2021.12.20 國際新聞導讀-omicron在以色列進入社區傳播因此可能對十個國家實施禁飛、亞塞拜然釋放十名俘虜的亞美尼亞士兵、美國東正教猶太教派同意女性拉比的出現

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2021.12.20 國際新聞導讀-omicron在以色列進入社區傳播因此可能對十個國家實施禁飛、亞塞拜然釋放十名俘虜的亞美尼亞士兵、美國東正教猶太教派同意女性拉比的出現

PM敦促疫苗接種減緩Omicron:時間不多了,感染浪潮來了

Bennett 說邊境限制延遲了變種的進入,但已經存在社區傳播;據報導,沒有計劃全面禁止國際旅行

通過TOI人員今天,上午 8:23更新於下午 12:31

納夫塔利·貝內特總理於 2021 年 12 月 19 日出席在耶路撒冷舉行的內閣會議。 (Abir SULTAN / POOL / AFP)

總理納夫塔利·貝內特 (Naftali Bennett) 週日表示,雖然旅行限制推遲了具有高度傳染性的 Omicron 變種在以色列的傳播,但一波感染是不可避免的,接種疫苗至關重要。

貝內特在每週內閣會議開始時說:“這個政府在三週前迅速決定限制進入以色列,大大推遲了病毒進入該國的時間,這是一件了不起的事情。”

“我們為以色列國贏得了寶貴的時間;我們將 Omicron 推遲了至少三週,”他說。“但是時間不多了,這還不夠。Omicron 已經在該國,並且已經有社區傳播。”

總理說,以色列人不能僅僅依靠社區其他成員接種疫苗,還需要自己接種疫苗。

“國家提供的集體、國家保護是不夠的,”貝內特說。“浪潮來了。每個家庭都需要做好準備。每個人都應該確保他們接種了三劑疫苗,並且他們的孩子也接種了疫苗。”

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他補充說:“在上帝的幫助下,我們將安全渡過第五波。”

參加會議的部長們被告知,他們應該避免參加擁擠的集會,一天前,外交部長亞伊爾·拉皮德 (Yair Lapid) 與數百名他的 Yesh Atid 黨的支持者一起參加了在北部城鎮基里亞特蒂夫翁 (Kiryat Tiv'on) 舉行的活動。

貝內特取消了原定於週日晚上舉行的外國媒體記者的計劃活動,並退出了本週晚些時候的商務會議。

廣告

2021 年 12 月 19 日,總理納夫塔利·貝內特 (C) 和參謀長 Aviv Kohavi 抵達耶路撒冷參加內閣會議。 (Abir SULTAN / POOL / AFP)

在內閣會議上,預計貝內特將敦促部長們支持將旅行禁令擴大到包括美國在內的多個國家的計劃,因為以色列正準備迎接由 Omicron 變體驅動的新的 COVID-19 感染浪潮。

據《國土報》週日報導,貝內特不打算全面禁止國際旅行,而是打算擴大“紅色”禁飛名單。

預計內閣週日將權衡將一些國家添加到名單中,包括美國、加拿大、德國和土耳其。

這些新增成員還包括葡萄牙、摩洛哥和匈牙利,將提交內閣批准,然後這些國家將在本週末之前進入禁飛名單。英國、丹麥、法國、西班牙、阿拉伯聯合酋長國、愛爾蘭、挪威、芬蘭和瑞典已經在“紅色”名單上。

從“紅色”國家返回的以色列人必須在國營酒店進行隔離,直到他們的第一次 COVID 測試呈陰性,之後他們可以離開,但必須在家隔離 7 天,即使他們已完全接種疫苗。那些想要前往“紅色”國家的人首先需要獲得政府委員會的特別許可。

衛生部長尼贊·霍洛維茨 (Nitzan Horowitz) 週日表示,需要進行限制以“為疫苗接種活動爭取時間”。

廣告

“我們面臨著新的形勢。來自 Omicron 的大部分感染來自國外,因此我們必須限制病毒進入以色列的速度,以便在以色列發生傳播之前爭取時間並儘可能多地接種疫苗,”霍洛維茨告訴陸軍電台。

2021 年 11 月 28 日,在以色列特拉維夫附近的本古里安機場,旅客帶著行李走路(美聯社照片/阿里爾沙利特)

最近幾週,貝內特因其採取的政策措施而受到批評。然而,據國土報報導,總理認為他已經贏得了減緩高傳染性變異進入該國所需的時間,為科學家們提供了一個研究它的窗口,並為疫苗接種和加強活動爭取了時間。

《國土報》報導稱,本週,貝內特預計將專注於為兒童接種疫苗,其中約有 100 萬人仍未接種疫苗。

根據該報告,該運動的一個目標是讓學校成為“鼓勵免疫的環境”,從而增加學生接種疫苗的動力。

報導稱,貝內特最近幾天一直在與教育部官員進行討論,發現對疫苗接種運動漠不關心,導致學生缺乏接種疫苗的動力。

據報導,教育部長 Yifat Shasha-Biton 與教育部官員在 COVID 政策上存在分歧,最近幾天教育部飽受爭議。

根據第 12 頻道的報導,貝內特收到的數據顯示,COVID-19 在三週內“大規模爆發”,其峰值將超過 6 月開始的 Delta 波。

週日,政府 COVID-19 諮詢小組主席 Ran Balicer 教授表示,一波感染是不可避免的。

廣告

2021 年 12 月 16 日,一名兒童在 Katsrin 接種 COVID-19 疫苗(Michael Giladi/Flash90)

“這可能需要幾週時間,但下一波將會到來,”巴利塞告訴陸軍電台。“我們仍處於不確定性的迷霧中,在 [由] 壓力引起的疾病的嚴重程度變得清晰之前,很難確定明確的行動方案。”

