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This is a podcast where I will tape my own readings of some of the passages that I find very interesting from Aristotle's Greek text so that I can improve my skills in ancient Greek philosophy text reading. There will also be some bonus episodes in which I will have some discussions of Aristotle's philosophy or philosophy in general. Or I will invite some guests who are interested in philosophy to talk about these topics together. 本播客旨在记录我自己阅读希腊语的过程,每集朗读一段亚里士多德关于某个主题的希腊语文本,以期提高我阅读亚里士多德希腊语的能力 ...
 
歡迎一起參加貝媽豆妹"童"樂會!🎊 🎉 在童樂會中,我們會一起學唐詩、帶動唱、聊天、聊時事/cool facts、探討科學、說笑話等等,適合海內外的小朋友一起來參加,在歡樂中學習,每個月的第一個童樂會我們也會幫當月的壽星朋友們一起來慶生! 歡迎大家一起來和很silly的貝媽和無厘頭的豆妹,一起來開童樂會喔!我們童樂會上見囉!🥳🥳 Welcome to Little Mandarin Party with Bei Ma and Do Mei. During the party, we will learn Tang Dynasty poems, sing songs (with English translation), chat about silly things/cool facts/science and share jokes. Kids can sharpen their Mandarin skills during the party. Once a month we also celebrate our listeners' birthdays. Please c ...
 
这个播客是一个有意思人类的收集计划(开发者、创业者、自由职业者,还有你),目前以播主的圈子为起点给大家呈现,在各种新的领域大家都在做什么样的尝试和努力,希望给你未来的可能性提供一些想象力。 符合条件者请自觉自荐,谢谢。 联系邮箱:contact@fat-garage.com
 
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🎉 在上一個童樂會上,我們聽了家有叮噹廣播劇,叮叮噹噹兄妹正在去海邊的路上,今天我們會繼續聽家有叮噹廣播劇,和叮叮噹噹兄妹到海邊玩,廣播劇後還有快問快答單元,童樂會最後還有一個冷笑話喔~ 🎉Why do crabs walk sideways? Why do ships float? Let's find out the answers in the radio play ! Also, we have science trivia following after the science radio play. At the end of the party, we will have a silly joke. Leave a comment and share your thoughts…
 
🎉各位朋友好久不見囉!希望大家都有一個愉快的暑假, 南半球的朋友們希望你們有一個愉快的寒假! 今天童樂會我們會跟著家有叮噹廣播劇中的叮叮噹噹兄妹一起去海邊,廣播劇後還有快問快答單元,童樂會最後還有一個關於爸爸節(八八節)冷笑話喔~ 🎉Why is the sky and the ocean blue? Let's find out the answers in the radio play ! Also, we have science trivia following after the science radio play. In the end of the party, we have a joke. 🥳八月慶生會 壽星有: 台灣高雄市的林宜潔、在美國西雅圖的 Kimberly Wo…
 
After these subjects we must make a fresh start and say that the things having to do with character that are to be avoided are of three forms: vice, lack of self-control, and beastliness. Τhe contraries of two of these are clear, since we call the one virtue and the other self-control. Where the contrary of beastliness is concerned, it would most f…
 
Perceiving, then, is like bare announcing and understanding [cf. Charles, saying alone or thinking], but when [the perceived object] is pleasant (ἡδύ) or painful, [the soul/the perceptual soul], as it were affirming or denying, pursues or avoids. In fact, to feel pleasant (τὸ ἥδεσθαι) or pain [cf. Charles, to be pleasurably and painfully affected] …
 
Wish is for the end, as we said, but it seems to some people to be for the good, whereas to others it seems to be for the apparent good. For those who say that the object of wish is the good, it follows that when someone who does not choose correctly wishes for something, what he wishes for is not an object of wish at all (for if it is an object of…
 
The object of deliberation Do people deliberate about everything, and is everything a proper object of deliberation or are there some things about which there is no deliberation? And presumably we should call ‘a object of deliberation’ not what a silly sort of person or a manman would deliberate about but what a person with understanding would. (NE…
 
For seeing seems at any time to be complete, since it does not lack anything whose coming to be at a later time will complete its form. Pleasure also seems to be like this. For it is some sort of whole, and we can at no given time find a pleasure that by coming to be for a longer time will have its form completed. That is why pleasure is not a proc…
 
