外交官的國際新聞導覽及中東中亞的歷史故事 Diplomat's daily news review and history research on Middle East and Central Asia
Manage episode 304098850 series 2948782
8 小時 ·
2021 年 10 月 7 日 23:36
利伯曼在 2021 年 9 月 2 日星期四的以色列議會會議上提交了 2021-2022 年預算。（圖片來源：MARC ISRAEL SELLEM）
總理辦公室尚未就此事做出決定，但該建議提出之際，政府繼續推遲宣佈建設特拉維夫輕軌新綠線和紫線的中標者。負責公共交通系統設計和建設的政府資助公司 NTA 大都會公共交通系統一直在拖延做出最終決定。
本週早些時候，以色列最大的公交公司 Egged 宣布了 4 月份購買 200 輛電動公交車的招標中標者。獲勝的三家公司都將提供中國製造的巴士。
特拉維夫輕軌招標的獲勝者原定於 6 月公佈。
其中之一包括中國鐵建公司。其子公司之一中國土木工程建設總公司於 2014 年以約 2 億美元的成本在北部挖掘了吉隆隧道，作為卡梅爾隧道項目的分包商，耗資約 1.5 億美元。在 2010 年和過去幾年中，一直致力於特拉維夫輕軌紅線的建設，總投資達 5 億美元。
如果獲得批准，該委員會將取代 2019 年設立的一位前總理本雅明·內塔尼亞胡（Benjamin Netanyahu），負責審查外國投資。該委員會包括財政部、國防部和國家安全委員會的高級代表，以及外交部、經濟部和國家經濟委員會的觀察員。
研究中以關係的 SIGNAL（中以全球網絡和學術領導力）執行董事 Carice Witte 說：“重新考慮審查委員會，將關鍵發展和可能影響的新因素考慮在內是非常明智的。以色列的長期國家安全。”
Biden administration ups pressure on Israel to crack down on China
Defense officials call on Bennett to head new panel to screen Beijing’s investments in Israel as gov’t stalls on rail tenders.
OCTOBER 7, 2021 23:36
PRIME MINISTER Naftali Bennett and US President Joe Biden chat in the Oval Office last week.
(photo credit: JONATHAN ERNST / REUTERS)
Biden administration officials spoke with National Security Advisor Eyal Hulata about the threats posed by Chinese investments in major infrastructure and hi-tech in Israel when he visited Washington this week.
The American officials encouraged Israel to establish a more robust screening system for foreign investments.
Senior Israeli defense officials have also recommended that Prime Minister Naftali Bennett establish a new committee to oversee foreign investments in Israel, in light of China’s numerous bids on Israeli infrastructure and technology.
The new committee, which the officials have suggested be led by the prime minister, would replace an existing committee that falls under the Finance Ministry, but is voluntary and does not cover core areas in which China invests.
Liberman presents the budget for 2021-2022 at a Knesset meeting on Thursday, September 2, 2021. (credit: MARC ISRAEL SELLEM)
The Prime Minister’s Office has yet to make a decision on the matter, but the recommendation comes as the government continues to stall on announcing the winner of the tender to build the Tel Aviv Light Rail’s new Green and Purple Lines. The NTA Metropolitan Mass Transit System, the government-funded company responsible for the design and construction of the transit system, has been dragging its feet in making a final decision.
Earlier this week, Egged, Israel’s largest transit company, announced the winners of a tender to buy 200 electric buses in April. All three companies that won would be supplying buses made in China.
The officials who have recommended the establishment of the new committee include top officers in the IDF and the Shin Bet (Israel Security Agency) who are concerned over two possible consequences of the continued Chinese penetration of Israel’s economy.
The first concern is that if China continues to win tenders and build infrastructure, Jerusalem’s ties with Washington will fray and lead to tension with Israel’s most important ally. The second concern is that China could use the infrastructure for espionage activities inside and against Israel.
The winner of the Tel Aviv Light Rail tender was originally scheduled to be announced in June.
Most of the groups competing for the multibillion-dollar deal include Chinese companies. While the government officially says it has not opened the envelopes to review the bids, a source with knowledge of the matter said the government contacted one of the groups to ask why its price was so much lower than the others.
One of them includes the China Railway Construction Company. One of its subsidiaries, the China Civil Engineering Construction Corp., dug the Gilon Tunnel in the North in 2014 at a cost of about $200 million, worked as a subcontractor on the Carmel Tunnel project for about $150m. in 2010 and for the last couple of years has been working on the Tel Aviv Light Rail’s Red Line to the tune of $500m.
President Joe Biden issued an executive order in June banning these companies from receiving any US investment due to suspected ties to the Chinese defense industry.
Government officials have voiced concern that if the Chinese are nixed from the tender it could lead to a major crisis with Beijing and see China cut economic relations with Israel. On the other hand, if China does win the tender, the news could strain relations with the Biden administration, which could turn tense in the coming months amid a continued pursuit of a nuclear deal with Iran and the White House’s declared intention to open a consulate for Palestinians in east Jerusalem.
The committee proposed by the defense officials would sit under the National Security Council, headed today by Hulata, who Bennett appointed to the role in July. Hulata was in Washington this week as part of a large interagency delegation that held talks with US counterparts led by Biden’s National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan.
The committee, if approved, would replace the one former prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu established in 2019 to vet foreign investments. That committee includes senior representatives from the Treasury, Defense Ministry and National Security Council, as well as observers from the Foreign Ministry, Economics Ministry and the National Economic Council.
Referral for a recommendation from the committee comes from various regulatory bodies.
The Prime Minister’s Office declined to comment on the matter.
In response to a query, the NTA on Thursday said a decision on the tender would be announced “soon” and after the different bids are reviewed. The tender “was one of the largest and most complex ever done in Israel,” it said.
Carice Witte, executive director of SIGNAL (Sino-Israel Global Network & Academic Leadership), which studies China-Israel ties, said: “It is very smart to rethink the review committee, to take into consideration critical developments and new factors that could impact Israel’s long-term national security.”
“A well-fashioned committee could prevent delays like the one we’re experiencing now with the light rail,” she said, adding that the delay on the light rail is due to government offices not being properly versed in the relevant issues.
Bennett opposed past attempts to restrict investments from China before he was prime minister.
