【专题】慢速英语(美音)2016-05-31

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This is Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing. Here is the news.
The world's first satellite that can achieve quantum communication between space and the Earth will be launched in July.
The satellite is dedicated to quantum science experiments, and will serve as evidence that China is leading the world to achieve satellite-earth quantum communication.
Experts say there are many bottlenecks in the information security sector and information in the transmission networks are exposed to risks of being monitored and attacked by hackers.
As the basic unit of matter to carry energy, the quantum is inseparable and cannot be copied. The no-cloning theory of quantum mechanics is a breakthrough that ensures data encoded into photons is secure on the networks, and cannot be captured or copied during transmission.
The 2,000-kilometer-long quantum communication network between Beijing and Shanghai will be fully operational in the latter half of this year. Government agencies and banks in cities along the route can use it first.
President Xi Jinping visited the control center of the Beijing-Shanghai quantum communication network in Hefei, the capital of Anhui province, in April.
In 2012, Chinese scientists built the world's first metropolitan area quantum network to allow real-time voice communications, text messages and file transfers.
This is Special English.
A Chinese scientist has discovered a genome-editing technique that has the potential to help bald men regain their hair.
With this technique, middle-aged men with bald heads can probably regain their hair through genetic repair. The scientist, 42-year-old Han Chun-yu, is an associate professor from Hebei University of Science and Technology in north China's Hebei province.
The technique is a DNA-guided genome editing, which is an unusual finding in comparison with the mainstream RNA-guided genome editing.
In addition to discussions about the finding at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the United States, the new discovery has received attention all across the world after being published in Nature Biotechnology in May.
Experts say the finding's potential is expected to surpass the technology which is recognized as a favorite for the upcoming Nobel Prize.
The new finding is believed to have many advantages compared with the current trendiest technology, and one of them is that it does not cause cancer.
The new discovery broke the patent monopoly of foreign genome editing techniques.
Genome editing has been selected as one of the 10 ground-breaking techniques in 2016 by MIT Technology Review.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing.
The use of antibiotics in Chinese hospitals has dropped by 40 percent since the top health authority began to curb their overuse.
A medical expert from Peking University says the Chinese government recognized the consequences of antibiotics overuse, and took measures to tackle the problem starting in 2012.
The measures include strict control over public access to antibiotics, overhauling the overuse by hospitals, and monitoring antibiotic resistance.
A recent global review by the UK's Lord Jim O'Neill estimates that by 2050, antibiotic resistance can result in 1 million premature deaths annually in China. And China could suffer an enormous loss of GDP because of that.
Antibiotic resistance occurs when a microbe evolves to become more or fully resistant to the anti-microbial that previously was able to treat it.
China consumes around half of the world's antibiotics, among which, 48 percent are used by people, and the rest by the agricultural sector.
Weak regulation on the use of antibiotics in agriculture further encourages overuse. Excessive antibiotic residue can be passed on to humans through meat consumption, increasing the possibility of antibiotic resistance in humans.
Worldwide, anti-microbial drugs are becoming less effective. The world is not developing enough new ones to keep up.
This is Special English.
An increasing number of women from the Chinese mainland have traveled to Hong Kong to get vaccinated against HPV, a major cause of cervical cancer.
Jessica Cai from Jiangsu Province has traveled to Hong Kong three times in the past six months to get inoculated, as the vaccine is not available on the mainland.
The 27-year-old says the medical service in Hong Kong is safe and well-developed, adding that her confidence in the city's hospitals is another reason she goes there for treatment.
Ong Yeu-theng, a gynecologist at a women's clinic in the Central district of Hong Kong, says she has noticed a rise in mainland clients seeking HPV vaccines in recent years.
She says awareness of this largely sexually transmitted disease has spread through word-of-mouth and that her clients have referred friends and relatives to her clinic for vaccinations.
A course of HPV inoculations at a private clinic costs around 4,500 Hong Kong dollars, roughly 580 U.S. dollars. That's according to the Cancer Fund, the largest cancer support organization in Hong Kong.
