2021.10.18 國際新聞導讀-土耳其將以過去投資在F35上的資金買進40架美國F16及80組升級套件、印度將加強與以色列經貿關係、中國對美國加拿大英國等軍艦通過台灣海峽表示不滿、巴勒斯坦自治政府停止對三個巴解組織成員的每月7萬美金撥款、黎巴嫩馬龍派教座呼籲和平及不使用武力、以色列賦予警察更多權力以打擊阿拉伯城鎮之幫派暴力

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2021.10.18 國際新聞導讀-土耳其將以過去投資在F35上的資金買進40架美國F16及80組升級套件、印度將加強與以色列經貿關係、中國對美國加拿大英國等軍艦通過台灣海峽表示不滿、巴勒斯坦自治政府停止對三個巴解組織成員的每月7萬美金撥款、黎巴嫩馬龍派教座呼籲和平及不使用武力、以色列賦予警察更多權力以打擊阿拉伯城鎮之幫派暴力

土耳其總統埃爾多安稱美國提議出售 F-16 以換取 F-35 投資

土耳其總統雷傑普·塔伊普·埃爾多安週日表示,美國在從俄羅斯購買了 S-400 導彈防禦系統後,提出向土耳其出售 F-16 戰鬥機而不是 F-35。

通過路透

2021 年 10 月 17 日 15:48

IDF F-35 部署在意大利進行大規模演習,2021 年 6 月

(圖片來源:以色列國防軍發言人單位)

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總統塔伊普·埃爾多安週日表示,美國已提議向土耳其出售 F-16 戰鬥機,以換取其對 F-35 計劃的投資,土耳其在從俄羅斯購買導彈防禦系統後從該計劃中撤出。

路透社本月早些時候報導稱,土耳其向美國提出要求,為其現有戰機購買 40 架洛克希德·馬丁公司製造的 F-16 戰鬥機和近 80 套現代化套件。

埃爾多安在啟程前往西非之前對記者說,土耳其希望獲得對 F-35 項目的投資回報,關於這個問題的談判正在進行中。

埃爾多安說:“我們為 F-35 支付了 14 億美元,美國提出了這樣的提議,以換取這些付款。”

“關於這一點,我們說讓我們採取任何必要的步驟來滿足我們國家的國防需求,”他說,並補充說新的 F-16 噴氣式飛機將有助於發展其機隊。

安卡拉已訂購了 100 多架由洛克希德馬丁公司製造的 F-35 噴氣式飛機,但在土耳其獲得俄羅斯 S-400 導彈防禦系統後,美國於 2019 年將土耳其從該計劃中刪除。

俄羅斯 S-400 導彈防禦系統的第一部分於 2019 年 7 月 12 日在土耳其安卡拉附近的 Murted 機場(稱為 Akinci 空軍基地)從俄羅斯飛機上卸下。(圖片來源:REUTERS)

過去五年,北約盟國之間長達數十年的伙伴關係因敘利亞政策分歧、安卡拉與莫斯科更密切的關係、其在東地中海的海軍野心、美國對土耳其國有銀行的指控以及侵蝕而經歷了前所未有的動盪。土耳其的權利和自由。

安卡拉購買 S-400 也引發了美國的製裁。2020 年 12 月,華盛頓將土耳其國防工業局、局長伊斯梅爾·德米爾和其他三名員工列入黑名單。

從那以後,美國一再警告土耳其不要購買更多俄羅斯武器。但埃爾多安表示,安卡拉仍打算從俄羅斯購買第二批 S-400,此舉可能會加深與華盛頓的裂痕。

對噴氣式飛機的要求可能很難獲得美國國會的批准,近年來,美國國會對土耳其的情緒已經嚴重惡化。

美國國會兩黨支持推動拜登政府向安卡拉施加進一步壓力,主要是針對其購買俄羅斯武器及其人權記錄。

安卡拉曾表示希望在美國總統喬拜登的領導下建立更好的關係。

Turkey's Erdogan says US proposed F-16 sales in return for F-35 investment

Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan said on Sunday that the US offered to sell the country F-16 fighter jets instead of F-35s after it bought S-400 missile defense systems from Russia.

By REUTERS

OCTOBER 17, 2021 15:48

IDF F-35 deployed for large-scale drill in Italy, June, 2021

(photo credit: IDF SPOKESPERSON'S UNIT)

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President Tayyip Erdogan said on Sunday that the United States had proposed the sale of F-16 fighter jets to Turkey in return for its investment in the F-35 programme, from which Ankara was removed after purchasing missile defence systems from Russia.

Reuters reported earlier this month that Turkey made a request to the United States to buy 40 Lockheed Martin-made F-16 fighter jets and nearly 80 modernization kits for its existing warplanes.

Speaking to reporters before departing for a trip to West Africa, Erdogan said Turkey wants a return for its investment in the F-35 programme and that talks on the issue are ongoing.

"There is the payment of $1.4 billion we have made for the F-35s and the US had such a proposal in return for these payments," Erdogan said.

"And regarding this, we said let's take whatever steps are needed to be taken to meet the defence needs of our country," he said, adding that the new F-16 jets would help develop its fleet.

Ankara had ordered more than 100 F-35 jets, made by Lockheed Martin Corp, but the US removed Turkey from the programme in 2019 after it acquired Russian S-400 missile defence systems.

First parts of a Russian S-400 missile defense system are unloaded from a Russian plane at Murted Airport, known as Akinci Air Base, near Ankara, Turkey, July 12, 2019. (credit: REUTERS)

The decades-old partnership between the NATO allies has gone through unprecedented tumult in the past five years over disagreements on Syria policy, Ankara's closer ties with Moscow, its naval ambitions in the eastern Mediterranean, US charges against a state-owned Turkish bank and erosion of rights and freedoms in Turkey.

Ankara's purchase of the S-400s has also triggered US sanctions. In December 2020, Washington blacklisted Turkey's Defence Industry Directorate, its chief, Ismail Demir, and three other employees.