負責以色列和巴勒斯坦事務的副助理國務卿 Hady Amr 與以色列和巴勒斯坦官員討論了“向因恐怖主義行為而被監禁的個人支付的款項”。
2021 年 10 月 7 日 21:23
2007 年 10 月 1 日，以色列南部 Ketziot 監獄的巴勒斯坦囚犯等待釋放
（圖片來源：RONEN ZVULUN / REUTERS）
以色列國防部國家反恐融資局報告說，巴勒斯坦權力機構在 2020 年支付了 5.97 億新謝克爾（1.85 億美元）。
Biden envoy talked with PA about dropping ‘pay for slay’
Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Israel and Palestinian Affairs Hady Amr discussed "payments to individuals imprisoned for acts of terrorism" with Israeli and Palestinian officials.
By LAHAV HARKOV
OCTOBER 7, 2021 21:23
Palestinian prisoners wait to be released from Ketziot prison, southern Israel, October 1, 2007
(photo credit: RONEN ZVULUN / REUTERS)
Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Israel and Palestinian Affairs Hady Amr discussed ending the Palestinian Authority’s monthly payments to convicted terrorists and their families in his meetings in the region this week.
Amr discussed “security, human rights and the rule of law, economic development, payments to individuals imprisoned for acts of terrorism, energy, water and humanitarian relief in Gaza” with Israeli and Palestinian officials, according to a statement from the US Embassy in Jerusalem.
A diplomatic source specified that Amr encouraged the Palestinians to end stipends to terrorists, which critics have nicknamed “pay for slay.”
US Deputy Assistant Secretary for Israeli and Palestinian Affairs Hady Amr. (credit: Wikimedia Commons)
The Palestinian Authority pays convicted terrorists and the families of those killed while committing acts of terror a monthly sum. The living terrorists receive more depending on their prison sentence, meaning that the greater the severity of the crime – the more Israelis killed and wounded – the more they receive each month.
Israel’s National Bureau for Counter-Terror Financing in the Defense Ministry reported that the PA paid NIS 597 million ($185 million) in 2020.
Amr’s “visit further sought ways to make tangible improvements for the Palestinian people with a view to preserving the vision of a negotiated two-state solution,” the US embassy stated.
His meetings in Jerusalem, Ramallah, Bethlehem and Tel Aviv “advanced our goals for achieving equal measures of security, freedom, opportunity, and dignity for Israelis and Palestinians,” the statement reads.
Within his discussions of economic development, Amr emphasized increasing tourism in Bethlehem, the diplomatic source said.
The embassy said that “Amr found his meetings with Palestinian civil society focused on the importance of human rights, as well as the need to provide hope, opportunity, and a political horizon, especially for young people. They also discussed the challenges activists and journalists are facing with freedom of expression and peaceful demonstration.”
美國船隻在波斯灣被伊斯蘭革命衛隊快艇攔截 - 報告
2021 年 10 月 7 日 19:49
2010 年 4 月 22 日，伊朗船隻在波斯灣和伊朗南部霍爾木茲海峽參加海軍戰爭演習。 伊朗革命衛隊成功部署了一艘能夠摧毀敵艦的新型快艇，因為戰爭演習於週四在對全球至關重要的水道開始石油供應, 伊朗
據美聯社報導，美國海軍駐巴林第 5 艦隊的發言人、指揮官蒂莫西·霍金斯 (Timothy Hawkins) 表示，過去兩天他不知道與伊朗有任何不安全的互動。
自 6 月以來，在維也納就續簽伊朗協議並讓美國重新加入該協議的談判一直停滯不前，沒有確定恢復的新日期。特朗普的退出和隨後的談判停滯加劇了該地區的緊張局勢。
US vessel intercepted by IRGC speedboats in Persian Gulf - report
A spokesman for the US Navy said that he was unaware of any unsafe interaction with Iran in the last two days.
OCTOBER 7, 2021 19:49
Iranian boats take part in naval war game in the Persian Gulf and the Strait of Hormuz southern Iran April 22, 2010. Iran's Revolutionary Guards successfully deployed a new speed boat capable of destroying enemy ships as war games began on Thursday in a waterway crucial for global oil supplies, Iran
(photo credit: REUTERS/FARS NEWS)
A US vessel has been intercepted by speedboats belonging to the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) in the Persian Gulf, the Iranian Tasnim News reported on Thursday.
A spokesman for the US Navy's Bahrain-based 5th Fleet, Commander Timothy Hawkins, said he was unaware of any unsafe interaction with Iran in the last two days, according to AP.
A video filmed from one of the speedboats was shown on Iranian TV, showing a vessel flying the US flag, with personnel on board, with what appears to be a speedboat chasing it. A voice can be heard saying in Farsi, "Keep chasing them." It is not known when the encounter took place, the AP report said.
In May, the US Coast Guard fired warning shots at a number of fast-approaching IRGC speedboats, when two reached dangerously close to US Navy vessels.
US Coast Guard (credit: TONY HISGETT)
In 2015, in exchange for lifting economic sanctions in the country, Iran drastically limited its enrichment of uranium, as part of the Iran nuclear deal. In 2018, then-US President Donald Trump unilaterally withdrew from the deal.
Talks in Vienna on renewing the Iran deal and bringing the US back into it have been stalled since June, with no new date set to resume. Trump's withdrawal and subsequent stalling of the talks have increased tensions in the region.
2021 年 10 月 7 日 16:29
2011 年 10 月 3 日，遊客在黎巴嫩南部港口城市西頓的海上城堡散步。
Hala Zawati 告訴天空新聞阿拉伯，黎巴嫩正在為該項目尋求世界銀行融資，這是美國支持解決黎巴嫩能源危機的努力的一部分。
正如黎巴嫩總統在 8 月份概述的那樣，該計劃還涉及使用埃及天然氣在約旦發電，然後通過敘利亞電網輸送到黎巴嫩。
伊朗外交部長侯賽因·阿米爾-阿卜杜拉希安週四在貝魯特表示，伊朗準備在 18 個月內在黎巴嫩建造兩座發電廠，一座在貝魯特，另一座在該國南部。
Jordan aims to supply Lebanon with electricity by end of the year
Under an agreement announced last month, Egypt will supply natural gas to Lebanon via a pipeline that passes through Jordan and Syria to help boost Lebanon's electricity output.
OCTOBER 7, 2021 16:29
Tourists walk at the sea castle of the port-city of Sidon, southern Lebanon October 3, 2011.
(photo credit: REUTERS/ALI HASHISHO)
Jordan hopes to start supplying Lebanon with electricity by the end of the year, its energy minister said on Thursday, as the Lebanese government tries to tackle its crippling energy shortages amid the country's financial meltdown.
