relay concerning Iran is that “we deal with security through actions. Speeches are important, but this is the time to act,” a source in the prime minister’s entourage in New York said on Sunday.
Bennett is also considering using Hillel the Elder’s phrase, “If I am not for myself, who will be for me?” in that context, to reflect that Israel cannot rely on others for its own defense.
The prime minister took the lead in writing the speech, though he worked on it with his staff and took advice from others, such as author and philosopher Micah Goodman.
“It was important to him that the speech be in his voice and reflect what he thinks as accurately as possible,” the source in his entourage, who was also involved in the process, explained.
Bennett rejected gimmicks of all kinds suggested to him, in contrast to his predecessor, Benjamin Netanyahu, and said he wants to give a direct speech “like a grown-up,” the source quipped.
Bennett also seeks to tell the story of Israel’s successes without viewing them through the prism of conflict with the Palestinians.
When it comes to the Palestinians, Bennett is “trying to present his authentic feeling as policy, that for 73 years, Israel’s place in the world was all about the conflict, and that is not healthy,” the source said. “Making us Siamese twins with the Palestinians is wrong and unhelpful. They will not be a major part [of the speech]. Relations with other countries will not be defined by them.”
Israel, Bennett seeks to relay, is “an important and active country in the world with a big footprint of its own, and we want to put that forward in bilateral relations.”
And the Palestinians, as well as the Iranians, should “deal with their own people and improving their lives, and stop their obsession with Israel,” Bennett said on the tarmac at Ben-Gurion Airport on Saturday night.
He does not plan to respond to Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas’s speech to the UN, in which he gave Israel a one-year ultimatum to withdraw from all of Judea and Samaria and east Jerusalem.
Bennett also said on the tarmac that he plans to “bring the voice of Israelis” to the UN.
“This is an opportunity to tell our story… of Israel’s special spirit and our contribution to the world,” he stated.
PA PRESIDENT Mahmoud Abbas gestures during a meeting with the Palestinian leadership in Ramallah. (credit: MOHAMAD TOROKMAN/REUTERS)
That “special spirit” is one of action and actively seeking new solutions to problems, said the source with Bennett in New York.
Bennett also plans to present himself as part of a “dynamic, optimistic new generation of Israeli leadership” that is working to heal divisions in Israeli society, the source said.
The prime minister plans to speak out against hypocrisy and the double standards to which Israel is held in international forums such as the UN, which passes more resolutions against Israel than against any other country.
The Abraham Accords will also be a part of the speech, and he may mention the grassroots effort by 300 Iraqi leaders calling to normalize relations with Israel.
Bennett will also discuss Israel’s actions against the COVID-19 pandemic, including its leadership in providing booster shots of the coronavirus vaccine.
The prime minister was set to hold his first meeting with senior ministers from Abraham Accords signatory countries, Bahraini Foreign Minister Abdullatif bin Rashid Al Zayani and United Arab Emirates Minister of State in the Foreign Ministry Khalifa Shaheen Almarar, after press time on Sunday.
Bennett is then expected to meet with UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres and US Ambassador to the UN Linda Thomas-Greenfield.
He is scheduled to speak at a Jewish Federations of North America event, at which leaders of other Jewish Diaspora organizations are expected to be present.
2021 年 9 月 26 日 15:37
9 月 2 日，塔利班部隊在阿富汗喀布爾哈米德卡爾扎伊國際機場前巡邏
外交部發言人阿卜杜勒·卡哈爾·巴爾基 (Abdul Qahar Balkhi) 表示，國際航班的暫停使許多阿富汗人滯留在國外，也阻止了人們因工作或學習而旅行。
2021 年 9 月 7 日，在阿富汗喀布爾舉行的反巴基斯坦抗議活動中，塔利班士兵走在抗議者面前。（圖片來源：WANA（西亞新聞社）VIA REUTERS）
Taliban ask airlines to resume international flights to Afghanistan
The Taliban government in Afghanistan appealed on Sunday for international flights to be resumed, promising full cooperation with airlines and saying that problems at Kabul airport had been resolved.