Since then the US has repeatedly warned Turkey against buying further Russian weaponry. But Erdogan has indicated Ankara still intends to buy a second batch of S-400s from Russia, a move that could deepen the rift with Washington.

The request for the jets will likely have a difficult time getting approval from the US Congress, where sentiment towards Turkey has soured deeply over recent years.

There is bipartisan support in US Congress to push the Biden administration to put further pressure on Ankara, primarily over its purchase of Russian weapons and its human rights track record.

Ankara has said it hopes for better ties under US President Joe Biden.

多達17名美國傳教士和家人在海地被綁架 - 媒體

在美洲最貧窮的國家,幫派暴力的激增已導致數千人流離失所,並阻礙了經濟活動。

通過路透

2021 年 10 月 17 日 08:11

海地國旗。

(照片來源:PIXABAY)

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據美國媒體報導,週六,多達 17 名美國基督教傳教士及其家人,包括兒童,在海地首都太子港被黑幫成員綁架。

《紐約時報》稱,這起綁架事件發生在傳教士離開這個危機四伏的加勒比國家的孤兒院之後。

《華盛頓郵報》報導稱,來自俄亥俄州基督教援助部的音頻說:與該組織有關聯的“男人、女人和兒童”被一個武裝團伙關押。

“任務現場主任和美國大使館正在努力看看可以做些什麼,”音頻被引述說。“祈禱幫派成員能夠悔改並相信耶穌基督。”

美國有線電視新聞網援引海地安全部隊一位不願透露姓名的消息人士的話稱,遇難者包括 14 名成年人和 3 名未成年人。

美國有線電視新聞網說,他們在參觀了 Croix des Bouquets 地區的孤兒院後前往泰坦延。《泰晤士報》援引當地官員的話說,這些傳教士被從一輛開往機場的巴士上帶走,在繼續前往海地的另一個目的地之前,他們會下車。

一位發言人告訴路透社,美國國務院知道這些報導,但沒有提供細節。這位發言人在一封電子郵件中說:“海外美國公民的福利和安全是國務院的最高優先事項之一。”

2017 年 12 月 11 日,海地總統 Moise Jovenel 在法國巴黎愛麗舍宮舉行的新聞發布會上發表講話。(圖片來源:LUDOVIC MARIN/POOL VIA REUTERS)

美國駐海地大使館沒有在營業時間以外回應置評請求。海地警方發言人表示,她正在尋求有關此事的信息。

基督教援助部沒有立即回應置評請求。

在美洲最貧窮的國家,幫派暴力的激增已導致數千人流離失所,並阻礙了經濟活動。在 7 月總統 Jovenel Moise暗殺和8 月地震導致 2,000 多人死亡後,暴力事件不斷升級

Up to 17 US missionaries and family kidnapped in Haiti - media

A surge in gang violence has displaced thousands and hampered economic activity in the poorest country in the Americas.

By REUTERS

OCTOBER 17, 2021 08:11

The flag of Haiti.

(photo credit: PIXABAY)

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As many as 17 American Christian missionaries and their families, including children, were kidnapped on Saturday by gang members in Haiti's capital of Port-au-Prince, US media reported.

The kidnapping happened after the missionaries left an orphanage in the crisis-engulfed Caribbean nation, the New York Times said.

The Washington Post reported that audio from the Ohio-based Christian Aid Ministries said: “men, women and children” associated with the group were being held by an armed gang.

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“The mission field director and the American embassy are working to see what can be done,” the audio was quoted as saying. “Pray that the gang members will come to repentance and faith in Jesus Christ.”

The victims included 14 adults and three minors, CNN said, citing an unnamed source in Haiti's security forces.

They were traveling to Titanyen after visiting the orphanage in the Croix des Bouquets area, CNN said. The Times, citing local officials, said the missionaries were taken from a bus headed to the airport to drop off some members of the group before continuing to another destination in Haiti.

The US State Department is aware of the reports, a spokesperson told Reuters but did not offer details. "The welfare and safety of US citizens abroad are one of the highest priorities of the Department of State," the spokesperson said in an email.

Haitian President Moise Jovenel speaks during a press conference at the Elysee Palace in Paris, France, December 11, 2017. (credit: LUDOVIC MARIN/POOL VIA REUTERS)

The US Embassy in Haiti did not respond to a request for comment outside business hours. A spokeswoman for the Haitian police said she was seeking information on the issue.

Christian Aid Ministries did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

A surge in gang violence has displaced thousands and hampered economic activity in the poorest country in the Americas. Violence spiraled after the assassination of President Jovenel Moise in July and an earthquake in August which killed over 2,000 people.

印度尋求擴大與以色列的經濟合作

印度外交部長 S. Jaishankar 博士說,我們將以色列視為我們最值得信賴和最具創新精神的合作夥伴。

ZEV 存根

2021 年 10 月 17 日 21:54

印度重開的業務,並希望加強與以色列的貿易關係,印度對外事務部長蘇杰生告訴一群以色列和印度商界領袖在週日。

Jaishankar 本週在以色列,這是他自 2017 年以來的首次訪問。他的訪問是與本週在南部與印度、美國、德國、意大利、英國、法國、希臘和以色列參加。

大流行的第一階段遭受重大經濟損失後,印度現在有信心今年可以實現 9% 的經濟增長,並且是出口和外國直接投資有史以來最好的一年。

Jaishankar 說,印度近年來實施了一系列經濟改革,使其在全球經濟中具有更大的競爭力。

“我們將以色列視為我們最值得信賴和最具創新性的合作夥伴,”他說。

印度外交部長 S. Jaishankar 博士在耶路撒冷與一群商界領袖交談。(信用:禮貌印度駐以色列大使館)

自印度和以色列於 1992 年首次建立外交關係以來,雙邊貿易和經濟關係已從當年的 2 億美元增長到 2021 年的約 50 億美元,其中包括石油貿易。國防貿易包括另外 $1.5b。