ἐν μὲν οὖν τοῖς αὐτομάτοις 10 καὶ τοῖς ἁμαξίοις οὐκ ἔστιν ἀλλοίωσις, ἐπεὶ εἰ ἐγίγνοντο ἐλάττους 11 οἱ ἐντὸς τροχοὶ καὶ πάλιν μείζους, κἂν κύκλῳ τὸ αὐτὸ 12 ἐκινεῖτο· ἐν δὲ τῷ ζῴῳ δύναται τὸ αὐτὸ καὶ ἔλαττον καὶ 13 μεῖζον γίνεσθαι καὶ τὰ σχήματα μεταβάλλειν αὐξανομένων 14 τῶν μορίων διὰ θερμότητα καὶ πνεῦμα καὶ 15 ψῦξιν καὶ ἀλλοιο…
 
ὥσπερ δὲ τὰ αὐτόματα κινεῖται μικρᾶς κινήσεως γενομένης 701b2 λυομένων τῶν στρεβλῶν καὶ κρουόντων πρὸς ἀλλήλας , 3 καὶ τὸ ἁμάξιον, ὅπερ ὀχούμενος αὐτὸς κινεῖ εἰς εὐθὺ καὶ 4 πάλιν, κύκλῳ δὲ κινεῖται τῷ ἀνίσους ἔχειν τοὺς τροχούς - ὁ γὰρ 5 ἐλάττων ὥσπερ κέντρον γίγνεται, καθάπερ ἐν τοῖς κύλίνδροις - , 6 oὕτω…
 
ὥσπερ δὲ τῶν ἐρωτώντων ἔνιοι, οὕτω τὴν ἑτέραν πρότασιν τὴν δήλην οὐδ᾽ ἡ διάνοια ἐπιστᾶσα σκοπεῖ οὐθέν· οἷον εἰ τὸ βαδίζειν ἀγαθὸν ἀνθρώπῳ, ὅτι αὐτὸς ἄνθρωπος, οὐκέτι ἐν διατρίβει. διὸ καὶ ὅσα μὴ λογισάμενοι πράττομεν, ταχὺ πράττομεν. ὅταν ἐνεργήσῃ γὰρ ἢ τῇ αἰσθήσει πρὸς τὸ οὗ ἕνεκα ἢ τῇ φαντασίᾳ ἢ τῷ νῷ, οὗ ὀρέγεται, εὐθὺς ποιεῖ. ἀντ᾽ ἐρωτήσεως γὰρ…
 
🎉 我們今天要來玩一首唐詩,唐朝詩人駱賓王在七歲時所寫的詠鵝,節目最後還有龜兔賽跑冷笑話~We are going to learn a poem-Goose Poem by Luo Binwang (a poet during the Tang dynasty). 🎉 詠鵝詩 列印連結 Poem printout link ☎️貝媽豆妹語音信箱voice message line 🎧貝媽另一個故事Podcast "中文故事屋 Little Mandarin Pod" 歡迎小朋友來聽故事喔!Please also check out Bei Ma’s story Podcast “ Little Mandarin Pod” 🍭貝‌媽‌和豆妹背‌景‌Background🍭 ‌ 貝‌‌媽‌‌來‌…
 
A more detailed explanation of why the conclusion is an action. καὶ ταῦτ᾽ ἄμφω πράττει, ἄν μή τι κωλύῃ ἢ ἀναγκάζῃ. ‘ποιητέον μοι ἀγαθόν· ἀγαθὸν δὲ οἰκία.’ ποιεῖ οἰκίαν εὐθύς. ‘σκεπάσματος δέομαι· ἱμάτιον δὲ σκέπασμα· ἱματίου δέομαι. — oὗ δέομαι, ποιητέον· ἱματίου δὲ δέομαι.’ ἱμάτιον ποιεῖ. καὶ τὸ συμπέρασμα, τὸ ἱμάτιον ποιητέον, πρᾶξις ἐστιν. πράττ…
 
In the De Motu Animalium Aristotle seems to argue that the conclusion of a practical syllogism is an action, which has raised puzzles for commentators who have tried to explain how conclusion as a proposition can be an action, something involved with changing of the external world. Here is a passage that shows conclusion is an action. The English t…
 
In this passage Aristotle explains why pleasant amusements seem to be things that are chosen in its own right. καθ᾽ αὑτὰς δ᾽ εἰσίν αἱρεταὶ ἀφ᾽ ὧν μηδὲν ἐπιζητεῖται παρὰ τὴν ἐνέργειαν. τοιαῦται δ᾽ εἶναι δοκοῦσιν αἱ κατ᾽ ἀρετὴν πράξεις· τὰ γὰρ καλὰ καὶ σπουδαῖα πράττειν τῶν δι αὑτὰ αἱρετῶν. καὶ τῶν παιδιῶν δὲ αἱ ἡδεῖαι· οὐ γὰρ δι᾽ ἕτερα αὐτὰς αἱροῦντ…
 
