外交官的國際新聞導覽及中東中亞的歷史故事 Diplomat's daily news review and history research on Middle East and Central Asia
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2021 年 10 月 13 日 21:20
比塔爾是第二位對爆炸進行司法調查的法官，該爆炸造成 200 多人死亡，數千人受傷，原因是在港口不當儲存的大量硝酸銨起火併引爆了人類最大的非核爆炸之一。歷史。
第一任法官法迪·薩萬 (Fadi Sawan) 因他的房屋在爆炸中受損，對其中立性提出“合理懷疑”的指控而被免職。在他指控的兩名官員，議員阿里·哈桑·哈利勒 (Ali Hassan Khalil) 和議員加齊·扎伊特 (Ghazi Zaiter) 的要求下，薩萬被免職，他們都是真主黨的盟友。
由於被指控官員提出的偏見指控，該案件已在 Bitar 下三度暫停，最近一次暫停將於週二暫停。
2020 年 9 月 10 日，從黎巴嫩 Sin-el-fil 看到的貝魯特港區上空升起濃煙。（圖片來源：CYNTHIA KARAM/REUTERS）
有問題的硝酸銨是由羅索斯號攜帶的，其宣布的目的地是莫桑比克。調查記者 Feras Hatoum 發現，這艘船歸一家空殼公司所有，該公司與敘利亞-俄羅斯商人有關聯，該公司因代表敘利亞政府行事而受到美國製裁。至少在抵達貝魯特之前不久，這艘船的所有人都與一家被指控與真主黨和敘利亞政府打交道的銀行有關聯。
真主黨對這些指控表示憤慨，並要求移除 Bitar。最近，針對 Bitar 的言論升級，真主黨成員和盟友威脅要離開政府，甚至使用武力讓 Bitar 脫離此案。
據報導，真主黨安全官員瓦菲克·薩法 (Wafiq Safa) 於 9 月威脅比塔爾，稱如果法官不悅他們，該運動將用武力將比塔爾除名。
“我們受夠了你。據黎巴嫩 LBCI 新聞記者埃德蒙·薩辛 (Edmond Sassine) 稱，薩法對比塔爾說，我們將走上法律道路的盡頭，如果這不起作用，我們將用武力驅逐你。
薩法於 2019 年因利用黎巴嫩的港口和邊界將非法毒品和武器走私到貝魯特並為真主黨提供便利而於 2019 年受到美國財政部的製裁。
哈利勒週二告訴真主黨附屬的 Al-Mayadeen 電視台，Bitar 的調查“是非法的，超出了許多必須遵守的協議”。國會議員還聲稱，法官在向哈利勒發出逮捕令後幾分鐘會見了一個外國代表團，暗示受到外國勢力的影響。
國會議員警告說，將會出現“政治升級，也許 [an escalation] 另一種類型”，並補充說“所有可能性都是開放的”，包括走上街頭。
哈利勒聲稱調查可能是試圖“改變平衡”的區域和內部計劃的一部分，並且他掌握的信息表明，調查的目標是“應外部各方的要求”針對某個政治團體。週三，真主黨附屬議員哈桑·法德拉拉 (Hassan Fadlallah) 直截了當地指責美國干涉調查。
據報導，原定於週三舉行的政府會議被推遲，原因是無法就如何處理 Bitar 達成協議。
來自真主黨和馬拉達運動的消息人士告訴黎巴嫩 Al-Jadeed 電視新聞，比塔爾準備直接指責真主黨對爆炸負責。消息人士補充說，如果不移除 Bitar，他們將離開政府。
真主黨與比塔爾的鬥爭也可能影響其與奧恩的關係，據 Al-Jadeed 報導，奧恩週二衝出會議，對真主黨的武力威脅表示憤怒。據報導，奧恩堅持三權分立，拒絕乾預司法。
真主黨的基督徒反對者薩米爾·蓋吉亞 (Samir Gaegea) 呼籲“黎巴嫩的自由人民”為如果比塔爾的反對者試圖以武力強加他們的意志而進行和平總罷工做準備。雖然蓋吉亞強調他的聲明不是威脅，但他補充說他永遠不會接受武力強加的“某些現實”。
爆炸受害者的家屬警告說，“無論威脅程度有多高”，都不要更換或恐嚇 Bitar，並告訴官員們“不要讓 [他們的] 干預司法部門”。
Lebanon gov't on brink of collapse - what is Hezbollah's role? - analysis
In order to understand why Hezbollah may be hesitant for an investigation into the Beirut port blast to progress, it's important to understand the background of the explosion itself.
By TZVI JOFFRE
OCTOBER 13, 2021 21:20
WAVING THE Hezbollah flag in Marjayoun, Lebanon.
(photo credit: AZIZ TAHER/REUTERS)
Tensions have spiked in Lebanon as Justice Tarek Bitar, who is leading the investigation into the 2020 Beirut Port blast, issues charges and warrants against a number of high-ranking officials, including Hezbollah allies.