印度現在是以色列在亞洲的第三大貿易夥伴,也是全球第七大貿易夥伴。貿易主要以鑽石和化學品為主,儘管近年來高科技產品、服務、電子機械、通信系統、醫療設備等領域的貿易有所增加。

以色列-印度商會主席兼 TiE Israel 總裁 Anat Bernstein-Reich 表示,健康將成為未來貿易的主要焦點,食品技術、能源、移動、電子和可持續發展技術也將如此。

印度外交部長 S. Jaishankar 博士在耶路撒冷與一群商界領袖交談。(信用:禮貌印度駐以色列大使館)

以色列經濟部總幹事 Ron Malka 說,以色列在印度有三個經濟專員,可以幫助促進各種經濟舉措。他指出,在大流行開始時,以色列和印度共同努力,幫助以色列撤離了3000多名被困在印度的以色列人。他指出,它還向以色列發送了藥物和其他治療所需的材料。

馬爾卡說:“以色列和印度是兩國在大流行期間如何合作的光輝典範。” “有很多合作途徑,未來還有更多。”

India seeking to expand economic cooperation with Israel

'We regard Israel as our most trusted and most innovative partners,' India's Minister of External Affairs Dr. S. Jaishankar said.

By ZEV STUB

OCTOBER 17, 2021 21:54

India's Minister of External Affairs Dr. S. Jaishankar speaks to a group of business leaders in Jerusalem.

(photo credit: COURTESY INDIAN EMBASSY IN ISRAEL)

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India is reopening for business, and looking to increase trade ties with Israel, India’s Minister of External Affairs Dr. S. Jaishankar told a group of Israeli and Indian business leaders on Sunday.

Jaishankar is in Israel this week on his first visit here since 2017. His trip is being held in conjunction with the international Blue Flag aerial exercise that is taking place in the South this week with the airforces of India, the US, Germany, Italy, the UK, France and Greece and Israel taking part.

After suffering significant economic damage during the first phase of the pandemic, India is now confident it can achieve 9% economic growth this year and is having its best year ever for both exports and foreign direct investment.

India has implemented a number of economic reforms in recent years that are giving it greater power to compete in the global economy, Jaishankar said.

“We regard Israel as our most trusted and most innovative partners,” he said.

India's Minister of External Affairs Dr. S. Jaishankar speaks to a group of business leaders in Jerusalem. (credit: COURTESY INDIAN EMBASSY IN ISRAEL)

Since diplomatic relations between India and Israel were first established in 1992, bilateral trade and economic relations have grown from $200 million that year to some $5 billion in 2021, including petroleum trade. Defense trade comprises another $1.5b.

India is now Israel’s third-largest trading partner in Asia and its seventh-largest globally. Trade has been dominated primarily by diamonds and chemicals, although in recent years, there has been more commerce in hi-tech products, services, electronic machinery, communications systems, medical equipment, and other fields.

Health will be a major focus of future trade, as will food tech, energy, mobility, electronics and sustainability technologies, said Anat Bernstein-Reich, Chairperson of the Israel-India Chambers of Commerce and president of TiE Israel.

India's Minister of External Affairs Dr. S. Jaishankar speaks to a group of business leaders in Jerusalem. (credit: COURTESY INDIAN EMBASSY IN ISRAEL)

Israel has three economic attaches in India who can help facilitate all kinds of economic initiatives, said Ron Malka, Director General of the Economy Ministry. He noted that Israel and India worked together at the beginning of the pandemic to help Israel evacuate more than 3,000 Israelis who were stuck in India. It also sent Israel materials needed for drugs and other treatments, he noted.

“Israel and India are a shining example of how two nations could collaborate during the pandemic,” Malka said. “There are many avenues of collaboration in place, and there are many more to come.”

中國譴責美國、加拿大派軍艦通過台灣海峽

美國軍方表示,阿利伯克級導彈驅逐艦杜威號穿越了將台灣與其巨大的鄰國中國隔開的狹窄水道。

通過路透

2021 年 10 月 17 日 16:12

加拿大海軍護衛艦 HMCS Winnipeg 出現在一張未註明日期的檔案照片中。北約部隊於 2009 年 4 月 19 日說,北約部隊挫敗了索馬里海盜對一艘挪威油輪的襲擊,並在夜幕降臨後追捕了七名槍手,並短暫拘留了他們。

(圖片來源:路透社)

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中國軍方周日譴責美國和加拿大上週各自派軍艦通過台灣海峽,稱他們正在威脅該地區的和平與穩定。

中國聲稱民主統治的台灣是自己的領土,並在過去一年或更長時間內多次向台灣防空識別區(ADIZ)執行空軍任務,激起了台北的憤怒。

從 10 月 1 日開始的四天時間裡,中國向該地區派出了大約 150 架飛機,進一步加劇了北京和台北之間的緊張局勢,引發了國際關注。

美國軍方說,阿利·伯克級導彈驅逐艦USS杜威通過狹窄的水道,從它的巨大鄰國中國與在週四和週五加拿大護衛艦HMCS溫尼伯沿分離台灣航行。

“杜威和溫尼伯通過台灣海峽表明了美國和我們的盟友和夥伴對自由開放的印度太平洋地區的承諾,”它補充說。

2018 年,來自第一安全部隊援助旅的美國軍事顧問在阿富汗邁丹瓦爾達克省的阿富汗國民軍基地的砲兵陣地與阿富汗士兵合作(圖片來源:REUTERS)

中國人民解放軍東部戰區司令部表示,其部隊在船隻通過過程中對其進行監視並“站崗”。

“美加勾結挑撥挑釁……嚴重危害台海和平穩定。”

“台灣是中國領土的一部分,戰區部隊始終保持高度戒備,堅決應對一切威脅和挑釁。”

美國海軍艦艇大約每個月都經過海峽,這激怒了北京北京指責華盛頓煽動地區緊張局勢。美國盟友偶爾也會派船隻通過海峽,其中包括一艘英國軍艦。

雖然台海緊張局勢升級,但沒有發生槍擊事件,中國飛機也沒有進入台灣領空,活動集中在防空識別區的西南部。

防空識別區雖然包括台灣領空,但涵蓋了台灣監視和巡邏的更廣泛區域,以給予台灣更多時間來應對任何威脅。

台灣國防部周日表示,三架中國飛機——兩架殲16戰鬥機和一架反潛機——再次飛入防空識別區。

China condemns US, Canada for sending warships through Taiwan Strait

The US military said the Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer USS Dewey sailed through the narrow waterway that separates Taiwan from its giant neighbor China.