In this passage Aristotle distinguishes the way in which pleasure completes the activity from the way in which something completes the activity as what is present in the activity. Pleasure completes the activity in the way that it supervenes on the activity. καθ᾽ ἑκάστην δ᾽ αἴσθησιν ὅτι γίνεται ἡδονή, δῆλον (φαμὲν γὰρ ὁράματα καὶ ἀκούσατα εἶναι ἡδέ…
 
I read this passage as a passage in which Aristotle gives us a Normative view of what pleasure is. According to him, pleasure is what completes the activity that is good. And the pleasantest is the thing that completes the best activity. Αἰσθήσεως δὲ πάσης πρός τὸ αἰσθητὸν ἐνεργούσης, τελείως δὲ τῆς εὖ διακειμένης πρὸς τὸ κάλλιστον τῶν ὑπὸ τὴν αἴσθ…
 
This is a passage where Aristotle summaries the four causes of things come into being. ἅπαντα δὲ τὰ νῦν εἰρημένα αἴτια εἰς τέτταρα πίπτει τρόπους 15 τοὺς φανερωτάτους. τὰ μὲν γὰρ στοιχεῖα τῶν συλλαβῶν καὶ 195a16 ἡ ὕλη τῶν σκευαστῶν καὶ τὸ πῦρ καὶ τὰ τοιαῦτα τῶν σωμάτων καὶ τὰ μέρη τοῦ ὅλου καὶ αἱ ὑποθέσεις τοῦ συμπεράσματος ὡς τὸ ἐξ οὗ αἴτιά ἐστιν,…
 
This is an audio recording of a talk about Aristotle's account of Justice by nature and justice by convention. The talk was given by me on 24th, May, 2022 at a graduate seminar Aristotle on natural slavery and its legacy run by Prof. Karen Margrethe Nielsen, at the faculty of philosophy, Oxford. Questions: How can political justice be natural, beyo…
 
In these two passages, Aristotle argues that Pleasure is not a process because it is complete. δοκεῖ γὰρ ἡ μὲν ὅρασις καθ᾽ ὁντινοῦν χρόνον τελεία εἶναι· οὐ γάρ ἐστιν ἐνδεὴς οὐδενὸς ὅ εἰς ὕστερον γινόμενον τελειώσει αὐτῆς τὸ εἶδος· τοιούτῳ δ᾽ ἔοικε καὶ ἡ ἡδονή. ὅλον γάρ τι ἐστί, καὶ κατ᾽ οὐδένα χρόνον λάβοι τις ἄν ἡδονὴν ἧς ἐπὶ πλείω χρόνον γινομένη…
 
🎉大家有一個愉快的端午節嗎?端午節剛過,貝媽就來考考大家對於端午節認識多少~童樂會結束,有"兒童版"的端午結故事(沒有抱石頭跳河自殺那段)~Hope everyone had a good dragon boat festival. After the festival, we are going to have a dragon boat festival trivia. After the party, there is a Dragon boat festival story (kids friendly version) 🥳 六月慶生會 🎂 壽星有: 在澳洲墨爾本的恩庭,在台灣桃園市的 Cindy 林宜真, 在美國三藩市的Adeline 卓穎恩, 在美國佛羅里達的Grace Lope…
 
In this passage Aristotle reports Eudoxus's defense of pleasure as the highest good. According to Aristotle, Eudoxus provided three arguments: 1) The highest good is the thing that is chosen by all animals, and pleasure is the thing that is chosen by all animals. Therefore, pleasure the the highest good. 2) The contrary argument: Pleasure is contra…
 
In this passage Aristotle raises the question 'what makes a number one?' As previously said, he makes an analogy between number and definition. Thus, this passage also raises a question as to what makes a definition one. He seems to suggest that just like definition and number, substantial form is also one. But the one that substantial form is is n…
 
In this episode, I read one of the most controversial passages of Aristotle's Metaphysics, in which he is introducing the problem of substance, and shows us that being (to on) is used in many ways among which substance (ousia) is the primary use of being. Τὸ ὂν λέγεται πολλαχῶς, καθάπερ διειλόμεθα πρότερον ἐν τοῖς περὶ τοῦ ποσαχῶς· σημαίνει γὰρ τὸ …
 
This is my spoken English practice episode, in which I am paraphrasing the content that I have been shadowing in the past ten days from an eposiode entitled 'how to overcome FOMO,' made by NPR's Life Kit podcast. FOMO basic concept an illustration of FOMO kinds of FOMO Mechanism historical origin: ancient human life and death Physiological cause Am…
 