一天前,魏茨曼科學研究所的計算生物學家、政府冠狀病毒內閣的高級顧問 Eran Segal 教授表示,關於 Omicron 變體仍有許多未知數,但以色列可能會看到“一個顯著的發病率浪潮”和“與達美航空每 10 天相比,病例每兩到三天增加一倍。”

西格爾估計,病例數將在大約 2-3 週內增加。

他表示,目前可用的有關 Omicron 嚴重程度的數據“自相矛盾”,最初來自南非的“令人鼓舞”的數據在 11 月下旬發出了對新變種的警報,但被英國的數據所抵消。

西格爾說,以色列已經能夠為自己爭取一些時間,“但疫苗接種運動實際上是在踩水”,超過 300 萬人沒有完全接種疫苗,其中包括 100 萬兒童和 100 萬尚未接種加強疫苗的成年人,第三劑疫苗。

衛生部還在考慮為老年人接種第四劑疫苗,等待進一步研究。霍洛維茨週日表示,將由相關專家做出決定。

“我們打算考慮第四次 [劑量] 疫苗,因為我們看到幾個月後加強劑開始減弱,”霍洛維茨說。“本週將有 [相關] 團隊的會議——這是一個純粹的專業醫療決定。我們希望保護最脆弱的人群——老年人。”

廣告

2021 年 12 月 12 日,一名青少年在 Katzrin 接受 COVID-19 測試(Michael Giladi/Flash90)

衛生部周日表示,週六診斷出 372 例新的 COVID-19 感染,這一數字很低,代表週末檢測減少。週四診斷出約 838 例新的 COVID-19 病例,其中 45 例已被確認為 Omicron 變體,使以色列的 Omicron 病例總數超過 130。

大多數病例是在從海外返回的人中發現的。該部沒有提供最新數據的細目。

據衛生部稱,週日有 81 名重症患者和 41 名使用呼吸機的患者。大多數情況嚴重的患者都在 60 歲以上,並且未接種疫苗。

自大流行開始以來,已有 580 萬以色列人接種了兩劑疫苗,超過 410 萬人接種了第三劑加強疫苗。

自大流行開始以來,以色列的死亡人數週日為 8,232 人。

週日上午,該國南部的 Shahar Eshkol 小學宣布,在病毒爆發感染了 20 名學生並將其他約 300 人隔離後,該小學已轉為遠程學習。上週,耶路撒冷的一所小學在 62 名學生因病毒爆發而被感染後關閉。

以色列確認了 40 起新的 Omicron 病例,使總數達到 175

衛生部表示,還有 380 人疑似感染了新毒株;絕大多數感染者是返回的旅行者;工人感染 COVID 後,以色列議會大樓施加限制

通過TOI人員今天,下午 5:53

2021 年 12 月 19 日抵達本古里安機場的旅客。(Flash90)

衛生部周日宣布,又有 40 人被診斷出患有冠狀病毒的 Omicron 變體,使以色列的確診病例數達到 175 例。

該部表示,絕大多數 Omicron 感染病例(113 例)是在從國外返回的旅行者中發現的。另有 31 人在與最近在海外接觸的人接觸後對該菌株進行了陽性檢測,17 人感染來自社區傳播。

其他14起案件的來源仍在調查中。

在確診的 Omicron 病例中,有 122 例被列為“受保護”,衛生部將其定義為在過去六個月內接受加強疫苗注射、或接種前兩種疫苗或從 COVID-19 中康復的任何人。

該部表示,它還在等待另外 380 起“高度懷疑”暴露於 Omicron 的案件的結果。

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在確診和疑似 Omicron 感染中,229 人有 COVID-19 症狀,325 人無症狀。該部表示正在“檢查”剩餘的案件。

迄今為止,以色列僅報告了一種由 Omicron 引起的嚴重疾病——一名未接種疫苗的男子住院——並且沒有死亡。

2021 年 12 月 10 日,醫護人員在耶路撒冷的免下車冠狀病毒檢測中心對以色列人進行檢測。(Olivier Fitoussi/Flash90)

與此同時,在議會大樓最近發生了一些感染之後,以色列議會宣布了對議會大樓的新限制措施。

廣告

這些措施包括暫停參觀和參觀、取消活動和會議、關閉健身房、禁止在自助餐廳用餐以及限制全會和會議室的容量等。

新規定出台之前,9 名議員在接觸疑似 Omicron 載體後,被指示在周日早些時候進行隔離。最近幾天,其他幾名 MK 在接觸了新冠病毒檢測呈陽性的議會工作人員後也進入了隔離狀態,其中包括反對派領導人本傑明內塔尼亞胡。

由於隔離要求,納夫塔利·貝內特總理和國防部長本尼·甘茨於 2021 年 12 月 15 日在以色列議會席上投票。(Noam Moskowitz/Knesset)

同樣在周日,由於 Omicron 的擔憂,衛生部建議政府將另外 10 個國家指定為“紅色”國家。預計部長們將在當天晚些時候投票禁止前往美國、意大利、德國、比利時、匈牙利、加拿大、摩洛哥、葡萄牙、瑞士和土耳其。

該決定是由總理納夫塔利·貝內特 (Naftali Bennett) 看到的數據推動的,該數據顯示 COVID-19 有可能在三週內“大規模爆發”,峰值超過了 6 月開始的三角洲浪潮。

貝內特的辦公室表示,州長將在周日晚上 8 點舉行新聞發布會,以應對大流行。

最近幾天,以色列已經將九個國家添加到“紅色”禁飛名單中:英國、丹麥、法國、西班牙、阿拉伯聯合酋長國、愛爾蘭、挪威、芬蘭和瑞典。本月初增加了南非和許多其他非洲國家。