SEPTEMBER 26, 2021 15:37
TALIBAN FORCES patrol in front of Hamid Karzai International Airport in Kabul, Afghanistan, September 2
(photo credit: STRINGER/ REUTERS)
The Taliban government in Afghanistan appealed on Sunday for international flights to be resumed, promising full cooperation with airlines and saying that problems at Kabul airport had been resolved.
The statement from the foreign affairs ministry comes as the new administration has stepped up efforts to open up the country and gain international acceptance following the collapse of the Western-backed government last month.
A limited number of aid and passenger flights have been operating from the airport. But normal commercial services have yet to resume since it was closed in the wake of the chaotic evacuation of tens of thousands of foreigners and vulnerable Afghans that followed the Taliban's seizure of the capital.
The airport, which was damaged during the evacuation, has since been reopened with the assistance of technical teams from Qatar and Turkey.
While some airlines including Pakistan International Airlines have been offering limited services and some people have been able to get places on flights, prices have been reported to be many times higher than normal.
Foreign ministry spokesman Abdul Qahar Balkhi said the suspension of international flights had left many Afghans stranded abroad and also prevented people from traveling for work or study.
Taliban soldiers walk in front of protesters during the anti-Pakistan protest in Kabul, Afghanistan, September 7, 2021. (credit: WANA (WEST ASIA NEWS AGENCY) VIA REUTERS)
"As the problems at Kabul International Airport have been resolved and the airport is fully operational for domestic and international flights, the IEA assures all airlines of its full cooperation," he said, using an abbreviation for Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, the Taliban's term for their new government.
Since taking power, the Taliban have grappled with a severe economic crisis and have faced pressure on issues ranging from girls' education to allegations of reprisals against former officials and others associated with the previous government.
康復的 COVID 患者需要接種疫苗才能獲得綠色通行證
自大流行開始以來，衛生部從 10 月 3 日開始的新規定將影響被診斷出該病毒的 120 萬以色列人；駕駛考試也將納入法規
2021 年 3 月 5 日，一名參加者在抵達特拉維夫的布盧姆菲爾德體育場時展示了“綠色通行證”（已完全接種 COVID-19 冠狀病毒病疫苗的證明），然後參加了為已接種疫苗的、有組織的“綠色通行證音樂會”由特拉維夫市政府提供。（傑克·蓋茲/法新社）
衛生部周日宣布，從 10 月 3 日起，將引入一些新的限制措施，康復的 COVID-19 患者將需要接種一劑冠狀病毒疫苗，才有資格獲得綠色通行證。
根據當前的綠色通行證規則，某些企業和活動的進入僅限於那些有疫苗接種證明、從 COVID-19 中康復或測試結果為陰性的人。
新規定意味著，自大流行開始以來，約有 120 萬被診斷出患有該病毒的以色列人，以及那些血清學檢測呈陽性並顯示高抗體的人，將需要至少注射一次疫苗才能獲得綠色通行證。
同樣從 10 月 3 日起，教師將需要綠色通行證才能進入學校。該日期標誌著假期結束後第一個完整的星期回到學校，下週隨著住棚節的結束而結束。
2021 年 2 月 8 日，在 Moshav Yashresh 的“Kobi 幼兒園”看到的一位幼兒園老師。（Yossi Aloni/Flash90）
自 9 月 2 日開學以來，教師必須持有綠色通行證才能進入學校。但是那些沒有文件的人仍然可以得到報酬，即使他們沒有工作。
以色列總共有 6,086,218 人接種了第一劑疫苗，其中約一半（3,189,477 人）接受了加強注射。
據報導，總理納夫塔利·貝內特 (Naftali Bennett) 週六反對實施進一步的冠狀病毒限制，即使需要呼吸機的 COVID 患者人數攀升至以色列數月未見的水平。
根據衛生部周日上午的數據，在被列為重症的 711 名患者中，有 215 名感染了冠狀病毒的人使用了呼吸機。
自大流行開始以來，死亡人數上升至 7,649 人。自本月初以來，共有 567 人死於該病毒，這使 9 月成為以色列連續第二個月記錄至少 500 人死亡，此前 8 月有 609 人死於 COVID-19。
衛生部的數據還顯示，週六有 2,616 例新感染病例，繼續呈下降趨勢，活躍病例數小幅下降至 63,022 例。
2021 年 9 月 23 日，耶路撒冷 Shaare Zedek 醫院的冠狀病毒病房。 (Yonatan Sindel/Flash90)
但希伯來大學的研究人員也提出了一項研究，預測未來 10 天新病例的數量將下降，隨著更新的綠色通行證規則生效，嚴重病例的數量隨後會下降。
Recovered COVID patients will require vaccine dose to receive Green Pass
New Health Ministry rules starting October 3 will impact 1.2 million Israelis diagnosed with the virus since start of the pandemic; driving tests to also be included in regulations
By TOI STAFFToday, 12:28 pm
An attendee shows off a "green pass" (proof of being fully vaccinated against COVID-19 coronavirus disease) upon arrival at Bloomfield Stadium in Tel Aviv, on March 5, 2021, before attending a "green pass concert" for the vaccinated, organized by the Tel Aviv municipality. (Jack Guez/AFP)