By REUTERS

OCTOBER 17, 2021 16:12

The Canadian naval frigate HMCS Winnipeg is seen in an undated file photo. NATO forces foiled an attack by Somali pirates on a Norwegian oil tanker, and briefly detained seven gunmen after hunting them down under cover of darkness, NATO officials said April 19, 2009.

(photo credit: REUTERS)

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The Chinese military on Sunday condemned the United States and Canada for each sending a warship through the Taiwan Strait last week, saying they were threatening peace and stability in the region.

China claims democratically-ruled Taiwan as its own territory and has mounted repeated air force missions into Taiwan's air defense identification zone (ADIZ) over the past year or more, provoking anger in Taipei.

China sent around 150 aircraft into the zone over a four-day period beginning on October 1 in a further heightening of tension between Beijing and Taipei that has sparked concern internationally.

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The US military said the Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer USS Dewey sailed through the narrow waterway that separates Taiwan from its giant neighbor China along with the Canadian frigate HMCS Winnipeg on Thursday and Friday.

"Dewey's and Winnipeg's transit through the Taiwan Strait demonstrates the commitment of the United States and our allies and partners to a free and open Indo-Pacific," it added.

US MILITARY advisers from the 1st Security Force Assistance Brigade work with Afghan soldiers at an artillery position on an Afghan National Army base in Maidan Wardak province, Afghanistan in 2018 (credit: REUTERS)

China's People's Liberation Army's Eastern Theatre Command said its forces monitored the ships and "stood guard" throughout their passage.

"The United States and Canada colluded to provoke and stir up trouble… seriously jeopardizing peace and stability of the Taiwan Strait," it said.

"Taiwan is part of Chinese territory. Theater forces always maintain a high level of alert and resolutely counter all threats and provocations."

American Navy ships have been transiting the strait roughly monthly, to the anger of Beijing, which has accused Washington of stoking regional tensions. US allies occasionally also send ships through the strait, including a British warship.

While tensions across the Taiwan Strait have risen, there has been no shooting and Chinese aircraft have not entered Taiwanese air space, concentrating their activity in the southwestern part of the ADIZ.

While including Taiwanese territorial air space, the ADIZ encompasses a broader area that Taiwan monitors and patrols that acts to give it more time to respond to any threats.

Taiwan's defense ministry said on Sunday that three Chinese aircraft - two J-16 fighters and an anti-submarine aircraft - flew into the ADIZ again.

巴解組織反對派指責阿巴斯削減資金

巴勒斯坦分析人士說,巴勒斯坦權力機構主席的決定顯然是為了在以色列和巴勒斯坦權力機構之間可能恢復和平談判之前讓批評者噤聲。

哈利·阿布·托梅

2021 年 10 月 17 日 20:01

2019 年 12 月 18 日,巴勒斯坦總統馬哈茂德·阿巴斯在拉馬拉巴勒斯坦總統辦公室出席法塔赫運動革命委員會會議時發表聲明。

這些團體在周日的聯合聲明中表示,巴勒斯坦領導人顯然是對巴勒斯坦民族權力機構主席馬哈茂德·阿巴斯的委婉說法,已暫停向三個巴勒斯坦解放組織(PLO)反對派派別每月付款,試圖迫使他們改變政策。

解放巴勒斯坦人民陣線(PFLP)、解放巴勒斯坦民主陣線(DFLP)和巴勒斯坦人民黨(前身為巴勒斯坦共產黨)譴責停止資助的決定,稱其目的是“勒索”他們並“破壞他們的政治立場”。

這三個團體表示,四個月前停止提供資金的決定是在“個人基礎上”做出的,顯然是指阿巴斯,他也是巴解組織執行委員會的負責人。

聲明中寫道:“暫停付款的決定違反了巴解組織的章程,侵犯了其領導機構的權力。” “這也嚴重損害了巴解組織各派之間的內部關係。”

PFLP、DFLP 和 PPP 表示,這一決定“是在三個派別在推進民眾抵抗和對抗佔領擴張、猶太化、種族清洗和種族隔離政策方面的責任越來越大的時候做出的。”

巴勒斯坦權力機構主席馬哈茂德·阿巴斯在拉馬拉與巴勒斯坦領導人會面時做出手勢。(信用:穆罕默德·托羅克曼/路透社)

這些團體表示,暫停撥款不會成功“敲詐”他們或勸阻他們“在壓迫和威權主義政策面前繼續捍衛人民自由和民主權利的作用”。

PPP 秘書長 Bassam al-Salhi 表示,他的團體和 DFLP 已決定抵制 PLO 執行委員會的會議,以抗議暫停提供資金。他補充說,正在就解決危機進行接觸。

巴勒斯坦政治分析人士表示,這一決定顯然是為了在以色列和巴勒斯坦權力機構可能恢復和平談判之前讓批評者保持沉默。

這些團體長期以來一直批評巴勒斯坦權力機構的政策,尤其是在與以色列的和平談判以及對約旦河西岸政治活動家和反對者的安全鎮壓方面。他們還批評巴勒斯坦權力機構領導層與以色列政府官員舉行會議。

PFLP 和 DFLP 對奧斯陸協議持批評態度。PPP 最初支持這些協議,但後來對和平進程採取了強硬立場。

今年早些時候,人民黨宣布將退出巴勒斯坦權力機構政府,以抗議反腐敗活動家尼扎爾·巴納特( Nizar Banat)於 6 月下旬被巴勒斯坦安全官員毆打致死。儘管做出了這一決定,政府中的 PPP 代表、勞工部長 Nasri Abu Jaish 拒絕提交辭職,促使該黨將他從其隊伍中開除。