Cervical cancer was the seventh most common cancer among women in Hong Kong in 2013. The incidence on the mainland is on the rise, with around 100,000 new cases found last year.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing.
A new document has laid out measures to cope with China's national pediatrician shortage.
The document was jointly issued by the National Health and Family Planning Commission and the Ministry of Education. It proposes 1 pediatrician for every 1,500 children by the end of 2020.
There are currently 118,000 pediatricians in China, which is one for every 2,000 children. The level is much lower than that of major developed countries.
The number of pediatric hospitals is also relatively small. China had a total of almost 26,000 hospitals at the end of 2014, and only around 100 of them were dedicated to children. A recent survey reveals that almost 70 percent of parents have difficulty getting their child an appointment with a pediatrician.
The document is calling for a change, including retraining 5,000 general practitioners annually, as well as recruiting 30,000 resident pediatricians by 2020.
This is Special English.
China's Asian neighbors are becoming increasingly popular among young people in China who chose to study overseas.
Some Asian countries, including Singapore and Japan, have joined traditional higher education destinations, including the United States and Britain, to become new powerhouses, attracting more Chinese youth planning to study overseas.
That is according to a White Paper on Chinese studying abroad released by Vision Overseas, a company under New Oriental Education and Technology Group that provides services for overseas studies.
The survey questioned almost 3,000 Chinese students planning to study overseas. It found that fewer students than before were willing to study in the US, the UK, Australia and Canada when compared with the figures last year.
The proportion of those showing an interest in countries including Singapore and Japan is rising.
Vision Overseas says the reason why Singapore and Japan have become more popular with Chinese students is that the two countries have strengthened quality of education and booming tourism industries.
The education systems in the two countries are quite open and well developed. In addition, many universities in the two countries are rated high in the latest world university rankings.
Experts say the rise of Asian countries is just a start. The Chinese students' choices of countries for overseas study will continue to diversify.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing. You can access the program by logging on to newsplusradio.cn. You can also find us on our Apple Podcast. If you have any comments or suggestions, please let us know by e-mailing us at mansuyingyu@cri.com.cn. That's mansuyingyu@cri.com.cn. Now the news continues.
Environmental NGOs are suing three chemical plants in a high-profile case of alleged soil contamination that may have affected students at a school in eastern China.
The Changzhou Intermediate People's Court in Jiangsu Province has confirmed that a public interest lawsuit has been filed with the court.
The lawsuit has been brought up by NGO groups Friends of Nature, China Biodiversity Conservation, and the Green Development Foundation.
In April, blood samples taken from the students at Changzhou Foreign Language School reportedly showed abnormal readings. The event happened after the students moved into the school's new campus built at the site of the three chemical plants.
The NGOs alleged that the factories have polluted the environment; and asked the court to order the factories to remove the pollutants from the site and pay environmental restoration fees.
This is Special English.
China is set to scrap a 26-year ban on the sale of puffer fish on the Chinese mainland.
The poisonous yet tasty delicacy was ordered off the menu by health authorities in 1990, while public health authorities have twice sent notices reminding restaurants of the rules in recent years.
However, members of the China Fisheries Association and related departments met recently to discuss the possibility of allowing certified companies to sell puffer fish products. It is not known when the ban may be lifted.
The move will be welcome news to the food industry, even though the ban has largely been ignored in many areas of the country. In Shanghai and Jiangsu Province, fish companies have continued to sell the fish to restaurants. The restaurants then offer the fish discreetly to their customers.
Chef Sa Long from Jiangsu Province specializes in preparing and cooking puffer fish. He says his restaurant has never stopped offering the fish due to the huge demand.
The chef says the puffer fish provided by fish farms are much less poisonous than wild ones. But it still needs to be prepared by well-trained chefs due to the fact that the toxin in the species can kill humans easily. He also added the restaurants he worked with have never had any poisoned dinners.
Around 30,000 to 50,000 metric tons of puffer fish are sold in China each year, with the output value reaching 10 billion yuan, roughly 1.5 billion U.S. dollars. Around 200,000 people are involved in China's puffer fish industry.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing.
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