What is driving the tensions and what is Hezbollah’s role in the matter?
Bitar is the second judge to run the judicial investigation into the explosion, in which more than 200 people were killed and thousands wounded after a large amount of ammonium nitrate improperly stored at the port caught fire and detonated in one of the largest nonnuclear explosions in human history.
The first judge, Fadi Sawan, was removed from the case on charges of “legitimate suspicion” over his neutrality, due to the fact his home was damaged in the blast. Sawan was removed after a request from two of the officials he charged, MP Ali Hassan Khalil and MP Ghazi Zaiter, both Hezbollah allies.
Bitar followed in Sawan’s footsteps and issued charges against a number of officials, including Khalil, Zaiter, former public works minister Youssef Fenianos, and former prime minister Hassan Diab, among others. Most have refused to show up for questioning.
The case has already been suspended three times under Bitar due to allegations of bias filed by the charged officials, with the latest suspension coming on Tuesday.
Smoke rises over Beirut's port area as seen from Sin-el-fil, Lebanon September 10, 2020. (credit: CYNTHIA KARAM/REUTERS)
IN ORDER to understand why Hezbollah may be hesitant for an investigation to progress, it’s important to understand the background of the explosion itself.
The ammonium nitrate in question was carried by the Rhosus, whose declared destination was Mozambique. Investigative journalist Feras Hatoum found the ship was owned by a shell company linked to Syrian-Russian businessmen sanctioned by the US for acting on behalf of the Syrian government. At least until shortly before it arrived in Beirut, the ship was owned by an individual linked to a bank accused of dealing with Hezbollah and the Syrian government.
When the ship arrived, it was deemed at risk of sinking, and the chemicals were removed and stored at the port in an unsafe way.
Human Rights Watch found that multiple Lebanese officials were, at minimum, criminally negligent in their handling of the weapons-grade ammonium nitrate. The report found some officials foresaw the deadly risks and accepted them. Officials also repeatedly failed to accurately disclose the dangers posed by the chemicals.
The HRW report listed officials who were aware of the dangers, including President Michel Aoun, Diab and Khalil. The report additionally mentioned that at least four people who had knowledge about the chemicals or the explosion have died in suspicious circumstances.
An FBI probe found the amount of ammonium nitrate that exploded at the port was only a fifth of the amount that arrived on the Rhosus, raising questions of where the rest had gone.
The links of the possible owners of the Rhosus to Hezbollah and the fact the chemicals were weapons grade and had largely been siphoned away from the port by the time of the explosion, among other factors, caused HRW and many others in Lebanon and around the world to question whether the chemicals were actually meant for Mozambique, or had been meant to arrive in Lebanon all along.
Hezbollah also has a strong hold over Lebanon’s ports, with many relevant officials coming from either Hezbollah or its allies. Even if the movement did not purposefully import the ammonium nitrate, it or its allies may still be found responsible for the explosion due to negligence.
THESE DETAILS may be behind the decision to charge the Hezbollah-affiliated officials, although at least one Hezbollah opponent has been charged as well.
Hezbollah has expressed outrage at the charges and is demanding Bitar be removed. Recently, rhetoric against Bitar has escalated, with Hezbollah members and allies threatening to leave the government and even use force to get Bitar off the case.
Hezbollah Secretary-General Hassan Nasrallah attacked Bitar on Monday, saying the judge is using the case for political goals and does not want to reach the truth about the explosion. Nasrallah also questioned why Bitar questioned only certain ministers and not others.
Hezbollah security official Wafiq Safa reportedly threatened Bitar in September, saying the movement would remove Bitar by force if the judge displeases them.
“We have had enough of you. We will go to the end of the legal path, and if that does not work, we will remove you by force,” said Safa to Bitar, according to Edmond Sassine, a journalist with Lebanon’s LBCI news.
Safa was sanctioned by the US Treasury in 2019 for exploiting Lebanon’s ports and borders to smuggle illegal drugs and weapons into Beirut and facilitate travel on behalf of Hezbollah.
Khalil told the Hezbollah-affiliated Al-Mayadeen TV on Tuesday that Bitar’s investigation “is unlawful and surpasses many of the protocols that must be followed.” The MP additionally claimed that the judge had met with a foreign delegation minutes after issuing the arrest warrant for Khalil, implying influence by foreign powers.
The MP warned there would be a “political escalation, and perhaps [an escalation] of another kind,” adding that “all possibilities are open,” including taking to the streets.
Khalil claimed the investigation may be part of a regional and internal plan to try to “change balances,” and that he had information that indicates that the investigation has a goal for a certain political group “at the behest of external parties.” On Wednesday, Hassan Fadlallah, a Hezbollah-affiliated MP, outright accused the US of interfering in the investigation.
A government meeting set for Wednesday was postponed, reportedly due to an inability to reach an agreement about what to do with Bitar.