廣告

那些想要前往“紅色”國家的人需要獲得政府委員會的特別許可。

週四,內閣投票延長了目前的旅行限制,包括禁止外國人進入該國以及要求所有返回的以色列人在入境後隔離三天。這些限制現在至少會持續到 12 月 29 日。

衛生部長尼贊·霍洛維茨 (Nitzan Horowitz) 週日表示,需要進行限制以“為疫苗接種活動爭取時間”。

“我們面臨著新的形勢。來自 Omicron 的大部分感染來自國外,因此我們必須限制病毒進入以色列的速度,以便在以色列發生傳播之前爭取時間並儘可能多地接種疫苗,”霍洛維茨告訴陸軍電台。

但在周日上午的內閣會議後發表的一份聲明中,其中討論了擴大禁飛名單的問題,交通部長梅拉夫米凱利表示,她告訴部長們,她不會支持對旅行的任何進一步限制,“直到對航空公司的支持問題得到解決”解決。”

最近幾週,貝內特因其採取的政策措施而受到批評。然而,據《國土報》報導,總理認為他已經爭取到了減緩這種高傳染性變種進入該國所需的時間,為科學家們提供了一個研究它的窗口,並為疫苗接種和加強活動爭取了時間。

納夫塔利·貝內特總理於 2021 年 12 月 19 日在耶路撒冷的辦公室出席內閣會議。 (Abir Sultan/Pool/AFP)

衛生部周日表示,前一天診斷出 372 例新的 COVID-19 感染,這一數字較低,反映出週末檢測減少。

據衛生部稱,有 81 名 COVID-19 患者病情嚴重,41 名使用呼吸機。大多數情況嚴重的患者都在 60 歲以上,並且未接種疫苗。

廣告

自大流行開始以來,在 930 萬總人口中,有 580 萬以色列人接種了兩劑疫苗,超過 410 萬人接種了第三劑加強針。

自大流行開始以來,以色列的死亡人數週日為 8,232 人。

以色列駐紐約總領事,其他 12 名助手新冠病毒檢測呈陽性

外交部稱阿薩夫·扎米爾仍在等待結果,但外交官的妻子用 Instagram 帖子揭開了故事的面紗

雅各布馬吉德 今天,下午 3:08

Asaf Zamir 於 2021 年 9 月 27 日在紐約市與北美猶太人聯合會舉行的活動上發表講話。 (Shahar Azran)

週六晚上,以色列駐紐約總領事阿薩夫·扎米爾 (Asaf Zamir) 的妻子、女演員瑪雅·韋特海默 (Maya Wertheimer) 在 Instagram 上宣布,他的冠狀病毒檢測呈陽性。

以色列時報週六晚獲悉,領事館至少有 12 名其他工作人員的檢測結果也呈陽性,其他人在最近幾天出現症狀後正在等待結果。

Wertheimer 寫道,她的丈夫感覺很好,已經接種了 3 次疫苗。目前尚不清楚扎米爾是否感染了 Omicron 菌株,該菌株最近幾天一直在紐約肆虐。

領事館發言人周六晚告訴《以色列時報》,扎米爾仍在等待檢測結果。週日上午,外交部發言人也說了同樣的話,儘管韋特海默的帖子已經發布了幾個小時。

ToI 被告知,領事館的工作人員從 Wertheimer 的 Instagram 帖子中了解到了 Zamir 的結果。

以色列時間週日晚間,領事館發言人發表了一份官方聲明,確認“小規模爆發”。

2021 年 12 月 17 日,人們在紐約時代廣場的一個移動測試站點排隊等候接受 COVID-19 測試。(美聯社照片/岩村由紀)

發言人伊泰米爾納說:“所有檢測呈陽性的人員都沒有出現嚴重症狀,情況良好,包括扎米爾大使。” 出於謹慎考慮,領事館本週將採用新的時間表,員工部分在家工作。領事館向所有希望我們的工作人員早日康復的人表示感謝,並祝愿我們所有的美國朋友度過一個愉快的假期。”

扎米爾上週日在佛羅里達州舉行的以色列美國委員會全國峰會上返回,這是自大流行開始以來美國最大的猶太人聚會。超過 3,000 人參加了主要在室內舉行的會議,儘管有人必須提供 PCR 檢測陰性才能參加。以色列記者 Hila Korach 和演員兼喜劇演員 Eyal Kitzis 從 IAC 會議歸來後的檢測結果也呈陽性。

廣告

紐約州週五宣布,前一天有超過 21,000 人的 COVID 檢測呈陽性,這是自廣泛進行檢測以來新病例的最高單日總數。

病毒統計的一天快照可能是衡量趨勢的不可靠方式,但新記錄打破了該州西部地區於 10 月下旬開始的穩定增長,並在過去一周在紐約市迅速增長Omicron 變體傳播。

僅有不到一半的陽性結果發生在該市,那裡的測試站排長隊,一些百老匯演出和火箭隊聖誕演出由於演員之間的爆發而取消演出。

在全州範圍內,在周四結束的 7 天內,紐約平均每天有 13,257 次陽性測試。這比兩週前增長了 71%。

該州之前的陽性檢測單日高點出現在 2021 年 1 月 14 日,當時只有不到 20,000 人檢測呈陽性。

艾米·斯皮羅為本報告做出了貢獻

Israel’s consul general in New York, 12 other aides test positive for COVID

Foreign Ministry claims Asaf Zamir still waiting for results, but diplomat’s wife blows lid off story with Instagram post

By JACOB MAGID Today, 3:08 pm

·

Asaf Zamir speaks at a New York City event with the Jewish Federations of North America on September 27, 2021. (Shahar Azran)

Israel’s Consul General to New York Asaf Zamir tested positive for the coronavirus on Saturday night, his wife, actress Maya Wertheimer, announced on Instagram.

At least 12 other staffers at the consulate have also tested positive, and others are waiting for their results after coming down with symptoms in recent days, The Times of Israel learned Saturday evening.

Wertheimer wrote her husband is feeling well and has been vaccinated three times. It was not immediately clear whether Zamir had contracted the Omicron strain, which has been ravaging New York in recent days.

