【专题】慢速英语(美音)2016-08-30

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This is Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing. Here is the news.
China has launched the world's first quantum-enabled satellite, marking the first step in building a space-based quantum communications network that is virtually un-crackable.
The satellite lifted off from the satellite launch center in northwestern China, and scheduled to travel 500 km above the Earth's surface for two years.
This is another breakthrough of China's space science satellite, following the Dark Matter Particle Explorer satellite. It will help scientists deepen their understanding of the past and future of galaxies and the universe. China has carried out a series of experiments in microgravity in space for physical and life sciences.
Research has shown that it is practically impossible to crack, intercept or wiretap quantum communications because its physical traits mean it cannot be replicated, separated nor reverse engineered. Any attempt to interfere with its transmissions will leave a mark, disrupt the communication and result in parties involved being warned.
In addition to China, scientists from Austria, Germany, Singapore, Britain, Canada and Italy are also developing quantum-enabled communications technology.
The satellite is nicknamed "Micius" after a fifth century BC Chinese philosopher and scientist who is credited as the first one in human history to conduct optical experiments.
This is Special English.
China's next-generation cruise missile will be developed based on a modular design, allowing them to be tailor-made for specific combat situations and will have a high level of artificial intelligence.
A senior missile designer told China Daily in an exclusive interview that future combat will require weapons to be cost-efficient and flexible. Therefore, the modular design will be a good solution.
Wang Changqing is director of the General Design Department of the Third Academy of the China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation. Wang's department has developed a large family of cruise missiles for the Chinese military.
The expert said they plan to adopt a "plug and play" approach in the development of new cruise missiles, which will enable military commanders to tailor-make missiles in accordance with combat conditions and their specific requirements.
Wang made the remarks on the sidelines of the 2016 Hiwing Forum in Beijing. The forum focused on artificial intelligence and unmanned equipment.
He said that moreover, the future cruise missiles will have a very high level of artificial intelligence and automation. They will allow commanders to control them in a real-time manner, or to use a fire-and-forget mode, or even to add more tasks to in-flight missiles.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing.
Prominent transplantation experts say it cannot be true that between 60,000 and 100,000 organ transplants are per-formed on the Chinese mainland yearly using organs taken from executed prisoners.
The experts made the remarks at a news conference after a symposium of the 26th International Congress of The Transplantation Society, held in Hong Kong.
The experts are Jose Ramon Nunez Pena, medical officer of the World Health Organization, and Michael Millis, vice-chairman for global surgery and director at the University of Chicago's School of Medicine Transplant Center. They dismissed the allegations, which were raised by Western critics of China as early as 2006, as implausible.
Rumors about "organ harvesting" were said to be false in 2006, after an investigation conducted by the United States Consulate General in Liaoning Province in Northeast China.
The source of the rumor was Falun Gong, an outlawed group on the Chinese mainland, which alleged that the organs of more than 6,000 practitioners had been illegally extracted at Sujiatun Thrombosis Hospital in Liaoning.
Yet some people with political influence have made the opposite claim. Former Canadian lawmaker David Kilgour and lawyer David Matas wrote a report in 2006 claiming that China had retrieved organs from criminals.
This is Special English.
The Ministry of Culture reports that several cyber cafes have been found to serve minors despite the law, and they contain safety risks.
An anonymous inspection of almost 3,000 cultural facilities has been carried out from Aug. 1 to 7. The inspection covered cyber cafes, entertainment venues and publication firms in 15 provincial regions. It focused on the operations of 1,700 Internet cafes.
The inspection found that some cyber cafes served minors, allowed smoking or had safety risks including blocked emergency exits.
China bans Internet cafes from serving minors. While urban cafes have mostly adhered to the ban, many in city outskirts and rural areas, where supervision is slacking, have flouted the rules for profit.
The issue was exposed in central Hunan Province when an Internet cafe provided shelter to three students between the ages of 11 and 13 after they had allegedly battered a teacher with sticks and choked her to death last year. They were later detained by the police and sent to a special school for minor offenders.
The inspection also discovered some stores selling illegal books, audio and visual products, and found that most art dealers had not formally registered or provided details about their products.
This is Special English.
Security checks have now begun at the entrances of Shanghai's two international airports as part of the implementation of a national anti-terrorism law.