Hala Zawati told Sky News Arabia that Lebanon was seeking World Bank financing for the project, part of efforts backed by the United States to address Lebanon's energy crisis.
Under an agreement announced last month, Egypt will supply natural gas to Lebanon via a pipeline that passes through Jordan and Syria to help boost Lebanon's electricity output.
The plan, as outlined by the Lebanese presidency in August, also involves using Egyptian gas to generate electricity in Jordan for transmission to Lebanon via the Syrian power grid.
US senators visiting Lebanon last month said they were seeking ways to address the complicating factor of US sanctions on Syria.
‘A CHALLENGE requiring the use of innovative advanced technologies is extreme changes in the character of electricity consumption during the day.’ (credit: REUTERS)
Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian said in Beirut on Thursday that Iran was ready to build two power plants in Lebanon, one in Beirut and the other in the south of the country, over a period of 18 months.
Iran backs the heavily armed, Lebanese Shi'ite group Hezbollah, deemed a terrorist group by the United States.
"We are completely ready to accomplish this project using the Islamic Republic of Iran's technical expertise, and benefiting from joint Iranian-Lebanese investment," he said, speaking via an Arabic translator.
He did not say who the investors could be.
2021 年 10 月 7 日 18:41
2021 年 3 月 7 日，人們站在庫爾德斯坦國旗旁邊，等待教皇方濟各在伊拉克埃爾比勒的弗朗索哈里裡體育場舉行彌撒。
敘利亞一名主要庫爾德政治家週四表示，美國將繼續留在敘利亞摧毀伊斯蘭國，建設基礎設施，並在經歷了 10 多年的內戰後繼續參與尋求政治解決方案。
庫爾德人居住在橫跨敘利亞、亞美尼亞、伊拉克、伊朗和土耳其邊界的山區，在 2011 年開始的內戰期間在敘利亞東北部建立了自治。
巴沙爾·阿薩德總統得到了俄羅斯和伊朗的支持，而敘利亞庫爾德人民保護部隊則得到了美國的支持。但在 2019 年，當時的總統唐納德特朗普將大部分美軍撤出敘利亞，以便土耳其能夠對庫爾德人發動進攻。
但伊利哈姆艾哈邁德 - 敘利亞民主委員會執行委員會主席，YPG 的政治機構 - 表示，美國已經對庫爾德人做出了明確的承諾。
2019 年 1 月 21 日，在敘利亞大馬士革上空看到導彈射擊。（圖片來源：SANA/HANDOUT VIA REUTERS）
艾哈邁德說，庫爾德人已要求美國人幫助重新開放敘利亞和伊拉克之間的 Al-Yaarubiyah 過境點以獲得國際援助，並在幫助政治解決方面發揮作用。
United States to stay in Syria, top Kurdish politician says
"They said they are going to stay in Syria and will not withdraw - they will keep fighting Islamic State," Ahmed said. "Before they were unclear under Trump and during the Afghan withdrawal."
OCTOBER 7, 2021 18:41
People stand next to a Kurdistan flag as they wait for Pope Francis to hold a mass at Franso Hariri Stadium in Erbil, Iraq, March 7, 2021.
(photo credit: REUTERS/YARA NARDI)
A leading Syrian Kurdish politician said on Thursday the United States will stay on in Syria to destroy Islamic State, build infrastructure and remain a player in the search for a political settlement after more than 10 years of civil war.
The Kurds, who live in the mountainous region straddling the borders of Syria, Armenia, Iraq, Iran and Turkey, carved out self-rule across northeast Syria during the civil war that began in 2011.
President Bashar al-Assad was supported by Russia and Iran while the Syrian Kurdish YPG militia was backed by the United States. But in 2019 then-President Donald Trump pulled most US forces out of Syria to enable a Turkish offensive against the Kurds.
The chaotic Western withdrawal from Afghanistan stoked concern across the Middle East that Trump's successor Joe Biden might abandon allies across the region as Washington perceived China to be the main strategic challenge.
But Ilham Ahmed - president of the executive committee of the Syrian Democratic Council, the political arm of the YPG - said the United States had given a clear commitment to the Kurds.
Missile fire is seen over Damascus, Syria January 21, 2019. (credit: SANA/HANDOUT VIA REUTERS)
"They promised to do whatever it takes to destroy Islamic State and work to build infrastructure in North Eastern Syria," he told Reuters after meetings in Washington with White House, State Department and Pentagon representatives.
"They said they are going to stay in Syria and will not withdraw - they will keep fighting Islamic State," Ahmed said. "Before they were unclear under Trump and during the Afghan withdrawal, but this time they made everything clear."
Syria's minority Kurds, who were discriminated against by Assad's pan-Arabist ruling Baath party, run a civilian administration that governs the affairs of several million Syrians once ruled from Damascus.
The Kurds have asked the Americans to help re-open the Al-Yaarubiyah border crossing between Syria and Iraq for international aid, and to play a role in helping a political settlement, Ahmed said.
Ahmed, who met Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov in Moscow last month, said the Kurds had also been speaking to the Russians - "the main player in Syria" - and was ready for dialog with Iran too.
The Kurds have spoken to Damascus in an attempt to find a political settlement.
How optimistic is Ahmed?
"We don't see much happening in the short term… We are hoping the Americans will play a more active role for a Syrian political settlement - they should do."