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A spokesman for the consulate told The Times of Israel on Saturday evening that Zamir was still waiting for his test results. On Sunday morning, a spokesman for the Foreign Ministry said the same thing, though Wertheimer’s post had already been up for several hours.

Staff at the consulate learned about Zamir’s results from Wertheimer’s Instagram post, ToI was told.

On Sunday evening Israel time, the consulate’s spokesman published an official statement confirming the “minor outbreak.”

People wait in line to get tested for COVID-19 at a mobile testing site in Times Square on December 17, 2021, in New York. (AP Photo/Yuki Iwamura)

“All of the personnel who have tested positive are experiencing non-serious symptoms and are in good condition, including Ambassador Zamir,” said spokesman Itay Milner. Out of an abundance of caution, the consulate will be moving to a new schedule this week where employees work partially from home. The consulate extends its thanks to all those who have wished our staff a speedy recovery, and we wish all of our American friends a very happy holiday season.”

Zamir returned last Sunday from the Israeli American Council’s national summit in Florida — the largest Jewish gathering in the US since the start of the pandemic. Over 3,000 people attended sessions that were held largely indoors, though one had to present a negative PCR test in order to attend. Israeli journalist Hila Korach and actor-comedian Eyal Kitzis also tested positive since returning from the IAC conference.

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New York state announced Friday that just over 21,000 people had tested positive for COVID the previous day, the highest single-day total for new cases since testing became widely available.

One-day snapshots of virus statistics can be an unreliable way to measure trends, but the new record punctuated a steady increase that started in the western part of the state in late October, and has taken off in New York City in the past week as the Omicron variant spreads.

Just under half of the positive results were in the city, where lines were growing at testing stations and some Broadway shows and the Rockettes Christmas show were canceling performances because of outbreaks among cast members.

Statewide, New York averaged 13,257 positive tests per day over the seven-day period that ended Thursday. That is up 71% from two weeks ago.

The state’s previous one-day high for positive tests came on January 14, 2021, when just under 20,000 people tested positive.

Amy Spiro contributed to this report

美國、加拿大、德國、意大利等 10 個國家被以色列列入禁飛名單

部長們預計將在周日晚些時候批准衛生部的建議,從周三開始將國家指定為“紅色”

通過TOI人員今天下午 3:06 下午6:52 更新

2021 年 4 月 18 日,一架 El Al 飛機停在特拉維夫附近的本古里安機場。(Yossi Aloni/Flash90)

由於 COVID-19 感染率高,衛生部周日建議政府將 10 個新國家添加到指定為“紅色”的目的地名單中 ,因為以色列正準備迎接由 Omicron 變體驅動的一波新病例。

預計部長們將在周日晚些時候的冠狀病毒內閣會議上批准從 12 月 22 日星期三起禁止前往美國、意大利、德國、比利時、匈牙利、加拿大、摩洛哥、葡萄牙、瑞士和土耳其旅行的建議。

該決定是由總理納夫塔利·貝內特 (Naftali Bennett) 看到的數據推動的,該數據顯示 COVID-19 有可能在三週內“大規模爆發”,峰值超過了 6 月開始的三角洲浪潮。

官員們表示,貝內特正在“爭取時間”,可能會通過“關閉天空”前往受以色列人歡迎的目的地來延緩感染浪潮。

最近幾天,以色列已經將九個國家添加到“紅色”禁飛名單中:英國、丹麥、法國、西班牙、阿拉伯聯合酋長國、愛爾蘭、挪威、芬蘭和瑞典。本月初增加了南非和許多其他非洲國家。

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那些想要前往“紅色”國家的人需要首先獲得政府委員會的特別許可。

從這些國家返回的以色列人必須在國營酒店進行隔離,直到他們的第一次 COVID 測試結果呈陰性,之後他們可以離開,但必須在家隔離 7 天,即使他們已完全接種疫苗。

據國防部長本尼甘茨辦公室稱,他週日批准開設另外兩家“冠狀病毒酒店”,其中一家用於隔離抵達本古里安機場的旅客。由內政部司令部運營的三個這樣的國營設施已經投入使用。

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甘茨辦公室的一份聲明說,甘茨還命令該部官員“根據需要為開設更多酒店做準備”。

2021 年 12 月 12 日,總理納夫塔利·貝內特 (Naftali Bennett) 在耶路撒冷總理辦公室主持內閣會議。 (Emil Salman/POOL)

週四,內閣投票延長了目前的旅行限制,包括禁止外國人進入該國以及要求所有返回的以色列人在入境後隔離三天。這些限制現在至少會持續到 12 月 29 日。

衛生部長尼贊·霍洛維茨 (Nitzan Horowitz) 週日表示,需要進行限制以“為疫苗接種活動爭取時間”。

“我們面臨著新的形勢。來自 Omicron 的大部分感染來自國外,因此我們必須限制病毒進入以色列的速度,以便在以色列發生傳播之前爭取時間並儘可能多地接種疫苗,”霍洛維茨告訴陸軍電台。

但在周日上午的內閣會議後發表的一份聲明中,其中討論了擴大禁飛名單的問題,交通部長梅拉夫米凱利表示,她告訴部長們,她不會支持對旅行的任何進一步限制,“直到對航空公司的支持問題得到解決”解決。”

她說,政府正在“放棄數以千計的工人,這是他們的生計。目前沒有無薪休假協議或任何其他支持他們的協議。這些人從事關鍵工作,以色列國必須保護航空公司提供的服務。”

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“我們已經聽說英國航空公司從明天起取消了飛往以色列的航班。如果不是以色列航空公司,誰會載目前在海外的以色列人回國?我要求在本週就對航空公司的支持達成一致,”米凱利說。

2021 年 6 月 22 日,交通部長梅拉夫·米凱利、總理納夫塔利·貝內特和衛生部長尼贊·霍洛維茨在本古里安機場的 COVID 測試場(Haim Zach / GPO)