In this episode I read Aristotle's text from Metaphysics H.3 1043b32-1044a2, in which he makes an analogy between number and substance. They seem to have a common feature that when one thing, X, is added to or subtracted from, it is no longer the same thing. φανερὸν δὲ καὶ διότι, εἴπερ εἰσί πως ἀριθμοὶ αἱ οὐσίαι, οὕτως εἰσὶ καὶ οὐχ ὥς τινες λέγουσι…
 
On this episode I read the text from Aristotle's Metaphysics H.3 1043b23-32, where he raises the question whether the what it is is definable. His answer to this question will be given in the rest of Book H. ὥστε ἡ ἀπορία ἣν οἱ Ἀντισθένειοι καὶ οἱ οὕτως ἀπαίδευτοι ἠπόρουν ἔχει τινὰ καιρόν, ὅτι οὐκ ἔστι τὸ τί ἐστιν ὁρίσασθαι (τὸν γὰρ ὅρον λόγον εἶνα…
 
On this episode I am reading the text in the Nicomachean Ethics, where Aristotle articulates what kind of pleasure is specifically related to temperance and intemperance. περὶ τὰς τοιαύτας δ᾽ ἡδονὰς ἡ σωφροσύνη καὶ ἡ ἀκολασία ἐστὶν ὧν καὶ τὰ λοιπὰ ζῷα κοινωνεῖ, ὅθεν ἀνδραποδώδεις καὶ θηριώδεις φαίνονται· αὗται δ᾽ εἰσίν ἁφὴ καὶ γεῦσις. φαίνονται δὲ …
 
On this episode I read Aristotle's discussion of the kind of pleasure that is concerned with temperance. ἐπεὶ δ᾽ ὁ σώφρων ἐστὶ περὶ ἡδονάς, ἀνάγκη καὶ περὶ ἐπιθυμίας τινὰς αὐτὸν εἶναι. δεῖ δὴ λαβεῖν περὶ τίνας. οὺ γὰρ περὶ πάσας οὺδὲ περὶ ἅπαντα τὰ ἡδέα ὁ σώφρων σώφρων ἐστίν, ἀλλὰ τῇ μὲν δόξῃ περὶ δύο τῶν αἰσθητῶν, περί τε τὸ γευστὸν καὶ τὸ ἁπτόν, …
 
🎉我們今天要來玩一首唐詩,唐朝詩人李紳所寫的憫農詩,節目最後還有腦筋急轉彎冷笑話~We are going to learn a poem-Farmer Poem by Li Shen (a poet, and politician during the Tang dynasty). 🎉憫農詩列印連結 Poem print out link (with zuyin, pinyin and English translation) ☎️貝媽豆妹語音信箱voice message line 🎧貝媽另一個故事Podcast "中文故事屋 Little Mandarin Pod" 歡迎小朋友來聽故事喔!Please also check out Bei Ma’s story Podcast “ Li…
 
🥳 今天我們一起來歡唱“媽媽的眼睛”歌曲,送給親愛的媽媽們~🥰;貝媽用烏克麗麗伴奏,一句一句解釋帶唱~(這首歌的key很高,貝媽的歌嗓還沒完全回復,所以高音的地方有點快破音,請大家包容一下囉~😅) Let’s sing “Mother’s eyes “ song together with Bei Ma and Do Mei. Bei Ma will go over the lyrics. (My singing voice is still recovering so please bear with my almost cracking singing 😅) 🥳媽媽的眼睛 歌詞列印 Lyrics Print out with 注音/PinYin (If you need English …
 
🥳各位朋友好久不見了,貝媽之前因為聲音沙啞,所以有一段時間能不能錄節目,好開心可以再一次在空中和大家開童樂會喔!😘 🥳 今天在童樂會上我們會討論:四月地球日🌎的由來,地球面臨的難題 (垃圾污染, 塑膠汙染、氣候變遷、地球暖化 等等), 我們可以如何來愛護地球 ❤️ In the party today, we chat about : What’s Earth Day and its origin? The challenges Earth🌎 is facing ( plastic pollution, climate change, global warming etc.) What can we do to help/protect Earth? ❤️ 🥳 四月慶生會! 壽星有: 台灣台…
 
🥳數星星 counting stars ( song only) ,貝媽烏克麗麗伴奏,豆妹貝媽合唱版。數星星歌曲,帶動唱請聽EP 9 ( Please check out EP 9 to learn about the song with English translation) 🥳數星星歌詞列印 Lyrics printout with English /注音/PinYin 🎧貝媽另一個故事Podcast "中文故事屋 Little Mandarin Pod" 歡迎小朋友來聽故事喔!Please also check out Bei Ma’s story Podcast “ Little Mandarin Pod” ✨贊助貝媽買故事/音樂/設備 Sponsor our Podcast (t…
 