PFLP 不承認以色列,反對和平談判,並呼籲一國解決方案。

DFLP 對奧斯陸協議表示保留,認為它們剝奪了巴勒斯坦人的合法權利。然而,後來民主自由黨表示願意參加與以色列的最終地位談判。

PFLP 和 DFLP 擁有所謂的“武裝翼”,多年來對以色列進行了多次恐怖襲擊。

這三個團體是巴解組織中 11 個派系的一部分。以阿巴斯為首的執政的法塔赫派是最大和最具統治力的,其次是人陣。

巴解組織各派別每月從巴勒斯坦民族基金那裡獲得高達 70,000 美元的撥款,該基金成立於 1964 年,是巴解組織的非官方“財政部”。

2016 年,PFLP 和 DFLP 指責阿巴斯暫停了他們的每月津貼,但後來又恢復了。

Jerusalem Post

Middle East

PLO opposition factions accuse Abbas of cutting funding

The Palestinian Authority president's decision was apparently designed to silence critics ahead of a possible resumption of peace talks between Israel and the PA, Palestinian analysts said.

By KHALED ABU TOAMEH

OCTOBER 17, 2021 20:01

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas makes a statement as he attends the Revolutionary Council Meeting of Fatah Movement at the Palestinian Presidential Office in Ramallah, on December 18, 2019.

The Palestinian leadership, an apparent euphemism for Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas, has suspended monthly payments to three Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) opposition factions in an attempt to force them to change their policies, the groups said in a joint statement on Sunday.

The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP) and Palestinian People’s Party (PPP), formerly the Palestinian Communist Party, condemned the decision to halt the funding, saying it aims to “blackmail” them and “undermine their political positions.”

The three groups said that the decision to halt the funds four months ago was taken on an “individual basis,” an apparent reference to Abbas, who also heads the PLO Executive Committee.

“The decision to suspend the payments constitutes a violation of the statute of the PLO and an infringement on the powers of its leading bodies,” the statement read. “It also seriously damages internal relations between the PLO factions.”

According to the PFLP, DFLP and the PPP, the decision “comes at a time when the responsibilities of the three factions are increasing in advancing the popular resistance and confronting the occupation’s policies of settlement expansion, Judaization, ethnic cleansing and apartheid.”

PA PRESIDENT Mahmoud Abbas gestures during a meeting with the Palestinian leadership in Ramallah. (credit: MOHAMAD TOROKMAN/REUTERS)

The groups said that the suspension of the funds will not succeed in “blackmailing” them or dissuading them from “continuing their role in defending freedoms and democratic rights of the people in the face of the policies of oppression and authoritarianism.”

PPP Secretary-General Bassam al-Salhi said that his group and the DFLP have decided to boycott meetings of the PLO Executive Committee in protest over the suspension of the funds. Contacts are underway to solve the crisis, he added.

Palestinian political analysts said that the decision was apparently designed to silence critics, ahead of a possible resumption of peace talks between Israel and the Palestinian Authority.

The groups have long been critical of the policies of the PA, especially regarding peace talks with Israel, and the security crackdown on political activists and opponents in the West Bank. They have also criticized the PA leadership for holding meetings with Israeli government officials.

The PFLP and DFLP are critical of the Oslo Accords. The PPP initially supported the agreements but later adopted a hard-line stance concerning the peace process.

Earlier this year, the PPP announced that it would withdraw from the PA government in protest over the death of anti-corruption activist Nizar Banat, who was beaten to death by Palestinian security officers in late June. Despite the decision, the PPP representative in the government, Minister of Labor Nasri Abu Jaish, refused to submit his resignation, prompting the party to expel him from its ranks.

The PFLP does not recognize Israel, opposes peace negotiations, and calls for a one-state solution.

The DFLP has expressed reservations about the Oslo Accords, arguing that they deprive the Palestinians of their legitimate rights. Later, however, the DFLP expressed its readiness to participate in final status talks with Israel.

The PFLP and DFLP have so-called “armed wings” that have over the years carried out several terror attacks against Israel.

The three groups are part of 11 factions represented in the PLO. The ruling Fatah faction, headed by Abbas, is the largest and most dominant, followed by the PFLP.

The PLO factions receive monthly allocations of up to $70,000 from the Palestinian National Fund, founded in 1964 as the PLO’s unofficial “Finance Ministry.”

In 2016, the PFLP and DFLP accused Abbas of suspending their monthly stipends but they were later reinstated.

黎巴嫩馬龍派族長稱任何政黨都不應訴諸暴力

週四的暴力事件導致七名什葉派穆斯林被殺,正值對去年港口爆炸事件的調查日益緊張之際。

通過路透

2021 年 10 月 17 日 12:43

黎巴嫩馬龍教宗主教 Bechara Boutros Al-Rai 於 2020 年 7 月 15 日在黎巴嫩巴布達總統府與黎巴嫩總統米歇爾·奧恩會面後發表講話

(照片來源:DALATI NOHRA/Handout via REUTERS)

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黎巴嫩最高基督教神職人員、馬龍派宗主教貝查拉·布特羅斯·阿爾萊 (Bechara Boutros Al-Rai) 週日表示,由於對去年貝魯特港爆炸事件的調查導致緊張局勢加劇,該國的司法機構不應受到政治干預和宗派“激進主義”。

Rai 還表示,在上周圍繞調查發生致命騷亂之後,任何一方訴諸威脅或暴力都是不可接受的——這是黎巴嫩十多年來最嚴重的街頭流血事件,並激起了人們對 1975-1990 年毀滅性內戰的回憶。

他在佈道中說:“我們必須根據三權分立的原則,將司法機構從政治干預、宗派和黨派政治活動中解放出來,並尊重其獨立性。”