2021 年 10 月 7 日 13:15
伊朗外交部長穆罕默德賈瓦德扎里夫和俄羅斯外交部長謝爾蓋拉夫羅夫於 2021 年 4 月 13 日在伊朗德黑蘭舉行的簽字儀式上。
現在伊朗想問問俄羅斯人是否意識到在他們自己的後院發生了什麼。這是 Fars News 對俄羅斯政策的分析的主題，這可能反映了伊朗統治者如何看待這一挑戰。文章問道，土耳其在高加索地區對俄羅斯有什麼計劃。“俄羅斯歷來在高加索地區扮演著非常重要的角色，而這一角色可能會受到土耳其為該地區帶來地緣政治變化的努力的影響。”
但它指出，“俄羅斯的首要任務往往是防止西方和美國對該地區的影響，尤其是在里海和高加索地區。在 21 世紀的第一個十年裡，美國人以保護里海地區為藉口，做出了巨大的努力。” 伊朗希望美國被撤職，並希望俄羅斯同意。這就是為什麼德黑蘭很高興看到美國離開阿富汗並看到美國的影響力下降。
“安卡拉和巴庫擾亂該地區地緣政治秩序的新舉措在某種程度上可能會扭轉局勢，對俄羅斯不利；然而，俄羅斯目前似乎正在評估局勢。” 伊朗希望俄羅斯知道，它應該警惕只與土耳其在 S-400 交易等問題上合作，而且現在是莫斯科也關心伊朗的時候了。簡而言之，隨著安卡拉變得更具挑釁性，伊朗希望俄羅斯停止與土耳其劃分一切。
俄羅斯外交部長謝爾蓋·拉夫羅夫和伊朗外長侯賽因·阿米爾-阿卜杜拉希安在莫斯科舉行聯合新聞發布會（圖片來源：Kirill Kudryavtsev/Pool via REUTERS）
德黑蘭明白，莫斯科以 S-400 為目的，將土耳其從西方手中撬開。但這符合土耳其的利益。“多年來，俄羅斯人做出了巨大努力，使土耳其盡可能遠離西方戰線。向土耳其出售 S-400 導彈防禦系統是該戰略的一部分。” 伊朗知道“俄羅斯人繼續對向土耳其出售更新的軍事裝備表現出興趣。” 伊朗想知道：那我們呢？
文章認為，俄羅斯能夠在各種問題上讓亞美尼亞站在自己一邊，但在烏克蘭和格魯吉亞的一些其他問題上卻失敗了。“2014 年烏克蘭發生的事件在某種程度上改變了這一方向。例如，阿塞拜疆共和國開始擴大與土耳其的軍事關係，正如預期的那樣，在最近的納戈爾諾 - 卡拉巴赫戰役中能夠獲得土耳其的軍事支持，”它說。
Iran wants to goad Russia into Caucasus tensions - analysis
Iran wants Russia to know that it is concerned by both the presence of Israel-Azerbaijan relations as well as Turkey’s moves to open up a land corridor.
OCTOBER 7, 2021 13:15
Iran's Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif and Russia's Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov are seen during a signing ceremony, in Tehran, Iran, April 13, 2021.
(photo credit: IRAN'S FOREIGN MINISTRY/WANA (WEST ASIA NEWS AGENCY)/HANDOUT VIA REUTERS)
Iran is worried. It sees an emerging alliance between Turkey and Azerbaijan as well as between Azerbaijan and Israel as potentially cutting it off from a land route to Russia. It is concerned that Turkey and Azerbaijan will then work directly with China and push Iran aside, weakening it economically at a time when Tehran is already weak.
Now Iran wants to ask the Russians if they realize what is happening in their own backyard. That was the subject of a Fars News analysis on Russia’s policies that likely reflects how Iran’s rulers see the challenge. What plans does Turkey have for Russia in the Caucasus, the article asks. “Russia has traditionally played a very important role in the Caucasus region, and this role can be influenced by Turkey's efforts to bring about geopolitical change in the region.”
When Iran says “geopolitical” it tends to hint at Israeli involvement and also Turkey’s push for expanding ties with Baku. “The Caucasus region is undoubtedly one of the main areas of Russian national security,” the article says.
But it notes that “Russia's priority has often been to prevent Western and American influence in the region, especially in the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus. In the first decade of the 21st century, the Americans made great efforts to be present in the Caspian region under the pretext of securing this region.” Iran wanted the US to be removed and it hoped Russia would agree. That is why Tehran was happy to see America leave Afghanistan and see US influence rolled back.
“New moves by Ankara and Baku to disrupt the geopolitical order in the region could, to some extent, turn the tide to the detriment of the Russians; however, it seems that Russia is currently assessing the situation.” Iran wants Russia to know that it should be wary of only working with Turkey on issues like the S-400 deals and that it is time Moscow care about Iran as well. In short, Iran wants Russia to stop compartmentalizing everything with Turkey as Ankara grows more provocative.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and his Iranian counterpart Hossein Amir-Abdollahian hold a joint news conference, in Moscow (credit: Kirill Kudryavtsev/Pool via REUTERS)
TEHRAN UNDERSTANDS that Moscow has traded the S-400s for prying Turkey away from the West. But this suits Turkey’s interests. “The Russians have made great efforts over the years to keep Turkey as far away from the Western front as possible. The sale of the S-400 missile defense system to Turkey was part of this strategy.” Iran knows that the “Russians continue to show interest in selling newer military equipment to Turkey.” Iran is wondering: What about us?
Iran argues that Russia and Turkey do not agree on Syria and Libya. “Turkey also has an extensive network of security and intelligence communications with NATO members, particularly the United States, which Washington uses as a platform for gathering important data on the region. Turkey, for example, continues to deploy part of the US radar system in the region to counter any type of ballistic missile launch in the region.”
Iran notes that Turkey still has US troops at the Incerlik base. “It even seems that US nuclear weapons are still in the concrete bases of the base,” Iran’s Fars news says. “All these signs are enough to make us believe that Turkey's dependence on the United States and NATO is something that can be eliminated with just a few political differences.”
The main question is whether, despite all this, the Russians can allow Ankara to venture into the Caucasus, the article asks. “Turkey's influence in the Caucasus and the Caspian region could be a perfect example of challenging Moscow's power in the region. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Russians have made great strides in gaining the trust of the countries of the region, and in the meantime they have been somewhat successful.”
The article argues that Russia was able to get Armenia on its side on various issues, but has failed in Ukraine and Georgia on some other issues. “The events in Ukraine in 2014 change this direction somewhat. For example, the Republic of Azerbaijan moved towards expanding military relations with Turkey and, as expected, was able to gain Turkish military support in the recent battle of Nagorno-Karabakh,” it said.
“Georgia has also moved more seriously to strengthen its ties with the West. Now a more serious Turkish presence in the region could be another chapter in weakening Russia's presence in the region.”
THIS IS Iran’s Achilles heel, apparently. “The most important threat facing the Russians in the current situation is the expansion of Turkey's presence as a NATO member in the southern corridor of the region. In fact, if Turkey's plan to fully annex itself to the Republic of Azerbaijan via Armenia is implemented, it can be expected that Russia will have problems with Iran through Armenia's land border. This would limit Iran's relationship with Russia to the Caspian Sea as well as to Central Asia, and would impede Iran-Russia interaction.”
Iran openly admits now that it faces a real challenge here. “Armenia, as a country that has historically relied on Russian support in the region, will be in trouble. The combination of these developments will close the hands of the Russians in the region. In addition, Turkey's behavior in various cases will be much more unpredictable.”