最近幾週,貝內特因其採取的政策措施而受到批評。然而,據《國土報》報導,總理認為他已經爭取到了減緩這種高傳染性變種進入該國所需的時間,為科學家們提供了一個研究它的窗口,並為疫苗接種和加強活動爭取了時間。

在內閣會議上,內政部長阿耶萊特·沙克德 (Ayelet Shaked) 警告說,“在四個星期內,我們將面臨數万例確診的 [COVID] 病例和數以千計的學校停課,”第 12 頻道報導。

該網絡稱,科學部長奧里特·法卡什-哈科恩同意以色列在未來幾週內將經歷一波嚴重的感染浪潮,通過在所有非必需品商店強制執行綠色通行證並下令對未接種疫苗的 5 歲以上任何人進行冠狀病毒檢測來鼓勵接種疫苗必須自掏腰包支付。

衛生部周日表示,週六診斷出 372 例新的 COVID-19 感染,這一數字較低,反映出週末檢測減少。週四診斷出約 838 例新的 COVID-19 病例,其中 45 例已被確認為 Omicron 變體,使以色列的 Omicron 病例總數超過 130。

2021 年 12 月 10 日,醫護人員在耶路撒冷的免下車冠狀病毒檢測中心對以色列人進行檢測。(Olivier Fitoussi/Flash90)

大多數病例是在從海外返回的人中發現的。該部沒有提供最新數據的細目。

據衛生部稱,週日有 81 名 COVID-19 患者病情嚴重,41 名使用呼吸機。大多數情況嚴重的患者都在 60 歲以上,並且未接種疫苗。

自大流行開始以來,已有 580 萬以色列人接種了兩劑疫苗,超過 410 萬人接種了第三劑加強疫苗。

自大流行開始以來,以色列的死亡人數週日為 8,232 人。

US, Canada, Germany, Italy among 10 countries Israel set to add to no-fly list

Ministers expected to endorse Health Ministry recommendation later Sunday, with countries to be designated ‘red’ starting Wednesday

By TOI STAFFToday, 3:06 pmUpdated at 6:52 pm

An El Al plane parked at Ben Gurion Airport near Tel Aviv, April 18, 2021. (Yossi Aloni/Flash90)

The Health Ministry on Sunday recommended that the government add 10 new countries to the list of destinations designated “red” due to high COVID-19 infections rates, as Israel braces for a wave of new cases driven by the Omicron variant.

Ministers were expected to approve the recommendation to bar travel to the United States, Italy, Germany, Belgium, Hungary, Canada, Morocco, Portugal, Switzerland and Turkey from Wednesday, December 22, in a meeting of the coronavirus cabinet later Sunday.

The decision is driven by data seen by Prime Minister Naftali Bennett showing the likelihood of “a significant outbreak” of COVID-19 within three weeks, with the peak surpassing that of the Delta wave, which started in June.

Officials have said Bennett is “looking to buy time” to possibly delay the wave of infections by “closing the skies” to destinations popular with Israelis.

Israel has in recent days already added nine countries to the “red,” no-fly list: the UK, Denmark, France, Spain, the United Arab Emirates, Ireland, Norway, Finland, and Sweden. South Africa and a slew of other African countries were added at the start of the month.

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Those wanting to travel to “red” countries need to first obtain special permission from a government committee.

Israelis who return from those countries are required to enter quarantine in state-run hotels until their first COVID test comes back negative, after which they can leave, but must remain in home quarantine for seven days, even if they are fully vaccinated.

Defense Minister Benny Gantz on Sunday approved the opening of another two “coronavirus hotels,” including one to quarantine travelers arriving at Ben Gurion Airport, according to his office. Three such state-run facilities, which are run by the Home Front Command, were already operating.

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Gantz also ordered ministry officials “to prepare for the opening of additional hotels as needed,” a statement from his office said.

Prime Minister Naftali Bennett leads a cabinet meeting at the Prime Minister’s Office in Jerusalem on December 12, 2021. (Emil Salman/POOL)

On Thursday, the cabinet voted to extend the current travel restrictions, including the ban on foreigners entering the country and a requirement for all returning Israelis to quarantine for three days upon entry. The limitations will now last until December 29 at least.

Health Minister Nitzan Horowitz said Sunday that the restrictions were needed to “buy time” for the vaccination campaign.

“We are facing a new situation. Most of the infection from Omicron is coming from abroad, so we must limit the rate of entry of the virus into Israel in order to buy time and vaccinate as much as possible before the spread also occurs in Israel,” Horowitz told Army Radio.

But in a statement released after Sunday morning’s cabinet meeting, in which expanding the no-fly list was discussed, Transportation Minister Merav Michaeli said she told ministers that she would not back any further restrictions on travel “until the issue of support for airline companies is resolved.”

She said the government was “abandoning thousands of workers for whom this is their livelihood. There is currently no unpaid leave agreement or anything else that supports them. These people perform critical work and the State of Israel must protect the service offered by the airlines.”

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“We have already heard that British Airways has canceled its flights to Israel as of tomorrow. If not the Israeli airlines, who will fly Israelis who are currently overseas back home? I demand that support for the airlines be agreed on this week,” Michaeli said.

Transport Minister Merav Michaeli, Prime Minister Naftali Bennett and Health Minister Nitzan Horowitz at a COVID testing site at Ben Gurion Airport on June 22, 2021 (Haim Zach / GPO)

Bennett has come under criticism in recent weeks for the policy steps he has taken; however, according to the Haaretz daily, the premier believes he has bought the time needed to slow the entry of the highly contagious variant into the country, giving scientists a window to study it as well as buying time for the vaccination and booster campaign.

At the cabinet meeting, Interior Minister Ayelet Shaked warned that “within four weeks, we’ll be at tens of thousands of confirmed [COVID] cases and thousands of shuttered school classes,” Channel 12 reported.