The secretary-general of the Lebanese Parliament announced on Wednesday that all the measures taken by Bitar against presidents, ministers and deputies were considered an infringement of powers.
Sources from Hezbollah and the Marada movement told the Lebanese Al-Jadeed TV news that Bitar was preparing to accuse Hezbollah directly of responsibility for the explosion. The sources added that if Bitar is not removed, they will leave the government.
HEZBOLLAH’S FIGHT against Bitar may impact its relationship with Aoun as well, with Al-Jadeed reporting Aoun stormed out of a meeting on Tuesday, expressing anger at Hezbollah’s threats of force. Aoun reportedly has insisted on a separation of powers and refused to interfere in the judiciary.
The head of Lebanon’s Kataeb Party, Sami Gemayel, on Wednesday asked the government of Lebanon not to “bow to Hezbollah’s intimidation.”
Samir Gaegea, a Christian opponent of Hezbollah, called on the “free people of Lebanon” to prepare for a peaceful general strike if Bitar’s opponents attempt to impose their will by force. While Gaegea stressed his statement was not a threat, he added he would never accept a “certain reality” being imposed by force.
The families of the blast victims warned against replacing or intimidating Bitar, “no matter how high the threat level,” telling officials to “keep [their] hands off the judiciary.”
Former MP Mustapha Allouch warned on Wednesday, in an interview with Voice of Lebanon, that an international investigation is needed, and that the current situation is repeating the situation of the assassination of former prime minister Rafik Hariri, as Hezbollah feels the threads of the investigation pointing at it.
All of these factors are leading to concerns that Lebanon’s newly formed government may already be on the brink of collapse, which would leave the country leaderless yet again as it deals with an ongoing economic crisis.
Concerns are rising that the tensions could explode into violence, especially if Hezbollah continues to obstruct the investigation or tries to use force to remove Bitar.
Lebanon is set to hold elections in the spring, although there are concerns they could be delayed. The elections will pose yet another test for the country in crisis, as it will face the opportunity to elect new leaders.
Lebanon will also be faced with the challenge of keeping the elections safe and unaffected by corruption amid an increasingly charged environment that will likely only get more tense as elections near.
2021 年 10 月 13 日 21:52
外交部長亞伊爾·拉皮德 (Yair Lapid) 於 2021 年 10 月 13 日在華盛頓舉行的新聞發布會上講話
來自美國、阿聯酋和以色列的代表於 2021 年 10 月 13 日在華盛頓會面（圖片來源：SHLOMI AMSALEM/GPO）
美國認為外交是實現這一目標的最佳方式，並準備重返 2015 年與伊朗達成的核協議——聯合全面行動計劃，但是，布林肯說，“我們所看到的——或者更準確地說，不是來自德黑蘭的觀察表明他們不是。”
“時間不多了，因為我們也有機會討論，我們越來越接近恢復遵守 JCPOA 不會重新獲得 JCPOA 的好處的地步，因為伊朗正在利用這段時間推進它的計劃……隨著每一天拒絕真誠地參與，跑道變得更短，“他說。
Blinken、Lapid 和 Bin Zayed 之間的三邊會議（來源：外交部）
布林肯說：“眾所周知，聖經中的亞伯拉罕敢於與上帝爭論，問'為什麼？' – 或者更準確地說“為什麼不呢？”
哈里斯回憶說，兩人最後一次見面是在 2017 年她訪問以色列時。
預計他將於週四會見 AIPAC 的領導層，並會見以色列民主黨，其總統馬克梅爾曼在過去十年中一直是拉皮德的 Yesh Atid 黨的政治戰略家。
Lapid: Israel can act against Iran at any moment, in any way
US Secretary of State Antony Blinken says “time is running short” for Tehran to return to nuclear deal.
OCTOBER 13, 2021 21:52
Foreign Minister Yair Lapid speaks at a press conference in Washington on October 13, 2021
(photo credit: SHLOMI AMSALEM/GPO)
The world must act to stop the evil of Iran, Foreign Minister Yair Lapid said in a trilateral meeting with US Secretary of State Antony Blinken and United Arab Emirates Foreign Minister Abdullah bin Zayed in Washington on Wednesday.
“Israel reserves the right to act at any given moment, in any way,” Lapid stated. “That is not only our right, it is also our responsibility. Iran has publicly stated it wants to wipe us out; we have no intention of letting that happen.”
Lapid warned that the Iranians are “dragging their heels” in order to enrich uranium and develop its ballistic missile program while the world waits for them to return to negotiations.
“Secretary of State Blinken and I are sons of Holocaust survivors. We know there are moments when nations must use force to protect the world from evil. If a terror regime is going to acquire a nuclear weapon, we must act. We must make clear that the civilized world won’t allow it,” he said.
If diplomacy between world powers and Iran fails, “other options will be on the table,” Lapid said.
“When we say other options, I think everyone understands here, in Israel, in the Emirates and in Tehran, what it means,” Lapid added.