Iran is worried. “After its defeats and failures in the Libyan and Syrian cases, Turkey has a strong desire to at least achieve a minimal achievement in the Caucasus region. This achievement, which is the land connection with the Republic of Azerbaijan, can implement [Turkey President Recep Tayyip] Erdogan's plans to establish a land connection with the communication corridors with China without passing through Iran.”
The article argues that Russia may move to restrict Turkey's movement in the region. “In the meantime, Iran can play an important role in the decision-making of the Russians. The visit of the Iranian Foreign Minister to Moscow can be considered a move in the same direction.” Iran now says the delegation they sent to Moscow warned the Russians about Turkey’s actions and also “the presence of terrorists and to the movements of the Zionist regime in the region against peace and stability and security.”
Iran says this is very sensitive. It wants Russia to know that it is concerned by both the presence of Israel-Azerbaijan relations as well as Turkey’s moves to open up a land corridor. “Undoubtedly, Russia is also seriously monitoring the developments in the region, and doubts about Turkey's movements in the Caucasus have long been formed in the Kremlin.”
Perhaps. But Iran is messaging here how concerned it is that time may not be on its side. It feels that Russia is ignoring its concerns and prefers Turkey. What will Iran do next? This is the crossroads where Tehran now finds itself.
接受了 Regeneron 抗體雞尾酒治療的冠狀病毒患者中有一半拒絕了。大多數人沒有接種疫苗。
2021 年 10 月 7 日 21:08
一瓶再生元單克隆抗體放在醫療台上，註冊護士傑西卡·克魯姆維德 (Jessica Krumwiede) 試圖找到一條靜脈將其註射給凱茜·哈丁 (Cathy Hardin)，凱茜·哈丁 (Cathy Hardin) 在薩拉索塔緊急紀念館 (Sarasota Memorial Urgent) 的冠狀病毒病 (COVID-19) 檢測呈陽性之前已接種疫苗薩拉索塔護理中心
大多數拒絕接受治療的人都沒有接種疫苗。一位醫療保健提供者報告說，近 80% 的此類患者拒絕治療。
截至週三，已有 209 名患者接受了該藥物，209 名患者拒絕接受。
自 9 月 23 日以來，Regeneron 已被用於感染該病毒的以色列患者，這些患者被認為有出現嚴重症狀的高風險。
這些患者包括患有肥胖症、心肺疾病或未接種疫苗的患者。在美國佛羅里達州薩拉索塔的薩拉索塔紀念緊急護理中心，註冊護士傑西卡·克魯姆維德 (Jessica Krumwiede) 試圖為凱茜·哈丁 (Cathy Hardin) 尋找靜脈注射再生元單克隆抗體，凱茜·哈丁 (Cathy Hardin) 在冠狀病毒病 (COVID-19) 檢測呈陽性之前已接種疫苗， 2021 年 9 月 23 日。（來源：REUTERS/SHANNON STAPLETON）
這種由不同抗體混合而成的雞尾酒於 11 月被美國食品和藥物管理局授權緊急使用。
根據 Regeneron 的數據，如果在感染的早期階段進行治療，高危人群的住院率和死亡率將減少 70%。
雖然衛生部和兩個最大的醫療保健提供者 Clalit Health Services 和 Maccabi Healthcare Services 沒有記錄接受或拒絕藥物的患者的疫苗接種情況，但 Meuhedet 健康維護組織的數據顯示，拒絕治療的傾向在以下人群中尤為普遍。未接種疫苗的個人。
截至週一，Meuhedet 已向 20 名患者註射了這種藥物，其中 8 名接種了疫苗，12 名未接種疫苗，而 32 人拒絕了。
根據 Meuhedet 的記錄，接受治療的接種患者中有 53% 接受了治療，而在未接種疫苗的患者中，只有 21% 接受了治療。
目前，以色列 475 名重症患者中的大多數和 ECMO 機器上的 58 名幾乎所有患者都未接種疫苗。
COVID: 50% of patients offered antibody drug refuse, many unvaccinated
Half of the coronavirus patients who were offered the antibody cocktail Regeneron refused it. The majority were unvaccinated.
OCTOBER 7, 2021 21:08
A vial of Regeneron monoclonal antibody sits on a medical table as registered nurse Jessica Krumwiede attempts to find a vein to administer it to Cathy Hardin, who was vaccinated prior to testing positive for the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), at the Sarasota Memorial Urgent Care Center in Sarasota
(photo credit: REUTERS/SHANNON STAPLETON)
Half of the coronavirus patients who were offered the antibody cocktail Regeneron to prevent their health from deteriorating have so far refused the drugs, Health Ministry data have shown.
The majority of those who declined the treatment were unvaccinated. One healthcare provider reported nearly 80% of such patients refusing the treatment.
As of Wednesday, 209 patients had received the drug, and 209 had declined to accept it.
Regeneron has been administered to Israeli patients infected with the virus who are considered at high risk of developing severe symptoms since September 23.
These patients include those who suffer from obesity, heart and lung diseases or have not been vaccinated.
Registered nurse Jessica Krumwiede attempts to find a vein to administer the Regeneron monoclonal antibody to Cathy Hardin, who was vaccinated prior to testing positive for the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), at the Sarasota Memorial Urgent Care Center in Sarasota, Florida, US, September 23, 2021. (credit: REUTERS/SHANNON STAPLETON)
The cocktail, a combination of different antibodies, was authorized in November for emergency use by the US Food and Drug Administration.
According to Regeneron’s data, if administered in the early stage of infection, the treatment reduces hospitalization and death in high-risk individuals by 70%.
The medicine is given to patients who are treated at home under the supervision of their healthcare providers.
While the Health Ministry and the two largest healthcare providers, Clalit Health Services and Maccabi Healthcare Services, do not record the vaccination status of patients who accept or refuse the drug, data from Meuhedet Health Maintenance Organization show the tendency to refuse treatment was especially prevalent among unvaccinated individuals.
As of Monday, Meuhedet had administered the drug to 20 patients, eight of whom were vaccinated and 12 unvaccinated, while 32 individuals refused.
According to Meuhedet’s records, 53% of the inoculated patients who were offered the treatment accepted, while among the unvaccinated, only 21% did.
Currently, the majority of the 475 serious patients in Israel and almost all of the 58 on ECMO machines are unvaccinated.