“沒有人可以凌駕於法律和司法之上。”

Rai 是馬龍派教會的負責人,作為黎巴嫩最大的基督教社區的宗教領袖,扮演著有影響力的角色,那裡的政治權力分為主要的基督教、穆斯林和德魯茲教派。

黎巴嫩馬龍教宗主教 Bechara Boutros Al-Rai 於 2017 年 11 月 13 日訪問黎巴嫩駐沙特阿拉伯利雅得大使館。(來源:REUTERS/FAISAL AL NASSER)

對 2020 年 8 月 4 日爆炸造成 200 多人死亡並摧毀貝魯特大片地區的調查在強大的政治派別的反對下幾乎沒有取得進展,真主黨領袖哈桑·納斯魯拉說,首席調查員塔雷克·比塔爾法官——是有偏見和政治化的。

星期四,七名什葉派穆斯林被殺害,因為在伊朗支持的什葉派真主黨組織及其什葉派盟友阿邁勒召集的示威活動中,人群正前往抗議比塔爾。

暴力事件加劇了人們對一個武器氾濫、經濟崩潰的國家的穩定性的擔憂。

“民主制度為我們提供了表達自由的和平手段,無論是支持還是反對,因此任何一方訴諸威脅或暴力並設立政黨檢查站或部落檢查站以通過武力獲得他們想要的東西是不可接受的,”賴說。 .

“我們拒絕用報復代替正義?” 他說。

他補充說,黎巴嫩部長理事會必須開會、做出決定並尊重權威。

真主黨將周四的死亡歸咎於基督教黎巴嫩力量黨,該黨領袖薩米爾·吉亞否認了這一指控。

週四,軍方最初表示,當抗議者穿過分隔基督教和什葉派穆斯林社區的 Teyouneh 交通圈時,向他們開火。它後來表示,在抗議者前往示威的途中發生了“爭吵和交火”。

Lebanon Maronite patriarch says no party should resort to violence

Thursday's spasm of violence, in which seven Shi'ite Muslims were killed, came amid rising tensions over the investigation of last's year's port blast.

By REUTERS

OCTOBER 17, 2021 12:43

Lebanese Maronite Patriarch Bechara Boutros Al-Rai speaks after meeting with Lebanon's President Michel Aoun at the presidential palace in Baabda, Lebanon July 15, 2020

(photo credit: DALATI NOHRA/HANDOUT VIA REUTERS)

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Lebanon's Maronite Patriarch Bechara Boutros Al-Rai, the top Christian cleric, said on Sunday the country's judiciary should be free of political interference and sectarian "activism" amid rising tensions over a probe into last year's blast at Beirut port.

Rai also said that it was unacceptable for any party to resort to threats or violence after last week's deadly unrest around the investigation - which was Lebanon's worst street bloodshed in more than a decade and stirred memories of the ruinous 1975-1990 civil war.

"We must free the judiciary from political interference, sectarian and partisan political activism and respect its independence according to the principle of separation of powers," he said in his sermon.

"No one is above the law and judiciary."

Rai, head of the Maronite church, has an influential role as religious leader of the biggest Christian community in Lebanon, where political power is divided between its main Christian, Muslim and Druze sects.

Lebanese Maronite Patriarch Bechara Boutros Al-Rai visits the Lebanese embassy in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, November 13, 2017. (credit: REUTERS/FAISAL AL NASSER)

The inquiry into the Aug. 4, 2020 explosion, which killed more than 200 people and devastated swathes of Beirut, has made little headway amid pushback from powerful political factions, with Hezbollah chief Hassan Nasrallah saying Judge Tarek Bitar -- the lead investigator -- is biased and politicized.

Seven Shi'ite Muslims were killed on Thursday as crowds were on their way to a protest against Bitar in a demonstration called by the Iran-backed Shi'ite Hezbollah group and its Shi'ite ally Amal.

The violence added to concerns over the stability of a country that is awash with weapons and grappling with an economic meltdown.

"The democratic system has afforded us peaceful means for freedom of expression whether in support or opposition so it's not acceptable that any party should resort to threats or violence and setting up party checkpoints or tribal ones to get what they want through force," said Rai.

"We refuse to put vengeance in the place of justice?" he said.

He added that Lebanon's Council of Ministers must meet, take decisions and respect authority.

Hezbollah blamed the Christian Lebanese Forces party for the deaths on Thursday, an accusation the head of that party, Samir Geagea, denied.

On Thursday, the army initially said rounds were fired on at protesters as they passed through the Teyouneh traffic circle dividing Christian and Shi'ite Muslim neighborhoods. It later said there had been an "altercation and exchange of fire" as protesters were on their way to the demonstration.

公安部長:聖殿山禁止猶太人祈禱

公安部長奧馬爾·巴列夫說,1967 年確立的非穆斯林可以訪問但不能祈禱的“習慣情況”應該得到維護。

作者:傑瑞米·沙龍

2021 年 10 月 17 日 21:50

公共安全部長奧馬爾·巴列夫(Omer Bar-Lev)的辦公室發表聲明,宣布該網站將向非穆斯林開放,但不對非穆斯林祈禱開放後,似乎準備維持政府對聖殿山的政策。

正如《耶路撒冷郵報》於 2019 年首次報導的那樣,儘管猶太人在很大程度上被禁止在猶太教最神聖的地方聖殿山祈禱,但近年來,警方對廣場上安靜而謹慎的祈禱視而不見

巴列夫在會見安全官員後表示,重要的是要保持聖殿山自 1967 年以來禁止猶太人祈禱的“習慣情況”。

然而,目前尚不清楚近年來進行的謹慎的猶太祈禱服務現在是否會停止。

據一位聖殿山活動人士稱,最近幾天,包括週日在內,此類服務仍在繼續。

猶太男子本週在聖殿山祈禱。(信用:傑瑞米·沙龍)