Delegates from the US, UAE and Israel meet in Washington on October 13, 2021 (credit: SHLOMI AMSALEM/GPO)
Those “other options” were discussed in the meeting between Lapid and US National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan on Tuesday in the bilateral meeting with Blinken and the trilateral meeting, the foreign minister said.
Blinken said he and the foreign ministers are “united in the proposition that Iran cannot get a nuclear weapon.”
The US believes that diplomacy is the best way to make that happen and is prepared to return to the 2015 nuclear deal – the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action – with Iran, but, Blinken said, “What we are seeing – or more accurately, not seeing – from Tehran suggests that they’re not.”
“Time is running short, because as we’ve also had the opportunity to discuss, we are getting closer to a point at which returning to compliance with the JCPOA will not recapture the benefits of the JCPOA, because Iran is using this time to advance its program…. With every day of refusal to engage in good faith, the runway gets shorter,” he said.
The trilateral meeting was held to commemorate a year since the signing of the Abraham Accords, by which Israel established diplomatic relations with the UAE and Bahrain, and later Morocco and Sudan, which are still in progress.
Trilateral meeting between Blinken, Lapid and Bin Zayed (credit: FOREIGN MINISTRY)
Blinken said that “Abraham in the Bible was known to have the temerity to argue with God, to ask ‘Why?’ – or more accurately ‘Why not?’
“Israel and the UAE asked ‘Why not?’ and now they are demonstrating every single day why it was so important for the countries to come together, work together, join together and create more opportunity for their peoples,” Blinken said.
Blinken said the three countries had launched two new working groups, the first on religious coexistence and the second on water and energy.
"This is a moment of rising antisemitism and rising Islamophobia and we want Israel and the UAE to build tolerance and ensure that all religious groups can worship in their own way," Blinken said.
Lapid said, “Today, there are leaders in the Middle East who believe we can change history together.”
He and bin Zayed have become friends, he said, because they share values of moderation, religious tolerance and fighting terrorism and radicalization, and they have a partnership based on economics, progress and technology.
Lapid said that Israel wants to expand the Abraham Accords to more countries, but is also focused on making sure the existing agreements are successful.
Bin Zayed thanked the US for embracing the UAE and Israel, showing that it supports “changing the narrative in the region.
“I’m sure this will have a further effect in the region, and I’m sure the more successful the UAE-Israel relationship, it will not only encourage the region, but will also encourage the Israeli people and Palestinian people that this works,” he stated.
The UAE-Israel relationship should not only be celebrated, but should be advanced with new venues of cooperation, bin Zayed said, referring to an agreement on climate change he and Lapid signed that day.
Bin Zayed said Lapid invited him to Israel, and he plans to visit soon.
As for the Palestinians, Blinken said the US is committed to “advancing equal measures of dignity and freedom” for Israelis and Palestinians, as well as working toward a two-state solution.
As such, Blinken said the Biden administration “will be moving forward with the process of opening a consulate as part of deepening those ties with the Palestinians.”
Prime Minister Naftali Bennett and Lapid oppose opening a consulate for Palestinians on Israeli sovereign territory in Jerusalem, as the Biden administration has said it sought to do.
Lapid briefly mentioned the Palestinians in his remarks, quoting former US president John F. Kennedy, saying, “All people are entitled to a decent way of life.
“This includes of course the Palestinians,” Lapid said. “Our goal is to work with the Palestinian Authority to ensure that every child has that opportunity.”
Bin Zayed said he was “encouraged” by meetings between Israeli ministers and their PA counterparts in recent weeks.
The Israeli government is split on how best to approach the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, with Bennett opposing a two-state solution, while Lapid has supported it.
But Lapid’s visions of the borders of those two states differ from those envisioned by the Biden administration, which has not advanced a peace plan.
Lapid met with US Vice President Kamala Harris on Tuesday.
Lapid said Harris is one of Israel’s “best friends” in Washington, just weeks after she failed to push back at a university student who accused Israel of “ethnic genocide” against the Palestinians.
“We can always count on you in a difficult moment,” Lapid said, adding that this friendship is based on shared values.
“Even when we have differences, I know that our goal is common to see Israel strong and secure and thriving,” he said.
Harris recalled that the two of them had last met in 2017 when she visited Israel.
She told Lapid that the US is committed to ensuring the “security of the people of Israel.”
She did not mention the Palestinians. Lapid, in turn, also did not speak of the Palestinians, but he did not mention Palestinian statehood.
“We all believe, as you said, that the Palestinians are entitled to have a quality of life, an economy and education and hope,” Lapid said.
Lapid also met with Democratic Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi on Tuesday.
He is expected to meet with AIPAC’s leadership on Thursday, and with the Democratic Majority for Israel, whose president, Mark Mellman, has been political strategist for Lapid’s Yesh Atid Party for the past decade.