The network said Science Minister Orit Farkash-Hacohen concurred that Israel would experience a significant infection wave in the coming weeks, encouraging vaccination by enforcing the Green Pass at all non-essential stores and decreeing that coronavirus tests for anyone over age five who is not vaccinated must be paid for out of pocket.

The Health Ministry said Sunday that 372 new COVID-19 infections were diagnosed on Saturday, a low number reflecting reduced testing over the weekend. Some 838 new COVID-19 cases were diagnosed Thursday, 45 of which had been confirmed to be of the Omicron variant, bringing the total number of Omicron cases in Israel to over 130.

Health care workers test Israelis in a drive-through coronavirus testing complex in Jerusalem, on December 10, 2021. (Olivier Fitoussi/Flash90)

Most of the cases were found in people returning from overseas. The ministry did not provide a breakdown of the latest figures.

According to the ministry, there were 81 COVID-19 patients in serious condition and 41 on ventilators Sunday. Most patients in serious condition are over 60 and unvaccinated.

Since the start of the pandemic, 5.8 million Israelis have received two vaccine doses, and over 4.1 million have gotten a third, booster shot.

The death toll in Israel since the start of the pandemic stood at 8,232 on Sunday.

Azerbaijan hands over 10 more captured soldiers to Armenia

Armenia and Azerbaijan agreed to a ceasefire at their border on Nov. 16 after Russia urged them to step back from confrontation following the deadliest clash since a war last year.

By REUTERS

Published: DECEMBER 19, 2021 16:35

Ethnic Armenian soldiers gather at their fighting positions near the village of Taghavard in the region of Nagorno-Karabakh, January 11, 2021.

(photo credit: REUTERS/ARTEM MIKRYUKOV)

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Azerbaijan handed over 10 captured Armenian soldiers to Armenia on Sunday for the second time this month following talks last week between both sides and European Council President Charles Michel, the two countries said.

Armenia and Azerbaijan agreed to a ceasefire at their border on Nov. 16 after Russia urged them to step back from confrontation following the deadliest clash since a war last year.

Armenia had asked Russia to help defend itself after the worst fighting since a 44-day war last year between ethnic Armenian forces and the Azeri army over the Nagorno-Karabakh enclave that killed at least 6,500 people.

An Azeri soldier inspects the city of Cebrayil, where Azeri forces regained control during the fighting over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, Azerbaijan, October 16, 2020. (credit: REUTERS/UMIT BEKTAS)

In a statement, Azerbaijan's State Security Service said it had handed over 10 Armenian soldiers who were detained on Nov. 16. It also released 10 soldiers earlier in December. On that occasion, Russia played the mediation role.

Armenia's Armenpress media outlet published the names of the second group of 10 prisoners of war handed over, citing Vahan Hunanyan, the Armenian foreign ministry's press secretary.

儘管有傳統,更多的正統猶太女性正在被任命

試圖成為拉比或精神領袖的女性面臨著一場艱苦的戰鬥;在美國,大約有六名女性在現代東正教猶太教堂服務

作者:ILAN BEN ZIONYONAT SHIMRON今天,凌晨 3:30

2021 年 12 月 8 日星期三,聖職計劃學生莎拉·羅森伯格 (Sarah Rosenberg) 在紐約布朗克斯區的 Yeshivat Maharat 學習空間 beit midrash 學習。 (美聯社照片 / Jessie Wardarski)

美聯社/宗教新聞服務——在南費城 Shtiebel,一個 5 英尺高的隔板,被稱為“ mechitza ”,按照古老的傳統將男人和女人隔開。

但到了講道的時候,現代東正教會眾的領袖拉巴尼特·達西·弗魯赫特 (Rabbanit Dasi Fruchter) 走上講台,這種並置讓許多從外面看的人感到困惑。

“人們走進這個空間說,'什麼?我不明白,'”Fruchter 說。“很難得到。一切都在兩者之間。”

Fruchter 是美國各地為現代東正教猶太教堂服務的六名左右女性之一,也是少數擔任頂級精神領袖的女性之一。雖然更大的改革和保守猶太運動幾十年來一直任命女拉比,但東正教派最近才開始讓女性擔任領導角色。

旨在在與外部世界接觸的同時保持猶太傳統的現代東正教正在引領潮流。但正如南費城的座位安排所表明的那樣,變化正在停止並且有些不平衡。

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分開的座位讓人想起耶路撒冷聖殿,當時只有男人——然後只有祭司——被允許靠近內殿。這種做法比男性拉比領導更難重塑,後者出現在猶太歷史較晚的時期,在halacha或猶太宗教法中的定義較少。

2021 年 12 月 5 日星期日,南費城 Shtiebel 的 Rabbanit Dasi Fruchter 在南費城舉行的公開光明節慶祝活動和燭台點燃儀式上點燃燭台。(美聯社照片/Ryan Collerd)

Fruchter 現年 31 歲,未婚,當時她正在紐約大學獲得非營利管理和猶太研究的研究生學位,當時她聽說了位於布朗克斯的 Yeshivat Maharat,這是美國唯一一家任命正統猶太女性的神學院。她於 2016 年被任命,立即在馬里蘭州波托馬克的一個東正教教會找到了一份助理拉巴尼的工作。(許多受任命的東正教女性不使用“拉比”這個詞,而更喜歡希伯來女性化的“拉巴尼特”。)

2018 年,一群有意為東正教女性創造更多領導職位的基金會找到了 Fruchter。經過幾個月的尋找潛在地點後,她在南費城定居,近幾十年來,隨著人們遷移到郊區,猶太社區已經變得稀少。她稱為Shtiebel的會眾 (這個詞來自意第緒語,意為小型、溫馨的禮拜堂)於 2019 年 7 月啟動,週五晚上有 75 人在租來的空間參加禮拜。