當被要求澄清時,Bar-Lev 的一位發言人表示,警方無法知道一個人是否在默默祈禱,這意味著可能不會指示警方停止最近成為例行公事的謹慎祈禱。

一些倡導聖殿山上猶太人權利的激進組織表示擔心,現在可能會因 Bar Lev 的評論而停止在該地點進行的猶太人祈禱。

猶太復國主義政黨 Otzma Yehudit 黨的極右翼 MK Itamar Ben-Gvir 譴責 Bar Lev 的聲明,稱他正在損害現場猶太人的現狀,“他們的權利已經微乎其微,並剝奪了他們的權利在最神聖的地方為猶太人祈禱,就像他們過去兩年所做的那樣。”

週日,巴列夫會見了警察局長 Kobi Shabtai、耶路撒冷地區指揮官 Doron Turgeman 和其他高級警官以及外交部、國家安全委員會和 Shin Bet 的代表。

“在會議期間,以色列政府在 1967 年確定了與猶太人和穆斯林在聖殿山上祈禱有關的‘習慣情況’提交給 Bar-Lev 部長,根據這些情況,猶太人在西牆祈禱和聖殿山上的穆斯林,”在周日的會議後,巴列夫的辦公室發表了一份聲明。

聲明繼續說:“根據這種情況,聖殿山將向非穆斯林開放,但不允許祈禱。”

會後,巴列夫表示,警方“嚴格維護聖殿山的慣例”,而且該地點對猶太人和穆斯林來說都是神聖的,這一事實使其特別敏感。

“在與聖殿山上的參觀和祈禱有關的所有事情中,重要的是要嚴格遵守以色列政府於 1967 年在六日戰爭之後立即建立並被以色列政府採用的慣例情況。從那以後,”巴列夫說。

“以色列國顯然有興趣保持與約旦 Waqf 的合作,”Bar-Lev 補充說,他指的是管理山上穆斯林聖地的約旦宗教信託。

聖殿山組織委員會發言人阿薩夫·弗里德 (Asaf Fried) 表示,該組織“呼籲公安部長加強聖殿山的積極進展,改善參觀聖殿山的猶太人的條件,聖殿山是聖殿山最神聖的地方。猶太人。”

聖殿山組織 Beyadeynu 的負責人湯姆·尼薩尼 (Tom Nisani) 表示,巴列夫“應該知道,民主國家的‘習慣情況’是其公民的宗教自由,而不是針對尋求實現的猶太公民的明確歧視和行動。他們在聖殿山上的宗教或民族權利。”

Nisani 說他建議 Bar-Lev 和警察“與他們國家的公民合作,而不是與攻擊山上警察和公民的外國和敵對勢力合作”,並補充說部長的聲明將“招致更多壓力和更多投降。”

高等法院此前曾在理論上支持猶太人在聖殿山祈禱的權利,但如果警方認為這會導致暴力,則讓他們自行決定禁止這樣做。

在實踐中,警方利用這一裁決全面禁止猶太人祈禱,直到前任公安部長吉拉德·埃爾丹 (Gilad Erdan) 向警方灌輸對猶太遊客的新態度,導致在 2018 年左右開始進行謹慎的猶太祈禱服務。

Public Security Minister: No Jewish prayer on Temple Mount

Public Security Minister Omer Bar-Lev said that the ‘customary situation’ set in 1967 whereby non-Muslims can visit but cannot pray should be upheld.

By JEREMY SHARON

OCTOBER 17, 2021 21:50

Public Security Minister Omer Bar-Lev appears set to maintain government policy on the Temple Mount after his office issued a statement declaring that the site would be open to visits by non-Muslims but not to non-Muslim prayer.

Although Jews have largely been prevented from praying at the Temple Mount, the holiest place in Judaism, the police in recent years have turned a blind eye to quiet and discreet prayers held at the plaza, as first reported by The Jerusalem Post in 2019.

Bar-Lev said after meeting security officials that it was important that the “customary situation” on the Temple Mount in place since 1967 in which Jewish prayer is prevented should be maintained.

It was not immediately clear, however, whether the discreet Jewish prayer services that have be conducted in recent years will now be stopped.

According to one Temple Mount activist, such services have continued in recent days, including on Sunday.

JEWISH MEN pray on the Temple Mount this week. (credit: JEREMY SHARON)

Asked for clarification, a spokesman for Bar-Lev said that the police were not able to know if an individual was praying silently, implying that the police might not be instructed to stop the discreet prayers that have recently become routine.

Several activist organizations which advocate for Jewish rights on the Temple Mount expressed concern that Jewish prayer on the site may now be stopped in reaction to Bar Lev’s comments.

Far-right MK Itamar Ben-Gvir of the Otzma Yehudit party, a constituent of the Religious Zionist party, condemned Bar Lev’s announcement, saying he was injuring the status quo of Jews at the site “whose rights are already minimal and denying them the right to pray at the holiest site for the Jewish people, as they have done for the last two years.”

On Sunday, Bar-Lev met Police Commissioner Kobi Shabtai, Jerusalem District Commander Doron Turgeman and other senior police officers as well as representatives from the Foreign Ministry, the National Security Council and the Shin Bet.

“During the meeting, the ‘customary situation’ was presented to Minister Bar-Lev regarding everything to do with Jewish and Muslim prayer on the Temple Mount, as determined by the Israeli government in 1967, in accordance with which Jews prayed at the Western Wall and Muslims on the Temple Mount,” read a statement issued by Bar Lev’s office following Sunday’s meeting.

“In accordance with this situation, the Temple Mount will be open for visits by non-Muslims but not for prayer,” continued the statement.

After the meeting, Bar-Lev said that the police “stringently upholds the customary situation on the Temple Mount” and the fact that the site is holy to both Jews and Muslims makes it especially sensitive.

“In everything that is connected to visiting and prayer on the Temple Mount, it is important to be strict regarding the continuation of the customary situation as the government of Israel established in 1967, immediately after the Six-Day War, and adopted by Israeli governments ever since,” Bar-Lev said.