2021 年 10 月 13 日 15:38
據報導，這次演習被命名為 Sky Defenders Velayat 1400，最近發生了。在這種情況下，系統面臨各種威脅，並據稱攔截了它們。
據伊朗法爾斯新聞報導，準將。國家防空基地司令阿米爾·卡德爾·拉希姆扎德宣布消息稱，“針對巡航導彈攻擊的強大和多層次防禦是第 1400 屆[韋拉亞特]天空衛士聯合專業防空演習的目標之一。 ”
Tasnim News 在研究系統的各個方面方面走得更遠。它指出，該系統有四個發射筒，可以攜帶 8 或 12 枚導彈。這將使其在某些方面與 Iron Dome 相似，但也可以與南非的 Umkhonto 導彈系統及其由 Denel Dynamics 製造的車載版本進行比較。
報告稱，該系統具有360°雷達覆蓋範圍，導彈垂直發射。這意味著它可以同時攻擊多個目標。“由於需要高精度來準確跟踪目標，這些雷達很可能在 X 波段運行，”報告稱。
據法爾斯通訊社報導，在這張未註明日期的講義圖片中，可以看到伊朗最高領袖阿亞圖拉阿里哈梅內伊靠近一個“3 Khordad”系統，據說該系統被用來擊落一架美國軍用無人機（圖片來源：FARS NEWS/HANDOUT）通過路透社）
該系統詳細信息的公佈表明，伊朗正試圖增加其可用於防空的系統類型。它正試圖製作一系列本土系統來複製俄羅斯和其他國家的系統。例如，伊朗開發了 Bavar 373，它於 2019 年推出，據說類似於俄羅斯 S-300 系統的能力。
Iran claims success for new 'Iranian Iron Dome' air defense system - analysis
The publication of details about the system illustrates that Iran is trying to increase the types of systems it can employ in air defense.
OCTOBER 13, 2021 15:38
Iran holds military drills as tensions rise with US
(photo credit: REUTERS)
Iran has claimed new success in its integrated air defense network. A drill claimed that a new air defense system has been unveiled by the Islamic Republic.
The drill was named Sky Defenders Velayat 1400 and took place recently, according to reports. In this case, the system confronted various threats and supposedly intercepted them.
According to Fars News in Iran, Brig.-Gen. Amir Qader Rahimzadeh, Commander of the National Air Defense Base, announced the news that a “strong and multi-layered defense against cruise missile attack is one of the goals of the joint specialized air defense exercise of the 1400th Province [Velayat] Sky Defenders.”
Images of a new air defense system were published for the first time. “Due to the different features of this system with other missile air defense systems in the country, the official information of this new system has not been published yet,” said the reports.
Tasnim News went much further in looking at aspects of the system. It notes that the system has four launch canisters and can carry eight or 12 missiles. This would make it similar in some ways to Iron Dome, but it can also be compared to South Africa’s Umkhonto missile system and its truck-mounted version, built by Denel Dynamics.
Iran has in the past tried to copy South African drones as well. “In this regard, each unit of the system achieves high mobility and high stability in combat environments with relative independence from the secondary vehicle carrying the radar,” says Tasnim.
The report says the system has 360° radar coverage and the missiles are launched vertically. This would mean it could simultaneously engage several targets. “Due to the need for high accuracy to accurately track targets, these radars are likely to operate in the X-band,” the report says.
“Deployment of radar on the launcher vehicle leads to the formation of a single unit called the TELAR (Transporter Erector Launcher And Radar), which makes it very difficult to disrupt radar and saturate it with electronic warfare due to the scattering of the radars in the combat environment.”
Iran air defenders have been critiqued in the past because they shot down a civilian airliner in January 2020. Iran tried in 2018 to send its 3rd Khordad system to Syria. It used the same system to shoot down an American Global Hawk drone in 2019.
Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei is seen near a ''3 Khordad'' system which is said to had been used to shoot down a U.S. military drone, according to news agency Fars, in this undated handout picture (credit: FARS NEWS/HANDOUT VIA REUTERS)
“From the video released from the new missile air defense system, it is evident that the control room of the system is also located under the radars. This method means maximum compression of system components,” says the Tasnim report. “The same type of aggregation of system components has been observed in several types of advanced Russian mid-range air defense systems operating, which results in much higher mobility of air defense fire.”
This means that Iran may have learned from the Pantsir and other Russian systems. Russia has deployed the Pantsir to Syria.
The publication of details about the system illustrates that Iran is trying to increase the types of systems it can employ in air defense. It is trying to make a series of indigenous systems that replicate the ones Russia and other countries have. For instance, Iran developed the Bavar 373, which was rolled out in 2019 and is said to resemble the capabilities of the Russian S-300 system.
Syrian air defense has often failed to stop airstrikes in recent years. Syrian air defense missiles have also been fired wildly, falling in Israel, Jordan, Cyprus and most recently in Iraq. Iran likely wants to put in place a more comprehensive air defense network and not replicate the failures of Syria – and Tehran could one day try to deploy these systems to its proxies and allies in Iraq, Syria and even Lebanon.