All people and their belongings must clear checks at entrances of Shanghai Pudong International Airport and Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport. The same procedures are also required at pre-departure checks.
The two airports have become the first in China to implement additional checks required by the new law.
Officials have advised passengers to set aside an extra half-hour in their travel schedules.
The newly launched checks are similar to existing security checks at airports, focusing on passengers' carry-on baggage, searching for items including knives, flammable hazards and explosive products, as well as guns.
The tightened security measures came on the heels of China's first anti-terrorism law which took effect on Jan 1. Under the law, security checks should be made of people and objects in large, busy areas including airports, railway stations, ports, metro stations, long-distance bus stations and customs.
Shanghai's airports are the first and only ones in the country so far that have responded to the new law's requirement.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing. You can access the program by logging on to newsplusradio.cn. You can also find us on our Apple Podcast. If you have any comments or suggestions, please let us know by e-mailing us at mansuyingyu@cri.com.cn. That's mansuyingyu@cri.com.cn. Now the news continues.
China is facing an epidemic of cardiovascular disease, including heart attack and stroke, largely due to increases in high blood pressure and obesity.
A study said decreasing physical activity, a high prevalence of smoking and unhealthy diet have also contributed to the growing burden of cardiovascular disease. The condition is now the leading cause of death in China.
The study was published in the Journal of American College of Cardiology. It studied the trend in dietary and other lifestyle risk factors for the disease in China in the period between 1991 and 2011. It also projected how these trends might play out from 2011 to 2031.
Yanping Li is a research scientist in the Department of Nutrition at Harvard T.H. Chan School and lead author of the study. Li said their estimates suggest that the continued rise in high blood pressure, an increasingly sedentary lifestyle, increasing obesity, and worsening dietary trends will add millions of new cases of heart attacks and strokes over the next two decades.
The researchers analyzed data collected between 1991 and 2011 from 26,000 people living in nine Chinese provinces, as part of the China Health and Nutrition Survey. They estimated that high blood pressure alone was responsible for roughly 40 percent of heart attacks or strokes.
This is Special English.
An international ring linked to Japan that traded in illegal raw ivory and related products has been cracked down by customs officers in Hebei Province.
More than 100 kilograms of ivory has been confiscated.
Two suspects have been detained. They ordered ivory products through an e-commerce site based in Japan. The site sent the products through international mail. After they received the parcels, the suspects allegedly sold the ivory products to other buyers via the internet.
Beijing Customs ran across key clues by chance. Customs officers found three parcels sent from Japan to Langfang in Hebei province in July and noticed that the delivery fee was much greater than usual.
An X-ray examination revealed that the items inside were carved ivory products. Later, another 12 boxes of ivory products were sent from the same address in Japan to the same buyer.
The suspects were arrested when they tried to pick up the parcels last month.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing.
Princess Diana's bodyguards and Dodi Fayed are to blame for her death during a high speed car crash in Paris. That's according to Ken Wharfe, her former royal protection officer.
Diana was killed following a crash in the Pont de l'Alma tunnel on August 30, 1997. She had been on a night out in the French capital with her then boyfriend, Dodi Fayed.
Two bodyguards employed by the Fayed family were looking after Diana on the night of her death. Diana and Dodi were being driven through Paris by Henri Paul, who had earlier been seen drinking. They were being followed at high speed by paparazzi.
Wharfe says Diana's bodyguards should never have put her in that position. He says the bodyguards, Rees-Jones and Kes Wingfield, lacked experience and authority and should have overruled Fayed's plan to drive through Paris with photographers following behind.
Rees-Jones previously told how he was "unaware" that Paul was drunk behind the wheel. He also said he was unhappy with the last-minute change of the plan by Fayed for the couple to leave their hotel from a rear entrance. Wingfield previously said both bodyguards had argued against Dodi's plan that night.
Wharfe said Princess Diana started up her affair with Army officer Hewitt after Prince Charles had begun seeing Camilla Parker Bowles again. He also pointed out that Harry's red hair in fact comes from the Spencer side of the family. The affair between Diana and Hewitt fizzled out, but was rekindled when he returned to Britain for a visit a year later. It eventually ended after five years, which previous reports have suggested almost pushed Hewitt to suicide.
This is Special English.
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