不可能的豬肉不應該是猶太潔食 - 意見
2021 年 10 月 7 日 05:06
Reubecca 是一種以豬肉為主的 Reuben 三明治。
東正教聯盟不會將 Impossible Pork 認證為猶太潔食，這與通常做出的關於認證猶太食品的決定的方式不同。但作為研究猶太教與技術長期關係的人，我認為這無疑是正確的舉措。
自從 OU 一個世紀前首次開始認證產品以來，Kosher 監管一直頑固地專注於客觀的事實調查：食物之所以是 kosher 是因為它的成分和製作方式（偶爾還有誰製作的），基本上就是這樣。為了獲得這些信息，現代猶太監管機構建立了極其複雜的全球業務，以跟踪複雜且不斷變化的供應鏈。這些系統通常對與食品加工本身沒有直接關係的幾乎所有事情都無動於衷，包括工廠的工作條件是否可以接受，成分是否可持續採購，或者經過認證的產品是否會殺死您（儘管有時會洩露政治信息） 反正）。
東正教聯盟的拉比 Menachem Genack（左）和拉比 Moshe ElefantHOWARD BLAS
儘管飢餓的猶太人和我自己對烹飪的強烈好奇心提出了相反的抗議，但我相信 OU 做出了正確的決定。儘管該決定似乎是狹隘的，但取消猶太潔食認證的舉動實際上可能會成為 21 世紀最重要的猶太法律決定之一。這似乎是談論大豆蛋白漿的誇張方式，但我真的認為事實並非如此。OU 的舉動是朝著技術創新立場邁出的第一步，該立場迫切需要變得更加普遍。
這種新技術動態也體現在猶太法律中。贖罪日禁止皮鞋的規則——因為它們被認為是一種放縱——如何適用於舒適的合成鞋時代？當現代襯衫沒有觸發 tzitzit 的聖經要求的四個角時，必須穿 tzitzit（儀式流蘇）嗎？在更大的範圍內，安息日電梯、
猶太燈以及以色列 Tzomet 研究所開發的一系列技術都採用新技術來規避現有規則，同時遵守法律的條文（如果不是精神）。
Impossible Pork 是 21 世紀的電嗎？有一個很好的例子可以證明它是。圍繞肉類生產的倫理和環境問題推動了植物性肉類替代品的興起。他們的成功取決於他們是如此美味，以至於他們擺脫了具有生態意識的消費者的精品領域，並承擔了與肉類相同的文化角色。漢堡王提供了一個 Impossible Whopper 表明這種情況已經發生，主要肉類生產商已大量投資以發展植物性替代品來替代他們自己的產品。
OU 的裁決還不是一項成熟的政策，即所有的假肉都應該像真肉一樣對待；猶太餐廳仍然可以提供以植物為基礎的“芝士漢堡”，而不必擔心其執照會被吊銷。但是，即使它的本意不是很深刻，OU 的決定也是一個例子，說明所有監管機構，包括宗教和政府機構，都可以如何反擊當前新技術的衝擊繼續造成的文化束縛。在這個前所未有的時代，在過去和現在之間創造連續性有助於將社會建立在其過去的智慧和規範中。
Impossible Pork shouldn't be kosher - opinion
"We should be glad that technology has created a meaningful difference between veggie beef and veggie pork — but if the distinction is there, the ban on the pork must be, too."
By DAVID ZVI KALMAN/JTA
OCTOBER 7, 2021 05:06
The Reubecca is a pork-heavy take on a Reuben sandwich.
(photo credit: COURTESY OF REBECCA KING/JTA)
The Orthodox Union won’t certify Impossible Pork as kosher, representing a break from the way that decisions about certifying kosher food are normally made. But as someone who studies Judaism’s long relationship with technology, I would argue that it is undoubtedly the right move.
Since the OU first started certifying products a century ago, kosher supervision has always remained doggedly focused on objective fact-finding: Food is kosher because of what’s in it and how it’s made (and, occasionally, who makes it) and that’s basically it. To get this information, modern kosher supervision agencies have built out fantastically complex global operations that keep track of complicated and constantly shifting supply chains. These systems are often incurious about almost everything not directly related to the food processing itself, including whether factory working conditions are acceptable, whether the ingredients are sustainably sourced, or whether the certified product will kill you (though politics sometimes leaks in anyway).
So it was unusual when the OU — the largest certifier of kosher products in the world — denied certification to Impossible Pork, a next-gen meat substitute, despite the fact that every ingredient in the product is kosher. The OU explained that it could not certify a product that described itself as pork.
Rabbi Menachem Genack (left) and Rabbi Moshe Elefant of the Orthodox UnionHOWARD BLAS
Despite protestations to the contrary from hungry Jews and my own deep culinary curiosity, I believe that the OU made the right call. Though it seems that the decision was narrowly decided, the move to withhold kosher certification may in fact turn out to be one of the most important Jewish legal decisions of the 21st century. This may seem like a hyperbolic way of talking about soy protein slurry, but I really think it isn’t. The OU’s move is a first, tentative step towards a stance on technological innovation that desperately needs to become more common.
To understand why, we need to understand the effect of new technologies on legal regimes. Law needs to be specific to be effective, and so well-constructed law is often carefully tailored to the nitty-gritty details of specific objects, systems and ways of behaving. When a new technology comes along and replaces the old — even if the new tech does exactly the same thing as the old — it can make the old law irrelevant unless lawmakers intervene with an update. Interventions are especially important when the old technology has been around for a long time and law has grown intertwined with it. Regulating cryptocurrency, for example, is crucial precisely because so many financial regulations assume that transactions take place exclusively through state-issued currency that is mostly stored in banks.
But if the job of lawmakers is to create continuities between old and new tech, many modern tech firms, with their “move fast and break things” culture, often seem hellbent on tearing them apart. The makers of new technology like to call things “unprecedented” because it generates hype, but disconnecting new technologies from old ones is also a good way of shielding themselves from ethical and legal responsibility for how those technologies behave.
This new tech dynamic plays out in Jewish law, too. How should the rule forbidding leather shoes on Yom Kippur — because they were considered an indulgence — apply in an era of comfortable synthetic shoes? Must one wear tzitzit (ritual fringes) at all when modern shirts don’t have the four corners that triggered the Biblical requirement of tzitzit? On a larger scale, the Shabbat elevator, the Kosher Lamp, as well as a host of technologies developed by Israel’s Tzomet Institute, all employ new technologies to circumvent existing rules while keeping within the letter, if not the spirit, of the law.