2021 年 10 月 13 日 20:28
（照片來源：JIM HOLLANDER / POOL / REUTERS）
他說，去年發表的兩份報告談到了敘利亞在 2017 年和 2018 年對其本國公民的四次化學武器襲擊，他補充說，儘管阿薩德政權已經加入了《化學武器公約》，但它已經這樣做了。
“《不擴散核武器條約》本身並沒有為該地區獨特的安全挑戰提供補救措施，更不用說一些成員國一再違反條約的情況了。嚴重違反 NPT 的五起案件中有四起發生在中東，”他說。
預計第一委員會將在 2021 年底之前批准埃及、約旦、阿聯酋等阿拉伯國家以及巴勒斯坦提出的題為“中東核擴散風險”的決議。權威。
Israel's nuclear weapons are the true Middle East threat, Iran warns UN
Iran's envoy to the UN warned that Israel's nuclear weapons are the true threat to Middle East peace.
OCTOBER 13, 2021 20:28
View of the Israeli nuclear facility in the Negev Desert outside Dimona
(photo credit: JIM HOLLANDER / POOL / REUTERS)
Israel’s atomic weapons are the true threat to Middle East peace, the Iranian and Syrian envoys alleged to the United Nations as they called on the Jewish state to support a regional nuclear-free zone.
“Nuclear weapons in the hands of this regime pose the most serious threat to the security of all states in the Middle East,” the Iranian envoy told the General Assembly’s First Committee during a discussion Tuesday on global nuclear disarmament.
Israel is suspected to be a nuclear power, but has never confirmed or admitted to possessing nuclear weapons.
Countries such as Iran and Syria have long accused it of being a secret nuclear power, particularly in rebuttal to accusations by Israel of Iran’s pursuit of atomic weapons and Syria’s use of chemical weapons against its citizens.
Israel has attempted “to portray Iran’s nuclear weapons capabilities” as a “challenge to regional stability” in order to distract attention away from its own “nuclear weapon arsenals as well as clandestine and unsafe nuclear installations,” the Iranian envoy said.
Israel had not signed the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), he noted, and hampers the establishment of a nuclear weapons-free zone in the Middle East. Nor has Israel allowed the International Atomic Energy Agency to inspect any of its nuclear weapons facilities, he charged.
Both he and the Syrian envoy spoke in response to a speech by Israel’s Ambassador to the UN Gilad Erdan that took both of their countries to task for noncompliance with treaties to which Israel itself is not a full party.
Erdan spoke of Syria’s violations of the Chemical Weapons Convention, a document Israel has signed but never ratified.
Two reports published last year spoke of four Syrian chemical weapons attacks against its own citizens in 2017 and in 2018, he said, adding that the Assad regime had done this even though it had acceded to the CWC.
“It is vital that the international community remains vigilant in dealing with this challenge of the noncompliance by Syria, and also continues investigating Syria’s current abilities and activities in regard to its chemical weapons program,” Erdan said.
The ambassador also called on the international community to prevent Iran from producing nuclear weapons.
“Coming to terms with Iran becoming a threshold nuclear state puts world peace in the balance and will remain a black stain on the history of the free world,” he said.
At a late point in the debate, a representative of the Israeli mission reminded the General Assembly that Iran is the main sponsor of global terrorism, including through the provision of arms.
Overall, Erdan spoke of the “worrisome escalation in the realm of arms control,” charging that the Middle East “is still struggling with a chronic lack of arms control norms and principles.
“There is an urgent need to focus on the implementation, compliance and verification of the obligations of states,” he said.
Erdan then attempted to explain why available instruments which Israel has not signed, such as the NPT, are not adequate to handle arms control issues in the Middle East.
“The Non-Proliferation Treaty in itself does not provide a remedy for the unique security challenges of the region, let alone the repeated violations of the treaty by some of its member states. Four of the five cases of serious violations of the NPT took place in the Middle East,” he said.
“Israel wishes to emphasize its long-standing view that the Treaty [on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons] and other weapons of mass destruction, which Israel does not support, does not create, contribute to the development of, or indicate the existence of customary law related to the subject or the content of the treaty,” he said.
“Initiatives such as the conference on a Middle East Zone Free of Nuclear Weapons and other weapons of mass destruction go against the guidelines and principles of the Nuclear Weapons Free Zone,” the ambassador said.
Iran, in its remarks, also spoke about Israeli treatment of the Palestinians. At no point did its envoy use the word “Israel,” preferring instead “the Zionist regime.”
The Iranian envoy accused Israel of “genocide against the Palestinians and “nuclear terrorism” against them.
Prior to the end of 2021, the First Committee is expected to approve a resolution, called “The risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East,” put forward by Arab states, including Egypt, Jordan and the United Arab Emirates as well as the Palestinian Authority.