“There is a clear interest for the State of Israel to preserve cooperation with the Jordanian Waqf,” added Bar-Lev, in reference to the Jordanian religious trust that administers the Muslim holy sites on the mount.

The spokesman for the Committee of Temple Mount Organizations, Asaf Fried, said that the organization “calls on the minister for public security to intensify the positive progress on the Temple Mount and improve the conditions for Jews who visit the Temple Mount, the holiest place for the Jewish people.”

Tom Nisani, director of the Beyadeynu for the Temple Mount organization, said that Bar-Lev “should know that the ‘customary situation’ in a democratic state is freedom of religion for its citizens and not clear discrimination and action against Jewish citizens seeking to actualize their religious or national rights on the Temple Mount.”

Nisani said he recommended that Bar-Lev and the police “cooperate with the citizens of their country and not with a foreign and hostile power that attacks policeman and citizens on the Mount,” adding that the minister’s announcement would “invite more pressure and more capitulation.”

The High Court of Justice has previously upheld the right in theory for Jews to pray on the Temple Mount, but let police exercise its discretion to prohibit it if they believed it would lead to violence.

In practice, the police have used this ruling to impose a blanket ban on Jewish prayer, until past public security minister Gilad Erdan instilled a new attitude among the police toward Jewish visitors, which resulted in the discreet Jewish prayer services that began around 2018.

內閣賦予警方更多權力打擊暴力犯罪

週日,內閣批准了司法部長吉迪恩·薩爾 (Gideon Sa'ar) 的提議,該提議將允許警察在有充分理由的情況下在沒有法院命令的情況下搜查房屋。

通過GIL HOFFMAN

2021 年 10 月 17 日 20:38

GIDEON SA'AR 於 2021 年 6 月 13 日在第 36 屆政府投票和宣誓就職之前抵達以色列議會。

(圖片來源:MARC ISRAEL SELLEM/耶路撒冷郵報)

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內閣批准了司法部長吉迪恩·薩爾( Gideon Sa'ar ) 的提議,即授權警方在沒有事先法院命令的情況下搜查暴力犯罪嫌疑人的住所。

根據提案,警方將能夠進入一戶人家,在被視為“嚴重犯罪”的案件中搜查證據。

如果警官有充分的理由相信嫌疑人或武器在場,他們將被允許搜查嫌疑人或武器。

“我們處於戰爭之中,因此我們需要為警察和地方當局提供更好的工具,以幫助他們成功完成任務,”薩爾週日表示。

司法部長表示,他將提出更多法律來幫助打擊犯罪,特別是在阿拉伯地區,自今年年初以來,已有 100 多名阿拉伯以色列人被自己社區的成員謀殺。

2021 年 10 月 12 日,以色列司法部長 Gideon Sa'ar 在耶路撒冷寬容博物館舉行的耶路撒冷郵報年度會議上發表講話。(圖片來源:AVSHALOM SASSONI/MAARIV)

總理納夫塔利·貝內特警告他的內閣“我們正在失去這個國家”,但環境保護部長塔馬爾·贊德伯格警告反對此舉,稱這在民主國家是罕見的。

利庫德集團 MK Shlomo Karhi 攻擊了右翼的提議,稱薩爾試圖欺騙公眾。Karhi 說,Sa'ar 應該確保法院不再允許罪犯逍遙法外。

同樣在周日,薩爾主持的部長級立法委員會拒絕了卡希提出的將陸軍電台私有化的提議。

卡爾希說,“欺騙政府”正在將右翼分子從廣播電台中除名,然後將其用於政治宣傳。

“他們聲稱自己是政治家,但他們正在接管一個他們自己事先說不屬於民主國家的軍用廣播電台,”卡希說。

薩爾的委員會還投票反對前文化部長米里·雷格夫(利庫德集團)提出的懲罰被視為反以色列的文化行為的提議。

Cabinet gives police more authority to fight violent crime

Justice Minister Gideon Sa'ar's proposal, which would allow police officers to search homes without a court order if they have good reason to, was approved by the cabinet on Sunday.

By GIL HOFFMAN

OCTOBER 17, 2021 20:38

GIDEON SA'AR arrives at the Knesset ahead of the vote and swearing in of the 36th government, June 13, 2021.

(photo credit: MARC ISRAEL SELLEM/THE JERUSALEM POST)

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The cabinet approved Justice Minister Gideon Sa’ar’s proposal to grant police the authority to search the homes of violent crime suspects without a prior court order.

According to the proposal, police will be able to enter a home to search for evidence in a case deemed a “serious crime.”

Officers will be allowed to search for suspects or for weapons if they have good reason to believe that they are present.

“We are at war, so we need to give the police and local authorities better tools to help them succeed in their mission,” said Sa’ar on Sunday.

The justice minister said he would propose more laws to help fight crime, particularly in the Arab sector, where over 100 Arab Israelis have been murdered by members of their own community since the start of the year.

Israel's Justice Minister Gideon Sa'ar is seen speaking at the Jerusalem Post annual conference at the Museum of Tolerance in Jerusalem, on October 12, 2021. (credit: AVSHALOM SASSONI/MAARIV)

Prime Minister Naftali Bennett warned his cabinet that “we are losing the country,” but Environmental Protection Minister Tamar Zandberg warned against the move, saying that it was rare in a democracy.

Likud MK Shlomo Karhi attacked the proposal from the Right, saying that Sa’ar was trying to trick the public. Karhi said that Sa’ar should ensure that the courts stop allowing criminals to go free.

Also on Sunday, the Ministerial Committee on Legislation, which Sa’ar chairs, rejected a proposal by Karhi to privatize Army Radio.

Karhi said the “government of trickery” was removing right-wingers from the radio station, and then would use it for political propaganda.

“They claim to be statesmanlike, but they’re taking over a military radio station that they themselves said beforehand did not belong in a democracy,” Karhi said.

Sa’ar’s committee also voted against a proposal by former culture minister Miri Regev (Likud) to punish cultural acts deemed anti-Israeli.

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