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Yeshivat Maharat 自 2009 年開辦以來,已經按立了 50 名東正教女性,在其三個按立軌道上的註冊人數為 46 人,該學校的聯合創始人、校長、第一位在美國被按立的現代東正教女性拉比拉巴·薩拉·赫維茨 (Rabba Sara Hurwitz) 說。在2009年。

在以色列,東正教是唯一被國家承認的猶太教分支,少數神學院任命女性,越來越多的學院對女性進行猶太法律培訓。東正教婦女現在擔任學校校長、社區教育工作者和法律權威。

少數人,例如 Rabbanit Shira Marili-Mirvis,已成為更進步的東正教猶太教堂的領袖。

“當我還是個女孩的時候,我從來沒有夢想過成為一名拉巴尼人,”瑪麗利-米爾維斯在她位於約旦河西岸埃夫拉特定居點的家中說,她的頭髮符合東正教對已婚婦女的習俗。“這不是一個選擇。這不是我在我周圍看到的。”

高中畢業後參加神學院,她對研究 halacha 的複雜性產生了熱情。她最終進入了 Ohr Torah Stone,這是一所耶路撒冷神學院,向女性教授塔木德,目的是讓她們為成為社區領袖做好準備。

幾年前,她搬到約旦河西岸耶路撒冷以南的以色列定居點埃弗拉特。Efrat 是一個大型美國猶太移民社區的家園,已成為現代正統派的焦點。

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Marili-Mirvis 表示,她搬到 Efrat 的決定“不是政治或意識形態意圖的聲明”,而是出於實際考慮和希望成為一個對拉巴尼人開放的觀察社區的一部分。

她新成立的會眾 Shirat HaTamar 由來自不同猶太民族傳統的大約 45 個家庭組成:德系猶太人以及突尼斯、也門和摩洛哥血統的猶太人。她說,其目標之一是“在halacha的指導方針內盡可能多地包括女性”。

雖然她向她的會眾講道並提供 halachic 指導,但不允許 Marili-Mirvis 在安息日帶領祈禱或閱讀律法書。

“有很多限制,但我不得不說我接受它,我用愛接受它,”她說。“我明白,當我選擇一種對哈拉卡有義務的生活時,會有一些部分哈拉卡認為我並不完全平等。”

Marili-Mirvis 說,自從會眾在今年早些時候任命她為拉巴尼官員以來,她收到了“非常熱烈的回應”,但其宗教事務往往由保守的極端正統當局決定的以色列國並未承認她的立場. 甚至不允許女性參加使拉比成為 halacha 專家的考試,也不允許她們的會眾獲得國家資助。

在美國,東正教猶太人的主要組織美國拉比委員會或東正教聯盟也反對女性的聖職任命。

但東正教聯盟也沒有採取措施驅逐僱用了一名受過任命的女性的教會,該聯盟擁有大約 400 個,主要是現代東正教附屬教會。

“我們現在在東正教社區看到的情況是,人們開始想像女性擔任拉比並完全忠於東正教是沒有任何障礙的,”全國正統拉比主席布拉德·赫希菲爾德 (Brad Hirschfield) 說。猶太學習和領導中心。“無論如何,這還不是一刀切的。可能需要一兩代人,但擁有東正教女性拉比將成為常態。”

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赫希菲爾德認為,即使是最嚴格遵守的東正教或哈雷迪猶太人,最終也會接受被任命的女性。

2021 年 12 月 5 日星期日,南費城 Shtiebel 的 Rabbanit Dasi Fruchter 準備在南費城舉行公開的光明節慶祝活動和燭台點亮儀式。(美聯社照片/Ryan Collerd)

羅格斯大學猶太研究助理教授 Michal Raucher 說,Haredi 拉比的妻子們已經在為自己爭取更多的專業角色並利用高級培訓。

目前,通過 Yeshivat Maharat 任命的 50 名女性中的大多數不是擔任拉比,而是擔任教育工作者或其他專業猶太教堂角色。

“我不認為馬哈拉特的目標或計劃是在每個現代東正教猶太教堂中安置一名女性,”赫爾維茨說。“但我確實認為正在尋找的東正教社區意識到女性可以提供很多東西。”

與此同時,像南費城 Shtiebel 這樣的猶太教堂正在開闢一條新路線。Fruchter 說她訓練女孩參加成人禮,並且還必須解釋為什麼 - 至少現在 - 女性可能無法在安息日早晨服務期間公開閱讀托拉。

“正統女性領導層正在探索它的本質,”南費城施蒂貝爾的弗魯赫特說。“我們有必須解決的 halachic 部分,我們必須解決的公共部分。最終,我們將以善意、創造力和相關性引領我們,看看會出現什麼。”

Despite tradition, more Orthodox Jewish women are getting ordained

Women attempting to become rabbis or spiritual leaders face an uphill battle; in US, around half a dozen ordained women serve in Modern Orthodox synagogues

By ILAN BEN ZION and YONAT SHIMRONToday, 3:30 am

Sarah Rosenberg, an ordination program student, studies in the beit midrash, a space for learning, at Yeshivat Maharat in the Bronx borough of New York, on Wednesday, December 8, 2021. (AP Photo/Jessie Wardarski)

AP/Religion News Service — At the South Philadelphia Shtiebel, a 5-foot-tall partition, called a “mechitza,” separates the men from the women in accordance with ancient tradition.

But when it comes time for the sermon, Rabbanit Dasi Fruchter, the Modern Orthodox congregation’s leader, steps up to the podium, a juxtaposition that confuses many looking in from the outside.

“People walk into the space saying, ‘What? I don’t get it,’” said Fruchter. “It’s hard to get. Everything feels in between.”

Fruchter is one of half a dozen or so ordained women who serve Modern Orthodox synagogues across the United States and one of even fewer who serve as top spiritual leaders. While the larger Reform and Conservative Jewish movements have ordained women rabbis for decades, the Orthodox fold has only recently begun tapping women to leadership roles.