Among its stipulations is a call on Israel to sign and ratify the NPT, noting that it is the only country in the region that hasn’t done so.
特拉維夫房價過高，接近泡沫風險 - 瑞銀
2021 年 10 月 13 日 15:46
在全球 25 個主要城市中，法蘭克福、多倫多和香港的房地產市場風險水平最高。然而，報告稱，特拉維夫的住房與大多數其他接受調查的城市一樣，開始看起來像泡沫。
以色列各地的房價在過去一年平均上漲了 8% 以上，專家估計公寓價格是十年前的 2-3 倍。
報告稱，在全球範圍內，房地產泡沫的風險在過去一年平均有所增加，許多城市的價格調整的潛在嚴重程度也有所增加。在過去四個季度中，經通脹調整後的城市房價增長加速至 6%，為 2014 年以來的最高增幅。
瑞銀全球財富管理首席投資辦公室房地產主管克勞迪奧·薩普特利 (Claudio Saputelli) 指出：“冠狀病毒大流行將許多人限制在自己的四堵牆內，放大了居住空間的重要性，並導致了更高的購房意願。”
Tel Aviv housing is overpriced, approaching bubble risk - UBS
Housing in Tel Aviv is overpriced and starting to approach bubble risk territory.
By ZEV STUB
OCTOBER 13, 2021 15:46
Real estate market
(photo credit: Courtesy)
Housing in Tel Aviv is overpriced, according to the UBS Global Real Estate Bubble Index published Wednesday.
Among 25 major cities around the world, Frankfurt, Toronto, and Hong Kong exhibited the most elevated risk levels on housing markets. However, Tel Aviv housing, like most other cities surveyed, is starting to look like a bubble, the report said.
“In Tel Aviv, falling mortgage rates and rapid population growth have pushed up prices,” the report said. “Moreover, the government has lowered the purchase tax for second homes, even encouraging housing market speculation as the market again approaches bubble risk territory. As a result, the market is highly overvalued.”
Housing prices around Israel have risen an average of more than 8% in the past year, and experts estimated that apartments cost 2-3 times more than they did a decade ago.
Economists say the main reason prices continue to rise is the high demand and the lack of supply in the housing market. The government has made controlling skyrocketing price levels one of their central economic goals, although it remains unclear how they intend to do so.
Real Estate (credit: JPOST STAFF)
Worldwide, the risk of real estate bubbles has on average increased over the last year, as has the potential severity of a price correction in many cities, the report said. Home price growth in the cities analyzed has accelerated to 6% in inflation-adjusted terms in the last four quarters, the highest increase since 2014.
“The coronavirus pandemic confined many people within their own four walls, amplifying the importance of living space, and leading to a higher willingness to pay for housing,” noted Claudio Saputelli, head of Real Estate at UBS Global Wealth Management’s Chief Investment Office.
Of the cities surveyed, only Madrid, Milan, and Warsaw remain fairly valued, and Dubai is the only undervalued market, the report said.
2021 年 10 月 13 日 16:55
巴勒斯坦權力機構批評者尼扎爾·巴納特 (Nizar Banat) 去世後的抗議活動中，巴勒斯坦警察於 6 月在拉馬拉與示威者對峙。
巴勒斯坦權力機構的安全措施在 5 月的以色列-哈馬斯戰爭以及一個月後反腐敗活動家尼扎爾·巴納特 (Nizar Banat) 被殺後有所增加。
上週，拉馬拉的巴勒斯坦人參加了一場抗議人權活動家尼扎爾·巴納特 (Nizar Banat) 死亡的抗議活動。（信用：FLASH90）
44 歲的巴納特被在希伯倫逮捕的巴勒斯坦安全官員毆打致死。參與逮捕巴納特的 14 名軍官目前正在拉馬拉的巴勒斯坦軍事法庭接受審判。
本月早些時候，巴勒斯坦安全官員突襲了巴納特家族在希伯倫的幾所房屋，並逮捕了他的一個堂兄弟哈桑巴納特，他是被殺的反腐敗活動家案件的關鍵證人。哈桑·巴納特 (Hassan Banat) 在對 14 名警官的審判開始前幾小時被捕。他在八天后被釋放。
在為期 11 天的戰爭結束後，成千上萬的巴勒斯坦人在約旦河西岸的幾個城市和村莊走上街頭，“慶祝”哈馬斯“勝利”。此後，數十名參加示威的巴勒斯坦人被巴勒斯坦權力機構安全部隊逮捕或訊問。
巴勒斯坦政治被拘留者委員會透露，上個月，至少有 52 名巴勒斯坦人在西岸各地被巴勒斯坦權力機構安全部隊逮捕。記錄巴勒斯坦權力機構侵犯人權行為的委員會稱，另有 62 名巴勒斯坦人被傳喚接受審訊。
上週，巴勒斯坦安全官員在納布盧斯與他兩歲的兒子散步時逮捕了活動家 Amir Shtayyeh。據報導，這名被單獨留下的男孩被路人護送回家。目前尚不清楚 Shtayyeh 是否已被正式起訴。
該委員會指出，在過去的四個星期裡，有 51 名大學生因他們的活動而被巴勒斯坦權力機構安全部隊的各個部門逮捕或審問。
“這種現像在最近幾個月有所增加，”政治活動家 Adnan Khader 說。“我們開始看到越來越多的人公開挑戰巴勒斯坦安全部隊。許多人不再害怕。”
上週，拉馬拉的一家巴勒斯坦法院推遲了對 17 名活動人士的審判，他們在反對殺害巴勒斯坦民族權力機構的直言不諱的批評者巴納特的廣泛抗議中被捕。
Palestinian Authority steps up crackdown on activists, rivals in West Bank
Hamas sources said that the crackdown was one of the fruits of the ongoing security coordination between the PA and Israel.