🥳 今天我們一起來歡唱一首動聽的歌-數星星(詞 :謝欣芷、李宗翰,曲:謝欣芷 ; 收錄於 幸福的孩子愛唱歌專輯);貝媽用烏克麗麗伴奏,一句一句解釋帶唱 Let’s sing “Counting stars “ song together with Bei Ma and Do Mei. Bei Ma will go over the lyrics with English translation. 🥳如果星星有聽見,你會想要和星星說什麼呢? 歡迎語音留言給貝媽和豆妹喔! If the stars are listening to you, what would you like to say to the stars? Please share your thoughts with us ☎️…
 
🎉聲音是如何產生?電話是如何傳送和接收聲音?讓我們從 家有叮噹 廣播劇中來找答案吧! 廣播劇後有一個新的單元-快問快答 🎉Why can we talk to people via telephone? How is sound produced? Let's find out the answers in the radio play ! Also, we have science trivia following after the science radio play. 🥳三月慶生會! 壽星有: 加拿大多倫多的 Eleanor 王芊麗, 台灣台北的張冠宇, 台灣台中的 Jeffery,還有所有三月生日的朋友們,祝你們生日快樂!Happy Birthday to Eleanor Wong…
 
🎉我們今天要來玩一首唐詩,唐朝詩人王之渙所寫的登鸛雀樓,節目最後還有腦筋急轉彎冷笑話~We are going to learn a poem-On the Stork Tower by Wang Zhihuan (a poet, and politician during the Tang dynasty). 🎉登鸛雀樓列印連結 Poem print out link (with zuyin, pinyin and English translation) 🥳二月慶生會! 壽星有: 美國佛羅里達的Jacob Lopez 周豪,澳洲雪梨的 Sharon,還有所有二月生日的朋友們,生日快樂! Happy Birthday to Jacob Lopez (Florida, USA), Sharo…
 
🎉我們今天要來玩一首和過年有關的唐詩(是宋朝的詩,嚴格上來說是宋詩),宋朝文學家王安石所寫的元日,節目最後還有腦筋急轉彎冷笑話~We are going to learn a poem-First day of Lunar New Year by Wang Anshi (a philosopher, poet, and politician during the Song dynasty). 🎉詩(有注音和拼音)列印連結 Poem print out link (with zuyin and pinyin) 🧨簡易湯圓親子活動 Making sticky rice ball (bilingual video) 這是貝媽和豆妹一年前拍的影片🥳,非常簡易版的湯圓 We made this vid…
 
🥳「幸福的臉」,「快樂天堂」,「恭喜恭喜」三首歌曲 (這三首歌的帶動唱,請聽EP 3, EP 4, EP 5) 🥳 " Happy Face", "Happy Paradise", "Congratulations" songs ( Please check out EP 3, EP 4, EP 5 to learn about the song with English translation) 🎧貝媽另一個故事Podcast "中文故事屋 Little Mandarin Pod" 歡迎小朋友來聽故事喔!Please also check out Bei Ma’s story Podcast “ Little Mandarin Pod” 🍭貝‌媽‌和豆妹背‌景‌Background🍭 ‌ …
 
🖨️貼春聯勞作紙列印連結 Spring Festival decorations activity print out https://drive.google.com/file/d/1UyqrIDVbsRX0p_PhrE3VvUSdMfhPgArU/view?usp=sharing 📜請先幫小朋友列印貼春聯勞作紙,總共有兩頁,我們還需要彩色筆或是蠟筆,剪刀和黏膠 For this activity, we need “spring festival decorations activity print out” (2 pages, print out link above), crayon or markers, a pair of scissors and glue. 🧧歡迎爸爸媽媽把小…
 
🥳因為快過農曆新年了,今天我們來唱一首很有過年氣氛的歌- 恭喜恭喜,最後還有猜燈謎冷笑話~Lunar New Year is coming. We are going to sing a new year song “Congratulations! Congratulations!” and share a couple of jokes. 🥳恭喜恭喜歌詞列印Lyrics print out with English and PinYin 🤣徵求笑話:如果你有好笑的笑話或是冷笑話,都歡迎大家email給貝媽 beibeimommy@gmail.com 🎧貝媽另一個故事Podcast "中文故事屋 Little Mandarin Pod" 歡迎小朋友來聽故事喔!Please also che…
 
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