Sometimes Jews have allowed these rules to be eroded because the stakes didn’t feel high enough, but when a new technology threatens to undermine Jewish tradition, the rabbis have tended to respond appropriately.
The best example of this is the ban on turning electricity on or off on Shabbat. For millennia, the experience of Shabbat was shaped by the Biblical prohibition on lighting fires; with the advent of electricity at the turn of the last century, that ban threatened to become irrelevant. Orthodox rabbis responded by coalescing around the argument that electricity is fire, or was covered by some other well-established prohibition. That electricity is not actually fire didn’t matter; the argument carried because it was understood by leadership and laity alike that electricity was coming to replace fire, to do everything fire could do and more. Today, the restrictions on electricity are a cornerstone of the Shabbat experience, so fundamental that it is hard for many observant Jews to imagine Shabbat without it.
Is Impossible Pork the 21st century version of electricity? There’s a good case to be made that it is. The rise of plant-based meat substitutes has been spurred by ethical and environmental concerns around meat production. Their success depends on their being so delicious that they escape from the boutique realm of eco-conscious consumers and take on the same cultural role as meat. That Burger King offers an Impossible Whopper signals that this is already happening, as does the fact that major meat producers have invested heavily in the growth of plant-based alternatives to their own products.
These developments should be celebrated—but rather than diminishing meat’s special cultural meaning, its substitutes have only served to burnish it.
Meat has a special significance in Judaism, too. God is a big fan of animal sacrifices, and many holidays still involve the ritual or cultural use of meat — and inasmuch as meat matters, it matters that the meat isn’t pork. It’s irrelevant that the Ancient Israelite origins of the ban are obscure; it’s enough that modern observant Jews (and Muslims) still treat the ban on pig products as a cultural touchstone. We should be glad that technology has created a meaningful difference between veggie beef and veggie pork — but if the distinction is there, the ban on the pork must be, too.
The OU’s ruling does not yet amount to a full-fledged policy that all fake meat should be treated like real meat; a kosher restaurant can still serve plant-based “cheeseburgers” without fear that its license will be revoked. But even if it was not intended to be profound, the OU’s decision is an example of how all regulators, both religious and governmental, can fight back against the cultural unmooring that the present onslaught of new technology continues to cause. In this unprecedented age, creating continuity between the past and the present serves to ground society in the wisdom and norms of its own past.
2021 年 10 月 7 日 14:33
輝瑞 COVID-19 疫苗的說明性照片。
（圖片來源：MARC ISRAEL SELLEM/耶路撒冷郵報）
在為衛生部流行病控制和冠狀病毒疫苗諮詢委員會準備的幻燈片中，衛生部流行病學司的一些衛生官員建議個人“在接種第二劑疫苗後一周內避免劇烈活動”。 mRNA COVID-19 疫苗。”
“我們建議每個人，尤其是 30 歲以下的青少年和年輕男性，在第一次和第二次接種後的一周內避免劇烈活動，例如劇烈運動，”幻燈片上說。
Health Ministry to consider asking newly vaccinated to avoid working out
The Health Ministry may ask newly vaccinated people to avoid exercise for a week due to a small number of myocarditis cases.
OCTOBER 7, 2021 14:33
An illustrative photo of the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine.
(photo credit: MARC ISRAEL SELLEM/THE JERUSALEM POST)
Individuals vaccinated with the Pfizer coronavirus vaccine may be asked to avoid strenuous exercise and other physical activity for one week after receiving each dose due to cases of myocarditis that were detected in a small percentage of vaccinated people, The Jerusalem Post has learned.
In a slide deck prepared for the Health Ministry’s advisory committee for epidemic control and coronavirus vaccines, which the Post reviewed, some health officials in the Epidemiology Division of the Health Ministry are recommending that individuals “avoid strenuous activity for one week after their second dose of the mRNA COVID-19 vaccines.”
Casual walking, stretching, working while standing and housework would all be acceptable.
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If accepted, the guidelines that are given to vaccinated people after getting the jab would be updated.
The recommendation comes on the heels of a study published late Wednesday night showing that one dose of the Pfizer vaccine increased the risk of heart inflammation – however, cases were usually mild and the majority were among young males.
“We recommend that everyone, in particular adolescents and young men aged under 30 avoid strenuous activity, such as intense exercise, for one week after the first and second doses,” the slide deck said.
It defined high-intensity exercise as circuit training, vigorous forms of weight training, sprinting and swimming longer distances.
The officials said that high-functioning athletes that would be concerned about losing their conditioning could consider “downgrading their level of exercise” to a low intensity.
A member of the vaccine panel told the Post that although the matter would be discussed at the next meeting, most committee members are currently opposed to it.
2021 年 10 月 7 日 19:33
週三，耶路撒冷地方法院審理了 Aryeh Lipo 的上訴，他是聖殿山的一名猶太遊客，在一名警察命令他在贖罪日訪問期間停止祈禱後，他已被移走並遠離建築群 15 天。
Bilha Yahalom法官在觀看了事件的錄音後裁定，上訴人的行為沒有違反聖殿山上的法律或警察的指示，因為他是在沒有人群的情況下安靜地以一種不可見或不可見的方式祈禱。該裁決還指出，以色列警方對 Lipo 和許多其他人一樣，每天都在聖殿山祈禱沒有異議。
儘管警方提出了相反的說法，但法官還駁回了 Lipo 以安靜的祈禱構成任何危險或犯下任何違法行為的觀點。
該網站的猶太遊客在進入時會被告知祈禱和宗教物品，如祈禱書或祈禱披肩，或禁止進入該建築群，儘管自 2019 年底以來，猶太遊客已經能夠在該網站的某些部分安靜地祈禱不受干擾。
Betzalmo 非政府組織首席執行官 Shai Glick 對周三的裁決表示歡迎，稱這是第一次“明確聲明”猶太人有充分的權利在聖殿山上祈禱。“我相信從現在開始，以色列警方會理解並內化這一點，祈禱將繼續正常進行，”格利克說。
代表 Lipo 的右翼 Honenu 法律援助組織的律師 Moshe Polsky 也對周三的決定表示歡迎，稱它使過去一年在聖殿山上已經實行的做法合法化，並允許猶太人在該地點祈禱。
阿爾富爾補充說，該裁決是“公然違反國際合法性”，並超越了阿克薩清真寺的現狀。發言人強調，約旦經營的 Waqf 部門是負責管理該網站事務的唯一機構。
巴勒斯坦伊斯蘭聖戰運動 (PIJ) 也對這一決定表示憤慨，稱其“無效，是對阿克薩清真寺的神聖性和穆斯林對它的純粹權利的攻擊”。
據總部位於倫敦的阿拉伯媒體 al-Araby al-Jadeed 稱，據報導，哈馬斯代表團警告埃及，任何休戰協議都將取決於耶路撒冷、約旦河西岸和以色列監獄的局勢。代表團還警告說，由於在耶路撒冷和針對囚犯的“以色列持續侵犯和犯罪”以及繼續建造定居點，局勢可能會“爆炸”，就像它在 5 月份的圍牆守護者行動期間一樣，據薩法新聞。
爭議還發生在最近約旦河西岸和耶路撒冷的暴力事件升級之後，一周之後，八名巴勒斯坦人在約旦河西岸和加沙地帶被以色列槍殺，其中包括三名哈馬斯特工和三名 PIJ 特工。
Palestinians outraged over court ruling allowing Jewish prayer on Temple Mount
Palestinian groups warned of an escalation after an Israeli court ruled in support of Jewish prayer on the Temple Mount.