Modern Orthodoxy, which aims to hold onto Jewish tradition while engaging with the outside world, is leading the way. But as the seating arrangement in South Philadelphia demonstrates, the changes are halting and somewhat uneven.

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The divided seating harks back to the Jerusalem Temple, when only men — and then only priests — were allowed near the inner sanctum. That practice has been even harder to recast than male rabbinic leadership, which came later in Jewish history and is less defined in halacha, or Jewish religious law.

Rabbanit Dasi Fruchter, of the South Philadelphia Shtiebel, lights a menorah during a public Hanukkah celebration and menorah lighting ceremony in South Philadelphia on Sunday, December 5, 2021. (AP Photo/Ryan Collerd)

Fruchter, who is 31 and not married, was earning a graduate degree in nonprofit management and Jewish studies at New York University when she heard about Yeshivat Maharat, in the Bronx, the only US seminary that ordains Orthodox Jewish women. Ordained in 2016, she immediately landed a job as an assistant rabbanit at an Orthodox congregation in Potomac, Maryland. (Many ordained Orthodox women do not use the word “rabbi,” preferring the Hebrew feminine “rabbanit.”)

In 2018, Fruchter was approached by a group of foundations interested in creating more leadership positions for Orthodox women. After months scouting potential locations, she settled on South Philadelphia, where the Jewish community has thinned out in recent decades as people migrated to the suburbs. The congregation she dubbed the Shtiebel (the word comes from the Yiddish for a small, homey house of worship), was launched in July 2019, with a Friday night service attended by 75 people in a rented space.

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Yeshivat Maharat has ordained 50 Orthodox women since it opened in 2009, and has an enrollment of 46 in its three ordination tracks, said Rabba Sara Hurwitz, the school’s co-founder, president, and the first Modern Orthodox woman rabbi ordained in the US, in 2009.

In Israel, where Orthodoxy is the only branch of Judaism recognized by the state, a handful of seminaries ordain women and a growing number of academies train women in Jewish law. Orthodox women now serve as school principals, community educators and legal authorities.

A rare few, such as Rabbanit Shira Marili-Mirvis, have become leaders at more progressive Orthodox synagogues.

“I never had a dream when I was a girl of being a rabbanit,” said Marili-Mirvis at her home in the West Bank settlement of Efrat, her hair covered in line with Orthodox custom for married women. “It wasn’t an option. It wasn’t something I saw around me.”

Attending seminary after high school, she developed a passion for studying the intricacies of halacha. She eventually enrolled at Ohr Torah Stone, a Jerusalem seminary that teaches Talmud to women with the aim of preparing them to become community leaders.

Several years ago, she moved to Efrat, an Israeli settlement south of Jerusalem in the West Bank. Home to a large community of American Jewish immigrants, Efrat has become a focal point for Modern Orthodoxy.

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Marili-Mirvis said her decision to move to Efrat was “not a declaration of political or ideological intentions,” rather, it stemmed from practical considerations and a desire to be part of an observant community that would be open to a rabbanit.

Her newly fledged congregation, Shirat HaTamar, comprises about 45 families from various Jewish ethnic traditions: Ashkenazi Jews as well as Jews of Tunisian, Yemenite, and Moroccan origin. One of its aims is “to include women as much as possible within the guidelines of halacha,” she said.

While she delivers sermons and provides halachic guidance to her congregants, Marili-Mirvis isn’t permitted to lead prayers or read from the Torah on the sabbath.

“There are many limitations, but I have to say that I accept it and I accept it with love,” she said. “I understand that when I choose a life that is obligated to halacha, there will be parts that halacha doesn’t see me exactly equal.”

Marili-Mirvis said she has received “very warm responses” since the congregation made her appointment as its rabbanit official earlier this year, but the state of Israel, whose religious matters are often determined by conservative ultra-Orthodox authorities, has not recognized her position. Women are not even allowed to take the exam that qualify rabbis as experts in halacha and entitle their congregations to state funding.

In the US as well, the Rabbinical Council of America or the Orthodox Union, the leading organizations for Orthodox Jews, oppose women’s ordination.

But neither has the Orthodox Union, which has some 400, mostly Modern Orthodox, affiliating congregations, taken the step of expelling congregations that have hired an ordained woman.

“What we’re seeing happening now in the Orthodox community is that people are beginning to imagine that there is no halachic barrier to women serving as rabbis and remaining fully committed to Orthodoxy,” said Brad Hirschfield an Orthodox rabbi who is president of the National Jewish Center for Learning and Leadership. “That’s not yet across the board, by any means. It might take a generation or two, but it will become normative to have Orthodox women rabbis.”

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Hirschfield thinks even the most strictly observant Orthodox, or Haredi, Jews, will eventually accept ordained women.

Rabbanit Dasi Fruchter, of the South Philadelphia Shtiebel, prepares for a public Hanukkah celebration and menorah lighting ceremony in South Philadelphia, on Sunday, December 5, 2021. (AP Photo/Ryan Collerd)

The wives of Haredi rabbis are already staking out more professional roles for themselves and taking advantage of advanced training, said Michal Raucher, assistant professor of Jewish studies at Rutgers University.

For now, most of the 50 women ordained through Yeshivat Maharat serve not as rabbis but as educators or in other professional synagogue roles.

“I don’t think the goal or project of Maharat was to place a woman in every Modern Orthodox synagogue,” said Hurwitz. “But I do think the Orthodox communities that are looking are realizing that women have a lot to offer.”

In the meantime, synagogues like the South Philadelphia Shtiebel are chartering a new course. Fruchter said she trains girls for the bat mitzvah coming-of-age ceremony and must also explain why — at least for now — women may not be able to publicly read from the Torah during a Shabbat morning service.

“Orthodox women’s leadership is navigating what it is,” said Fruchter of South Philadelphia Shtiebel. “We have halachic pieces we have to address, communal pieces we have to address. Ultimately we’ll lead with kindness, creativity and relevance and see what emerges.”

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