The Health Ministry announced on Sunday that, from October 3, when a number of new restrictions will be introduced, recovered COVID-19 patients will be required to get a single coronavirus vaccine dose in order to be eligible to receive a Green Pass.
Under the current Green Pass rules, entry to certain businesses and events is limited to those with proof of vaccination, recovery from COVID-19, or a negative test result.
The new rules mean that some 1.2 million Israelis who have been diagnosed with the virus since the start of the pandemic, along with those who have a positive serological test showing high antibodies, will need at least one vaccine shot to qualify for the Green Pass.
The new measure will be introduced on the same date that anyone who has not received a booster shot six months after getting a second vaccine dose will have their Green Pass revoked.
Also from October 3, teachers will require a Green Pass to enter school. The date marks the start of the first full week back at school after the holiday period, which ends next week with the conclusion of the Sukkot festival.
Not being able to work due to not having a Green Pass will be considered an unjustified absence that does not warrant being paid, the Education Ministry said last week. Those teachers will not be permitted to teach remotely, it added.
A kindergarten teacher seen at the ‘Kobi kindergarden’ in Moshav Yashresh, on February 8, 2021. (Yossi Aloni/Flash90)
Since the beginning of the school year on September 2, teachers have been required to have a Green Pass to enter schools. But those who did not have the document were still paid, even though they were not working.
Additionally, from Monday, people taking practical driving tests will also need a valid Green Pass or a negative coronavirus test.
In total, 6,086,218 people in Israel have received a first vaccine dose, and around half of them — 3,189,477 people — have been given a booster shot.
Prime Minister Naftali Bennett on Saturday reportedly pushed back against imposing further coronavirus restrictions, even as the number of COVID patients requiring ventilators climbed to levels not seen in Israel in months.
According to the Health Ministry on Sunday morning, 215 people infected with the coronavirus were on ventilators, out of a total of 711 patients listed as in serious condition.
While Israel’s fourth wave of infections has seen record numbers of daily cases, the number of patients needing hospitalization has remained lower than during previous waves, which experts attribute to the country’s high vaccination rates.
The death toll since the start of the pandemic rose to 7,649. A total of 567 people have succumbed to the virus since the start of the month, making September the second consecutive month that Israel has recorded at least 500 deaths, after August saw 609 deaths attributed to COVID-19.
Ministry figures also showed 2,616 new infections on Saturday, continuing a downward trend, with the number of active cases sinking slightly to 63,022.
A coronavirus ward at Shaare Zedek hospital in Jerusalem, on September 23, 2021. (Yonatan Sindel/Flash90)
Tensions between health officials and cabinet members have reportedly risen in recent days, as the officials have warned of the need for further restrictions on the public, which the ministers have resisted.
During a meeting of the coronavirus cabinet last week, a government advisory panel reportedly urged ministers to reconsider their approach to the pandemic, calling for a policy putting greater emphasis on reducing serious morbidity and urging more limitations on gatherings.
But Hebrew University researchers also presented a study predicting the number of new cases will decline over the next 10 days, followed by a drop in serious cases as the updated Green Pass rules take effect.