By TZVI JOFFRE
OCTOBER 7, 2021 19:33
JEWISH MEN pray on the Temple Mount this week.
(photo credit: JEREMY SHARON)
Palestinians expressed outrage and warned of an escalation on Thursday after a court ruling on Wednesday implied support for allowing quiet prayer by Jewish visitors on the Temple Mount, the first such official recognition of the practice which has gone relatively undisturbed for the past year and a half.
On Wednesday, the Jerusalem Magistrate’s Court heard the appeal of Aryeh Lipo, a Jewish visitor to the Temple Mount who had been removed and distanced from the complex for 15 days after a police officer ordered him to stop praying during a visit on Yom Kippur.
After watching a recording of the incident, Justice Bilha Yahalom ruled that the appellant’s behavior did not violate the law or police instructions on the Temple Mount, as he was praying without a crowd and quietly in a way that was not external or visible. The ruling stated as well that Israel Police did not dispute that Lipo, like many others, prays on a daily basis on the Temple Mount.
The justice additionally dismissed the notion that Lipo posed any danger or committed any violation with his quiet prayer, despite claims by police to the contrary.
While the High Court of Justice has ruled in the past that Jews do have the legal right to pray on the Temple Mount, police have cited security concerns to impose a blanket prohibition on Jewish prayer.
Jewish visitors to the site are informed upon entry that prayer and religious items such as prayer books or prayer shawls or forbidden in the complex, although, since late 2019, Jewish visitors have been able to pray quietly, in certain parts of the site, relatively undisturbed.
Shai Glick, CEO of the Betzalmo NGO, welcomed the ruling on Wednesday, calling it the first time that it was “explicitly stated” that Jews have the full right to pray on the Temple Mount. “I am sure that from now on Israel Police will understand and internalize this and the prayers will continue as normal,” said Glick.
Moshe Polsky, an attorney from the right-wing Honenu legal aid group who represented Lipo, also welcomed the decision on Wednesday, saying it legalized what has been already practiced on the Temple Mount for the past year and allows Jews to pray at the site.
“It is inconceivable that Jews in the Temple Mount area should not be allowed to mumble and pray even silently when Muslims on the mountain are allowed to do everything – pray, demand, play football, and riot while the police do not prevent this – and Jews should feel like strangers in the holy place,” said Polsky.
The court ruling has drawn outrage from Jordanians and Palestinians, with warnings that such moves could escalate the situation in the region.
Haitham Abu Alfoul, a spokesperson for Jordan’s Foreign Ministry called the decision “null,” saying it has no legal effect as international law does not recognize Israeli authority over east Jerusalem, according to Jordan’s Petra News Agency.
Alfoul added that the ruling is a “flagrant violation of international legitimacy,” and oversteps the status-quo at al-Aqsa Mosque. The spokesperson stressed that the Jordanian-run Waqf department is the sole body responsible for managing the affairs of the site.
The Hamas movement called the ruling a “clear declaration of war” and a “blatant aggression against the blessed al-Aqsa Mosque” on Thursday.
“The battle of the sword of Jerusalem was not and will not be the last chapter of the confrontation under the title of Jerusalem, and the resistance that was promised and fulfilled confirms that it is ready and prepared to repel aggression and defend rights,” warned Hamas.
The movement called on Palestinians and Arab-Israelis to intensify their presence at the mosque and to “form a bulwark against the occupation.” Hamas also called on Arab and Muslim countries to “assume their role in defending” the mosque, adding that the mosque and its squares are “waiting for the masses of the liberated conquerors, and they are not waiting for the masses of typographers who enter fearfully under the protection of the occupation.”
The Palestinian Islamic Jihad movement (PIJ) also expressed outrage against the decision, calling it “invalid and an attack on the sanctity of al-Aqsa Mosque and the pure right of Muslims to it.”
The PIJ warned Israel of the consequences of the decision, stressing that the Palestinians will “face any attempts to harm Al-Aqsa, with all strength, steadfastness and relentless determination.”
The Palestinian governor of Jerusalem, Adnan Ghaith, warned that the decision to allow quiet prayer set a dangerous precedent and claimed that the decision was part of an effort to divide the complex to prepare for the building of the Third Temple, according to the Palestinian Safa news.
The controversy over the decision came as a Hamas delegation met with Egyptian officials in Cairo to discuss continuing efforts to reach an agreement of calm and a prisoner swap deal. A delegation from the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) movement is also expected to visit Cairo in the coming days.
The Hamas delegation reportedly warned Egypt that any truce agreement would depend on the situation in Jerusalem, the West Bank, and Israeli prisons, according to al-Araby al-Jadeed, a London-based Arabic media outlet. The delegation also warned that the situation could “explode” as it did in May during Operation Guardian of the Walls, due to what it called “continuous Israeli violations and crimes” in Jerusalem and against prisoners, as well as the continuation of settlement building, according to Safa news.
The controversy also comes after a recent uptick in violence in the West Bank and Jerusalem and a week after eight Palestinians were killed by Israeli gunfire in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, including three Hamas operatives and three PIJ operatives.
During recent arrest operations in the West Bank, armed clashes have broken out between Palestinians and Israeli security forces, with two IDF soldiers wounded in clashes during an arrest operation targeting a large and heavily armed Hamas terrorist cell in the West Bank.