OCTOBER 13, 2021 16:55
The Palestinian Authority is continuing its crackdown on political activists and rivals in the West Bank, notwithstanding protests by Palestinian and international human rights organizations, Palestinians said on Wednesday.
The clampdown, which has targeted dozens of Palestinians over the past few weeks, is emboldening Hamas, the PA’s main rivals, and threatening to undermine security and stability in the West Bank, according to the Palestinians.
Hamas sources said the crackdown was one of the fruits of the ongoing security coordination between the PA and Israel.
“Many of those arrested over the past few weeks are former prisoners who were held by Israel,” the sources said. “They are arrested by the Palestinian Security Services after being released from Israeli prison. Some are rearrested by Israel after they are freed by the Palestinian forces. This proves that the security coordination is as strong as ever.’
The PA security measures increased after the Israel-Hamas war in May and the killing of anti-corruption activist Nizar Banat a month later.
Banat, 44, was beaten to death by Palestinian security officers who arrested him in Hebron. Fourteen officers who participated in the arrest of Banat are currently facing trial before a Palestinian military court in Ramallah.
Earlier this month, Palestinian security officers raided several homes belonging to Banat’s family in Hebron and arrested one of his cousins, Hassan Banat, a key witness in the case of the slain anti-corruption activist. Hassan Banat was arrested hours before the opening of the trial of the 14 officers. He was released after eight days.
After the 11-day war, thousands of Palestinians took to the streets in several West Bank cities and villages to “celebrate” the Hamas “victory.” Dozens of Palestinians who participated in the demonstrations have since been arrested or questioned by the PA security forces.
Last month, at least 52 Palestinians were arrested by PA security forces in various parts of the West Bank, the Palestinian Committee for Political Detainees revealed. Another 62 Palestinians were summoned for interrogation, the committee, which documents human rights violations by the PA, said.
Last week, Palestinian security officers arrested activist Amir Shtayyeh while he was walking with his two-year-old son in Nablus. The boy, who was left alone, was reportedly escorted home by passersby. It was not clear whether Shtayyeh has been formally charged.
Palestinian human rights activist Walid Abdullah said that most of the Palestinian arrested or interrogated by the PA security forces were accused of being affiliated with Hamas, Palestinian Islamic Jihad, Hizb ut-Tahrir and the PLO’s Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP).
At least seven Palestinians were summoned for interrogation in the past few weeks on suspicion of “insulting” Palestinian leaders on social media, another human rights advocate said.
According to the committee, which represents families of Palestinians held in PA prisons, four detainees are currently on hunger strike in protest of their incarceration.
The committee said that the PA security forces have also resumed their crackdown on university students, especially those affiliated with Hamas, in various campuses throughout the West Bank.
In the past four weeks, the committee noted, 51 university students were arrested or interrogated by various branches of the PA security forces over their activities.
Most of the arrests and interrogations took place in Nablus and Hebron, the committee added.
Last week, a video posted on social media showed several Palestinian policemen beating a Palestinian man in the village of Idna, west of Hebron. The incident sparked a wave of protests among Palestinians, who accused the PA of stepping up its “repressive” measures against political activists and other Palestinians.
Several Palestinians who received summons to report for interrogation at the offices of the PA’s General Intelligence Service and Preventive Security Force announced that they do not intend to comply with the order. The Palestinians posted copies of the orders they received from the two security agencies and said that they will not report for interrogation.
“This phenomenon has grown in recent months,” said political activist Adnan Khader. “We are beginning to see more and more people openly challenge the Palestinian security forces. Many people are no longer afraid.”
Last week, a Palestinian court in Ramallah postponed the trial of 17 activists who were arrested during widespread protests against the killing of Banat, the outspoken critic of the PA.
The activists are accused of participating in illegal gatherings, fomenting sectarian strife and bad-mouthing Palestinian leaders.
“The postponement of the trial shows that the PA judiciary is not serious,” the Ramallah-based Lawyers for Justice group said in a statement. “Such measures disrupt the process of justice and obstruct the emergence of the truth.”